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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Dec 1990
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Jun 1990
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A Study on the communication with father and the self concepts of adolescents
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 8, issue 2, 1990, Pages 1~13
The purpose of this study were to investigate the socio-demographic variables influencing the communications and the adolescents' self concepts, and to define the correlation between the communications and the adolescents' self concepts. For this purposes, a survey was conducted using questionnaire. The data used in this study included 478 boys and girls in high school living in Kwangju. Statistics used of data analysis were Frequency Distribution, Percentile, Mean, Standard Deviation, F-test, Scheffe-Test, Pearson's Correlation, and Step-wise Multiple Regression. The main results were as follows; 1) The communication between fathers and their adolescents children differed significantly by education level , occupation, and income of their fathers. 2) the self concept differed significantly by sex of children, educational level, occupation, and income of their fathers. 3) The correlation between self concept and communication among fathers and their adolescents children marked positive correlation except Self-Criticism. 4) The mose influencial variables on communication between faters and their adolescents children were the Family Self Score.
A Study on the Housewife's Life Style by Residential Areas - In Pusan Area-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 8, issue 2, 1990, Pages 15~30
The purpose of this study are 1) to offer the basic data for consumer education by examining and analyzing housewife's Life Style. 2) to make the housewife lead for Life Style better and more resonable. Questionnaires were sent to 623 housewives in Pusan who have elementary , middle and high school students. Frequence, Factor analysis, Cluster analysis, One-way Anova, X 2-test were used to take statistics. The results were as follows. 1) Housewife's Life Style in independent house area were ' the economical seeking pattern' which takes up th high proportions, next 'the practical reserved seeking pattern' ,'the tradition and reservational fashion seeking pattern', and 'the negative neverlessness pattern' On the other hand, the Life-Style in apartment area were' the rapid purpose seeking pattern', next ' the economical seeking pattern', the fashion and pleasure seeking pattern' and 'the tradition and reservational fashion seeking pattern'. 2) By surveying the relationships the housewife's Life Style and the demographics, first, there was a difference in housewife's Life Style of the independent house area by the level of education, monthly mean income and husbands occupation. 3) Finally, as I studied th characterization of which they possessed thing, it usually appeared the characteristic possession by types.
A Study of the Relationship between the Level of Conflict and the Coping behavior of Urban husbands and wives
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 8, issue 2, 1990, Pages 31~47
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between the married people's conflict level and coping behavior, and find out how independent variables(male or female, age, level of education, family income, religion, types of marriage, types of family) have an effect on two dependent variables. The research problems as follows: 1) How independent variables influence on the level of conflict. 2) How independent variables influence on the coping behavior 3) How related the level of conflict and th coping behavior. Two instruments wee administrated to 302 married man and woman in Seoul, in June, 1990 The first instrument, 25 items questionnaire, made by investigator, was developed based upon Lee Sun and Moon Sung Sun. The second instrument, 20 item questionnaire, based upon filed , and modified to be appropriate to Korean Culture, Data was analyzed by frequency, percentage, mean, t-test, F-test and pearson r. The results are summarized as follows; 1) Most husbands and wives how the middle level of conflict 2) Among independent variables, male or female(p<.05), level of education (p<.05), types of family (p<.05), were variables to have influence on the level of conflict. 3) Husbands and wives's coping behavior are relatively middle level. 4) Among independent variables, types of marriage(p<.05) was variable to have influence on the coping behavior. 5) There were very low positive correlation (r=.15, p<.01) between the level of conflict and the negative coping behavior, and very low negative correlation(r=-.21, p<.001) between the level of conflict and the positive coping behavior. Form this results, more objective methods and research are needed to develop the style of conflict and the coping behavior.
