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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Dec 1986
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Jun 1986
Selecting the target year
The Development of the Test measuring Attitude Towards Consumerism
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 4, issue 2, 1986, Pages 1~8
This article presents a short objective test for measuring attitudes toward consumerism. The samples are composed of 196 home economics and social studies teachers of middle and high school. The test is shown to have high internal consistency reliability(
=70) and unidimensionality. The test is also shown to have satisfactory content validity and concurrent validity. Extention of the test for stability and predictive validity are discussed.
An Attempt for Systems Approach to Home Management - Focused on Purchase Decision Making and Marital Role Structure
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 4, issue 2, 1986, Pages 9~24
This study aims at providing the data in order to understand home management and to mange home efficiently through attempting systems approach to home management focused on purchase decision making and marital role structure. For the purpose of this study, regarding housing purchase decision making process as a system, environmental characteristics as inputs, marital role structure and the satisfaction of purchase management as outputs, relation between inputs and outputs; the understanding about these components was established as research problem. And then the framework of analysis being based on theoretical references was suggested, and questionnaires were administrated to housewives. The result of this study is as follows: 1) Marital role structure was differently shown according to the phases of decision making process. 2) Marital role structure was differently shown according to the level of environmental characteristics. 3) The statisfaction of purchase manag ment was influenced by environmental characteristics. According to these results, home management can be understood in the view of system. That is, the morphostatic characteristics of family system can be grasped in environmental supra system in conideration of the structure of managerial sub system; the morphogenic characteristics of family system can be grasped centering on the relationship to environment.
A Basic Study on the Standardization of Foot wear Cabinet - At the General Public Housing Scale Apartment
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 4, issue 2, 1986, Pages 25~34
This study aimed to find out the suitable design of footwear cabinet. The questionnaire data from 1969 persons of 400 families about footwear cabinet showed following results. 1) The number of shoes was related with sex, age, occupation, family income, the number of family members and educational level of housewives. 2) The size of shoes in the range of 80% of the investigated shoes was 30cm of height, 30cm of length, and 10cm of width. 3) The satisfaction with footwear cabints was mainly decided by the size and space of the cabinet. 4) Umbrella, tools and shoe polish and brush were usually kept in the footwear cabinet as well as shoes. On the basic of the results above. The size of 108cm of length (20cm for umbrella), 35cm of width and 105cm of height is sugested as the desirable footwear cabinet for the General public housing scale apartment for 5 family members and this cabinet should have 5 divider and one flexible divider by 30cm which may be adjusted by 20cm.
An Analysis of Farm household Economy by Family Life Cycle
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 4, issue 2, 1986, Pages 35~51
The purpose of this study is to establish family life cycle of farm and to analyze changes of economic conditions-income, consumption expenditures, savings, assets, and debts-in farm household according to the family life cycle. Income, consumption expenditures, savings, assets, and debts functions are also estimated by age of household head. The data of Farm Household Economy Survey which was conducted in 1983 by Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries is used in this study. Among total data of 2000, 1603 are analyzed for mean, percentage, and regression using CRISP Program at Office of Rural Development. The results of study can be summarized as follows; 1) Eight stages of family life cycle of farm are established according to the growth of the first child. They are: Establishment stage, Child bearing and preschool stage, Elementary school stage, Middle and high school stage, College and vocational adjustment stage, Period of children's marriage, Re-adjustment stage, and isorganizing stage. 2) The economic conditions of farm household are significantly fluctuated by family life cycle. Among the eight stages, stage Ⅱ is considered relatively comfortable living period and stage Ⅲ, Ⅳ are the most difficult periods of farm household economy. 3) The estimated functions of income, consumption expenditures, savings, assets, and debts by age of household head are as follows; Y(income) = 2, 354, 832+98,456T-1,036T2(F=11.746) C(consumption expenditures) = 81,876+154,976T-1,552T2 (F=37.272) S(savings) = 2,272,956+56,511T+516T2(F=4.262) D(debts) = 903,929+28,300T-438T2(F=3.339) A(assets) = 200,816+1,213,336T-12,930T2(F=21.069) To carry on a reasonable farm household management, a suitable measure to cope with the desire of family and the economic conditions of farm household should be prepared.
