Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Home Management Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Jun 1988
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Communication Styles of the Husbands and Wives in Korea
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 6, issue 1, 1988, Pages 1~25
The purpose of this study was to classify the communication styles of the husbands and wives in Korea. The instrument of this study was questionnaire which was made through the three times' pre-research by the researcher. In the pre-research, husbands and wives were asked what were the communication styles in their daily life. Among the gathered data 55 items were chosen by the frequency of the communication styles. The subjects were 240 husbands and 264 wives who lives in Seoul. In this study the following questions were examined. 1) What are the communication styles of the husbands? 2) What are the communication styles of the wives? The data were analyzed by the method described below with SAS and SPSS computer programs. 1) To find out general character of the subjects, frequency distribution and frequency percentage should be computed. 2) To analyze items of the scale, mean standard deviation, and relative frequency distribution of the respective items should be computed. 3) To extract factor of the respective group, the procedure of factor analysis should be applied. 4) To verify the reliability of the respective factor, Cronakch's α should be computed. 5) To notice the differences in background variables, the analysis variance should be computed. The conclusions derived from the findings were as follows: 1) The communication styles of the husbands group were categorized into authoritarian style, contactful style, sincere style, speculative, speculative style, other-oriented style. 2) The communication styles of th wives group were categorized into authoritarian style. sincere style, other-oriented style, sacrifice style, speculative style.
A Study of Consumer Competency and Consumer Role Satisfaction.
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 6, issue 1, 1988, Pages 27~38
The objectives of this research; (1)To measure levels of the wife consumer competency and consumer role satisfaction (2) To investigate the sociodemographic variables influencing consumer competency (3) To determine the relationships of consumer competency and consumer role satisfaction (4) to provide the basic data useful for consumer education policies. For the evidence of this topic, research was conducted 370 wives in seoul. The major findings were; 1)Among the component of consumer competency consumer attitudes scores are highest and consumer knowledge scores are lowest. This implies that consumer education is necessary for the wife to obtain consumer knowledge. 2) Consumer skills differ significantly age and occupation and consumer knowledge differ significantly education and income 3) Resulting form multiple regression analysis, consumer competency had the positive linear relationships with the variables such as education, age and income.. The most influential variable is education, in turn age and income. but income is not statistically significant. 4) There are positive relationships among consumer attitudes, consumer knowledge and consumer skills. 5) consumer role satisfaction has positive relationship with consumer competency, Among components of consumer competency, the relationships of consumer role satisfaction and consumer knowledge is not statistically significant. This implies that consumer education for increasing consumer role satisfaction is necessary for the wife to obtain consumer skills and consumer attitudes.
A Study on consumer Attitude and Consumer Role Performance
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 6, issue 1, 1988, Pages 39~50
The objectives of this study were (1) to find out if consumer attitude variables, that is, attitude on post-industrial age consumer value, attitude on consumerism, have significant effects on consumer role performance, (2) to find out if socio-demographic variables, that is, age, educational level, family income, social status, have significant effects on consumer role performance, (3) to examine the independent influences of variables related to each subarea consumer role performance. The data used in this study inclued 573 homemakers living in Seoul. Statistical methods were ANOVA and Multiple Regression Analysis. Major findings were as follows;1) consumer role performance and each subarea consumer role performance differed significantly according to all the variables related to consumer attitude. 2) All the socio-demographic variables had significant effects on consumer role performance. 3) Resulting from multiple regression analysis, consumer role performance and all the subarea consumer role performance had the positive liner relationships with the variables such as attitude on post-industrial age consumer value, attitude on consumerism, educational level, The most influencial variable was attitude on post-industrial age consumer value, and in turn educational level and attitude on consumerism.
