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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 32, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
A Study on Multicultural Family Visiting Instructors` Multicultural Efficacy and Job Satisfaction
Chae, Jin-Young ; Kim, Hera ; Kang, Bog-Jeong ; Hwang, Hae Shin ; Kwon, Ki-Nam ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 32, issue 5, 2014, Pages 1~13
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2014.32.5.1
This study examined the multicultural efficacy and job satisfaction of multicultural family visiting instructors. The subjects were 750 visiting instructors from 140 multicultural family support centers in Seoul, 6 metropolitan cities, 9 provinces, and other cities and counties. Data were analyzed through frequency, percentages, Pearson`s correlations, One-way ANOVA, Scheff
post-hoc test, independent t-test, and stepwise multi-regression using PASW 18.0. The findings are as follows. First, there were statistically significant differences in all subscales of multicultural efficacy according to the teaching experiences of the multicultural family visiting instructors. On the other hand, there was a statistically significant difference only in trust in the relationships with multicultural families according to the teaching experiences of the multicultural family visiting instructors. Meanwhile, the independent t-test showed that there was a significant difference only in satisfaction regarding treatment and salary according to the assigned work. Second, the stepwise multi-regression models revealed that three subscales (job performance, trust in the relationships with the multicultural families, job aptitude) of job satisfaction were influenced by multicultural efficacy according to both the teaching experiences and assigned work, but this was no the case for satisfaction about treatment and salary. Regardles of teaching experience or assigned work, teaching efficacy in multicultural efficacy affected all subscales of job satisfaction except for satisfaction about treatment and salary. The implications for future studies are also discussed.
An Analysis of the Characteristics of Accredited Childcare Centers in Chungbuk Province
Yoo, Jaeeon ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 32, issue 5, 2014, Pages 15~30
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2014.32.5.15
This study aims to analyze what factors are associated with child care accreditation in Chungbuk province. This study examined three questions about which factors influence the accreditation of childcare centers: 1) if they passed the accreditation criteria, 2) the total score on the accreditation criteria, and 3) the domain scores for the six domains of environment, management, process, interaction and teaching, health and nutrition, and safety. The characteristics of 1,212 childcare centers, the independent variables, were commit management, type, specialized service, maximum capacity of children, registration ratio, target age groups of children, duration, and city size. The formal expert committee evaluated objective scores for 952 childcare centers. I derived the data for this study from the i-sarang Childcare Information Portal site (http://info.childcare. go.kr/). Frequency, descriptive statistics, binary logit model, and OLS model analysis were used to examine the accreditation and scores by factors of childcare centers. The findings of the present study are as follows. First, about 80% of the 1,212 childcare centers in Chungbuk province were accredited. Second, the accreditation of the child care center was affected by the specialized service, registration ratio, and duration. Finally, the total score of accredited childcare centers was associated with the maximum capacity of children, registration ratio, and duration. The factors of childcare centers influencing sub-area scores were different by environment, interaction and teaching, health and nutrition, and safety. The present study is important because it offers preliminary data identifying accreditation characteristics that can judge problems related to the quality of service of childcare centers and suggest childcare policy implications.
Use of Contextualized and Decontextualized Talk in Preschoolers` Peer Play
Sung, Miyoung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 32, issue 5, 2014, Pages 31~40
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2014.32.5.31
The purpose of this study is to investigate low- and middle-income preschoolers` use of contextualized and decontextualized talk. The contextualized and decontextualized talk of 70 five-year-old children were analyzed by children`s gender and their socioeconomic status. The participants, as dyads, participated in a peer play session for 10 minutes. The play sessions were videotaped and the videotaped data were transcribed. Each transcript was analyzed according to the modified version of Curenton et al. (2008)`s coding schemes. The results showed that children from middle-income families engaged more in both contextualized and decontextualized talk than children from low-income families. Also, girls from middle-income families engaged in more contextualized-decontextualized talk(psychological states) than girls from low-income families.
