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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Home Management Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 31, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 31, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 31, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 31, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 31, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
The Main and Interaction Effects of Control Parenting and Early Adolescents` Ego-Resiliency on Peer Attachment : Focusing on the Data of the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey 2010
Lee, Mi-Sook ; Min, Ha-Young ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 31, issue 6, 2013, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2013.31.6.1
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships among control parenting, early adolescents` ego-resiliency and peer attachment. The subjects were 2,346 1st-year middle school students from all over the country. Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey(2010) data were analyzed by means of Pearson`s correlation, hierarchical regression, and by the use of SPSS 19.0. The results of our study are as follows. First, parents` control parenting operated as a major determining factor with the effect that peer attachment decreased as parents` control parenting levels increased. Second, early adolescents` ego-resiliency operated as a major determining factor with the effect that peer attachment increased as adolescents` ego-resiliency levels increased. Finally, the interaction effects of parents` control parenting and early adolescents` ego-resiliency on peer attachment were observed.
Structural Modeling of an Authoritarian Parenting Style and Academic Achievement among College Students
Moon, Sunhee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 31, issue 6, 2013, Pages 11~21
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2013.31.6.11
The main purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between perceived the authoritarian parenting style and academic achievement among college students. Specifically, it is hypothesized that authoritarian parenting would indirectly affect the academic achievement of college students through self-differentiation level and career decision-making self-efficacy. 283 college students, after the consideration of their grade and gender, were selected for this study as participants. Methods describing the primary analytical technique of Structural Equation Modeling were used for the study. The results demonstrate that an authoritarian parenting style negatively affected the academic achievement of college students. There are mediation effects of self-differentiation and career decision-making self-efficacy between the perceived authoritarian parenting style and academic achievement among college students. The findings imply that the positive development of adult children requires more egalitarian parenting styles than those used on early adolescents. Next, for female students, specialized career counseling programs focusing on reducing psychological career barriers and career stress are needed. Lastly, it is implied that parenting styles used on adult children in Korea may differ from Western styles. Therefore, it may be difficult to explain the relationship between parents and adult children with a traditional theoretical framework.
The Effects of Family Differentiation from the Family of Origin, Marital Communication, and Marital Intimacy on the Family Strengths of Married Women in Their Twenties and Thirties
Lee, Jimin ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 31, issue 6, 2013, Pages 23~38
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2013.31.6.23
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of family differentiation from the family of origin, marital communication, and marital intimacy on the family strengths of married women in their twenties and thirties. The subjects were 237 married women in their twenties and thirties who live in D city. The questionnaire was consisted of measures on the family differentiation from the family of origin, marital communication, marital intimacy, and family strengths. Structural equational models were conducted with Amos 18.0. The major findings were as follows. 1) Family differentiation from the family of origin had both direct and indirect influences on the perceived family strengths of married women in their twenties and thirties. 2) Family differentiation from the family of origin had a direct effect on marital communication but no direct effect on marital intimacy. 3) Marital communication had a direct effect on marital intimacy but no direct effect on married women`s perceived family strengths. 4) Marital intimacy had a direct effect on married women`s perceived family strengths.
A Study on the Safety-related Criteria for the Interior Space Planning, Facilities and Fire-fighting Equipment in Child Care Centers
Rhee, Jisook ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 31, issue 6, 2013, Pages 39~51
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2013.31.6.39
Because of the increasing demand for day care centers, The Korean government has enforced childcare accreditation. The government has created the evaluation certification system for child care facilities. But the system includes variable items, and the physical rules are not sufficient for ensuring security and quality amenities. So this study, through literature search, examined the rules of Child Care Centers in the U.S. and compared them with those in Korea focusing on the provision of security and amenities. The standards found in 4 U.S. states were investigated, and the results are as follows. The rule pertaining to the size of indoor activity spaces in C.C.C. allows the spaces to be smaller in Korea than in the U.S. There is no specific criterion for infants and toddlers in our standard. When comparing the standards of Korea with those of the United States, Korea`s standards do not state specific rules about child care facilities such as indoor furniture, finishes and space planning. Additionally, the binding force ensuring compliance with the standards of physical facilities is weak. Thus, the ratings of child care standards for the physical environment should be presented in detail. And if a center does not comply with the criteria, stronger penalties will have to be imposed.