Study on Consumer Skill and Consumer problem's Perception of the Low-income Consumer
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 6, issue 1, 1988, Pages 51~69
This study was mainly concerned with providing a basis of the development of low-income consumer education program. The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of their consumer skill and the degree of consumer problems' perception. For the purpose of this study, 480 questionnaire were distributed to the housewives in Seoul. The 320 data were analyzed by Frequency, Percentage, ANOVA, Duncan's Multiple Rang Test, Multiple Classification Analysis, and Pearson's Correlation . The major findings of this study were as follows; 1) The socio-demographic variables indicating significant relation to the level of consumer skill are income level, housewife's age , and housewife's education level. The independent influence of all the variables affecting consumer skill was analyzed. It result is in confirming the income as the most influential one. 20 The socio-demographic variables indicating significant relation to the degree of consumer problem's perception are income level, and housewife's education level. The independent influence of all the variables affecting consumer problem's perception was analyzed. It results in confirming the income as the most influential one. 3) Consumer skill level differs significantly at the 0.001 level, according toe the degree of consumer problems' perception. The higher level of consumer skill, the lower degree of consumer problems' perception. The result of this study implies that a consumer education should be given to the low-income consumers, on the basis of their consumer skill level. Further research regarding the consumer skill and problems ' perception of the low-income consumers should be conducted.
A Study of Family Violence -On the Basis of the wife Abuse-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 6, issue 1, 1988, Pages 71~93
The purpose of this study is to investigate the realities of the husband's violence, to develop a scale to identify women who are victims of wife abuse and to provide evidence of the scale's validity. The Instrument entitled the Wife Abuse Inventory (WAI) and conflict Tactics Scale(CTS), are administered to 511 women who lives in Taegu area. The main results are as follows; 1) The CTS analysis shows the 42.5% of the sampled house wives are suffered minor violence and 9/0% are suffered violence form husband. 2) The WAI is factor analyzed to examine factor components within the scale. An examination of the rotated solutions suggested that WAI is composed 10 factors. These factor is labeled men's conception of supremency and aggression propensity, communication, economic difficulties and frustration, social activities, jealousy, children rearing, intimacy, family relationships in laws , affection, difference of culture. 3) an analysis of variance show the group mean score of the violence group and the mean score of the non-violence group on the WAI to be significantly different(P<.001). A discriminant analysis produce a significant discriminant function (P<.001). Using WAI scores as the discriminating variable, 81,15% of the violence and non-violence subjects are classified into their appropriate groups. This finding indicates that the WAI is a reliable device for screening violence and nonviolence group.
A Study on Consumer Behavior by the human Ecological Approach -with Special Attention to housing prepurchasing behavior-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 6, issue 1, 1988, Pages 95~116
this study has dual purposes; one is to develope a new theoretical framework in consumer behavior area by applying the human ecological approach, and the other is to test the theory empirically area by applying the human ecological approach, and the other is to test the theory empirically by examining prepurchasing behavior of housing. Research methods adopted in this study are library search and survey research with self-administered questionnaires. The statistical methods used in the survey research are factor analysis, chi square test, and multivariate analysis with crosstablulations. According to the human ecological approach, ecological environments are important sources of consumer needs which , in turn, are satisfied by purchasing behavior in the market. Within this theoretical framework, consumers con improve the quality to life by perceving clearly what their needs are thereby making the most possible efficient purchasing decision making. The major findings of the empirical research on the basis of the theoretical framework are as follows; 1) Housing needs significantly vary with different ecological environment. 2) consumer information search behavior does not differ significantly by housing needs. 3) Housing needs turn out to be an intervening variable between ecological environments and consumer information search behavior. the results of this study show that the human ecological approach is useful in consumer behavior studies. The empirical result that consumer needs are not significantly satisfied by consumer behavior suggests a now direction in consumer education,
Consumer's Evaluating Attributes and Satisfaction/ Dissatisfaction of Life - insurance
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 6, issue 1, 1988, Pages 117~129
The purposes of this study are 1) to explore the evaluating attribute of family life- insurance 2) to examine the relationship between evaluation attribute variables and level of consumer satisfaction/ dissatisfaction (CS/D), and 3) to investigate the sociodemographic variables and psychological variables which influence the purchase of life-insurance. The data used in this study include 432 households of 208 life-insurance purchasers and 224 non-purchasers Statistics used for the data analysis are x2, factor analysis, multiple regression and a discriminant analysis. The resulting major findings are as follows; 1) The evaluating attributes are saving function, convenience. economic payoff, safety for future accident, agreement of insurance, and reputation of brand. 2) Among these factors. the most important factors. in CS/D of life-insurance are saving function, and reputation of brand. 3) the purchase of life-insurance has been influenced by such sociodemographic variables as husband's age , family income, and family life-cycle. Psychological variables such as attitude of life, perceived risk, consumer attitude about insurance business did not influence the purchase of life -insurance significantly. As mentioned above, we can conclude that Korean purchasers of life-insurance are using irrational evaluating attributes. Therefore more education of the consumers and more information about life-insurance purchases are necessary. Especially low-income households and first step of family life-cycle families are turned out to need more education as well as more information.
