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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 32, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Effects of Adolescents' Attachment to Their Parents on the Longitudinal Changes in Parental Monitoring
Chyung, Yun-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 32, issue 1, 2014, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2014.32.1.1
The purpose of this study was to examine: (1) whether the level of parental monitoring changes during adolescence; (2) if it changes, what is the pattern of the change; and (3) whether the effects of adolescents' attachment to their parents on parental monitoring are dependent on time. Six waves of data from the Korea Youth Panel Study (KYPS) were used to address the research questions. The participants of the KYPS were 3,449 (1,725 boys and 1,724 girls) adolescents who participated in the study once a year for 6 years (from the 2nd grade in middle school until their high school graduation). Latent growth modeling (LGM) was used to analyze the data. The findings are as follows: the level of parental monitoring significantly increased over the six waves of the study, and the adolescents' attachment to their parents was a time-dependent predictor of parental monitoring. The results indicate that the quality of adolescents' attachment to their parents is an important factor that makes a difference in the level of parental monitoring by, possibly, affecting the level of adolescents' disclosure to their parents.
The Effects of Parenting Behaviors on Preschoolers' Executive Function
Lee, Yoon-Jeong ; Kong, Young-Sook ; Lim, Ji-Young ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 32, issue 1, 2014, Pages 13~26
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2014.32.1.13
The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of parenting behaviors on preschoolers' executive function, focusing on methods of measuring executive function. The subjects of this study were 166 preschoolers who were 3 to 5 years of age, and their parents. Data were collected by various performance-based tests and their parents' reports and analyzed by descriptive statistics and hierarchical linear regression analysis using the SPSS 19.0 program. The major results were as follows: First, maternal autonomous and paternal affective parenting behaviors significantly affected preschoolers' performance-based executive function. Second, maternal affective parenting behaviors significantly affected preschoolers' parent-report executive function. The results suggest the importance of positive parenting practices in the development of preschoolers' executive function.
The Prospects of the Married Men and Women in their 50s and 60s about their Future Coresident Family Members, Caregivers, and Residence
Chin, Meejung ; Sung, Miai ; Byun, Joosoo ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 32, issue 1, 2014, Pages 27~41
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2014.32.1.27
This study attempted to explain how middle-aged married men and women prospected their family life in terms of their future coresident family members, caregivers, and residence, and what factors were associated with these prospects. The prospects reflected their realistic expectation rather than their preference based on their current life situations. Data were drawn from a survey of 800 married men and women in their 50s and 60s in Seoul and Gyunggi-do. Following previous research, we examined how resources (age, sex, health status, spouse's health status, number of children, current living arrangement, and household income), subjective perception on their responsibility for their parents and children, and relational satisfaction with their spouse and with their children were associated with the prospect. The results showed that these factors were associated with the prospect which is with whom they would live, who would care for them, and where they would live in different ways. The resources were more likely to be associated with the prospect on coresident family members and residence. The perceptions on responsibility were more likely to be associated with the prospect on caregivers. The relational satisfaction was more likely to be associated with the prospect on coresident members. These results underscored that the characteristics of caregiving and family life would change in 10-20 years. Family policymakers need to take these changes into consideration as they deal with issues of family policy.
A Study on the Influencing Factors of Female Consumer Competency by Marital Status
Lee, Min-Hee ; Hong, Eun-Sil ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 32, issue 1, 2014, Pages 43~61
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2014.32.1.43
The purpose of this study is to examine the consumer competency of women in their 20-40s after consumer competency is classified into consumer knowledge, consumer attitude and consumer skill. Since these components can show differences based on the areas of consumption life, the areas of consumer competency are classified into financial management areas, trading areas and consumer citizenship areas. The differences in consumer competency based on marital status and the differences in variables affecting consumer competency by marital status are identified. The types of consumers are classified and characterized based on consumer competency and marital status. This sentence can immediately follow the previous one rather than start a new paragraph. The same goes for the other sentences below. First, the female consumer competency levels of the married group were generally higher than those of the single group. Second, consumer knowledge and consumer competency in financial management areas showed significant interaction effects between the marital status and employment status of demographic variables. Third, there were differences in factors affecting significant differences in consumer knowledge, consumer attitude, consumer skill and over all consumer competencies between the unmarried and married groups.
