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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Dec 1990
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Jun 1990
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Historical Review on the Family Studies
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 8, issue 1, 1990, Pages 1~14
Scientific studies on the family have been done since 1960, considerable amounts have been accumulated quantitatively and qualitatively. But, it is a pity that research results from many other disciplines were not classified systematically nor exchanged each other. This historical review includes results on the family studies in Americal and Korea, in the latter, 1191 literatures are analyzed into 7 major domains : marriage and family values, family relationships, family structure, family problems, family studies trend, sex-roles, etc. Based on this article, more desirable theory building in Korean families is required.
A Study on the Consumer Complaining Behavior
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 8, issue 1, 1990, Pages 15~30
The purpose of this study was to provide basic data for consumer complaining behavior. For this purpose, questionaire was given to 600 individuals who have resided in Seoul as the housewife consumer and possessed the experience to use the purchased refrigerators within the period of 5 years. 437 data were analyzed by the statistical methods like frequency, percentage, ANOVA, Duncan's Multiple Range Test, X2-test, Pearson's correlation and multiple regression analysis. The results of this study were described as follows; 1) Complaining behavior have shown significant differences according to housewife's age, degree of perceived housewife's consumer education, husband's job and housewife's job. 2) The type of attribution of dissatisfaction have shown significant differences according to husband's job, housewife's job and family income. 3) There was significant difference in the complaining behavior according to the type of causal attribution and responsibility attribution. 4) The complaining behavior was influenced by causal attribution of dissatisfaction, responsibility attribution of dissatisfaction, family income, degree of perceived housewife's consumer education, husband's job and housewife's age. And the relative contribution of each variable explaining the complaining behavior was decreased according to the order of variables that were described.
TV Advertsing Information-Processing Competencies of Children Consumers Based on Consumer Socialization
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 8, issue 1, 1990, Pages 31~47
The purpose of this study were to investigate: 1) The level of information-processing competencies of children consumers. 2) The differences of information-processing competencises of children consumers according to the cognitive development stage, the variables related to social learning and the socio-ecomonic variables. 3) The independent influences of variables related to information-processing competencies of children consumers. 4) The independent influences of variables related to information-processing competencies of children consumers according to the cognitive development stage. For these purposes, a survey was conducted using questionaires. The questionaires consisted of mother's and child's were distributed to children of second and 6th grade and their mothers of 5 elementary schools in Seoul 634 cases were selected for data analysis. Then, these data were analyzed with statistical methods such as Frequency Distribution, Percentile, Mean, One-way Anova, Scheff -Test, T-Test, Pearson's Correlation and Multiple Regression Analysis. From these finding, the follawing suggestions are made. First, to improve information processing competencies of children consumers, children consumers should be offered the consumer information that is suitable to child's cognitive development stage. Second, the consumer education and learning practical discriminatory competencies on TV ads. should be conducted for children consumers and his mothers. Third, children consumers should have the opportunities to practice as a consumer. The last, children consumers in low-income should be offered the specially educational program.
A Study on Status Incompatibility and Marital Conflict Resolution Method.
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 8, issue 1, 1990, Pages 49~67
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relations between marital status incompatibility and the ways of dealing with marital conflict. Research was conducted by interview using questionnaire on 177 employed wives. Statistics used for data analysis were frequency distribution, percentage, t-test, chi-square test. 1) In resolving marital conflict four types of method are appeared, namely constructive method, passive method, evasion and physical violence. 2) Only physical violence of husband-to-wife of the four methods is related to status in-compatibility. That is the incidence rate of physical violence of husband-to-wife in incompatible couples is higher than that of compatible couples in conflict situations. 3) In case the wife's occupational status is high relative to her husband the incidence rate of physical violence of husband-to-wife is extremely high, but is significantly low in couples which are compatible in this status. 4) In case wife's status advance ent is controlled, there is significant relationship between status incompatibility and the method of conflict resolution by husband whose wife is status striver.
Wives Leisure Time and the Perceive Quality of Life
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 8, issue 1, 1990, Pages 69~82
The purposes of this are to figure out the amounts of leisure time of full-time homemakers and to find out leisure time factors contributed to raise the quality of life. The major findings are the followings: 1) Full-time homemakers spend 353 minutes(5.9 hours) on the average per day on the leisure. Time for active leisure(creative activities, sports activities, spectator events, going to the party, and so on) is 70 minutes, while that for passive leisure(watching TV. listening to the radio, reading newspapers. magazines. Books, chating, relaxing, card playing) is 283 minutes(4.7 hours). The passive leisure is the main type of spending leisure time. 2) The total leisure time of wives is significantly related to SES factors. The higher the wives age and education, the family income, and the age of the latest child, the more the wives total leisure time. But the more the family numbers, and the child numbers, the lower the leisure time. Active leisure time is highly rela ed to family income, while passive leisure time is considerably family composition. 3) The wives are mostly satisfied with their lives. The wives perceptions of the quality of life is related to wives's education, house type, and family income. 4) The wives total leisure time is not related to the quality of life. There is a positive correlation between active leisure time and the quality of life, while a negative relationship is between passive leisure time and the perception of the quality of life. 5) In analysis of causal model, it appears that family income and active leisure time of wives directly affect the perceived quality of life. The more the family income and active leisure time, the higher the quality of life. it is implicated for wives to take and active attitude and to reduce, if possible, passive leisure time and to increase active leisure time.
