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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Dec 1989
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Jun 1989
Selecting the target year
Time Spent on Housework by Employed Wives
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 7, issue 2, 1989, Pages 1~13
The purpose of this stud is : (1) to figure out the amount of time being usually spent on the housework performed by the employed wives and (2) to find out factors influencing the total and the specified housework time. The major findings are the following : 1) A employed wife spends 374 minutes(6.2 hours) on the average a day on the housework. Compared with research results of the past, this shows little difference, and less 157 minutes than full time homeworker. Time connected with meals is 123minutes, clothing (68), management and marketing(64), family care(61), and housing care(58). 2) Family environment variables (the wife's education level, wife's employment status, income, young child's age and presence of employed housekeeper) significantly differentiates the housework time. In general, a wife with higher SES level spends less time for housework except family care. 3) Housework related variables (planning, preference, performance competency, and performance stand rd) significantly differentiate the specified houseworks. High planning, preference, and performance competency do not necessarily diminish the housework time except routine houseworks. High performance standard causes her to spend more time. 4) A wife' sex-role attitudes and a husbands attitudes perceived are more traditional, she spends more time.
A Study on the Leisure Activity of Young People and the Leisure Guidance of Mothers
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 7, issue 2, 1989, Pages 15~30
This study deals with the following problems about leisure activity of young people and leisure guidance of mothers, (1) Leisure activity of children by the independent variables, (2) Leisure guidance of mothers by the independent variables. (3) The relation between leisure guidance of mothers and leisure activity of young people. This research used the questionaire survey. The subjects were 830 couples of mother and pupil (pupils of 4, 5 and t grades in six primary school in Kwang-Ju city). The statistics used for data analysis were percentage, t, F-test, X2. The results of this study are summarized as follows; (1) Boys and girls average leisure hours: week days…2 hour, saturday…3 hours, Sunday and holiday…4.5 hours, the school vacation…6.2 hours. And leisure activity showed the significant difference in sex, age, educational level, family form (p 0.001, p 0.05, p 0.010). Generally, they had social & amusing leisure activity. And a hindrance cause of leisure activ ty is due to hard working in learning practice. (2) The necessity of leisure activity showed higher in the aged mother and high educated mother, lower in the poor family. And guidance content showed the significant difference in sex of children(p 0.001), educational level of parents(p 0.05). Actually mothers wanted intellectual leisure activity. (3) The relation between the leisure activity pattern desired by leisure activity of mothers and children pattern showed that mothers demanded the various patterns, but children wanted social & amusing leisure activities mainly. Only children's patterns agreed with mothers in the artistic, intellectual, activities on Saturday and during the vacation. And the relation between mothers satisfaction degree in the leisure activity of children and children's satisfaction degree showed the significant difference (p 0.05). Children's satisfaction degree is high, irrespective of mothers satisfaction degree.
Consumer Problem Perceived by Urban Low-Income Consumers and the Related Factors
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 7, issue 2, 1989, Pages 31~43
The purposes of this study were to identify the overall levels of consumer problem, consumer competencies and purchase pattern of urban low-income consumers and to examine the factors affecting the consumer problem and the subareas-market environment problem(MEP) and transaction relation problem(TRP). The related factors, that is, independent variables were competencies-related factors(consumption-oriented attitude, attitude on consumerism, consumer knowledge), purchase pattern-related factors (search pattern, credit pattern, peddler pattern) and socio-demorgraphic factors(age, educational level, family size). For this purpose, a survey was conducted by interview using questionaires on 198 homemakers that lived in the poor areas of Seoul. Statistics used for data analysis were Frequency Distribution, Percentile, Mean, Pearson's Correlation, One-way ANOVA, Scheffe-test, Breakdown and Multiple Classification Analysis. Major findings were as follows: 1) In the level of consum r problem were in the middle level and the level of MEP were higher than that of TRP. The attitude on consumption-orientation was so negative, while attitude on consumerism was positive. The level of consumer knowledge was in the middle level. The urban low-income consumers searched a little and depended on credit and peddler in the low level. 2) Consumer problem perceived by urban low-income consumers differed significantly according to attitude on consumerism, credit pattern, monthly charge of peddler purchase. The MEP depended on attitude on consumerism and monthly charge of peddler purchase, and the TRP was affected by credit pattern and attitude on consumerism. Resulting from MCA, the most influencial variable was attitude on consumerism and credit pattern in the consumer problem, and attitude on consumerism in the MEP, and credit pattenr in the TRP.