The Relationship Between Maternal and Paternal Parenting Styles and Young Adults` Career Decision-Making: The Mediational Roles of Differentiation of Self
Kwon, So Hee ; Lee, Jaerim ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 32, issue 5, 2014, Pages 41~61
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2014.32.5.41
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether differentiation of self mediates the relationship between parenting styles (i.e., care and overprotection) and the level of career decision-making among young adults. We separately measured the mother`s and the father`s parenting styles and five dimensions of differentiation of self that S. Je (1989) suggested. The data came from 387 young adults who were juniors and seniors at universities in Seoul and its surrounding cities. Using Baron and Kenny`s (1986) steps based on regression, we found that the relationships between both caring and overprotective parenting styles and young adults` level of career decision-making were mediated by four dimensions of differentiation of self (i.e., intellectual functioning vs. emotional functioning, family projection process, emotional cutoff, and family regression) except for integration of self. The results were consistent for both the mother and the father. Bootstrapping tests showed that all of the mediation effects were statistically significant. This study contributes to the literature by showing that young adults` level of career decision-making is not simply determined by inputs such as parenting styles but is also mediated by differentiation of self. The results of this study are meaningful in that both the mother`s and the father`s parenting styles could make a difference in young adults` level of career decision-making through differentiation of self.
A Study of Vietnamese Immigrant Women`s `Adaptation Experiences`, With in The Sociocultural Context of Their Home Country
Lee, Eun-Joo ; Jun, Mi-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 32, issue 5, 2014, Pages 63~86
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2014.32.5.63
The present study aims to phenomenologically investigate the adaptation experiences of Vietnamese immigrant women, with in the sociocultural context of their native country. In-depth interviews with a total of seven Vietnamese immigrant women were analyzed by the phenomenological method of A. Giorgi(1997). A total of 127 meaning units and 7 themes with 17 sub-themes, which rendered central meanings that indicated situational structures, were derived. The statements of situational structures were re-categorized in accordance with the sociocultural context of their native country. As the socioeconomic aspect, "aspiration for new opportunities and a new world" and "disappointment and frustration" were derived. The aspect of familial value and culture involved "conflicts over the unilateral acceptance of differences" and "building social relationships". The aspect of female status was associated with "conflicts due to patriarchal hierarchy". The aspect of child caring involved "education as a symbolic value" and the "double-sidedness of mother identity strategy". The gist of Vietnamese immigrant women`s adaptation experiences is "to grow into a subjective mother despite conflicts due to the disappointment and frustration behind aspirations".
Factors Associated with Instrumental Support to Adult Children: Attitudes Toward Support and Actual Provision of Support
Choi, Yeo Jean ; Lee, Jaerim ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 32, issue 5, 2014, Pages 87~105
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2014.32.5.87
The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors associated with instrumental support (i.e., economic and practical support) from parents to their adult children. We examined both parents` attitudes toward instrumental support for adult children and parents` actual provision of instrumental support. From the data of the 2010 second National Survey of Korean Families, we selected 532 mothers and 524 fathers who were married and had at least one adult child aged over 25. Multiple regression analyses by the parents` gender showed that fathers were more likely to agree with instrumental support for adult children in general when they had unmarried children, had a lower household income level, had a lower evaluation of their socio-economic class, were satisfied with their own household economic situation, had positive attitudes toward caregiving for elderly parents, and were satisfied with their couple relationships. For mothers, they were more likely to agree with instrumental support for adult children in general when they had positive attitudes toward caregiving for elderly parents, were satisfied with their couple relationships, and perceived their child as someone to rely on in times of difficulties. Our analyses of the actual provision of support indicated that fathers tended to provide more support when they perceived that they were healthy, had unmarried children, were less satisfied with their household economic situation, had negative attitudes toward child-rearing, and reported a higher quality of parent-child relationship. For mothers, they were more likely to provide actual support when they were healthy, had unmarried children, had a higher level of household income, were financially preparing for later life, and less satisfied with their couple relationships. The findings of this study imply that it is imperative to distinguish the attitudes toward support from the actual provision of support and to also consider parents` gender in the literature on instrumental support for adult children.
A Case Study on Childcare Teachers` Facial Expression Language: Focused on the Opinions of Teachers, Directors, and Parents
Kim, Seon-Ju ; Ju, Young-Ae ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 32, issue 5, 2014, Pages 107~123
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2014.32.5.107
The purpose of this study is to investigate the opinions of teachers, directors, and parents about childcare teachers` facial expression language. We performed in-depth interviews based on literature and previous studies, which consisted of ten childcare teachers, ten directors, and ten parents. From the in-depth interviews, we are able to mainly conclude that all groups think that a childcare teacher`s facial expression language is very important, and strongly influences interpersonal problems and work performance. Mostly, childcare teachers aim to have pleasant facial expressions. However they complain that in some situations it is difficult to do so, which causes severe stress. They argued that the facial expressions of both the director of the childcare center and the parents are also very important for children. However, the directors thought that teachers` facial expressions affect children and their parents` impressions of the teachers and quality of childcare. The parents are usually highly satisfied with the childcare when the teacher has a pleasant facial expression, which motivates the parents to have a positive impression of the teacher. Taken together, childcare teachers` facial expression language is critical for children and the childcare environment. Thus, developing an education program for facial expression language would be helpful for improving the quality of child care. Plus, childcare environments should be developed so that teachers do not experience difficulty in having pleasant facial expressions. This result might have the limitation of being collected from only female childcare teachers, directors, and parents.