A Study on Influential Variables Related to Home Management Behavioral Patterns
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 6, issue 1, 1988, Pages 131~148
The purpose of this study is to find out influential variables related to Home Management Behavioral Pattern. This study focuses on the following aspects: 1) to find out which variables of family environmental variables(ie, home makers' age, level of education, duration of marriage, number of children, home makers' employment, socioeconomic status) of psychological variables(ie, family communication the marital happiness) have significant effect on home management behavioral patterns. 2) to find out which variables of family environmental variables have significant effects on family communication and the marital happiness. 3) to identify the relationship between home management behavioral patterns and psychological variables. 4) to find out variables which have independently significant effects on home management behavioral patterns.
Value Orientation, Decision Making Style and family life Satisfaction -from the wives living in seoul-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 6, issue 1, 1988, Pages 149~166
The present study was initiated under the hypotheses that value orientation of wives is closely related to their decision making style in home management and that family life satisfaction of wives varies according to their decision making style. To test the hypotheses the following procedures were undertaken; (1) developing measurement instruments for value orientation, decision making style, and family life satisfaction; (2) finding value orientation of wives, their decision making style, and their family life satisfaction by applying the measurement instruments; (3) finding the variables highly affecting value orientation, decision making style and family life satisfaction ; and (4) finding the causal mechanism among value orientation, decision making style, and family life satisfaction. In conclusion , preferences of wives for humanism in value orientation were expected to lead decision making style to person -oriented rater than task-oriented style and , furthermore, to result in higher family life satisfaction.
The Changes on Marital Communication over the family Life Cycle
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 6, issue 1, 1988, Pages 167~187
The purpose of this study is to explore whether wives communicate differently over the family life cycle(FLC), and whether their communication contents and frequencies are differently over the FLC. Marital communication scales are composed of six subfactors such as The selectivity of channel (SC), Channel direction (CD), communication style(CS), Comprehension of nonverbal communication (CNC), Communication contents and frequencies(CCF) and Olson's marital communication (LCQ). The number of the subjects are 582, who are living in Pusan in 1987 and they divided into six stages family life cycle; The newly married (FLC 1). The family with preschoolers(FLC 2), The family with schoolages (FLC3), The family with teenages(FLC4)， The family with launching children(FLC 5) and The postparenthood (FLC 6). This study is surveyed by Frequencies and Mean score from six subfactors and tested by chi-square test and ANOVA. the results are as follows; 1) There are a few significant differences in CS and CNC by FLC. The wives from FLC 1 and FLC 2 use the most open communication style and them form FLC5 use the most closed style. There are revealed that comprehension of nonverbal communication is the highest of FLC2, but on FLC 1 it is the lowest. 2) There are significant difference in CCF. Children, Wive's life, Husband's life, Affection and sex and Empathy show significant differences over the over the FLC. Regardless of FLC, there are conclueded that Children, Wive's and husband's life and economy management are the most frequence communicative contents. These results suggest that there needs to be further investigation on Olson's marital communication scale for comparing another country with ours and on the training and programs for couple's skillful communication ability.
