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Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems
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Journal of International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems
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Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 4 - Dec 2012
Volume 1, Issue 3 - Sep 2012
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Jun 2012
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Mar 2012
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A Stator-Separated Axial Flux-Switching Hybrid Excitation Synchronous Machine
Liu, Xiping ; Zheng, Aihua ; Wang, Chen ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 4, 2012, Pages 399~404
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.4.399
In this paper, a stator-separated axial flux-switching hybrid excitation synchronous machine (SSAFHESM) is presented, of which the structure and operational principle are introduced. The magnetic field distribution under different excited currents is analyzed, and some characteristics including flux-linkage, EMF and field control ability are studied by finite element analysis (FEA). Tests are carried out on a 12/10-pole prototype machine to validate the analysis results, and an excellent agreement is obtained.
Energy Model Based Direct Torque Control of Induction Motor Using IP Controllers
Mannan, Mohammad Abdul ; Murata, Toshiaki ; Tamura, Junji ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 4, 2012, Pages 405~411
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.4.405
This paper deals with direct torque control of an induction motor (IM) with constant switching frequency. The desired torque is obtained from the speed controller which is designed using the IP controller. Decoupling control of torque and flux is developed based on the energy model of IM using the IP controller strategies. The desired d-axis and q-axis stator voltage components are obtained from the designed controller, which decouples torque and flux. The constant switching frequency can be applied using space-vector pulse width modulation, since the desired stator voltage can be known from the decoupling torque and flux controllers. In order to achieve stable operation of the proposed IP controllers, the gains of the controllers are chosen by setting the poles in negative (left) half of s-plane and by choosing the rising time for the response of the step function. The proposed controller was verified in simulations using Matlab/Simulink and results have proven excellent performance. It was found that the proposed IP controllers can provide excellent performance to track the desired torque and speed and to reject the disturbance of load.
Novel Claw Pole Eddy Current Load for Testing DC Counter Rotating Motor - Part II: Design and Modeling
Kanzi, Khalil ; Roozbehani, Sam ; Dehafarin, Abolfazl ; Kanzi, Majid ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 4, 2012, Pages 412~418
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.4.412
Eddy current brakes are electromechanical devices used as variable mechanical loads for testing electrical machines. Accurate modeling of eddy current loss is an important t factor for optimum design of eddy brake systems. In this second part, we propose novel formulations of eddy current loss in novel claw-pole eddy brake system. The proposed model for eddy current loss in novel claw-pole eddy brake system depends on the size of the claw poles. Also, in this paper, the flux density is measured by using the magnetic circuit of the novel claw pole. The model results are compared with experimental results and they are found to be in good agreement.
Percussive Drilling Application of a Tubular Reciprocating Translational Motion Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor
Zhang, Shujun ; Norum, Lars E. ; Nilssen, Robert ; Lorenz, Robert D. ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 4, 2012, Pages 419~424
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.4.1.419
This paper presents a tubular reciprocating translational motion permanent magnet synchronous motor for percussive drilling applications for offshore oil & gas industry. The motor model and rock model are built up by doing force analysis of the motor and analyzing the physical procesof impact. The optimization of input voltage waveforms to maximize the rate of penetration is done by simulations. The simulation results show that the motor can be utilized in percussive drilling applications and achieve a very large impact force. Simulation results for optimization also show that second harmonic input voltage produces a higher rate of penetration than the sine wave and fourth harmonic input voltages.
Smart Grid-The next Generation Electricity Grid with Power Flow Optimization and High Power Quality
Hu, Jiefeng ; Zhu, Jianguo ; Platt, Glenn ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 4, 2012, Pages 425~433
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.4.425
As the demand for electric power increases rapidly and the amount of fossil fuels decreases year by year, making use of renewable resources seem very necessary. However, due to the discontinuous nature of renewable resources and the hierarchical topology of existing grids, power quality and grid stability will deteriorate as more and more distributed generations (DGs) are connected to the grids. It is a good idea to combine local utilization, local consumption, energy storage and DGs to form a grid-friendly micro grid, these micro grids can then assembled into an intelligent power system - the smart Grid. It can optimize power flow and integrate power generation and consumption effectively. Most importantly, the power quality and grid stability can be improved greatly. This paper depicts how the smart grid addresses the current issues of a power system. It also figures out the key technologies and expectations of the smart grid.