A Study on the Need for Wedding Etiquette Training for Premarital Education
Ju, Young-Ae ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 31, issue 6, 2013, Pages 53~66
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2013.31.6.53
The purpose of this research is to assess the need for wedding etiquette training for couples in order to provide basic educational materials for brides and grooms-to-be. This survey consisted of 43 questions. The questions pertaining to the need for wedding etiquette training were measured using the 5-point Likert scale. The survey was conducted between September 1st, 2011 and December 1st, 2011. The research subjects consisted of 230 brides and grooms-to-be. Questionnaires were analyzed by frequency analysis, F-test, t-test, and correlation analysis using SPSS/win17.0. Based on our findings, we would like to make the following proposals and conclusions. First, as the importance of a wedding education program could be ascertained, educational demands need to be gathered and applied to the operation of such programs. The education and training programs need to be activated by wedding preparation education centers or the Health and Family Support Center, on weekends or week nights 3 months prior to a couple`s wedding ceremony. Second, wedding etiquette training content needs to be included in existing education programs that primarily focus on helping couples adapt to married life. Such training content should specifically include the etiquette of exchanging wedding presents, home life etiquette, etiquette for the formal meeting between the families of the bride and bridegroom, pyebaek etiquette and ham (a box of wedding gifts sent by a bridegroom to his bride before the wedding) etiquette. Third, when examining the particulars of the need for wedding etiquette training, we came to the conclusion that couples should be properly educated about the meaning and value of the wedding presents, pyebaek and ham that are required during traditional wedding ceremonies. Fourth, the need for wedding etiquette training was shown to be higher for women than for men. It was also higher for individuals in specialized fields than for ordinary company employees. Wedding etiquette training programs need to be structured with such considerations in mind. Fifth, when structuring the program for wedding etiquette training, the correlation of the needs for training should be considered. It is necessary to prepare training plans by dividing the program into the following categories: the formal meeting between the families of the bride and the bridegroom, ham and wedding presents, wedding ceremony etiquette, pyebaek, and home life etiquette training.
Relations among Toddlers` Temperament, Maternal Parenting, and Social Withdrawal and Aggression
Park, Bo-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 31, issue 6, 2013, Pages 67~81
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2013.31.6.67
This study examined the relations among toddlers` temperament, maternal parenting, and toddlers` social withdrawal and aggression. One hundred and two mothers of two-year-old children (49 boys and 53 girls) completed questionnaires and Q-sort. Data were analyzed by correlation analyses and regression analyses. First, toddlers` pleasure was negatively related to social withdrawal, while social fearfulness was positively related to social withdrawal. Also, toddlers` activity level and anger proneness were positively related to aggression. Second, the encouragement of independence in maternal parenting was negatively linked to toddlers` social withdrawal, and maternal rejection was positively linked to toddlers` aggression. Third, toddlers` pleasure and interest/persistence were positively associated with mothers` encouragement of independence, and toddlers` activity level and anger proneness were positively associated with mothers` rejection. Finally, mothers` encouragement of independence acted as a mediator between toddlers` pleasure and social withdrawal. Also, toddlers` activity level and anger proneness influenced aggression through maternal rejection. These results indicate that toddlers` temperament and maternal parenting play crucial roles in the development of toddlers` maladaptive behaviors such as social withdrawal and aggression.
An Analysis of the Relations among Cellular Phone Dependency, Its Use Levels of Usage Purposes, and Individual and Interpersonal Relations Development in Children by Gender
Chun, Hui Young ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 31, issue 6, 2013, Pages 83~96
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2013.31.6.83
The aim of this study was to identify the differences in cellular phone dependency and its use levels of usage purposes according to children`s gender, and also to analyze the differences in individual and interpersonal relations development due to cellular phone dependency in children based on gender. Using the first year data of the Korean Child and Youth Panel Survey(KCYPS) 2010, this study analyzed 1,604 fourth graders who have their own cellular phones. For statistical analysis, descriptive statistics were calculated and mean difference analyses were conducted. The results showed that there was no difference between boys and girls in cellular phone dependency. The girls` total phone use level was higher than that of boys and meaningful gender differences in the phone use levels were found in the five phone usage purposes. In both boys and girls, the higher phone dependency groups demonstrated higher levels of phone use in more than eight usage purposes, lower self-resilience and self-regulating learning ability, and less positive peer and teacher relations. These findings show the importance of being concerned about and educating children in the fourth grade about the proper uses of cellular phones.
