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Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems
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Journal of International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems
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Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 4 - Dec 2012
Volume 1, Issue 3 - Sep 2012
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Jun 2012
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Mar 2012
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Low-Cost SVM-DTC Strategy of Induction Machine Drives Using Single DC-link Current Sensor
Wang, Wei ; Cheng, Ming ; Hua, Wei ; Ding, Shichuan ; Zhu, Ying ; Zhao, Wenxiang ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 3, 2012, Pages 266~273
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.3.266
In conventional direct torque control (DTC) using space-vector modulation (SVM) of induction machine (IM) drives, at least three current sensors are needed. In this paper, a low-cost SVM-DTC strategy is proposed, in which only a single current sensor is used. The position of the voltage space vector is divided into two areas: effective and non-effective area. If it is located in the non-effective area, the voltage space vector will be shifted into the effective area with minimum distortion. Further, the switching frequency remains constant. The simulation is carried out on a MATLAB/Simulink platform and the simulated results verify the effectiveness of the proposed strategy.
Electrical Machines for High Speed Applications with a Wide Constant-Power Region Requirement
Gerada, David ; Borg-Bartolo, David ; Mebarki, Abdeslam ; Micallef, Christopher ; Brown, Neil L. ; Gerada, Chris ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 3, 2012, Pages 274~281
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.3.274
This paper discusses the issues associated with the design of high speed machines for applications with a wide constant-power region requirement. Using described multi-domain design environments which put equal weight on the electromagnetic, thermal and mechanical considerations, the suitability and power density achievable using Induction Machines (IM) and Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machines (PMSM) are compared.
Pulsed Actuator with Combined Plunger Made of Carbon Steel and Permanent Magnet
Dolezel, Ivo ; Panek, David ; Ulrych, Bohus ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 3, 2012, Pages 282~288
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.3.282
A special pulsed electromagnetic actuator is presented whose plunger consists of two parts made of carbon steel and permanent magnet, respectively. The actuator exhibits a high holding force and small consumption of energy. The movement of the plunger is controlled by short current pulses. The static characteristics and other operation properties of the device are modeled numerically.
Analytical Calculation of the 3D Magnetic Field Created by Non-Periodic Permanent Magnet Arrays
Zhang, He ; Kou, Baoquan ; Li, Liyi ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 3, 2012, Pages 289~294
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.3.289
In this paper, the three-dimensional magnetic field created by non-periodic magnet arrays is calculated analytically. The analytical expression of the magnetic field is derived by using a magnetic charge model. The influence of ferromagnetic boundaries is formulated with an image method. Finally, we compare the results determined by analytical calculations to those from a finite element simulation.
Induction Motors Performance Study under Various Voltage Sags Using Simulation
Ojaghi, Mansour ; Faiz, Jawad ; Shahrouzi, Hamid ; Alimohammadi, Sahar ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 3, 2012, Pages 295~302
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.3.295
The main aim of this paper is to study effects of different voltage sags and their intensity on the behavior of induction motors using a simulation approach. For this purpose, necessary simulation was done in Matlab - Simulink first. Then, to ensure-reasonable accuracy of the simulation, some results of the simulation were compared with the corresponding results measured in the laboratory. Then effects of intensity of symmetric voltage sag (three phase) and its starting point on the behavior of small and large induction motors was studied using simulation and subsequently, the effects of asymmetric voltage sags (single phase and two phase) has also been studied and finally the conclusion of the study was presented.
Design Space Methodology and Its Application in Interior Permanent Magnet Motor Design
Fan, Tao ; Li, Qi ; Wen, Xuhui ; Xu, Longya ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 3, 2012, Pages 303~311
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.3.303
An innovative interpretation of the per-unit interior permanent magnet (IPM) machine model known as Design Space is presented in this paper. Based on the proposed Design Space formulation, an effective computation method to predict IPM machine performance factors, such as the current and power factor in a full range of speeds, is proposed. A systematic methodology is summarized, which translates the full speed range machine design procedure into the region determination on the so-called Design Space. The effect of dc-link voltage is also analyzed in a similar manner with the current and power factor. A series of IPM motors have been designed, and a preferred motor is selected with the help of the proposed Design Space Methodology (DSM), which has the best tradeoff between the nominal voltage and the dropped voltage condition. Experiment results show that the selected motor satisfies the machine requirements and all the design constrains, such as the current and back-EMF limitations.
Operation Principle and Topology Structures of Axial Flux-Switching Hybrid Excitation Synchronous Machine
Liu, Xiping ; Wang, Chen ; Zheng, Aihua ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 3, 2012, Pages 312~319
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.3.312
The operation principle of an axial flux-switching hybrid excitation synchronous machine (AFHESM) is analyzed and its topology structures are proposed in this paper. After some comprehensive analysis of the operation principle to axial flux electrical machine, flux-switching electrical machine and hybrid excitation electrical machine, the operation principle of AFHESM is given. Combined with some typical topological structures of hybrid excitation electrical machine, some possible topological structures are proposed and some comprehensive comparisons are carried out. The analysis results show that the stator-separated AFHESM has some advantages such as less AM turns, less impact on the demagnetization of PM, less magnetic flux-leakage and higher efficiency compared to other topologies.