Simulation of Active Compensated Pulsed Alternator with a Laser Flashlamp Load Based on Simplified Model
Yuan, Pei ; Yu, Kexun ; Ye, Caiyong ; Ren, Zhang`ao ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 4, 2012, Pages 434~439
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.4.434
This paper presents a nontraditional laser power system in which an active compensated pulsed alternator (ACPA) drives a flashlamp directly without the use of capacitor groups. As a result, the volume of the laser system is decreased because of the high energy density of the ACPA. However, the difficulty in matching the output of the alternator with the laser flashlamp is a significant issue and needs to be well analyzed. In order to solve this problem, based on the theory for ACPA, the authors propose a simplified model for the system of ACPA with flashlamp load by the way of circuit simulation. The simulation results preliminarily illuminate how the performance of the ACPA laser power system is affected. Meanwhile, the simulation results can also supply a consultation for future ACPA laser power system design and control.
Computer-based Automated System for Determining the Characteristics, Losses and Efficiency of Separately Excited DC Motors
Kaur, Puneet ; Chatterji, S. ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 4, 2012, Pages 440~447
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.4.440
This paper provides essential information on research completed with the aim to develop a `dc motor test and analysis platform` which can be used to provide dc motor characteristics, calculate losses and efficiency, and also work as a dc motor speed controller. A user can test a given dc motor for these analyses by practicing different conventional methods, but, the concept discussed in this paper, reveals how intelligent integration of all these analyses can be done with a single user friendly automated setup. Integration has been accomplished by a technique that can accommodate all types of dc motors with different ratings at various loading conditions. However, experimentally measured results of a 0.5HP separately excited dc motor using the discussed scheme are presented in the paper. Also, a comparison of the methodology of this system with conventional techniques has also been elaborated on to show the effectiveness of the system.
A Cascaded Multilevel Inverter Using Bidirectional H-bridge Modules
Kang, Feel-Soon ; Joung, Yeun-Ho ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 4, 2012, Pages 448~456
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.4.448
This paper presents a multilevel inverter configuration which is designed by insertion of a bidirectional switch between capacitive voltage sources and a conventional H-bridge module. The modified inverter can produce a better sinusoidal waveform by increasing the number of output voltage levels. By serial connection of two modified H-bridge modules, it is possible to produce 9 output voltage levels including zero. There are 24 basic switching patterns with the 9 output voltage levels. Among the patterns, we select the 2 most efficient switching patterns to get a lower switching loss and minimum dv/dt stress. We then analyze characteristics of Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) of the output voltage with variation of input voltage by computer-aided simulations and experiments.
Comparison of Multilevel Inverters Employing DC Voltage Sources Scaled in the Power of Three
Hyun, Seok-Hwan ; Kwon, Cheol-Soon ; Kim, Kwang-Soo ; Kang, Feel-Soon ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 4, 2012, Pages 457~463
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.4.457
Cascaded H-bridge multilevel inverters shows a useful circuit configuration to increase the number of output voltage levels to obtain high quality output voltage. By applying the concept of the power of three to dc voltage sources, it can increase the number of output voltage levels effectively. To realize this concept, two approaches may be considered. One is to use independent dc voltage sources pre-scaled in the power of three, and the other is to use instantaneous dc voltage sources generated from a cascaded transformer, which has the secondary turn-ratios scaled in the power of three in sequence. A common feature in both approaches is to use the concept of the power of three for dc voltage sources, and a point of difference is whether it adopts a low frequency transformer or not, and where the transformer is located. According to the difference, application areas are limited and show different characteristics on THD of output voltages. We compare and analyze both approaches for their circuit configurations, voltage level generating method, THD characteristics of output voltage, efficiency, application areas, limitations, and other characteristics by experiments using 500 [W] prototypes when they generate a 27-level output voltage.