University Students' Smartphone Addiction Propensities according to Self-efficacy and Leisure-related Variables
Ryu, Mihyun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 32, issue 1, 2014, Pages 63~79
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2014.32.1.63
Recently, in our society, the use of smartphones has been widespread and changed our lives positively; however, the excessive use of smartphones has also produced many side effects. In particular, we can see that the reckless use of smartphones has constantly increased smartphone addiction propensities. University students, too, show smartphone addiction propensities more and more gradually; therefore this study intends to perform research related with smartphone addiction propensities with university students as the subjects. Since it is more and more important to perform leisure activities to prevent smartphone addiction and reduce addiction propensities, it can be said that the research on the correlation between leisure activities and smartphone addiction propensities is significant. The major findings of the research are as follows: First, among the smartphone addiction propensities, their tolerance and disturbance of adaptive function were relatively higher than other factors. Second, overall smartphone addiction affects the variables of gender (male), school year (freshmen), economic leisure constraints, time leisure constraints, and the adequacy of travel behavior, sports behavior, media use behavior, reading behavior, volunteer work and religious behavior. The adequacy of the media use behavior variables showed the greatest impact.
A Phenomenological Study on Marital Relationship Experiences during Couples Therapist Training
Lee, Mi Chung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 32, issue 1, 2014, Pages 81~99
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2014.32.1.81
This study explored the experiences of couples therapists' marital relationship during the couples therapist training using phenomenological research method. The research questions involved the marital relationship experiences and their meanings, and how their marital relationship experiences affect the development of couples therapists during couples therapist training. Five couples therapists identified their personal, relational, and professional growth experiences by half-structured in-depth interview. Giorgi analysis guidelines were used, and five major themes and 20 subthemes were derived. The essence of their marital relationship experiences was "to establish a marital relationship as partners for growth and healing, and provide resources to become a wounded healer." Five major themes included the motivation to become a couples therapist, the experiencing of personal growth, the experiencing of differentiated connection, the experiencing of professional growth, and resources for the development of couples therapist. Exploration of the meanings of marital relationship experiences during couples therapist training shows the reciprocal relationship among personal, relational, and professional growth experiences. The integration of these experiences leads to holistic development of couples therapists. Implications for practice and future research are also discussed.
A Basic Study on the Development of a Coaching Education Program Enhancing the Capability Training of a Healthy Family Specialist
Kim, Hye-Yeon ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 32, issue 1, 2014, Pages 101~115
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2014.32.1.101
Healthy family specialists, who must be equipped with comprehensive and specific knowledge on the health of families with an extensive span of duty, should receive continued education for enhancing their capabilities. In this context, this study will focus on a coaching program that brings excellent result in helping healthy family specialists to set up a vision, exercising leadership and improve their personal relations, etc. with a focus on the potential and possibility of persons and organizations. To accomplish the purpose of this study, the present condition of the existing reeducation program for healthy family specialists conducted by the Central Healthy Family Support Center was grasped. This was done through an analysis on the educational programs for nurturing professional coaches executed by many educational institutions in an effort to propose the coaching education program for enhancing the capabilities of healthy family specialists. The contents related to instruction, time, qualifications, etc. proposed in the model developed through the considered educational program could be used in the future for the education of healthy family specialists so that they may enhance their capabilities.
The Effect of Self-Forgiveness, the Forgiveness of Others, Shame and Guilt on Female Adolescents' Eating Attitude
Lee, Hye Sun ; Kim, Jung Min ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 32, issue 1, 2014, Pages 117~131
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2014.32.1.117
The purpose of the study is to examine the effect of self-forgiveness, the forgiveness of others, shame and guilt on female adolescents' eating attitude, and the mediating effect of shame on the relationship between self-forgiveness or the forgiveness of others and eating attitude. For this research, questionnaires on self-forgiveness, the forgiveness of others, shame, guilt and eating attitude were administered to 700 female adolescents from middle and high schools in Seoul, Incheon and Daegu. Among 683 distributed questionnaires, 640 were selected and statistically analyzed by frequency analysis, t-test, Pearson's correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis, and stepwise multiple regression analysis using SPSS Win 12.0. The main findings of the study are as follows: Firstly, grades had a significant influence on self-forgiveness, guilt and eating attitude. Religion was not found to have a significant influence on any of the variables. Secondly, female adolescents' self-forgiveness, the forgiveness of others and shame were found to significantly affect their eating attitude. Lastly, shame was found to have a partial mediating effect on the relationship between self-forgiveness and eating attitude.
