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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Dec 1991
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Jun 1991
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A Study on Life Course Approach in Family Studies
Lee, In-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 1~11
This paper reviews the literature on life course as a perspective in family studies. Life course approach on family studies have been emerged since 1960. This approach, which is challenging accepted knowledge and theory, partly reflects a shift in analytic perspective from structural models to a more behavioral thrust that views as a actor in structured situations, Life course approach is a theoretical orientation for our understanding of the linkage between individual and family development in context of changing historical context. Life course approach contributes time, process, and context to receiving in sociological perspectives on family and kinship.
A Study on the High School Student's Aggressive Behavior in School
Kim, Gab-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 13~26
The purpose of the study is to examine the realities of the high school students's aggressive behavior, and to analyze factors causing aggressive behavior. Subjects were 418 Humanity High School students of 2nd grades in pusan. Analysis methods were used to frequency, percentage, t-test, one way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression of SPSS program. The results are as follows ; 1) Male students are more aggressive than female students. 2) The more verbal aggression is the more physical aggression. 3) Students with the experience of parent-child violence are more aggressive. 4) Students with observation of parents's violence are more aggressive. 5) Family's social economic status is not related to the aggressive behavior. 6) Male students not admitted by teacher are more aggressive in verbal and physical behavior. 7) Female students not admitted by friend are more aggressive in verbal and physical behavior. 8) Students with deliquent friends are more aggressive in verbal and physical behavior. 9) Students with Academic anxiety are more aggressive in verbal behavior. 10) the variables influential to verbal aggressive behavior are sex, a delinquent friends and academic anaxiety. These factors explain 23.5% of the total variance of verbal aggressive behavior variables. The variables influential to physical aggressive behavior are a delinquent friends, sex, experience of parent-child violence and teacher's denial attitude. These factors explain 29.6% of the total variance for physical aggressive behavior variables.
A Study of the Relationship between Communication Patterns and Conflict between Old Parents and Adult Children
Shin, Il-Jin ; Kim, Tae-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 27~44
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between communication pattern and conflict between old parents and their adult children. For this purose, 380 adult children are surveyed therefore the answers of survey are described by adult children only. The number of old parents turn to be 230 old fathers and 301 old mothers respectively, there numbers have included the case both parents are alive. The data were analysed several method with SPSS and the methods used for the analysis are Factor analysis, one way ANOVA, Scheffe-Test, Pearson's Correlation, Multple Regression. The results of this study are summarizd as follows ; 1) Old parents's communication patterns differ each other and under many variables. 2) In the conflicts between old parents and adult children differ each other and under many variables, too. 3) The relationship between communication patterens and conflict between old parent and adult children turn to be as follows : Two communication styles ie, the autoritarian style and insincere style increse conflicts. Frendly style have negatve affect to conflicts and decreses the conflicts. Sacrifice style is turn to have slightly affect the conflict.