A Study on the Family Life Cycle Model in the Rural Area
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 8, issue 1, 1990, Pages 83~100
The purposes of the study are to understand of rural family life cycle(FLC) and to get a FLC model for the twentieth in rural area. Data for the study were collected from 603 farm households in rural area. The major findings are as follows; 1) The age of first marriage was 21.5 years old(urban : 22.4), the first bearing 23.2(24.2), the last bearing 31.7(32.6), the first child marriage 47.2(46.5), and the last child marriage 59.7(52.7). The number of child and interval were 3.9 persons and 2.9 years respectively. From the survey results, the rural family life cycle was established. Establishment stage(from the marriage to the 1st child birth) : 21-23 yrs. Extension stage(from the 1st child birth to the last child birth) : 23-32 yrs. Complete extension stage(from the last child birth to the 1st child's marriage) : 32-47 yrs. Shrinking stage(from the 1st child's marriage to the last child's marriage) : 47-60 yrs. Complete shrinking stage(from the last child's marri ge to the death of husband) : 60-63 yrs. Dissolution stage(from the death of husband to the death of wife) : 53-75 yrs. 2) In general, the older the age, the younger the first marriage age, the greater the number of child, and the longer the interval of child bearing. The last child's marriage was too last to have the period of recovery stage. In terms of FLC by marital chorts, the later the year of marriage, the older the age of the first marriage and first baby bearing, the smaller the number of child, and the faster the launching stage. The higher the educational level, the older age of the first marriage and the first baby bering, the smaller the number of child, and the shorter the interval of child bearing. 3) Two types of rural FLC model for the twentieth were formulated. Type A was formulated based on the survey results and type B was formulated based on 『'88 population dynamics survey』 of Economic Planning Board(EPB). 「TYPE A」*Establishment stage(from the marriag to the 1st child birth) : 22.5-23.5 yrs. one child : the 1st child's marriage(49.5yrs), the death of husband(64.2yrs), the death of wife(71.7yrs) two children : the last child's birth(25.7yrs), the last child's marriage(51.7 yrs) three children : the last child's birth(27.9yrs) the last child's marriage(53.9yrs) 「TYPE B」*Establishment stage(from the marriage to the 1st child birth) : 25.3-26.3 yrs. one child : the lst child's marriage(52.3yrs), the death of husband(67.0yrs), the death of wife(74.5yrs) two children : the last child's birth(27.8yrs), the last child's marriage(53.8 yrs.) three children : the last child's birth(29.3yrs), the last child's marriage(55.3yrs).
A Study of Attitudes and Preferences of Korean Women Toward Built-in Closets and Storage
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 8, issue 1, 1990, Pages 101~113
Apartment houses are repidly being assimialated into the Korean lifestyle. Little study of space utilization and specificially built-in storage needs has been implemented into design of these apartment units. The purposes of this study were, first, to ascertain attitudes of a select group of Korean housewives(N=250) living in apartments in Seoul toward closets and built-in storage units, and second, to determine the acceptability of proposed alternative plans which include built-in storage facilities by Korean women(N=31) living in the United States. Overall results reflect that built-in closets and storage are highly prized and additional units required in Korean apartment plans. Of the respondents, about 86% thought portable storage bought at marirage would be phased out if more storage was built into Korean apartmemts. Most Korean housewives would perceive the advantages of built-in storage units, and would prefer differentiated built-in storage units to undifferentiat d ones. Yet attitudes were equally split on the aesthetic value of the elimination of the portable storage. Five Korean apartment plans were drawn to scale then altered through the incorporation of additional built-in storage. These altered plans all received greater then 83% preferences to the existing Korean apartment plans. Additional study needs to be undertaken to address the implementation of additional storage in existing units as well as impact the current space planning concepts related to more built-in storage. Consideration needs to be given to the concerns related to aesthetic value of portable units as part of the study process.