The Effect of Sandplay Therapy for Couples on College Students` Self-Differentiation and Heterosexual Relationship Satisfaction
Lee, Jung-Eun ; Park, Ji-Yeong ; Park, Boo-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 31, issue 6, 2013, Pages 97~112
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2013.31.6.97
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of sandplay therapy for couples on the self-differentiation, and heterosexual relationship satisfaction, of couples who are college students`. The subjects were four couples who are college students living in Seoul with low self-differentiation and heterosexual relationship satisfaction. I carried out sandplay therapy on four couples for once a week for 10 weeks, and each session was 70 minutes long. In this study, the self-differentiation scale was modified for Korea on the basis of Bowen`s family systems theory (1976), and it was used as a research tool. Yu (2000) and Lee (2000) made a scale to measure heterosexual relationship satisfaction after they adjusted the Korea Marital Satisfaction Inventory (K-MSI). The scale was also used in order to compare pre-therapy and post-therapy traits and identify any changes. In addition, the group`s behavior and interactions were observed and recorded in each session throughout the process of sandplay therapy with the couples, and the behanior and interactions were analyzed along with the change flow in the sand trays. The study`s outcomes are summed up as follows. First, sandplay therapy with couples advances the level of self-differentiation in college students. Second, sandplay therapy with couples improves the heterosexual relationship satisfaction on college students. Third, the trays used in sandplay therapy with couples showed positive changes as the therapy progressed. As the sessions continued, negative factors in the trays decreased and the trays converged into one. As the sessions proceeded, it was observed that the couples became closer, felt more comfortable with each other, compromised and reflected on their relationship. The study`s results show that sandplay therapy with couples increased the level of self-differentiation in college students and heterosexual relationship satisfaction, thus proving the therapy`s effectiveness.
The Influence of Pre-Service Child Care Teachers` Behavioral Characteristics on Self-Efficacy : Focused on the Mediating Effects of Social Support
Seol, Hee-Jeong ; Moon, Hyuk-Jun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 31, issue 6, 2013, Pages 113~123
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2013.31.6.113
This investigation studied 1)the correlations among pre-service child care teachers` behavioral characteristics, social support and self-efficacy, and 2)the mediating effects of pre-service child care teachers` behavioral characteristics and social support on self-efficacy. The subjects were 240 pre-service child care teachers working at S-center for nursery teacher education or I-center for nursery teacher education in the Incheon area. The findings are as follows. First, the relationships among pre-service child care teachers` behavioral characteristics, social support and self-efficacy were examined by showing correlations. Second, we found that in terms of the mediating role of social support in the relationship between pre-service child care teachers` behavioral characteristics and self-efficacy, type D and type S show self-efficacy; they also have a direct impact on the social support indirectly affected through. Thus, social support can be seen as having a partial mediating effect.
The Effect of the Temperament and Playfulness of Young Children on Their Social Competence
Jo, Song-Lim ; Moon, Hyuk-Jun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 31, issue 6, 2013, Pages 125~138
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2013.31.6.125
The purpose of this study is to examine the factors that affect the social competence of young children and to promote the social competence development of the age group. The study gathered data from 21 childcare teachers and 255 mothers of young children attending childcare centers in Incheon. Structured questionnaires were used for collecting data from the participants. The findings are as follows: First, playfulness and social competence varied by the age and gender of the young children. Boys outperformed their female counterparts in the sub-factors of playfulness such as physical spontaneity and sense of humor. Age caused a significant difference in all sub-factors including physical spontaneity, social spontaneity, cognitive spontaneity, manifest joy and sense of humor and the social competence of young children. Second, the study examined the correlations among social competence, temperament and playfulness. A positive correlation was shown between overall social competence and activity; social competence was negatively correlated with shyness but positively correlated with the sub-variables of children`s playfulness. Lastly, emotionality, shyness, physical spontaneity, cognitive spontaneity, and sense of humor were variables that had serious effects on the overall social competence of young children.