A Study on the Development of Family Welfare Program for Strengthening Family Life - Special Reference to Family Life Education -
Yoo, Young-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 45~63
The purpose of this study was to develop Family Welfare Program for strengthening Family Life, especially focused on the Family Life Education. In order to perform the above research purpose, this study was organized three sections. First, conceptualizing strong family second, measurement the degree of strong family third, is about the Family Life Education. I defined that the concept of strong family is functional family that is family members(husbands & wives)perform successfully internal family functions. I measured the strong family by means of family function performance scale which is composed by 54 questionnaires. Through the survey study with the family function performance scale. I recognized the necessity of Family Life Education for strengthening family function. Family Life Education(FLE)is an educational specialty which was originated in reaction to changing social conditions, industrialization, and urbanization. It deals with the perceive inadequacies of families to cope with these changes, thereby reducing social problems involved with, and improving family life. With and assumption that the studies about FLE have not been so active in Korea, the present thesis examines the FLE in Korea : i.e., the defintion, the objectives, the scope, the approximation of family life education, and the necessity of marital education in Korea based upon the published theories of FLE in the United States of America. Also, it attemps to formulate tentative plan for the promotion of a FLE program in Korea. The concept of FLE in Korea was mainfested itn the social educational law and lifespan institutional, governmental attention. It is defined as "the family life education to enhance the quality of human life, to solve family problems, to develop and individual's potentiality, and to strengthen the family interaction." Of the FLE program, the marital education is considered one of the crucial subjects because it is the core of the family life. With this premise, FLE tries to support the healthy marital relations, subsequently helping to explore the family potentiality and to strengthen family ties. Considering the seemingly dual characteristics of the contents of marital educations, and effective expressions of mutual affection. In addition, reciprocal understanding and cooperation of the married couples to overcome the differences of value, personality, hobby, and religion, the educational methods in child rearing kids, and the effective management of home economics should be included. The objects of the FLE program are unmarried, pre-married, and married persons. For the married persons, the FLE program should be arranged in accordance with their marital status classified by the family life cycle so that they amy prevent possible family problems t each stages of the family life. Also, to prevent the problems incurred in the course of carrying out family functions, the FLE program should be provided with on the basis of a family unit, there by improving the quality of the family functions.
A Study on Adjustment of Mid-Life Women - Focused on Women's Attitudes toword the Menopause and Transitions of Sex Role Identity -
Park, Kyung-Sook ; Kim, Myung-Cha ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 65~80
The purpose of this study is to search a tendency of adjustment of mid-life women and to identify the variables that influence the adjustment of mid-life women. For this purpose, attitudes toward the menopause(ATM) scale, Korean Sex-Role Inventory(KSRI) scale, General Well-Being(GWB) scale, and Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression(CESD) scale were developed. The sample was selected from the 331 women living in Seoul, whose age was from 40-59, and whose last child was older than 13 years of age. The main results were as follows : 1) The level of well-being that the mid-life women was average and the level of depression was above average. 2) the attitudes of the mid-life women about menopause were a litte negative in both physical and psychological sides. 3) As for the related variables, frequency of leasure activies was significant to the well-being level of the mid-life women. And age, Socio-Economic Status(SES), status of last child have a significant influence on the depression level of them. 4) The attitudes toward menopause had insignificant influence on their adjustment and menopause status was irrelevant to it. 5) In the case that the mid-life women have high sex-role identity, that they have androgyny or masculinity, they appeared well adjusted. 6) In the result of mulitiple regressing analysis, the influence that the variables had on the mid-life women's well-being will be presented as fallows in order of importance: Sex-role identity, frequency of leasure activies and age. Above 3 variables explain 24% of adjustment of mid-life.
The Household Financial Management Activity in Korea and the U.S. Rural Families : Application of the Deacon & Firebaugh Model
Fitzsimmons, Vicki S. ; Hafstrom, Jeanne L. ; Im, Jeong-Bin ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 81~94
The Purpose of this study is to determine how Korean and United Sates families manage resourcese. Further, socioeconomic and social psychological determinants of frequency of family resoures management will be investigated for each country. Comparision of results well be made to find similarities and differences between Korea and the U.S. Most studies of family resource management have used urban samples, so this study adds to understanding of another segment of the populations. Family resource management variables, as dependent variables, were measured by asking respondents how often they used a variety of wasys to handle finances and time. Independent variables were : (a) total household income, (b) respondents education, (c) respondents ages, (d) householder size, (e) family adaptability, (f) family cohesion, and (g) interpersonal communications. Data for the Korean sample were collected in rural areas of South Korea during summer 1989, U.S. data were collected in two counties of Illinois. The data used in this study include 473 Korean samples and 301 U.S. families. In both samples, the respondent was the financial manager, the person who usually handled the finances and paid the bills. The data were analyzed by frequencys, t-test, and multiple regression analysis methods. As a results, U.S. respondents tended to engage in family resource management more frequently than Korean respondents. This could be attributed to a longer history of consumer education and financial management education taught in the public schools and through the Cooperative Extension Service in the U.S. Social-psycological variables were significant predictors of frequency of family financial management in both samples. the differences in both samples are that, in Korea, frequency of family financial management increased as household size and educational years increased, however, in the United States, the relationships of these variables were not significant. Some similarities and differences were found in Korea and the U.S. families, and this results represents that interpersonal communications are important determinants, even in different cultures. One hadn, the difference of socio-cultural factors result as the difference of some statisical differences. Findings from this study have important implications for research and education, and can be applicated to study of family resource management in other rural areas.