Some Determinants of manager Style and household Work Organization on the Urban Homemakers in Korea
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 6, issue 1, 1988, Pages 189~203
The main objective of this dissertation is to find out the measurement methods of household work organization and manger style and the quantitative analysis methods of influential factors on household work organization and manager style. Subjects were homemakers living in metropolitan , medium and small cities. Questionnaires were sent to subjects and usable responses were 1139 out of 1239 received questionnaires. Data collected through both preliminary and main survey were analyzed by using frequencies, percentage, analysis of variance, chi-square test and pearson's correlation analysis. Results are as follows; 1) The degree of household work organization was distributed on upper middle level exceeding middle score. Among subsystems of household work such as task assignment , test regularization, task arrangement and task standardization. subjects show the highest positive attitude in task standardization. 2) The characteristics of management in household work have task centered orientation. By the prority of task centered orientation, the order was integrated style. dedicated style. It means that the most ideal style is an integrated style which accounts for one-third of the total homemakers. 3) Household organization's subsystems and household work manager style are related with socio-demographic variables. Integrated style is significantly related with homemaker's employment and having helpers for household work. homemakers who are employed and have helpers for household work exhibit high scores in task assignment and task arrangement. Dedicated style is significantly related with homemaker's age and the number of children. Homemakers who are older and have many children exhibit high scores in task assignment. Related style is significantly related with marriage duration, education level and income level. Homemakers who have a long marriage duration exhibit high scores in task assignment and who have high education and income level exhibit high scores in task regularization. Seperates style is significantly related with homemaker's age m marriage duration an family life cycle. homemakers who ar older, have a long marriage duration and are of late stage in family life cycle exhibit seperated style and high scores in organization. To summarize research findings, household work manger and household work organization are related with family life experiences, and task assignment is an influential variable on manager style. in conclusion, it is evident that household work organization emphasizes efficiency as cognitive component and such organization. Finally it is necessary to broaden this research considered social psychological variables. And also it needs to build household manger style models appropriate fro the characteristics of each style.
A Study on the College Students' Behavior of Hyo(filial-piety)
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 6, issue 1, 1988, Pages 205~221
The purpose of this study is to classify several variable which were assumed to have relationship with the college students behavior of Hyo, to see their possible correlation with demographic characteristics, and to proved some useful data for their possible correlation with demographic characteristics. and to provide some useful data for their sound value system. The data for this study was obtained form the survey of the 477 students who reside in the city of Seoul by using questionnaire methods. The frequency of variables was statistically analyzed to see the general character of the samples and factor analysis was made for classification of the college student's behavior of Hyo. In order to study th characteristic of demographic variables, t-test and ANOVA were conducted The major findings of this study can be summarized as follows. 1) As the result of factor analysis about behavior of Hyo, six factors (Which Eigen value was above 1.0) out of 64 questions were extracted : 'respect' familiarity' 'family consciousness' 'serve' self-preservation, establishmence of them-selves in life' and 'self-reliance' were selected. 2)In general, it can be said that the college students' behavior of Hyo varies by demographic variables. 3) By surveying the level of actualizing Hyo of the college students' all of factors ranged from 'the middle' to 'the high level'. The result confirmed that students fulfilled the behavior of Hyo to their parents in all items.
Urban Housewives' Life Style
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 6, issue 1, 1988, Pages 223~249
The aim of this study is to classify the life styles of urban housewives, to see their correlation with demographic and socioeconomic variables, and finally to provide some useful for their ideal home management. This study has been based on a questionnaire on the demographic characteristics of housewives, and their life styles. The selected samples were 650 and 514 of them were analyzed. The data wee analyzed by factor analysis, cluster analysis, ANOVA, Duncan test and X2-test. As a result of factor and cluster analyses of 64 items th life styles of urban housewives were classified into 5 types; 'conservative stagnant type', 'sound and thrifty type', 'passive stagnant type', realistic and stable type', modern and evolutional type', The life styles of the respondents showed significant differences by the variables of age , family life cycles, the number of family members, the number of children, family type, education, occupation, income, the type of housing, and religion.
한국가정관리학회 제 10차 총회 및 학술대회(창립10주년 기념)
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 6, issue 1, 1988, Pages 251~267