The Historical Research into Jeol
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 8, issue 1, 1990, Pages 115~127
The Korean have admired and lived with decorums through Jeol, a representative practical formality which expresses the decorums intensively. Jeol is the way of greeting native to Korea and an intangible culture close to Korean life style. To be remained as a culture, the traditional propriety Jeol should reconcile to the present life feflecting our history. On this viewpoint, the purpose of this research is to furnish the authority of the creative inheritance on the settlement of Jeol and other decorums suitable to the present. This research is consisted of 1) the study of the meaning of Jeol and 2) the hidtorical research through records. 'Jurye' is regarded as the oldest literature on the systematic explanation about Jeol and has been very often used down the ages. Jindong in 'Jurye' and Kodu in 'Karyejipram' are the same Jeol which expresses the grief in funeral rites. In 'Seonghosaseol', Abae which stands one knee is explained and investigated as the case of offense by the literature. And it is also interpreated as a Jeol with respect, while many other Jeol is to fall an both of kness, Abae is not performed generally. 'Yeki' has brief explanation about Kongsu Manner (to hold hands), Jeol between the king and minister, host and guest, Buinbae, Jeol in custom, wedding ceremony and funeral ceremony and Jeol in drinking manner. In 'Chunchukongyangjeon'. there is the explanation about Jeol of the minister who comes back after his duty to the king. 'Sunjajiphae' interprets Bae and Kyesang and informs that Kuesu is the most respectful Jeol only to the king, 'Seojeon' proves the Jeol habitually used in all kinds of ceremonies and etiquettes. 'Jeongbomunheonbigo' introduces the custom of Jeol in Shilla, Koguryo, Buyeo, Koryo eras by using literature and shows the commoness of both kneeling down generally. The result of this research has the meaning for the creation of life culture in the basis of the spirit 'Onkojisin'(reviewing the old and learning the new) by establishing the present Jeol with tradition.
Time Pressure Perceived by Housewife and Housework Performance Strategy
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 8, issue 1, 1990, Pages 129~142
The purpose of this study were to investigate : 1) Differences of perceived time pressure according to the employment status of housewife. 2) The differences of housework strategy according to the employment status of housewife. 3) The relation between perceived time pressure and housework performance strategy. The subject of this study were 375 women living in Seoul, the age of youngest child is at least school age. They were composed of non employed housewives, employed professional housewives and employed non professional housewives. Survery methods were questionare and interview. Data analysis strategy were percentile, frequency, one-way ANOVA, scheffe test and MCA. The major findings were : 1) Perceived time pressure and two sub areas, psychological time pressure and time pressure according to the part of housework were significantly different according to the employment status of housewife. The independent influence of employment status of housewives was most po erful in regression analysis. 2) Housework performance strategy was different according to the employment status of housewife. The strategies were divisions of housework amon family members, use of convenience goods, services, appliance, paid help, adjustment of housework performance standard, reduction of leisure and sleep time.
A Study on Parent-Adolescent Cohesion and the Influences of Family Structure Variables on It
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 8, issue 1, 1990, Pages 143~156
The purposes of this study are to secure the desirable parent-adolescent cohesion, to find out the real parent-adolescent cohesion and to investigate the influences of family structure variables on the parent-adolescent cohesion. The data are obtained from a sample of 364 high school students in Seoul by using questionaires. X2-test, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffe-test, Kruskal-Wallis test and difference of percentages with cross tabulation are used for data analysis. The major findings are as follows : 1) The high parent-adolescent cohesion is found to be desirable. 2) The mother-adolescent cohesion is higher than that of the father-adolescent. 3) The father-son cohesion is influenced by siblings existence, while the mother-son cohesion is influenced by siblings existence and birth order. The father-daughter cohesion is influenced by birth order and difference of age between mother and daughter. However the mother-daughter cohesion is influenced by the presence of the arents and difference of age between mother and daughter. 4) The results discribed in 3) are changed considerably by controlling the open-communication variable.
Characteristics of and Determinants of Life Satisfaction Among Elderly Korean Immigrants in Los Angeles
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 8, issue 1, 1990, Pages 157~170
A Study on Marital Stability and It's Related Variables Among Urban Couples
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 8, issue 1, 1990, Pages 171~183
The purpose of this study is to search a tendency of marital stability, and to identify the variables influencing on marital stability of urban couples. The sample was selected from the married couples living is Seoul. Total sample consisted of 476 spouses(238 couples) finally selected datum sources. The data were analyzed by the statistical method such as the fator analysis, frequency distribution, percentile, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and χ2 test analysis. The main results were as follows ; 1) In general the score of marital stability of urban couples was somewhat high. 2) Among the related variables, socio-demographic variables such as Socio-Economic Status(SES), religion, social background have turned out to be significant on the marital stability, Also, marital satisfaction and attitude toward divorce influenced marital stability. 3) The important influential variables on the marital stability were in the order of marital satisfaction, attitude toward divorce, ears of marriage. 4) Four types of marital stability are identified based on marital satisfaction and attitude toward divorce. Among the surveyed couples, 39.7% showed the most ideal pattern in the sense that they show high scores on marital satisfaction and negative attitude toward divorce. On the other hand, 25.2% showed high psychological instability that they show low scores on marital satisfaction and positive attitude toward divorce. After all the most signigicant variable relating to marital stability was marital satisfaction.