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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Dec 1986
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Jun 1986
Selecting the target year
An Assessment of the Validity of the Marital Satisfaction Scale -Mss of Roach , Frazier, Bowden-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 4, issue 1, 1986, Pages 1~13
The purpose of this study was to examine whether the Marital Satisfaction Scale(M.S.S) is properly applicable to Korean couples and further to be devoted to the designed of a marital satisfaction scale for Korea. The scale employed in this study was a Korean adaptation of the M.S.S., which originally included 73 items but was reduced to 48 through a study of its validity by Bowden. This scale was administered to 420 couples. One kindergarten, two elementary schools, one middle school, and four high schools, all of them located in Seoul or its satellite cities were selected for the present study. The results of the study were as follows. 1) Through item analysis, 85.4% of the total items showed a high index of discrimination, i.e, of more than +.40, which all was significant discrimination (P<0.001) excluding two items. 2)Factor analysis, which was oriented toward combining factors proper to theory, showed that the M.S.S. consisted of 6 factors and its total variance was 50.18%. The 6 factors were marital satisfaction (factor 1), marital social psychological companionship (factor 2), obstacles to marriage (factor 3), dissatisfaction of marital relationship (factor 4), attitude of the reasonable marital relationship (factor 5), and cognition of married life (factor 6), 3) internal consistency reliability of the M.S.S. was 0.951 and the reliability of the total items after excluding two through item analysis 0.956 and 0.949 respectively, which showed a high internal consistency 4) The marital satisfaction examined by the M.S.S showed significant differences according to sex, education , income, the duration of marriage, the number of children but no significant differences according to age, and family type. From these results, it will be concluded that the M.S.S is a reliable and valid psychological scale for examining marital satisfaction of Korean couples. The limitations of this study were as follows. 1) It can not be generalized to all Korean couples because the subjects was sampled from Seoul or satellite cities. 2)The factor analysis in this study was oriented toward combining factors proper to theory. However, it was very difficult to find out the factors because the components of the M.S.S. was more or less abstract. Thus, from these results some suggestions follow for developing the marital satisfaction scale proper to Korean couples systematically and scientifically. 1) The subjects must be sampled form urban as well as rural areas 2)Factor analysis in this study is oriented toward finding out factors of the M.S.S. Thus, it is needed to analyze the factor validity or construct validity by multitrait - multimethod of the scale with more theoretical conceptualization. 3) It is necessary to examine whether marital satisfaction shows difference according to couples and psychological variables besides objective demographic variables. 4) More research is needed before the M.S.S. con be adapted into a turely useful marital satisfaction scale for Korea.
A Study on the Level of Stress Recognition of Urban Housewife and the Method of Coping to Stress
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 4, issue 1, 1986, Pages 15~31
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between the level of stress recognition of urban housewife and the method of coping, and to explore bow these factors are influenced by socio-demographic variables such as the age of housewife, level of education, status of employment, number of children, durations of marriage, types of family, religion and socio-economic status. The research was conducted on 431 housewives in Seoul in August, 1985. As for the measurement of the instrument, 48 item questionnaire made by investigator was used. The questionnaire was based upon modified and upplemented Holme & Rahe's SRRS and Bell's 18-item Questionnaire to be appropriate to Korean culture. Data were analyzed by percentage, frequency and mean, and verified significant difference by ANOVA and performed Spearman's correlation coefficient. The results of this study are as follows; 1) There is some similarity in distribution of the level of stress recognition of urban housewife. 2) the level of education and the durations of marriage have influence upon the level of stress recognition of urban housewife. In each area, there are differences among groups : age, level of education, durations of marriage, number of children and types of family in the area of education ; age, status of employment, and durations of marriage in the area of health; level of education, durations of marriage, number of children and socio-economic status in the area of finance; status of employment in the area of household work. 3) There are several methods in the method of coping to stress of housewife and the score of long-term coping method appears higher than that of short-term. 4) The level of education, number of children, religion and socio-economic status were variables to have influence on the method level of education, religion and socio- economic status were variables to have influence and in the long-term coping method level of education, number of children, religion, and socio-economic status were to have influence. 5) There is very low positive correlation between the level of stress recognition of urban housewife and the method of coping to stress( ρ=.10, P<.05). 6)In the relation between several variables in socio-demographic variables and the method to coping to stress, the lower the level of stress recognition there are negative correlation (ρ=-.28, P<.01) between religion and the method of coping and also negative correlation (ρ=-.16, P<.05) between number of children and the method of coping. There are positive correlation between socio-economic status and the method of coping.