Grandmothers and Grandchildren : Patterns of Contact and Grandmothers Role Performance
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 7, issue 2, 1989, Pages 45~60
The present study analyzed data from 417 grandchildren in the fifth grade of the elementary school with regard to patterns of contact and the content and the level of grandmothers role performance. Major findings were as follows; 1) The most frequent of association occuring between grandmothers and grandchildren was telephoning, next visiting and writing. The mothers, attitude and geographical proximity were consistently related to the level of the contact between grandmothers and grandchildren. 2) The family type, the attitude of the mothers and the health condition of grandmothers were related to the level of the grandmothers role performance. The role of the grandmothers consists with six dimensions of discipliner, surrogate parenting, interference, historical and sex role adviser, confidant and material provider.
A Comparative Study on Characteristics of Household Groups Depending on Decision-making of Current and Planned Credit Card Use
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 7, issue 2, 1989, Pages 61~70
The present study investigated characteristics of Korean hourehelds in the expanding stage of the family life cycle depending on decision-making of current and planned credit card use. Households which were selected for this study had at least one dependent child enrolled in primary, middle, or high school, 1998. Regarding current and planned credit card use, credit card holder (n=379) and non-holder (n=259) households and continuous (n=331) and discontinous (n=47) credit card holder households were compared. Comparisons were perfomed by t-test, one-way ANOVA, and X2-test. Related factors were households demographic characteristics, financial management behavior, perceived financial well-being, and attitudes toward credit cards. Findings indicated that holder households tended to be younger, better educated, white-collar workers, and of a higher economic status than non-holders. In comparison to non-holder households, credit card holder households had more favorable atti udes toward credit cards, reported more financial management practices, experienced less financial unbalance, and were more satisfied with their household finaces. Compared to discontinuous credit card holder households, continuous card holder households tended to be larger, have better educated wives and husbands, and have husbands who were white-collar workers. They were more likely to have higher average monthly income than discontinuous holder households. Continuous card holder households also had more favorable attitudes toward credit cards, and more strongly believed and expected financial improvement of their households, compared to discontinuous card holder households.
Review on the Family Communication Research in Korea
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 7, issue 2, 1989, Pages 71~83
This paper reviews research on family communication in Korea. The 51 literatures which had been published till 1988 are used to review. The review includes brief summaries of literatures in methodological issues and research findings classified into five major domains ; theoretical understanding, communication in family relationship, relation to human development, family communication in home management, and the use of family communication in family therapy. Some of the major conclusions may be summarized as follows: 1) Family communication research has short history since it begun in 1973. 2) Research method used in almost the survey research. 3) It is difficult to generalize the research findings because of the short of research and the unexquisiteness of methodology, but is is possible somewhat to understand family communication in Korea.
A Study on the Kansas Marital Satisfaction Scale
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 7, issue 2, 1989, Pages 85~94
The purpose of the study was to examine the characteristics of the Kansas Marital Satisfaction Scale(KMSS). KMSS was designed as a short and direct assessment of marital satisfaction. The scale consists of three items where respondents are directly asked how satisfied they are with their marriage, with their partner as a spouse, and with their relationship with their spouse. 1) Through item analysis, three items were significant discrimination for husbands and wives. 2) The KMSS consisted of 1 factor for husbands and wives. 3) Cronbach alpha estimates of internal consistency reliability of 93 for husband and of 89 for wives. 4) For wives, the item means between satifaction with their marriage and satisfaction with their relationsphip with their husbands were significantly different, even though the items were highly correlated. For husbands, three item means weren't significantly different. 5) The distribution of responses to the scale for husbands and wives departed si nificantly from normality in terms of skewness and kurtosis. 6) The scale was correlated, in expected directions, with the Marital Comparison Level Index (MCLI) and Marital Instability Index(MII), for husbands and wives. In conclusion, the scale offers promise for use in clinical evaluation and survey research where a brief but reliable measure of marital satisfaction is required.