A Study On The Time Management Strategies of Housewives
Cho, Seong-Eun ; Moon, Sook-Jae ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 95~112
This study is planned to provide the basic idea to seek for the appropriate Time Management Strategies and to investigate the Time Management Strategies and household work time of wives. For these research tasks, the data are collected through the questionnaire rand 479 respondents were housewives in seoul. Their data are analyzed using Frequency, ANOVA, Pearson's Correlation Analysis, Simple Regression Analysis, Multiple Regression Analysis. The Major findings of this study were as follows ; 1) There are significant differences in the time management strategies according to housewife's age, education level, and employment status, children's number, the type of housing, the type family, income and sex role attitude. 2) There are significant differences in the household work time according to housewife's age, education level, employment status, family size, children's number, type of housing, income, sex role attitude and time pressure perceptibility. 3) The Household work time is found to be negatively correlated to the Time Management Stategies except the adjustment of leisure and sleep time. 4) The Household work time is significantly related to housewife's employment status and the adjustment of leisure and sleep time.
The Expectation and the Performance on the Housework Socialization of Aged Homemakers
Chae, Ock-Hi ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 113~130
The purpose of the present study was to describe the expectation and the performance on the housework socialization of the age homemakers and to ivestigate their relationships to the demographic characteristics and the influences of other related factors. 344 homemakers who were older than 45 years and were living in Chunlabuk-do, 1990 were sampled for this study. The data were collected by questionnaire designed by the researcher and analyzed by using frequency, one-way ANOVA analysis of variance, t-test, and multiple regression analysis. The major findings were as follows ; 1) The aged homemakers' housework socialization score was higher than the average, The score of the expectation was higher than one of the present performance. Scores for the utilization of the household equipments and the utilization of employes's services were higer comparing to those for other variables of the performance and the expectation respectively. 2) There was the significant differences in the each of the present performance varibles related to th housework socialization among the following demographic varables ; Age of homemakers, years of marriage, education, residence area, types of housing, monthly income, and level of housework equipment possession. 3) There was the significant differences in the expectation on the housework socialazation among the following variables ; age of homemakers, years of marriage, education, monthly income, and types of housing. The significant differences were found in the utilization of grouped, the utilization of the commodity, the utilization of the household equipments as subvariables of housework socialization, among age of homemakers, years of marriage, and level of education, The significant differences were found in the utilization of employee's services among age of homemakers, types of family, and level of health. 4) The level of education and monthly income significantly influenced on the present performance of the house work socialization. Years of marriage, significantly influenced on the utilization of grouped, education on the utilization of the commodity.(the utilization of the producted materials) and the utilization of employee's services and monthly income on the utilization of the household equipments (the utilization of the household appliances, and equipments). The years of marriage and education significantly influenced on the expectation on the housework socialization in the order, Age of homemakers and years of marriage significantly influenced on the utilization of grouped, the utilization of the commodity, the utilization of employee's services and age of homemakers and monthly income on the utilization of the household equipments.
Home Environment and Children's Self-Perceived Competence
Lee, Ju-Lie ; Yoo, An-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 131~144
The present study investigated childrens' self-perceived competence as related to(1) home environment variables (2) school grades and sexes of children. The subjects were 297 fourth-and sixth grade-children selected from two elementary schools on Seoul. The instruments were a children's self-perceived competence scala and the HOME scale. Frequences, correlation, two way-ANONA and multiple regression were used for data analysis. There were correlations between home environment variables and children's self-perceive competence partially. Fourth grade children perceived themselves higher than sixth grade children in global self-worth. Boys perceived themselves higher than girls in physical competence. The variables that influence on children's self-perceived competence very with their grades and sexes.
