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Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems
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Journal of International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems
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Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 4 - Dec 2012
Volume 1, Issue 3 - Sep 2012
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Jun 2012
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Mar 2012
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Single-Pass Induction Motor Parameter Identification Method Taking Into Account Saturation and Rotor Parameter Variations
McKinnon, Douglas J. ; Grantham, Colin ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 3~9
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.2.003
The paper describes a novel technique for on line parameter identification of three-phase induction motors from a single, run up to speed test. Data is sampled during this test with the normal locked rotor and synchronous speed data captured on the way to reaching the motor`s rated speed. Rotor parameter variations with frequency due to skin and proximity effects and other non-linear imperfections such as heating and main flux path saturation are taken into account. This method is ideal for determining and/or verifying parameters used in high performance drives.
Improved Model of the Iron Loss for the Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors
Junaid, Ikram ; Nasrullah, Khan ; Kwon, Byung-Il ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 10~17
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.2.010
This paper presents an improved iron loss model, for the computation of the no load iron loss in the stator core of the in-wheel permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSM), for the cases of with and without stator skew. 2-D analytical model is used for the computation of tooth and yoke flux densities of the in-wheel PMSM. The no load iron loss computed by the improved iron loss model, for the cases of with and without skew is compared with the finite element method (FEM) and the results show good consistency.
Identification of the Jiles-Atherton Model Parameters Using Simulated Annealing Method
Bai, Baodong ; Wang, Jiayin ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 18~22
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.2.018
This paper presents a method and the experimental measurement system for the determination of Jiles-Atherton model parameters of the 30ZH120 electrical steel sheet. The paper utilizes Epstein Square devices to proceed with the experiment and measurement on a group of hysteresis loops of some certain transformers which use the 30ZH120 electrical steel sheet under two different lap ways. The approach relies on the simulated annealing optimization method in order to minimize the error between the measured and modeled hysteresis curves and yield the best five Jiles-Atherton model parameters. A convenient program, based on the Simulink platform, that can identify the J-A model parameters automatically from the experimental saturated hysteresis loop which is used to model the nonlinear characteristics of the electrical steel sheet, is developed. Research shows that the simulated annealing optimization method gets satisfactory results.
Voltage Vector Selection Area of the Direct Torque Control for Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor
Li, Yaohua ; Ma, Jian ; Yu, Qiang ; Liu, Jingyu ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 23~29
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.2.023
The control of stator flux, torque angle, excitation torque, reluctance torque and total torque of the direct torque control (DTC) for a permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) are studied in this paper. Simplified expressions to represent the changes of these variables due to the application of a voltage vector are given. Finally, a voltage vector selection area and the implementation of a voltage vector selection strategy are proposed.
A Performance Investigation and Comparison of Line Start-up Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Super Premium Efficiency
Feng, Xueqing ; Bao, Yaxin ; Liu, Lijun ; Huang, Lizhong ; Zhang, Yingming ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 30~37
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.2.030
This paper presents the performance investigation and design technology of a Line Start-up Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (LSPMSM) with super premium efficiency, including a design consideration and evaluation for motor start-up, key performance, and advanced finite element analysis FEA) for the design, improvement and verification, prototype build and test, design and test data comparison with a
Efficient Induction Motor (PEIM). To assess the design technology, the LSPMSM prototype was built amended from a PEIM with the same frame, stator punching and rated output. Based on the prototype test, two novel design improvements and analyses have been done to eliminate noise and vibration. Additionally, the comparisons with the PEIM on the power factor, efficiency, frame size and active material consumption indicated that a significant performance improvement and active material cost reduction can be achieved by the LSPMSM.
Characteristics Analysis of Short Flux Path Switched Reluctance Motor
Ahn, Jin-Woo ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 38~45
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.2.038
A novel kind of switched reluctance motor (SRM) with short flux path is proposed in this paper. Phase excitation in the SRM gives short flux paths, hence reducing the magnetomotive force required to drive the machine, resulting in significant reduction of copper wire and core losses compared to the typical SRM with diametric circulation of magnetic flux. To verify the performance, the characteristics analysis of a double-stator SRM, a 6/5 SRM with C-core structure, and a 4/5 two-phase SRM, which all have short flux paths, and a comparison with conventional SR motors are executed. The comparison demonstrates that the proposed motor offers some advantages in terms of torque and efficiency.
Single-Phase Voltage-Fed Z-Source Matrix Converter
Fang, Xupeng ; Liu, Jie ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 46~52
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.2.046
This paper proposes a novel single-phase ac-ac converter topology based on the Z-source concept. The converter provides buck-boost function and plays the role of frequency changer. Compared to the traditional ac-dc-ac converter, it uses fewer devices, realizes direct ac-ac power conversion, and has a simpler circuit structure, so as to have higher efficiency and better circuit characteristics. Compared to the traditional matrix converter, it provides a wider voltage regulation range. The circuit topology, operating principle, control method and simulation results are given in this paper, and the rationality and feasibility is verified.