Design and simulation of an RCN Controller to improve steady state behavior of a self-excited induction generator
Garg, Anjali ; Sandhu, Kanwarjit Singh ; Saini, Lalit Mohan ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 4, 2012, Pages 464~471
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.4.464
Self-excited induction generators (SEIG) are gaining importance as compared to conventional generators due to their capability toconvert wind energy into electrical energy for a wide range of variation in operating speed. The performance of such a generator depends upon the load, rotor speed and excitation capacitance. Therefore, depending upon the operating conditions, the output voltage and frequency of this machine goes on changing and this imposes a restriction on its usage. In order to maintain constant voltage and frequency, it need controllers, which make the circuit complicated and also increases the overall cost of power generation. This paper presents a simple controller to regulate the output voltage and frequency of SEIG for variation in its operating conditions due to any change in load, rotor speed and excitation capacitance (R, N, C) and their combination. The controller presented is simple in design, user friendly and is also less expensive, as the elements used in the controller are only resistors, inductors and capacitors. A block of SEIG for steady state operation is also modeled and presented in this paper. SEIG, Controller and other components are modeled and simulated using Matlab/Simulink.
Input AC Voltage Sensorless Control Scheme for a Three-Phase PWM Rectifier in Wind Power Generation System
Wu, YanJun ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 4, 2012, Pages 472~476
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.4.472
In this paper, a sensorless control scheme for a three-phase bi-directional voltage-type PWM rectifier in wind power generation system that operates without the input AC voltage sensors (generator side) is described. The basic principles and classification of the PWM rectifier are analyzed, and then the three-phase mathematical model of the input AC voltage sensorless PWM rectifier control system is established. The proposed scheme has been developed in order to lower the cost of the three-phase PWM rectifier but still achieve excellent output voltage regulation, limited current harmonic content, and unity input power factor.
A Sensorless Switched Reluctance Drive System Based on the Improved Simplified Flux Method
Li, Zhenguo ; Song, Andong ; Ahn, Jin-Woo ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 4, 2012, Pages 477~482
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.4.477
This paper describes a new rotor position sensorless control method for SRM drives based on an improved simplified flux linkage method. In the traditional simplified flux linkage method, every phases take turns conduction and current chopping control method is used. Every phases take turns conduction means turning on the incoming working phase while turning off the working phase. This conduction mode causes coupling between turn-on and turn-off angles, which goes against optimal efficiency or torque ripple minimization with sensorless speed control. In the improved simplified flux linkage method, turn-off angle is calculated by flux loop, the turn-on angle can be given arbitrarily and has no relations with the turn-off angle, and the current chopping control method is used. The speed and rotor position can be estimated then. Finally, a sensorless SRM speed control system and an experiment platform with DSP are built and validity of this method is confirmed.
A Contactless Power Supply for a DC Power Service
Kim, Eun-Soo ; Kim, Yoon-Ho ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 4, 2012, Pages 483~491
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.4.483
It is expected that, in the future, DC power service will be widely used for photovoltaic home power generation systems, since DC consuming devices are ever increasing. Instead of using multiple converters to convert DC to AC and then AC to DC, the power service could solely be based on DC. This would eliminate the need for converters, reducing the cost, complexity, and possibly increasing the efficiency. However, configuration of direct DC power service with mechanical contacts can cause spark voltage or an electric shock when the switch is turned on and off. To solve these problems, in this paper, a contactless power supply for a DC power service that can transfer electric power produced by photovoltaics to the home electric system using magnetic coupling instead of mechanical contacts has been proposed. The proposed system consists of a ZVS boost converter, a half-bridge LLC resonant converter, and a contactless transformer. This proposed contactless system eliminates the use of DC switches. To reduce the stress and loss of the boost converter switching devices, a lossless snubber with coupled inductor is applied. In this paper, a switching frequency control technique using the contactless voltage sensing circuit is also proposed and implemented for the output voltage control instead of using additional power regulators. Finally, a prototype consisted of 150W boost converter has been designed and built to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed contactless photovoltaic DC power service. Experimental results show that 74~83% overall system efficiency is obtained for the 10W~80W load.