A Study on Low-Income Consumers Problem by the Comparison among Income Classes
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 4, issue 2, 1986, Pages 53~66
The prensent study was aimed to explore the reality of the low-income consumers problem by the comparison among five income classes. Specifically, this study was intended to (1) compare the levels of consumer skill, market risk, and consumer problem among the five income classes, (2) examine the relationship between consumer problem and consumer skill, and the relationship between consumer problem and market risk, and (3) search the types of consumer problems that each income class consumers might experience the most often. For this purpose, a survey was conducted using questionaire on 525 home managers in Seoul. The deta were analyzed by ANOVA and DMR test. The major findings were as follows; First, the consumer skill was the poorest in the low-income consumers. There was curvilinear relationship between consumer skill and income level. Second, the market risk was the highest in the low-income consumers. Market risk had a negative linear relationship with income level. Third, consumer problem was the most serious in the low-income consumers and was the least serious in the middle-income consumers. Fourth, the lower consumer skill and the higher market risk the consumers had, the more consumer problems they tended to experience. Finally, the low-income consumers had relatively more difficulties in door-to-door sale and inferior goods problem than the middle and the high-income consumers. On the other hand, the latter experienced relatively more difficulties in false and misleading advertising, overcharge, unfair bargain, and warrenty-repair-exchange problem than the former. Taken together, the research hypotheses were well supported in this study. It was suggested that the quality and the quantity of the low-income consumers problem were different from those of the middle-and the high-income consumers problem.
A Study on the Economic Problems of Urban Low-income Families
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 4, issue 2, 1986, Pages 67~88
This study attempts to explain the income and consumption problems of urban low-income consumers and to explore factors of their poverty. For the purpose of this study, interviews were conducted with 124 low-income home managers. All the subjects live in Seoul and Inchon. The major findings are: First, low-income families seriously suffer from low income and small property. And the degree of economic hardship is the most serious with wife-working families whose husbands have no job or are dead. Second, low-income consumers have low budgeting and purchasing skill. Third, low-income consumers have 'doing' orientation but have fatalistic value orientation. This study suggests that it is necessary to develop an integrative measurement of economic hardship. It also suggests that low level of low-income consumer's skill can be well explained in terms of man-nature value orientation.
A Study of Husband-Wife Purchasing Decision-Making and Its Related Variables
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 4, issue 2, 1986, Pages 89~101
This study sought to investigate the presence and characteristics of postulated variables(involvement & empathy) that may moderate the need for overt conflict - resolving behavior when husbands and wives disagree on a certain purchasing subdecision and that may explain husband - wife decision - making patterns. For the above purpose, the analyses of this study are based on response of 180 husbands and wives(90 couples) to questions concerning 11 subdecisions of house and sofa-set purchasing decisions. The results are summarized as follows; 1) Income, education, and wives job do not significantly differenciate the levels of involvement and empathy except that education does the levels of wives involvement and empathy and that wives job does the levels of husbands involvement. 2) Husbands and wives indicate significantly different levels of involvement and empathy on most subdecisions. i. e., wives regard all subdecisions importantly. and on 3 subdecisions of joint decision - making pattern, they have the higher consideration for their husband's preferences. 3) Incongruency in husband - wife responses to the questions of decision - making patterns are moderate. 4) Husbands and wives involvement / empathy discriminate well the patterns of decision - making on various subdecisions within 2 product classes. Wives empathy accounts for much discriminating power in both instances. Thus, the need to add these involvement and empathy variables to models of family decision - making is sugguested.