A Study on Nonlinear Control Strategy for Three-phase Voltage Source PWM DC/AC Inverter based on the PCH Model
Mu, Xiaobin ; Wang, Jiuhe ; Bao, Xueyu ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 53~57
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.2.053
The mathematical model of a three-phase voltage source pulse-width modulation (PWM) DC/AC inverter is non-linear, and in view of the traditional linear control strategy it can not meet the requirements of designing a high-performance inverter. What`s more, when the loads are not pure resistive loads, the inverter further requires that the controller possess high-performance. This paper proposes a nonlinear control strategy for the inverter called Passivity-based Control. We can alter the inverter model in three-phase abc coordinate to two-phase synchronous rotating dq coordinate for establishing the port-control Hamiltonian (PCH) model for this system. We can control the distribution of energy in the system to achieve the control aim. Simulation results show that the passivity-based control method can make this system possess a level of high-performance that is both robust and dynamic.
Mitigation of Sub-synchronous Oscillation Caused by Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitor Using Supplementary Excitation Damping Controller
Wu, Xi ; Jiang, Ping ; Chen, Bo-Lin ; Xiong, Hua-Chuan ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 58~63
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.2.058
The Test Signal Method is adopted to analyze the impact of thyristor controlled series capacitor (TCSC) on sub-synchronous oscillation. The results show that the simulation system takes the risk of Sub-synchronous Oscillation (SSO) while the TCSC is operating in the capacitive region. A supplementary excitation damping controller (SEDC) is used to mitigate SSO caused by the TCSC. A new optimization method which is aimed for optimal phase compensation is proposed. This method is realized by using the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm. The simulation results show that the SEDC designed by this method has superior suitability, and that the secure operation scope of the TCSC is greatly increased.
Study on Hybrid PWM Method under Low Switching Frequency
Kekang, Wei ; Zheng, Trillion Q. ; Wang, Ran ; Wang, Chenchen ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 64~69
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.2.064
This paper presents a hybrid pulse width modulation (PWM) method under low switching frequency conditions based on space vector PWM (SVPWM) and selective harmonic eliminated PWM (SHEPWM), which use asynchronous carrier modulation SVPWM at low frequency, and SHEPWM at high frequency, a square wave after rated conditions. A transitive strategy is proposed to realize a smooth transition of individual modes including SVPWM, SHEPWM and square waves. Experimental results confirm this hybrid modulation method and their transition are reasonable and proper.
11-kV Series-Connected H-Bridge Multilevel Converter for Direct Grid Connection of Renewable Energy Systems
Islam, Md. Rabiul ; Guo, Youguang ; Zhu, Jian Guo ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 70~78
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.2.070
Due to the variable nature of renewable energy resources and power demand by consumers, it is difficult to operate a power system installed with only one type of renewable energy resource. Grid-based renewable generation may be the only solution to overcome this problem. The conventional approach based on a low-voltage converter with power frequency transformer is commonly employed for grid connection of offshore renewable energy systems. Because of the heavy weight and large size of the transformer, the system can be expensive and complex in terms of installation and maintenance. In this paper, an 11-kV series connected H-bridge (SCHB) multilevel voltage source converter (VSC) is proposed to achieve a compact and light direct grid connection of renewable energy systems. This paper presents the design, simulation and analysis of a five level (5L)-SCHB and an eleven level (11L)-SCHB VSC for 11-kV grid-based renewable energy systems. The performance, cost, modulation scheme and harmonic spectra of the converter are analyzed.
A Novel Topology Structure and Control Method of High-Voltage Converter for High-Input-Voltage Applications
Song, Chun-Wei ; Zhao, Rong-Xiang ; Zhang, Hao ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 79~84
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.2.079
In this paper, a three-phase high-voltage converter (HVC), in which the main structure of each phase is composed of a cascaded PWM rectifier (CPR) and cascaded inverter (CI), is studied. A high-voltage grid is the input of the HVC. In order to ensure proper operation of the HVC, the control method should achieve output voltage sharing (OVS) among the rectifiers in the CPR, OVS among the inverters in the CI, and high power factor. Master-slave direct-current control (MDCC) is used to control the CPR. The ability of the control system to prevent interference is strong when using MDCC. The CI is controlled by three-loop control, which is composed of an outer common-output-voltage loop, inner current loops and voltage sharing loops. Simulation results show low total harmonic distortion (THD) in the HVC input currents and good OVS in both the CPR and CI.