Magnetic and Thermal Analysis of a Water-cooled Permanent Magnet Linear Synchronous Motor
Zhang, Xinmin ; Lu, Qinfen ; Cheng, Chuanying ; Ye, Yunyue ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 4, 2012, Pages 498~504
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.4.498
The water-cooled Permanent Magnet Linear Synchronous Motor (PMLSM) has a wide range of applications due to high efficiency, high thrust force density and high acceleration. In order to ensure normal operation and maximum output, both the magnetic and thermal performance are vital to be considered. Based on ANSYS software, electromagnetic and thermal finite-element analysis (FEA) models of a 14-pole, 12-slot water-cooled PMLSM are erected adopting suitable assumptions. Firstly, the thrust force and force ripple with different current densities are calculated. Secondly, the influence of different water flow on the motor heat dissipation and force performance under different operationional conditions are investigated and optimized. Furthermore, for continuous operation, the temperature rise and thrust feature are studied under the rated load 8A, the proper temperature
and the limited temperature
. Likewise, for short-time operation, the maximum duration is calculated when applied with a certain large current. Similarly, for intermittent operation, load time as well as standstill time are determined with the optimal current to achieve better thrust performance.
Preliminary study on a 3D field permanent magnet flux switching machine - from tubular to rotary configurations
Wang, Can-Fei ; Shen, Jian-Xin ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 4, 2012, Pages 505~508
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.4.505
A permanent magnet flux switching (PMFS) machine has a simple rotor, whilst both magnets and coils are set in the stator, resulting in easy removal of heat due to both copper loss and eddy current loss in magnets. However, the volume of magnets used in PMFS machines is usually larger than in conventional PM machines, and leakage flux does exist at the non-airgap side. To make full use of the magnets and gain higher power density, a novel 3-dimensional (3D) field PMFS machine is developed. It combines merits of the tubular linear machine, external-rotor rotary machine and axial-flux rotary machine, hence, offers high power density and peak torque capability, as well as efficient utility of magnets owing to the unique configuration of triple airgap fields.
Testing and experimental characterization of a linear permanent magnet actuator for active vehicle suspension
Wang, Jiabin ; Wang, Weiya ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 4, 2012, Pages 509~516
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.4.509
This paper describes the testing and experimental characterization of a linear permanent magnet actuator, which is designed and developed for active vehicle suspension, under both static and dynamic conditions. Since the active suspension unit operates over a wide force-velocity range with varying duty ratios, it is essential to establish an effective thermal model which can be used for assessing temperature rise of the actuator under various operating conditions. The temperature rise of the actuator is measured and the results are compared with the prediction by the derived transient thermal model. It is shown that the measured actuator parameters and characteristics are closed to their predicted values. The linear actuator is controlled by a dSPACE system via a three phase inverter and its velocity tracking performance is presented.
Modeling and Evaluation of Linear Oscillating Actuators
Chen, X. ; Zhu, Z.Q. ;
Journal of international Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems , volume 1, issue 4, 2012, Pages 517~524
DOI : 10.11142/jicems.2012.1.4.517
The operation of linear oscillating system is complicated, involving system nonlinearities of both actuator and load, and variations of driving frequency in order to track the mechanical resonance. In this paper, both analytical and state-variable modeling techniques are used to investigate the influence of actuator parameters, such as back-emf/thrust force coefficient and cogging force, on the performance of linear oscillating systems. Analytical derivations are validated by simulations, and good agreements are achieved. The findings of the paper can greatly facilitate the design and evaluation processes of permanent magnet linear actuators.