A Novel Claw Pole Eddy Current Load for Testing a DC Counter Rotating Motor Part I: Construction
Kanzi, Khalil ; Dehafarin, Abolfazl ; Roozbehani, Sam ; Kanzi, Majid ; Vasheghani, Qasem ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 3, 2012, Pages 321~329
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.3.321
Providing variable load for testing a motor in high speed conditions is usually a difficult task. The eddy current brake can be used in application of load testing of motors. This paper deals with construction of a novel claw pole eddy current brake which is employed as a load for a DC counter rotating motor (CRM). These kinds of motors have two inner and outer shafts that rotate in opposite directions simultaneously, which are particularly suitable for under water propulsion systems. The prototype 45KW eddy current brake consists of two parts. One of them is installed on the inner shaft of the 60KW DC CRM and the other one is installed on its outer shaft. The simulation and experimental results with prototype brakes are also analyzed by using MATLAB/Simulink and the operational characteristic of the brake is demonstrated as a function of the motor speed and current of the magnetic poles.
A New Method to Estimate the Magnetic Field Modulation Effect of Brushless Doubly-Fed Machine with Cage Rotor
Liu, Hanghang ; Han, Li ; Gao, Qiang ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 3, 2012, Pages 330~335
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.3.330
Brushless doubly-fed machine (BDFM) doesn`t use brush and slip ring, and has advantages such as high system reliability, small capacity of its frequency converter, low system cost, adjustable power factor and speed, etc. At the same time, it has good applicable potentials on the variable frequency motors and the variable speed constant frequency generators. However, due to the complicacy and particularity of BDFM in the structure and operating mechanism, the effect of magnetic field modulation directly influences the operating efficiency of BDFM. To study the effect of different cage rotor structures on the magnetic field modulation of BDFM, the rotor magnetomotive force (MMF) of BDFM with cage rotor is studied by the analytical method. The components and features of rotor harmonic MMFs are discussed. At the same time, the method to weaken the higher harmonics is analyzed by the theoretic formulae. Furthermore, the magnetic field modulation mechanism is expounded on in detail and the relationship between the magnetic field modulation effect and the operating efficiency of BDFM is established. And then, a new method for estimating the magnetic field modulation effect is proposed. At last, the magnetic field modulation effects of four BDFM prototypes with different cage rotor structures are compared by the MMF analysis and the efficiency data of electromagnetic design. The results verify the effectiveness of the new method for estimating the magnetic field modulation effect of BDFM with cage rotor.
Basic Design of Bearingless Switched Reluctance Motor with Hybrid Stator poles
Wang, Huijun ; Liu, Jianfeng ; Ahn, Jin-Woo ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 3, 2012, Pages 336~346
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.3.336
In this paper, a novel bearingless switched reluctance motor (BLSRM) with hybrid stator poles is proposed. The structure and operating principle are presented. In order to describe the design methodology clearly, analytical torque and radial force models are established. Further, basic design procedure is described. The numbers of phases and poles have important influence on the selection of structure. These effects, along with sizing of machine envelope and internal dimensions, make the machine design an insight-intensive effort. Effect of pole arcs and air-gap length on the production of torque and radial force are analyzed in detail. Mechanical design factors such as hoop stress and first critical speed are also considered. Based on the above analysis, the characteristics of the proposed BLSRM are analyzed. A prototype motor is designed and manufactured. The validity of the proposed structure is verified by the experimental results.
Characteristic Analysis of Two-Phase 4/5-Pole Switched Reluctance Motor
Ahn, Jin-Woo ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 3, 2012, Pages 347~353
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.3.347
Design and analysis of a novel 2-phase 4/5 Switched Reluctance Motor(SRM) is presented. The proposed motor employs a novel stator pole configuration. A novel SRM employs four-rotor and five-stator poles. The motor has no dead-zone and can be operate at any rotor position. The structure and operating principle are also described. The comparison between the proposed motor and a conventional two-phase 4/2 SRM is undertaken in this analysis. Furthermore, the Finite Element Analysis(FEA) and matlab-simulink are used to predict and simulate the performance of a proposed motor. The results of investigation indicate that the proposed structure offers a better performance in term of torque production.
Transformerless Cascaded AC-DC-AC Converter for Multiphase Propulsion Drive Application
Tao, Xing-Hua ; Xu, Lie ; Song, Yi-Chao ; Sun, Min ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 3, 2012, Pages 354~359
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.3.354
A transformerless converter suitable for multiphase drive application is presented in this paper. The topology employs a cascaded H-bridge rectifier as the interface between the grid and multi inverters which drive the multiphase motor. Compared with the conventional structure, the new topology eliminates the input transformer and also has the advantages such as four quadrant operation, simple configuration, low cost, high efficiency, and so on. The control strategies for the grid-side cascade H-bridge rectifier and the motor-side inverter are studied accordingly. Based on the multi-rotational reference frame, modular control scheme is developed to regulate the multiphase drive system. Simulation results show the proper operation of the proposed topology and the corresponding control strategy.