A Novel Control Strategy for Input-Parallel-Output-Series Inverter System
Song, Chun-Wei ; Zhao, Rong-Xiang ; Lin, Wang-Qing ; Zeng, Zheng ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 85~90
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.2.085
This paper presents a topology structure and control method for an input-parallel-output-series(IPOS) inverter system which is suitable for high input current, high output voltage, and high power applications. In order to ensure the normal operation of the IPOS inverter system, the control method should achieve input current sharing(ICS) and output voltage sharing(OVS) among constituent modules. Through the analysis in this paper, ICS is automatically achieved as long as OVS is controlled. The IPOS inverter system is controlled by a three-loop control system which is composed of an outer common-output voltage loop, inner current loops and voltage sharing loops. Simulation results show that this control strategy can achieve low total harmonic distortion(THD) in the system output voltage, fast dynamic response, and good output voltage sharing performance.
Modeling and Simulation Technique of Two Quadrant Chopper and PWM Inverter-Fed IPMSM Drive System and Its Application to Hybrid Vehicles
Murata, Toshiaki ; Kawatsu, Utaro ; Tamura, Junji ; Tsuchiya, Takeshi ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 91~97
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.2.091
This paper presents a state space model of a two quadrant chopper and PWM inverter-fed Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (IPMSM) drive system and its application to hybrid vehicles. The drive system has two different state equations for motoring and regenerating action. This paper presents a common state equation by using State Space Averaging method. Using this model of the IPMSM drive system, detailed simulation and controller design of the drive system, including PWM inverter switching, are given. The validity of this model and usefulness, according to a comparison among Maximum Torque/Ampere control, Maximum Torque/Flux control, and Maximum Efficiency optimization, are confirmed from simulation results.
Parallel Operation of Trans-Z-Source Network Full-Bridge DC-DC Converter for Wide Input Voltage Range
Lee, Hyeong-Min ; Kim, Heung-Geun ; Cha, Hon-Nyong ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 98~104
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.2.098
This paper presents a novel transformer isolated parallel connected full-bridge dc-dc converter using recently developed trans-Z-source network. Unlike the traditional voltage -fed or current-fed converters, the proposed converter can be open- and short-circuited without damaging switching devices. Therefore, the desired buck and boost function can be achieved and the converter reliability can be greatly improved. A 6 kW prototype dc-dc converter is built and tested to verify performances of the proposed converter.
Development of High-Efficiency Low-Cost Drive System of Small-Size Electric Vehicles
Duong, Thuy-Lien ; Tran, Thanh-Vu ; Chun, Tae-Won ; Lee, Hong-Hee ; Kim, Heung-Geun ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 105~110
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.2.105
This paper designs the high-efficiency and the low-cost drive system of the smallsize electric vehicles (EVs). The power circuit for driving the dc motor is designed by considering both the cost and efficiency. In order to reduce the conduction loss of MOTFET and diode for controlling an armature voltage, some MOSFETs and diodes at the armature are in parallel connection. An operating sequence for both the field current and the armature voltage according to the accelerator pedal angle is suggested for changing smoothly the rotating direction of dc motor. Through the simulation studies, the performances of the proposed methods are verified.
Solar Energy Powered Bicycle for Wireless Supervisory Control and Remote Power Management Applications
Chao, Chung-Hsing ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 111~115
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.2.111
In this paper, a solar energy powered bicycle linked to a wireless sensor network (WSN) which monitors the transfer of solar energy to an electrical energy storage unit and an analysis of its effectiveness is proposed. In order to achieve this goal, a solar-powered bicycle with an attached ZigBee and a far-end wireless network supervisory system is setup. Experimental results prove that our prototype, solar energy powered bicycle, can achieve enough solar energy for charging a two lead-acid battery pack. As a result, the user, through use of a wireless network in the parking period can be kept aware of the data on the amount of immediate solar radiation, the degree of illumination, the ambient temperature, and electrical energy storage capacity information of the bicycle through an internet interface.
Power Fluctuation Reduction of Pitch-Regulated MW-Class PMSG based WTG System by Controlling Kinetic Energy
Howlader, Abdul Motin ; Urasaki, Naomitsu ; Yona, Atsushi ; Senjyu, Tomonobu ; Saber, Ahmed Yousuf ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 116~124
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.2.116
Wind is an abundant source of natural energy which can be utilized to generate power. Wind velocity does not remain constant, and as a result the output power of wind turbine generators (WTGs) fluctuates. To reduce the fluctuation, different approaches are already being proposed, such as energy storage devices, electric double layer capacitors, flywheels, and so on. These methods are effective but require a significant extra cost to installation and maintenance. This paper proposes to reduce output power fluctuation by controlling kinetic energy of a WTG system. A MW-class pitch-regulated permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) is introduced to apply a power fluctuation reducing method. The major advantage of this proposed method is that, an additional energy storage system is not required to control the power fluctuation. Additionally, the proposed method can mitigate shaft stress of a WTG system. Which is reflected in an enhanced reliability of the wind turbine. Moreover, the proposed method can be changed to the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control method by adjusting an averaging time. The proposed power smoothing control is compared with the MPPT control method and verified by using the MATLAB SIMULINK environment.