A Process Analysis of the Employment Preparation of Chinese International Marriage Migrant Women
Kong, Su Youn ; Yang, Sungeun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 32, issue 1, 2014, Pages 133~150
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2014.32.1.133
This study is aimed at examining the employment preparation of Chinese migrant women and exploring measures to support their employment in a practical manner. To accomplish the objectives, in-depth interviews with 15 Han Chinese and Korean Chinese women, who represent the highest proportion in Korea, were conducted. Each interview lasted for about an hour and a half on average, and there were additional questionnaires and observations on vocational courses. Collected data was analyzed in 4 steps by utilizing the analysis methods suggested by Lichtman (the three C's of data analysis: codes, categories, concepts), which were transformed to fit the final data. The research findings are as follows. First, the fundamental reasons that Chinese migrant women seek employment in Korea are as follows: role model as a mother based on motherhood and the desire to be recognized as a member of society. Second, as for employment strategies, although all the respondents were only dependent on the referral of their acquaintances and national institutions, Han Chinese and Korean Chinese women had ambivalent attitudes toward each other. Third, they attributed the causes of unemployment to personal aspects such as the amount of effort made and luck, and social structural aspects, including employment instability and low acceptance of multi- cultural individuals. Fourth, the migrant women hoping for 'complete integration' in the future, suggested some practical employment support measures. Such measures should be established by comprehensively reflecting their reasons for getting a job, employment strategies, attributions of unemployment, and employment outlook, rather than as response measures to the low birth rate and aging issues in Korea.
Family Life Prospect of the Middle-Aged and Its Implications for Family Policy toward Centenarian Society
Cho, Hee-Keum ; Kim, Seon-Mi ; Lee, Seung Mee ; Sung, Miai ; Chin, Meejung ; Lee, Hyunah ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 32, issue 1, 2014, Pages 151~166
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2014.32.1.151
This study attempted to explore how middle aged married men and women prospected a Centenarian society and what implications their prospect cast for family policy. We conducted focus group interviews with five groups in order to identify their subjective prospects on marital relations, parent-child relations, caregiving from family or institutions, and alternative living arrangement. From those interviews, we found that married men and women in their 40s, 50s, and 60s possessed ambivalent attitudes toward their marital relationship, either acknowledging an importance of marital relationship or accepting long-standing disrespectful marital relationship. They also had a dualistic perspective on parent-child relationship, accepting parental responsibility for children and even grand-children but maintaining low expectations for children. What they needed was age appropriate opportunities for work or leisure and better community services and facilities. These results showed that the middle-aged was concerned experiencing unprecedented family situations. They needed family life education and services in order to adapt to the Centenarian society. Since family policy has viewed this age group out of service target, programs and services have been underdeveloped for this group. Expecting a Centenarian society however, we need to expand the boundary of family policy and take a new perspective. We need to develop and implement marital education programs, community-based self-care services, and age-appropriated opportunities for work, leisure, and social relations.
The Interaction Effects of the Mother's Parenting Guilt and the Father's Parenting Support on the Parenting Behaviors of Mother with Young Children
Kim, Eun Young ; Lee, Joo-Yeon ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 32, issue 1, 2014, Pages 167~180
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2014.32.1.167
This study aimed to identify the moderating effect of the father's support on the relationship between the mother's parenting guilt and her parenting behavior. For the goal, the present study 1) analysed the differences in the mother's parenting guilt as the general variables of the mother and child, and 2) examined the main effects and interaction effects between the mother's parenting guilt and her spouse's support on the mother's parenting behavior. The participants of the study were 350 mothers whose infants and toddlers were attending a day-care centers in Gwangju and Jeollanamdo. The summary of this study is as follows. First, the mothers younger than 29 years old reported more parenting guilt than the mothers aged 35 to 39. Also, the working mothers felt more parenting guilt than the unemployed mothers. Second, when the main effect and interaction effects among the mother's parenting guilt, parenting behaviors, and the father's parenting support are analysed, the interaction effects were statistically significant with only rejection control parenting behaviors. The result means that even if the mother feels a lot of parenting guilt, if the father's parenting support is high, her rejection control parenting behaviors tend to appear less. The present study suggests that the father's parenting support plays an important role in the reduction of the mother's negative parenting behaviors.