Analysis of Household Income and Expenditure of Households with a Negative Cash Flow Across Income Groups in 2000, 2005, and 2010
Lee, Jonghee ; Yang, Sejeong ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 32, issue 5, 2014, Pages 125~143
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2014.32.5.125
The purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of households with a negative cash flow. The Household Budget Survey conducted in 2000, 2005, and 2010 by the Bureau of Statistics in South Korea were used for this study. The households used in this study were divided into four groups according to their income levels; they were categorized the lowest, low, middle, and high income groups. This study made several findings regarding households with a negative/positive cash flow. Firstly, the demographic and economic characteristics were different between those who have a negative cash flow and those with a positive cash flow. A female household head, a household head age 65 and older, a household head with a lower educational attainment, an unemployed household head, and the presence of a child/children in schools were related with the household deficit. Secondly, the households with a positive cash flow had a higher income level compared to the households with a negative cash flow, while the households with a negative cash flow had a much higher consumption level compared to the households with a positive cash flow. Thirdly, the household deficit to total income ratio of the lowest income group was higher when compared to any other income group. Lastly, the multivariate statistics showed that households including a child/children in schools are more likely to be a household with a negative cash flow. Especially, the expenditures on education and transportation were related with the likelihood of a household deficit.
The Differences in Work-family Spillover Process and Domains in Dual-earner Couples with Children
Jang, Yoon-Ok ; Jeong, Seo-Leen ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 32, issue 5, 2014, Pages 145~161
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2014.32.5.145
The purpose of this study examined the differences in work-family spillover process and domains in dual-earner couples with children, using a multidimensional measure of work-family spillover. The subjects of this study were 285 working couples with children. The research tool was questionnaires which consisted of general characteristics of the subjects and multidimensional measure of work-family spillover scale. For data analysis, factor analysis, Cronbach
, t-test, and paired t-test were performed. Based on analysis of data using factor analysis, three-distinct work-family spillover process can be measured for both wife and husband, time interference, psychological distraction, and energy depletion and the multidimensional measure of work-family spillover is able to validly assess different domains of family life into which spillover occurs. The main results of this study were as following: First, there were significant differences in work-family spillover process according to sex. In work
family spillover, male more experienced negative time interference than female, on the other hand, in family
work spillover, female more experienced negative energy depletion than male. Second, there were significant differences in domains which work-family spillover occurs according to sex. Male more experienced negative work
family spillover than female in marital relations and parent-child relations domains while female more experienced negative family
work spillover than male in parent-child relations and home management domains. Third, there were significant differences between wife and husband in work-family spillover process. In work
family spillover, husband more experienced negative time interference than wife, on the other hand, in family
work spillover, wife more experienced negative energy depletion than husbands. Forth, there were significant differences between wife and husband in domains which work-family spillover occurs. Male more experienced negative work
family spillover than female in marital relations, parent-child relations, and leisure life domains. And while husband more experienced negative family
work spillover than wife in parent-child relations, wife more experienced negative family
work spillover than husband in home management domains.
Mediating Effects of Anger Expression Types for Anxiety on the Violent Behaviors of Adolescent School Violence Offenders and General Adolescents
Oh, Jong-Eun ; Lee, Jae-Yeon ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 32, issue 5, 2014, Pages 163~178
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2014.32.5.163
The purpose of this study is to validate the mediating effects of anger expression types for anxiety on the violent behaviors of adolescent school violence offenders. For the purpose of this study, 114 adolescent school violence offenders and 178 general youths were selected. Through the structural equation model, the mediating effects of anger expression types that are manifested in the path of violent acts of adolescent school violence offenders and general youths are verified. The major findings of this study are as follows. First, for both groups, the same path of violent behavior through anger-in and anger-out was followed: youths repress anger when they have higher anxiety, and when too much anger is repressed, anger-out increases, which results in more violent behaviors. Second, the level of anxiety of adolescent school violence offenders has direct effect on the responsive violent behaviors while the level of anxiety of general youths does not have direct effect on violent behaviors. Third, although the anxiety of adolescent school violence offenders may increase violent behaviors through the paths of acting-in and acting-out, violent behaviors can be reduced by reducing anger-out. Therefore, to reduce the violent behaviors of adolescent school violence offenders, intervention is needed for those who repress their anger due to anxiety; professional education is also required for adolescent school violence offenders to help them control their anger.