A Study On Housewives' Purchasing Behavior by Brand Image and Brand Preference
Kang, Ki-Jeoung ; Kye, Sun-Ja ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 145~160
The purpose of this study is to suggest some fundamental data for the welfare of consumers by investigation some characteristics of the housewives and their attitudes toward a famous brand. For the purpose of this study, the samples were distributed to houswives who lived in Seoul. The 493 data obtained were analyzed by frequency distribution, percentile,
-test, t-test, F-test, Pearson's correlation, Duncan's multiple range test and Stepwise multiple regression analysis. The major finding were follows ; The major finding were follows ; 1) In general the score for the brand preference of the housewives was somewhat high. There were significant differences between the brand preference of the housewives and the socio-demographic, reference group variables. 2) There were significant differences between the brand image of housewives and the socio-demographic, reference group variables 3) In general the score for the dissatisfaction of the housewives was somewhat low. There were significant differences between the dissatisfaction the housewives and the socio-demographic variables. 4) The brand preference of the housewives had a positive relationship with the level of their dissatisfaction. 5) The most influential variables for the brand preference of the housewives was in the rank of reference group, income, education level.
A Study on the Association of Middle-Aged Housewivess' Crisis and Their Social Network Support
Shin, Ki-Young ; Ok, Sun-Wha ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 161~178
The purposes of this study are to investigate the impacts of social network support on the middle-aged housewives' crisis and to identify the importance of social network systems of modern families. The subjects of this study were unemployed housewives living in the Seoul area, whose age was from 40 to 59 and whose last child was older than 11 years old. Data were collected by structured questionnaire with the subjects(N= 404). The collected data were analyzed by Frequencies, onewy ANOVA, Scheffe-test, t-test. The major findings were as follows ; 1) Middle-aged housewives, who were the first half of 40's, university graduated, and bilieved in a religion, had lower crisis. 2) The association of social network support and middle-aged housewives' crisis, which were found to be significant were as follows ; (1) The more middle-aged housewives received total, emotional, instrumental support from husbands' families of origin, the lower their crisis was. (2) The more middle-aged housewives received total, emotional, informational, support from their families of origin, the lower their crisis was. (3) The more middle-aged housewives received total, emotional, instrumental support from their friends, the lower their crisis was. (4) The more middle-aged housewives received total, emotional, instrumental, social companionship support from their voluntary association members, the lower their crisis was.
Credit Use & Financial Satisfaction
Lown, Jean M. ; Ju, In-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 179~186
Attitude of the TV Advertising and Purchasing Behavior of Housewives
Kang, Mi-Ock ; Lee, Seung-Sin ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 187~202
The purpose of this study is to analyze what attitude housewives hove to the TV advertisement and how their purchasing behavior is proceeding by information acquisition. Questionaire survey method was used in this research. The sample was taken from 437 housewives living is Seoul, form 4th of Feb. to 13th of Feb, in 1991. Used statistical methods were Frequency, Percentage, Crosstabs, One-way Anova, Duncan-test, and Regression Analysis. The major findings are summarized as follows : 1) The attitude to the TV advertisement according to the socio-demographic variables : TV advertisement seeing and hearing, the necessity of TV advertisement, and the attitude to the new advertisement are all found significant difference by age and education. The feeling to the false of TV advertisement is found significant difference by age, education, and income. 2) The purchasing behavior with TV advertisement information is most influenced by utilization of TV advertisement for all four goods(home medicine, milk product, detergent, durable goods). 3) The interest to the TV advertisement according to the TV advertisement information acquired: The degree to the utilization of TV advertisement and the necessity of TV advertisement when they buy goods were most influenced by conversation about the TV advertisement. 4) The purchasing behavior to the TV advertisement information acquired : The degree of influence was more affected by conversation about the TV advertisement for four goods, The degree of confidence was influenced by conversation about the TV advertisement for four goods. The degree of confidence was influenced by conversation about the TV advertisement for house medicine and detergent. The degree of satisfaction was not significant for all four goods, and the comparative appraisement was influenced by conversation about the TV advertisement for detergent and durable goods.