Standardized Model of Kitchen Cabinets in a Middle -Class Family.
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 4, issue 1, 1986, Pages 49~69
This study aimed to fine out the rational quantity of kitchen utensils and appliances Questionnair was distributed to families of 469 of middle school students. I studied status of kitchen work centers, quantity and the kinds of kitchen utensils. The results were as follows. 1. the status of kitchen :1) The percentage of western style work centers was significantly higher than the average level of Seoul. 2) The length and the height of work centers were below standard. 3) Arrangement of work centers was relatively correct, however, the kinds of kitchen work centers were not fully equipped. 2. The quantity of kitchen utensils: The socio-economic status were the main factor of the quantity of kitchen utensils. Educational level, income level and floor space were strongly corrected to the quantity of kitchen utensils.
The Role Conflict Marital Satisfaction of Married Working Women
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 4, issue 1, 1986, Pages 71~93
The purpose of this study is to identify sevral variables which were assumed to have relationships with the role conflict and marital satisfaction of married working women, and to examine the relationship of the role conflict and marital satisfaction of married working women in Korea. The data for this study was obtained from the survey of the 262 married working women who reside in the city of Seoul employing questionnaire method. Such methods as frequency, percentile, factor analysis, analysis of variance (t-test, F-test), and Pearson's correlation were used for the statistical analysis for this study. The major findings of this study can be summarized as follows; 1) The role conflict level of married working women was related to variables such as age, the number of children, work time, husband's support, job satisfaction, motivation to work outside the home. 2) The overall marital satisfaction was relatively high when they have two children and the presence of household work help. Futhermore, ut was found that marital satisfaction considerably high when husband's support and job satisfaction was highly accorded. 3) The role conflict and marital satisfaction of married working women were significantly negatively correlated.
A Study of the consumer education focusing on the Adolescent Consumer
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 4, issue 1, 1986, Pages 95~107
This study is mainly concerned with providing a basis for the development of adolescent consumer education. the objective of this study is to investigate the factors related to consumer knowledge, consumer role attitudes and consumer skills. The samples are composed of 1453 adolecent consumer filtered by purposive sampling. The sample includes 3 subgroups from middle and high school students. the statistics used for data analysis are t-test and ANOVA. Results are as follows; (1) Consumer knowledge differs according to the numbers of school years, region , parents' occupation , farther's education level, discretionary expenditure. (2) Consumer role attitudes differ according to consumer's number of school years, gender, region, family income , parents' occupation, father's education level, discretionary expenditure, (3) Consumer skills differ according to gender, region, family income, parents' occupation, father's education, discretionary expenditure, and consumer experience.
Residential Crowding and Adoptation Behavior of the Urban Households
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 4, issue 1, 1986, Pages 109~125
In recent years, conoeptualizations of the residential crowding phenomena have developed form deterministic approaches to functionalistic ones which emphasize the interaction of environmental , social, and personal variables. The influences of each variables which are believed to mediate the crowding perception have been tested. This study examines the association of the influence of socio-demographic variables, residential setting and previous residential experience with the residential crowding. Futhermore, the residential adoptation behavior in response to the crowding phenomena is analyzed. The results of a survey are as follows; 1)The most important variables which influence residential crowding are the residential setting variables such as the floor space and the measure of persons per room. Also the household income and the family structure influence the residential crowding. No previous residential experience effects were found. 2)The residential adoptation behavior is influenced by sex, age and socio-economic status of the family. Female and the age group of 20s and 30s tend to prefer such alternatives as moving or residential alterations and additions. On the other hand, male and the age group of 40s and 50s tend to prefer staying without nay alternatives or structural family adoptation. The group of higher socio- economic status tend to show higher preference to moving and alterations, and the lower ones tend to stay or take the alternative of the structural family adoptation. Years of education and the family structure do not influence the residential adopation behavior