A Study on Family Life Education
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 8, issue 2, 1990, Pages 49~68
Family Life Education(FLE) is an educational specialty which was originated in reaction to changing social conditions, industrialization, and urbanization It deals with the perceived inadequacies of families to cope with these changes, thereby reducing social problems involved with and improving family life. With an assumption that the studies about FLE have not been so active in Korea, the present thesis examines the FLE in Korea; i.e. the definition, the objectives, the scope, the approximation of family life education, and the necessity of marital education in Korea based upon the published theories of FLE in th United Stated of America. Also it attempts to formulate a tentative plan for the promotion of a FLE program in Korea. The concept of FLE in Korea was manifested in the social educational law and life-span education, specified as the 4th among ten presidential regulations; and it has drawn an institutional, governmental attention It is defined as " the life-span developmental education to enhance the quality of human life, to solve family problem, to develop an individual's potentiality, and to strengthen the family correlations." of the FLE programs, the marital education is considered one of the crucial subjects because it is the core of the family life. With this premise, FLE tries to support the healthy marital relations, , subsequently helping to explore the family potentiality and to strengthen family ties, Considering the seemingly dual characteristics of the Korean family types, the contents of marital education program should be consisted of the following; marital communication, role cooperation, and effective expressions of mutual affection, In addition, reciprocal understanding and cooperation of the married couples to overcome the differences of value, personality, hobby, and religion, the educational methods in raising kids, and the effective management of home economics should be included. The objects of the FLE program are unmarried, pre-married, and married persons. Fro the married persons, the FLE program should be arranged in accordance with their marital status divided by the family life cycle so that they may prevent possible family problems at each stage of the family life. Also, to prevent the problems incurred in the curse of carrying out family functions, the FLE program should be provided with on the basis of a family unit, thereby improving the quality of the family functions.
A Study on Non-Professional Working Wife's Marital Adjustment, Communication Style and Their Interrelationship
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 8, issue 2, 1990, Pages 69~85
The purpose of this study is to offer basic data for satisfactory marital adjustment and functional communication by investigating marital adjustment, communication style and interrelationship between them, for non-professional working wives. Research was conducted form May, 1089 in Taegu on 470 subjects, who are non-professional working wives as questions and interview. For analysis of data, percentile, frequencies, ANOVA, Scheffe-test, X2-test, t-test were used, and through such research procedure the following major findings were obtained: 1) The marital adjustment of nonprofessional working wives were relatively high with 78 in percentile. 2) Among the related variables, husband's income, job, support and wife's motive of employment, job, age on the marital adjustment and husband's occupation, educational, level, income, the length of marriage and number of children, family style on the communication style have turned out o be significant. 3) Th higher the degree of emotional disclosure and the more open the verbal experesion, the higher the level of marriage adjustment, 4) In communication style, marriage adjustment was found to increase in such order as contactful style, speculative style, conventional style, and controlling style. Such were found to affect significantly marital adjustment.
A study on the Measurement of the 『Quality of Life』 of Korean Farm household
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 8, issue 2, 1990, Pages 87~100
This study was carried out in an attempt to establish a preliminary scale for measuring
Quality of Life
of Korean farm households, Data from randomly selected 318 farm households through our the country were analysis. The main results of this study were summarized as follows; 1) The objective levels of living conditions were relatively low in dietary life, healthy & sanitation, and financial stability and were relatively high in family relationship, household work and housing environment. 2) The subjective satisfaction level was lowest in leisure and were relatively high in family relationship and health & sanitation. 3) A comparison of objective level of living conditions and subjective satisfaction level suggested th score of the latter were higher than the former in dietary life and health & sanitation. In the contrary to this, the scores of the former were higher than the latter in housing environment, household work, child education, leisure and family relationship. In particular, the score of the subjective satisfaction level were much higher in housing environment and household work.
A Study on the Stress Level Percepted by the married Women during Family Life and it's Related Variables.
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 8, issue 2, 1990, Pages 101~118
The purpose of this study is to examine the stress level and factors percepted by the married women during family life, and to identify the related variables influencing on stress level. For this purpose, questionnaires were distributed to the 650 married women who have been living in seoul. Among them 463 data were selected. For data analysis, the statistical method such as the factor analysis frequency distribution percentile , t-test, ANOVA, Duncan's Multiple Range Test and Stepwise Regression Analysis were used. the major findings were summarized as follows; 1) The general tendancy of the stress level percepted by the married women during family life was relatively low. 2) The household background variables(age, level of education, income, type of family, number of children, status of employment ) have turned out to be significant on the stress level of married women except family type. 3) All the social-psychological variables(socio-economic status, communication interaction, resources perception, psychological satisfaction) showed significant differences according to the stress level percepted by the married women during family life. 4) The level of work identity was the important factor on the stress level percepted by the married women during family life. 5) In Stepwise Multiple Regression Analysis, the married women's stress level during family life was greatly influenced by variables such as the resource perception and the psychological satisfaction.