A Study on the Pattern and Extent of Washer Use in Household
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 7, issue 2, 1989, Pages 95~107
In this study one aspect of consumer behavior in household equipment utilization was investigated the pattern, frequency, rate of washer use and their relation to the following factors a) Washer related factors : extent of the presence of desired characteristics, the evaluation of washer's intrinsic features and related household facilities. b) Psycho-social factors : attitude of energy conservation, preference & ability to wash by hand, standard of washing of the respondent homemaker. c) Socio-demographic factors : age, education level and employment status of homemaker, house-hold income, the presence of children under seven years, size of family, the presence of a paid help. The subjects of this study were 286 homemakers with washer in Seoul. Analysis methods were used to fuequency, one-way ANOVA, Gamma test, Pearson's Correlation Coefficient, t-test and multiple regression of SPSS program. The major findings are the following; 1) The pattern, frequency, rate of washe use appeared various in every household. 2) Extent of the presence of desired characteristics was very low and respondents evaluated their washer's intrinsic features moderate. 3) The pattern of washer use was affected by the evaluation of washer's intrinsic features, preference & ability to wash by hand, wife's employment and household income. The frequency of washer use was affected by family size and preference & ability to wash by hand. The rate of washer use was affected by extent of the presence of desired characteristics, the evaluation of washer's intrinsic features and preference & ability to wash by hand. Therefore, washing by hand is major substitute for washer. If more desired characteristics are added to washer, intrinsic features are improved, and maintenance costs are reduced or household income is raised, every houshold with washer will use washer more than washing by hand in washing ask so that it may gain more utility from washer.
A Study on the Marital Family Role with Relation to the Sex-role attitudes
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 7, issue 2, 1989, Pages 109~125
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relation between sex-role attitudes and marital family role structures. Research was conducted from May, 1989 in Seoul on 265 persons who are married. The statistical procedures used were frequncy, percentile, ony-way ANOVA, DMR, T-test, x2-test, and Pearson product correlation. The results are as follows: 1) The married men have more traditional sex-role attitudes than the married women. Their sex-role attitudes were influenced by the personal environmental variables such as age, husband's and wife's educational levels, family monthly income, family life cycle, marriage pattern, and child number. 2) The tendency of marital family role performances has no significant differences between the married men and women. Their marital family roles were influenced by the personal environmental variables such as husband's and wife's educational levels, wife's employment status, family monthly income, marriage pattern, and child numbe . 3) There is significant correlation between sex-role attitudes and marital family roles on the married men; When their sex-role attitudes are more modern pattern the structures of marital family roles are jointed. 4) There is no significant correlation between sex-role attitudes and marital family roles on the married women.
Quality of Life Affected by Residential Mobility in Urban Households
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 7, issue 2, 1989, Pages 127~144
The resulting rapid urbanization in the several decades caused increasing residential mobility. The purpose of this study is to analyse systematically the effects of residential mobility on the family quality of life and the factors that cause residential mobility. For this purpose, 976 housewives were sampled from the households in Seoul. The data were analysed by such statistical methods as multiple regression, crosstabulation, ANOVA test and path analysis. The main results obtained are as follows; 1) A significant proportion of the urban households are experienced frequent residential mobility. 2) Among the factors that affect residential mobility, the most important factors are family income, tenure type, and residential satisfaction. 3) Residential satisfaction is an important intervening variable in residential mobility. 4) It has been observed that family quality of life was affected by residential mobility patterns. Analysis has revealed that quality of life de eloped remarkably by changing for residential location, especially in education environment for their children.
A Study on the Rural Housewives Household Labor(II) - A Comparative Analysis of the Housewives Household Labor Practices in Kyungpook Province
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 7, issue 2, 1989, Pages 145~161
The objectives of this study are ; 1) To analyze the time use and the invironments of rural housewives household labor according to the characteristics of agriculture. 2) To investigate the factors influencing household labor time. In this study, the rural areas are divided into two groups according to characteristics of agriculture. One is traditional agricultural area-Seokchon Dong in Youngcheon Kun, and the other is commercial agricultural area-Dongpo 1 Dong in Sungju Kun. Two areas are located in Kyungpook Province. 145 housewives dwelling in above two villiages were interviewed. The statistics used for data analysis were frequency, percentile, T-test, x2-test, and multiple regression analysis. Results are as follows; 1) household labor time had not significant differences Hetween Youngcheon and Sungju. But agricultural labor time was longer in Sungju than in Youngcheon. 2) household labor environments in Sungju were better than those in Youngcheon. 3) household labor time was influenced by agricultural labor time and socio-cultural time.