A PI-based Control Scheme for Primary Cascaded H-Bridge Rectifier in Transformerless Traction Converters
Tao, Xing-Hua ; Li, Yong-Dong ; Sun, Min ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 3, 2012, Pages 360~365
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.3.360
Cascaded H-Bridge rectifier (CHBR) is a more attractive solution in traction application for its transformerless structure. Because of the currents of different cells are exactly the same one, it is a challenge job to regulate the voltages of cells with only one current controller. In this paper, a PI-based control scheme is presented to deal with the voltages balance issue in CHBR. To satisfy the demand of rectifier such as unity power factor and regulated output DC voltages, the proposed control scheme consists of two parts. One is for shaping the grid current waveform and regulating the sum of DC-link voltages of all the cells; the other one is for balancing DC-link voltages. The latter is more concerned in this paper and is discussed in detail especially. Simulations and experiments are carried on. The results verified the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed scheme.
Low Frequency Multi-Level Switching Strategy Based on Phase-Shift Control Methods
Lee, Sang-Hun ; Song, Sung-Geon ; Park, Sung-Jun ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 3, 2012, Pages 366~371
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.3.366
In this paper, we propose an electric circuit using one common-arm of H-Bridge inverters to reduce the number of switching components in the multi-level inverter combined with H-Bridge inverters and transformers. And furthermore, we suggested a new multi-level PWM inverter using PWM level to reduce THD (Total Harmonic Distortion). We use a phase-shift switching method that has the same rate of usage at each transformer. Also, we test the proposed prototype 9-level inverter to clarify the proposed electric circuit and reasonableness of the control signal for the proposed multi-level PWM inverter.
An SCR Thyristor Based Three-Phase Voltage Disturbance Generator
Han, Heung-Soo ; Jung, Jae-Hun ; Nho, Eui-Cheol ; Kim, In-Dong ; Kim, Heung-Geun ; Chun, Tae-Won ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 3, 2012, Pages 372~378
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.3.372
This paper deals with a 3-phase voltage disturbance generator for a performance test of custom power devices such as dynamic voltage restorers (DVR), dynamic uninterruptable power supplies (UPS), etc. The operating principle of the proposed circuit is described in each mode of voltage sag, swell, outage, and unbalance. The main components of the proposed disturbance generator are silicone controlled rectifier (SCR) thyristors, variable autotransformers, and transformers. Therefore, the disturbance generator can be implemented with a considerably low cost compared to the conventional pulse width modified (PWM) inverter and converter type generators. Furthermore, it has good features of high reliability with simple structure, high efficiency caused by no PWM switching of the SCR thyristors, and easy control with a wide variation range. To verify the validity of the proposed scheme, simulations and experiments are carried out.
Fault Diagnosis Method of Voltage Sensor in 3-phase AC/DC PWM Converters
Kim, Hyung-Seop ; Im, Won-Sang ; Kim, Jang-Mok ; Lee, Dong-Choon ; Lee, Kyo-Beum ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 3, 2012, Pages 384~390
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.3.384
This paper proposes a fault diagnosis method of the line-to-line voltage sensors in 3-phase AC/DC pulse width modulation (PWM) converters. The line-to-line voltage sensors are an essential device to obtain the information of the grid voltages for controlling the 3-phase AC/DC PWM converters. If the line-to-line voltage sensors are mismeasured by various faults, the voltage sensors can obtain wrong information of the grid voltage. It has an adverse effect on the control of the converter. Therefore, the converter causes the unbalance input AC current and the DC-link voltage ripple in the 3-phase AC/DC PWM converter. Hence, fast fault detection and fault tolerant control are needed. In this paper, the fault diagnosis method is proposed and verified through simulations and experiments.
A Design of a PI Compensator for a Bidirectional DC-DC Converter in a DC Distributed Power System
Lee, Joonmin ; Seok, Bong Jun ; La, Jae Du ; Kim, Young Seok ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 3, 2012, Pages 391~396
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.3.391
The Voltage Bus Conditioner(VBC) is a bidirectional DC-DC converter for damping the instability and any transients of the bus voltage in a DC Distributed Power System(DPS). In this paper, a PI controller for the VBC has been designed for the frequency domain. The proposed PI controller not only dampens the bus transients, but also keeps the storage voltage level. Simulation by Matlab/Simulink and experimental results are presented for the validity of the proposed control technique.
Power Closed-loop Control of Switched Reluctance Generator for High Efficiency Operation
Li, Zhenguo ; Gao, Dongdong ; Ahn, Jin-Woo ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 3, 2012, Pages 397~403
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.3.397
This paper describes a control method of turn-on/off angles to improve the efficiency of the switched reluctance generator(SRG) with a power closed-loop control system, and the inner-loop of the system is current hysteresis control. The SRG control system is constituted by the PI power controller and the two-level current hysteresis controller. By measuring and analyzing the system losses of different reference powers, speeds and turn-on/off angles, selection strategy of optimal turn-on/off angles is discussed. The proposed method is simple, reliable, and easy to achieve.