A Study about the Effect of Energy Public Advertisement on the Energy conservation Consciousness and Behavior
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 8, issue 2, 1990, Pages 119~134
The purpose of this study were to investigate; The contact of housewives with governmental public advertisement about the energy conservation, general tendency about the energy conservation consciousness and behavior. For these purposed, a survey was conducted using questionnaires. Data analysis were conducted from 367 housewives with children in Seoul. Used statistical method were Frequency Distribution, percentile, Mean, one Way Anova, t-test, F-test, Pearson's Correlation, Multiple regression Analysis and Path Analysis. Major findings are as follows. 1) Level of public advertisement contact was low. In contrast to , level of energy conservation consciousness, consciousness change, and behavior was adequately high. 2) Statistically significant difference were found in advertisement contact according to the husband's age , Energy conservation consciousness change according to husband's occupation, and energy conservation behavior according to family life cycle. 3) Energy conservation consciousness changes were increased by advertisement contact. Energy conservation behaviors were increased by conservation consciousness and the degree of conservation consciousness change. 4) Governmental public advertisement about the energy conservation has both direct and indirect effect on the energy conservation behavior. From these finds, the following suggestions are made. Governmental effort about the energy conservation advertisement is needed to be activated. And the implications for the future study was need to incorporate the psychological variables in energy conservation study.
A study on Conflict perceived by daughters-in-law and Their coping Behavior
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 8, issue 2, 1990, Pages 135~146
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relation between the conflict perceive by daughters-in-law and their coping behavior. The statistical procedures used were frequency, t-test, multiple regression, and factor analysis. The major finding are as follows; 1) The conflict perceived by daughters -in-law is not very high, but , in terms of scolding, discrimination, objection to visiting the parent home there are some conflict found. 2) The coping scale is composed of 9 factors by 27 items and adaptation to reality is the main factor. 3) Collision with mother-in-law, avoidance, self-blame, age, the attitude of mother-in-law about her son's marriage are proved to be influential variables of the degree of the conflict perceived by daughters-in-law. 4) Reanalysis is perhaps the significant coping pattern to improve the relation with mother-in-law.
Current States of Sibling Researches in America
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 8, issue 2, 1990, Pages 147~162
The purpose of this review is to establish a groundwork for building a more comprehensive conceptual framework within which various aspects of sibling relations and factor related to sibling behaviors con be explained and integrated. Descriptions of the trends and shifts in sibling studies are made in terms of their themes, variables, basic perceptions and general approaches, and analyzes of current state of sibling researches are made with relation to the conceptual aspects of the studies, namely, their standpoints on the issues of sibling variations, the sources of variations, and basic units of analysis, their reliance or emphasis on different methods, and their interests in the mediation processes. It is recognized that research variables have been successively differentiated and used in diversified manners and family ecology and systems theory viewpoints have been incorporated into the understanding of sibling relations. A triad in its full meaning, rather than a dyad or a partial trial, is proposed as a unit of analysis in order for the researchers to be able to examine and describe the true interactional aspects of family relations involving sibling relations. The concepts of coexistence and interaction are proposed as key concepts os that the inconsistencies in findings, differing viewpoints, contradicting conceptions , and contrasting approaches can be interpreted and integrated into a unified system of theories on siblings. The coexistence of similarities and differences in reality. the inevitability of interaction between individual variables and environmental variables and between within-family environmental factors and our-of-family environmental factors, and the need for the joint use of intrafamilial and extrafamilial approach are acknowledged. Attention is also drawn to the mechanism characteristics and the directionality of the mediating processes of mediating variables between a variable and its effects.
Time use of Rural Housewives -The Amount and the Distribution of Time for daily Activities.
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 8, issue 2, 1990, Pages 163~180
The objective of this study was to investigate the time used for daily activities by rural housewives. This study was carried out two aspects-the amount and the distribution of time. However, the characteristics of agriculture and the farming season influenced on rural housewives activities. There fore, in this study, survey areas divided into two groups-the traditional and the commercial agricultural area. And I conducted surveys in two times-the busy farming season and the leisure season for farmers. Data for 286 housewives(76 in traditional area on the leisure season, and 68 in commercial 142 in traditional area on the busy farming season)were collected by interviews, in which wives were asked to recall the used of time on the previous day, and a time record chart broken into fifteen minute intervals. The statistics for data analysis were frequency, percentile, T-test, and F-test by SPSS PC programs. The findings are as follows; 1)The average total time of rural housewives on labour was 8 hours 53 minutes, on socio-cultural activities 4 hours 18 minutes, and on physiological activities 11 hours 2 minutes. 2) The amount of time on agricultural labour was 6 hours 47 minutes in busy farming season, and 2 hour 45 minutes in leisure season. 3) The average time on household labour was 3 hours 51 minutes. 4) The amount of time on socioculture activities was 2 hours 19 minutes in busy farming, and 6 hours 16 minutes in leisure season. 5) The average time on physiological activities was 11 hours 2 minutes.
한국가정관리학회 제 13차 총회 및 학술대회
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 8, issue 2, 1990, Pages 181~211