A Study on the Relation between Husband and Wife's Self-Actualization and Joint Decision-Making
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 7, issue 2, 1989, Pages 163~178
This study was mainly concerned providing a basic of data for the more reasonable home management. The purpose study was to investigate the relationship of husbands and wives self-actualization and degree of joint decision-making. For the purpose of this study 500 questionaire were distributed to the marital in seoul. The 412 data were analized by Frequency, Percentage, T-test, ANOVA, Scheffe-test. The major findings of this study were as follows: 1) Over one and half of husbands and wives are try to be self-actualized. 2) The tendency of the husbands and wives decision-making was joint decision-making. 3) The important influential variables on the husbands and wives self-actualization husbands were age, life-cycle, job employment motivation. And wives were life-cycle, education, income, job, employment motivation. 4) The important influential variables on the joint decision-making were age, number of child, life-cycle. 5) A marital joint decision-making level differs significantly, according to the degree of husbands and wives self-actualization. The higher level of husbands and wives self-actualization, the higher degree of marital joint decision-making. The result of this study implies that a marital joint-making necessary in order to carry on happy home management and the reasonable home administration.
A Study of Consumer's Attitude to the Advertisements - With Emphasis on Sex Role
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 7, issue 2, 1989, Pages 179~197
The study was mainly concerned with providing a basis of the development of consumer's attitude to the advertisements, and the change of sex role portrayals in advertisements. This study was to analyze the consumer's attitude to the advertisements. For the purpose of this study, 550 questionaires were distributed to the married men and women in Seoul. The 418 data were analyzed by Frequency, Percentage, Oneway ANOVA, Duncan's Multiple Range Test, Multiple Regression Analysis and Pearson's correlation. The Major findings of this study were as follows ; 1) Advertisement preferences were significantly related to the age, educational level, income, and family size the cases of men, in the cases of women, the significant variables were age and educational level. 2) Good purchasing attitudes were significantly related to the age and family size in the cases of men. In the cases of women, the significant variable was age. 3) Advertisement preferences were significantly related to the sex role attitude. 4) Good purchasing attitude were significantly related to the advertisement preferences. 5) In good purchasing attitude, the most significant variables were advertisement preferences.
A Study on the Factors Influencing Alienation of the Aged
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 7, issue 2, 1989, Pages 199~212
The main purpose of this paper is to investigate the factors which affect the alienation of the aged, and to study the relative importance of these factors. This study focused on the following research questions: 1) How do the demographic variables(sex, marital status, family structure, religion, economics, prior occupation, education level) affect the alienation of the aged? 2) How the alienation of the aged is affected by their involvement in social activities? 3) Does the degree of satisfaction with family relationship have a perceivable impact on the alienation of the aged? 4) How does the self-rated senescence affect the alienation of the aged? The research was practiced from the 18th Sept. 1999 to the 30th Sept. 1988, through individual interviews with 300 elderly people, all living in Seoul area. Among them only 285 were used in the analysis. The major findings of the study are as follows; 1) The sex of the respondents makes no difference in the alienation of the age . 2) Marital status is found to be relatively significant in determining the alienation. The degree of alienation of old people with spouse is substantially lower than that of those without spouse. 3) Family structure was found to have no significantly effect on the alienation of the aged. 4) Involvement in religion was found to significantly reduce the alienation of the aged. 5) Econimic factors seems to be critical in defermining the aged. The amount of pocket money avaliable for daily use has direct relationship with alienation. 6) Prior occupation was found to be another significant factor affecting alienation professionals experience far lower alienation than nonprofessionals. 7) The higher is education level, the lower is the alienation of the aged. 8) Active participation in social activities and good relationship with other family members were founded to contribute to lowering the alienation of the aged. Whereas, too much concern over one's senescence appears to hav negative effects on the alienation. The regression analysis shows that the satisfaction with the family relationship has the most important influence upon the alienation of the aged. Following are the factors of self-rated senescence, pocket money in a descending order. All these factors, which explain 42.65% of the total variance of alienation variable are statistically significant(p<.001)
A preliminary Study on Regulatory Frameworks for Consumer Product Safty Policy
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 7, issue 2, 1989, Pages 213~223
Decision frameworks for product safty policy are developed in theory and practice. Product characteristic approach and expected utility analysis are applied to situations involving risk and misinformation. Eight types of regulatory frameworks are explained and critiqued form practical purposes on behalf of consumer policy makers. Various international organizations and their roles are briefly reviewed.