A Study of the Relationship Between the Housewives Consciousness and Satisfaction for the Household Work
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 4, issue 2, 1986, Pages 103~117
The purpose of this study is to provide the basic information for the improvement of housewives consciousness and satisfaction of household work by analyzing the data regarding the housewives consciousness and satisfaction toward household work. The research problems was described as follows; 1) How independent variables influence the housewives consciousness of household work. 2) How independent variables influence the satisfaction of household work. 3) How relate the housewives consciousness and the satisfaction of household work. The research was conducted on 354 housewives in Seoul during the end of January and the beginning of March, 1986. As for the measurement of the instrument, questionnaire with 46 items was made by investigator. The data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, mean and t-test, F-test, Scheffe-test, Pearson-r. The results were summarized as follows; 1) Among the independent variables, the ages of housewives, durations of marriage, psychologica satisfaction were variables to have influence on the housewives consciousness towark household work. 2) Among the independent variable,s the socio-economic status, durations of marriage, psychological satisfaction were variables to have influence on the satisfaction of household work. 3) There were strong positive correlationship between the housewives consciousness and the satisfaction of household work. As a result, it is necessary to minimize the repetition and the overload of house-hold chores through the rationalization of household work and also to divide householdwork properly to family members. We let the housewives feel that her ability can be obtained from the household work. Especially the housewives must have a clear and a high level of consciousness of the household work an expect to receive high value of her household work from the family members. In order to do so, it seems to be important that housewives makes on great effort to have a positive value system and attitudes toward the consciousness and satisfaction of household work. We also must develop those factors through school and home education.
Housewives Perception Degree on Saving Goods - In Seoul Area
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 4, issue 2, 1986, Pages 119~136
To survey the intensities of housewives perception on savings-goods and to suggest them some guiding direction for reasonable saving behavior, a total of 392 questionaires was distributed to housewives in Seoul. The data were analyzed in terms of frequency, percentage, x2-test, F-test and Pearson's Correlation. The Results were as follows; 1) Housewives awareness degree on savings-goods scored total average marks of 37/100 which was in the relatively low level. 2) Housewives interest degree on saving-goods scored total average marks of 70/100 which was in the fairly high level. 3) The correlation between awareness and interest degree on savings-goods was very highly significant. 4) The major information source of savings-goods was from pamphlet, TV, radio and newspaper, namely, public information. 5) Housewives perception of public information on savings-goods was very weak.
An Analysis of the Women's Status Shown in the Family Pedigrees Recently Published
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 4, issue 2, 1986, Pages 137~149
This study has the purpose to aid that there will be a desirable household and social life analyzing the content in examples of the distinction between the sexes based on the family pedigrees published since 1980 year in Korea. 142 family pedigrees in Suncheon National University Library, National Central Library in Seoul and Cheon II Library in Kwangju as study data were used. Characters of the analyzing subject were born since 1940 year, who are still in existence possibly. The results of this study are as followings; 1) In the records of man and wife (1) The case which man's name was registered in detail and wife's name was not registered is 62.0% and more than a half. (2) The case which wife's schooling, career and occupation were not registered is 97.9%. 2) In the records of the relation between parents and children. (1) The case which only parents were registered in the ancestors of maternal line is 76.7%. (2) The case which foster sons were registered although the e were daughters is 15.5%, which is remarkable portions. 3) In the records of the relation of children (1) The case which the register orders were sons first and daughter later, not birth order is almost all 97.2% and the case which daughters were not registered is 2.1%. (2) The case which the married daughters names with sons-in-law were registered is 40.2%, whereas the case which only the names of sons-in-law were registered without daughters names is 56.3% and more than a half. (3) The case which grandsons in the daughter's line were registered only one case. In the above analysis results of Korean family pedigrees, the distinction ciousness to the wife and daughters as female among family members has been deeply conventionalized institutionally or conceptually.
A Study on the Preceding Research Related Housing Satisfaction
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 4, issue 2, 1986, Pages 151~160
This study was designed to clarify housing satisfactions as one of the housing problems in quality. The major purpose of this study was to find out the variables related to housing satisfaction. Following items are analyzed: 1) Concept about housing satisfaction. 2) Relations to housing expectation, aspiration, value. 3) Relations between housing satisfaction and housing reconstruction and mobility. 4) The variables related to housing satisfaction.
A Study of the Housing Indicators for Evaluating the Quality of life
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 4, issue 2, 1986, Pages 161~182
The aim of this study is to identify the housing indicators for eveluating the quality of life. The theory, Maslow's,