A Case Study on Fathers` School Involvement Through the Use of Focus Group Interviews
Lee, Hyun Ah ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 32, issue 5, 2014, Pages 179~191
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2014.32.5.179
Parents are one of the principal agents of education along with students and teachers. The father, who is also a member of the educational community, plays a role in and has responsibility for his children`s education. But, in Korea, as mothers are largely responsible for the children`s care and education, fathers` school involvement has not been treated as a research subject. However, changes in family structure and function have challenged the notion of the father`s traditional role. Recently, the father who participates actively in the rearing and education of his child has emerged as a new trend of the father model. It has been proven through many studies that the father`s involvement has unique positive effects on his children, a phenomenon known as the "father effect". This research investigates the father`s school involvement through focus group interviews with fathers. The results showed that the father`s school participation rate was not high, while the father`s desire for school participation was very high. These results are explained by the situation of fathers having no time or pathway to participate in their children`s school. In order to enable fathers` participation, leave for school participation needs to be implemented and the development of fathers` activities is necessary. A father education program is needed to bring about changes resulting in fathers` greater participation in their children`s education. This study suggests policy implications for supporting fathers` school involvement.
The Recognition of Expertise According to the Infant Class`s Teacher Sensitivity and Efficacy of Teaching Play
Jung, Hyejin ; Park, Jaeok ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 32, issue 5, 2014, Pages 193~205
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2014.32.5.193
The purpose of this research is to gather basic data to make nursery teachers` role clear and to suggest a way to improve their expertise by investigating their sensitivity and expertise. To fulfill this aim, this research was performed by targeting 180 nursery teachers responsible for infant classes in national, public, and private nursery schools. To measure the nursery teachers` sensitivity, Gerber`s (2003) teacher sensitivity indicator is used. And to measure the efficacy of teaching play, the indicator, which was developed by E. Shin, Y. Yu and H. Park (2004), was used through modification and complement. Also for measuring the teacher`s expertise, research data were collected by the generalized and modified questionnaire which was used in H. Yoon`s (2010) research. The results of the analysis of collected data show that the teacher group with higher sensitivity in the infant class shows meaningfully higher professional ethics, higher performance, and higher recognition of expertise than the teacher group with lower sensitivity. And the teacher group with higher awareness of the efficacy of play shows higher professional ethics, higher performance, and higher recognition of expertise than the teacher group with lower sensitivity. too. Also, the results of the analysis of the correlation between the infant teacher`s sensitivity, efficacy of teaching play, and recognition of expertise show that the teacher`s sensitivity has a static correlation with the total points of social necessity, professional ethics, fairness, teacher`s performance, and recognition of expertise. When we generalize the research results, we find that positive sensitivity and higher efficacy of teaching play make the infant class teacher`s expertise recognition higher.
A Study on the Determinants of Suicide Attempts among the Elderly Living Alone: Focused on Seniors in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province
Kwon, Oh-Gyun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 32, issue 5, 2014, Pages 207~219
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2014.32.5.207
The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics of suicide attempts and non-attempts of the elderly living alone and the subjects in this study were 690 elderly persons living alone in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. For data analysis, this study used descriptive analysis, mean comparison correlation analysis, and binominal logistic regression analysis using PASW 20.0. To explain the suicide attempts of elderly persons who live alone, variables such as sex, age education level, monthly household income, religion, subjective economic status, subjective health status, ADL/IADL, depression, hopelessness, social support, and stress were used. The findings of the study were as follows: First, 9.2 percent(64) of the elderly living alone had attempted suicide and 90.8 percent(626) had never attempted suicide. Second, monthly household income, hopelessness, and social support were identified as the factors that affected their suicide attempts. In other words, the elderly living alone who had lower monthly household income, less social support, and greater feelings of hoprlessness had made more suicide attempts. As it is a cross-sectional research using data from non-probability sampling, this has a limitation in generality sampling, this has a limitation in generalizing the study results. To overcome this limitation, longitudinal research using data from probability sampling is necessary.