An Analysis on Trend of Time Budgets of Korean Younger Generation
Lee, Chung-Duck ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 203~221
1) The purpose of this study is to investigate the correlation between general social changes and time budgets of younger generation in Korea. 2) I use the statistics which appeared in the 'Studies of the Time Budgets of Korean people" carried out by the Korean Broadacasting system in 1981 and in 1990. 3) The result of this analysis may be summarized as the following : (1) Even in the cases of biologically necessary acts such as sleeping and eating, the average time used by Korean younger generation is remarkably influenced by general social changes. (2) It is in the cases of optional acts such as reading, listening music and enjoying a move that general social changes influence excessively the time Budgets of children and the youth. (3) It seems that time Budgets of Korean younger generation are losing their balance and rationally year after year during 1981 and 1990. For instance they spend too much time enjoying TV or popular music. 4) As a conclusion, I shall strongly suggest : (1) Parents and school teachers should pay more attention in their guidance of their Children or pupil concerning the importnace of the time Budgest. (2) the programmers of television and radio should consider sincerly the educational influence of their products.
A Study on Father's Child Rearing Behaviors and Variables Related - In Busan Area -
Choi, Kyung-Soon ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 223~239
The purpose of this study is to develop the scale which measure father's child rearing behaviors and to identify the demographic variables related. The subjects of this study are 1054 primary school children's fathers in Busan. Questionnaires anr distributed in order to collect data. The dta were analyzed by t-test, F-test, Pearson's
, Duncan's Multiple Range test, factor analysis and Cronbach's
using the SPSS computer program. The main results were as follows ; 1) To make the scale, primary the men, standard deviation, relative frequency distribution of the each items, and Cronbach's were computed. As the result, 36 item were selected in father's child rearing behaviors. Secondarily, the procedure of factor analysis was applied. Consequently, 5 subscales 29 items were selected. Total variance of 5 subscals was 87.5%. Reliability of scales was computed by Cronbach's
and the level was relatively considered satisfactory. Hence, subscales named runs and follow ; Father's Child Rearing Behaviors Scale consists of factor I- 'encouragement', factor II-'autonomy', factor III-'affection', factor IV-'achievement', fctor V-'interest'. 2) Practically, to applicate the scale, difference test were conducted according to sex of the children, jobs of the parents, ages of parents, level of the parent education and SES in father's child rearing behavior. As the result, there were variously differences according to demographic variables.
A Study on Rent burden and Family Economic Problem Perception - Focus on Seoul City's Rental Households -
Lee, Kee-Choon ; Bae, Soon-Young ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 241~257
The objectives of this study are : to measure the level of rent burden. to examine the independent influences of the variables related to rent burden. to measure the level of family economic problem perception. to examine the differences in the level of family economic problem perception due to rent burden, household characteristics, housing characteristics and rent incresing. For these purpose, a survey is conducted using questionaires. The data used in this study included 369 renters living in Seoul. Statistics uses for data analysis were Frequency Distribution. Percentile, men, Pearson's Correlation, Partial Correlation, One-way ANOVA, Breakdown and Multiple Regression Analysis. Major findings are as follows : The average score of rent burden was 35.87, Therefore rent burden of large cities, rental households is very heavy. Family income, housing facility quality, rent type, and rent incresing have independent influences on rent burden. The average of family economic problem perception is above the mid-point of the scale. The level of family economic problem perception differs due to rent burden, family income, family life cycle, family size, occupation of household head, education leval of household head and homemaker, rent type, housing type, housing size, housing facility quality and rent increases. If the level of rent burden is below 25, family economic problem perception is adequate.