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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 33, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
A Study on Adolescents` Internalizing and Externalizing Problem Behaviors and Related Variables in Transition with Latent Growth Model
Kim, YeonJu ; Lee, Jimin ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 33, issue 1, 2015, Pages 1~17
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2015.33.1.1
This study investigated how variables of internalizing and externalizing problematic behaviors change according to gender and as time passes by and how the variables influence adolescent problematic behaviors. The variables selected for the analysis are personal variables, parent variables, peer and school variables, and community variables. longitudinal data collected for 4 years from the Korea Youth Panel Survey(KYPS) were utilized for the analysis. Data were collected initially from 2,707 fifth grade elementary students in 2005 and they were traced until 2008. The final respondents were 2,448 students. The findings are as follows. Frist, the statistical significance was found in changes of problematic behavioral variables in terms of the gender difference. Second, variables, such as self-esteem and self-control are negatively correlated to the problematic behaviors and stress level is strongly positively correlated to the behaviors. Third, the study pressure and peer attachment level are correlated to the initial value of internalizing problematic behaviors. In conclusion, given that more statistical significances were found at initial values than the change rates among variables, early intervention is important in addressing adolescent problematic behaviors.
A Comparison of Household Characteristics by Deficit Types
Yang, Sejeong ; Lee, Eunhwa ; Lee, Jonghee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 33, issue 1, 2015, Pages 19~39
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2015.33.1.19
The purpose of the study was to examine the characteristics and economic status of deficit households. The data for this study were from The Household Income and Expenditure Survey in 2000, 2005, and 2010 conducted by the National Statistics Office (NSO). Deficit households were defined by those who had expenditures higher than their income. Among total households, the proportion of deficit households was 26.84% in 2000, 28.14% in 2005, and 27.15% in 2010. The average propensity to consume was 132.1 in 2005, which was higher than those in 2000 and 2010. Deficit households were classified into five types using cluster analysis: 1)overall-overconsumption group(33.07%), 2)basic needs group(26.33%), 3)transportation expenditure-dominated group(6.73%), 4)education expenditure-dominated group(27.63%), 5)health care expenditure-dominated group(6.24%). The overall-overconsumption group was the largest group of total households and the portion of this group among total households decreased by 4.97%p from 2005 to 2010. However, the education expenditure-dominated group increased by approximately 7.6%p over the period. It was also found that households in 2000 and 2010 were more likely to be in all five groups than households in 2005. Other major determinants of households with deficit were gender, age, number of family members, education level, dual income, home ownership, vehicle ownership, and income class.
Influence of Investment Patterns Private Education and Field Study on Children`s Academic Performance and Social Relations
Park, Eun Jung ; Lee, Seong-Lim ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 33, issue 1, 2015, Pages 41~59
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2015.33.1.41
The purpose of this study was to explore the patterns of investment on children, analyze the differences in academic performance and social relations by the patterns of investment on children, and variables that influence academic performance and the social relations of children. To achieve such research objectives, the raw data from the 2012 Korean Child and Youth Panel investigation were used for the research. The analytical subjects of this research were the parents and the third-grade students of a middle school and the analytical methods used were: frequency, percentage, average, standard deviation, Chi-squared test, ANOVA, Duncan`s Multiple Range test, K-mean cluster, and multiple regression analysis depending on the research purpose. The results of the research are as follows. Firstly, as a result formalizing investment pattern on children, there were five patterns of: experience oriented investment, passive experience investment, private education oriented investment, aggressive investment, and passive investment patterns. Secondly, for the patterns of investment on children, the level of academic performance was found to be the highest within the aggressive investment and the experience oriented investment types. The social relation level was found to be the highest with the experience oriented investment, with it being low in private education oriented investment and passive investment patterns. Thirdly, for the factors influencing the academic performance of the children, it was found to be higher in aggressive investment, private education oriented investment, experience oriented investment and passive experience investment compared to passive investment. Some sociological factors were also found to be influential such as mother`s age, father`s education, sex of children, school area of children, type of house, and income. For the social relation level of the children, the factors of the aggressive investment, passive experience investment, and the experience oriented investment as well as the sociological factors by sex of children and income level are influential.
The Influence of Mother`s Child-rearing Attitudes on Children`s School Adjustment : The Mediating Effects of Child`s Career Maturity
Jo, Yeoun-Hee ; Lee, Joo-Yeon ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 33, issue 1, 2015, Pages 61~74
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2015.33.1.61
This study aimed to identify the mediating effects of the child`s career maturity on the relationship between mother`s child-rearing attitudes and children`s school adjustment. In order to achieve our goals, the present study 1) analysed the differences in the mother`s child-rearing attitude perceived by child, child`s career maturity, and school adjustment according to child`s sex, and 2) examined the direct and indirect effects of mother`s child-rearing attitude and child`s career maturity on school adjustment. A total of 430
grade elementary school students living in Gwangju participated in this study. The summary of this study is as follows. First, there were some differences in achievement child-rearing attitude according to child`s sex. Boys perceived their mother`s child-rearing attitude as more achievement-oriented than girls. Second, child`s career maturity mediated the relations between mother`s child-rearing attitude perceived by child and their school adjustment. Specifically, the partial mediating effects of career maturity were found in all of the relations between sub-factors of child-rearing attitude(affection, autonomy, achievement, and rationality), and child`s career maturity fully mediated the relation between autonomy and peer relationship. The results of this study mean that mother`s child-rearing attitudes have both direct and indirect impacts on child`s school adjustment and child`s career maturity are all very important factors on their school adjustment. The present study suggests that it is necessary to provide diverse career programs to improve child`s career maturity.
Effects of Science Activities connected to Physical Expression on the Four-year-old Children`s Creativity
Moon, Hyukjun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 33, issue 1, 2015, Pages 75~85
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2015.33.1.75
This study aimed to examine the effects of science activities connected to physical expression on the four-year-old children`s creativity. This study conducted an observation of sixty-four children of four years of age attending the kindergartens in the city of Seoul. Thirty-seven were classified in the experimental group and the remaining twenty-seven were in the comparative group. For the statistical analysis of the data collected, the t-test and the analysis of covariance(ANCOVA) were conducted. The findings of this research are as follows. The children of the experimental group who experienced science activities connected to physical expression demonstrated higher score than those of the comparative group in creativity. The result of the research indicates that science activities connected to physical expression, for children, enhances their creativity. Therefore, science activities connected to physical expression can be an effective approach for creativity of young children.
The Influence of Home Child Care Allowance on the Choice of Child Care Types : Focusing on the Concordance between an Ideal and Actual Child Care Type
Choi, Seulmin ; Chin, Meejung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 33, issue 1, 2015, Pages 87~97
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2015.33.1.87
This study aims to examine how home child care allowance influences a mother`s choice of child care type. To accomplish this goal, we surveyed 432 mothers who had at least one child under 5 years old. The data were analyzed by frequencies, percentages, means and binomial logistic regressions. The results showed that unemployed mothers and mothers with younger children had a high tendency to choose home child care allowance instead of child care subsidy. Second, mother`s employment status, age of first child and an interactive term of mother`s employment status and home child care receipt influenced a concordance between an ideal and actual child care type. Unemployed mothers and mothers with younger children were more likely to experience a concordance between their ideal and actual types of child care. By investigating how home child care allowance affects the right of choice in child care type, this study provides empirical information to policy makers and researchers and contributes to develop cash-benefit policies for families with young children.