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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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Journal DOI :
Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 4 - Dec 1997
Volume 1, Issue 3 - Sep 1997
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Jun 1997
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
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Prediction Approach with a Stiffness Measure in Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Structures
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 1, issue 1, 1997, Pages 1~10
Current seismic design philosophy for reinforced concrete (RC) structures on energy dissipation through large inelastic defomations. A nonlinear dynamic analysis which is used to represent this behavior is time consuming and expensive, particularly if the computations have to be repeated many times. Therefore, the selection of an efficient yet accurate alogorithm becomes important. The main objective of the present study is to propose a new technique herein called the prediction approach with siffness measure (PASM) method in the convetional direct integration methods, the triangular decomposition of matrix is required for solving equations of motion in every time step or every iteration. The PASM method uses a limited number of predetermined decomposed effective matrices obtained from stiffness states of the structure when it is deformed into the nonlinear range by statically applied cyclic loading. The method to be developed herein will reduce the overall numerical effort when compared to approaches which recompute the stiffness in each time step or iteration.
Seismic Response of Structure on Flexible Foundation
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 1, issue 1, 1997, Pages 11~17
Seismic analyses of structures were carried out in the past assuming a right base and Ignoring the characteristics of foundations and the properties of the underlying soil. Resent soil-structure interaction studies show that seismic response of structure can be affected significantly by these fators. Typical effects of the soil-structure interaction are the kinematic interaction of a rigid massiess foundation and the inertial interaction between underlying soil and structure. The kinematic interaction effect is particularly important for embedded foundations and can be ignored for surface foundations with vertically propagating waves. In this study, seismic response of structure was investigated with four buildings in Mexico City considering only the inertial interaction effect and using the E-W components of the 1985 Mexico City earthquake records. The study was carried out for surface foundations and pile foundations with linear and nonlinear soil conditions, comparing the results with those of the rigid base.
Characteristics of the 13 December 1996 Yeongwol Earthquake Based on the Phase Analysis
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 1, issue 1, 1997, Pages 19~24
The seismic of the main shock and two after shocks of the Yeongwol Earthquake are studied based on the phase analysis. The travel time curves and two point ray tracing with 12 different possible phases are used to analyze the phases of the records, which were provided by KIGAM seismic network. The results of phase analysis of the Yeongwol Earthquake show the characteristics as follows 1) The main shock (
=4.5) clearly shows Pn phase but two after shocks (
=2.5) do not show Pn phase. 2) The Pg PmP looks as first arrival phase in the after shock records whose epicentral distance is smaller or larger than 145 km, 3). It is very difficult to identify the phases in the seismic records, which ae related to the Conrad discontinulty, even if the Conrad discontiulty exists. 4) The record of GRE station located outside of the Kyeongsan Basin shows different arrival time of Pn phase, P-S duration time and frequency comared with those of the other stations located within the Kyeongsan Basin.
Analysis of Amplification Factor Spectrum Using Strong Ground Motions Compatible to the Domestic Seismotectonic Characteristics
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 1, issue 1, 1997, Pages 25~29
Amplication factor spectrum, using the observed strong ground motions database, has been obtained and compared with Standard Response Spectrum. The observed ground motions from the Miramichi, Nohanni, Sagueray and New Madrid Earthquake (19 vertical components, 36 horizontal components), which are estimated to represent domestic seismotectonic characteristics such as seismic sources, attenuation, and site effect, are used for the analysis of amplification factor spectrum. Amplication factors have been calculated by comparing the observed peak ground motions with results form responses to the observed horizontal and vertical ground motions. The comparison shows that the amplification factors resultant from this study exceed those of Standard Response Spectrum of relatively higher frequencies. The result implles that the characteristics of the seismic strong ground motion, which may represent the domestic seismotectonic characteristics differ from of standard Response Spectrum, especillay of higher frequencies
Experiment and Analysis for the Horizontal Vibration Control of Access Floor on Reinforced Concrete Structures
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 1, issue 1, 1997, Pages 31~39
This paper is on the vibration control of access floor on the frames of reinforced structure. In this study, the horizontal anti-vibration system using precise spring damper was developed and modeling and vibration analysis of the RC structure was performed for the control of horizontal vibration coused by machinery and worker's moving. Experiment was done in three cases, no damper at the RC structures, dampers connecting pedestal to pedestal and pedestal to the structure, for the investigation of the effect of the system on disigned RC structure. For each experiment, the occeleration responses on slab and access floor after giving impact wave and external vibration were measured. It was shown that the magnitude of resonance response of the system with dampers are smaller than without damper and the resonance peak also partly moved to low-frequency range. Furthermore. It was shown that the acceleration components of the system with domoers decreased greatly in high-frequency range and the system was very much effective especially for external vibration. In order to verify the anti-vibration effect of the developed system, the vibration analysis was also done for the system by using the finite element modelling. The analysis results was in good agreement with experimental results. Thus, It is concluded that this study is useful for the design of precise anti-vibration system and micro-vibration control of concrete structures.
Parameter Identification and Nonlinear Seismic Analysis of Soil-Structure Interaction System
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 1, issue 1, 1997, Pages 41~49
This paper presents the result of an international cooperative research on the post-correlation analysis of forced vibration tests and the prediction of earthquake responses of a large-scale seismic test structure. The dynamic analysis is carried out using the axisymmetric finite element method incorporating in finite elements for the for field soil region. Through the post-correlation analysis, the properties of the soil layers are revised so that the best correlation in the responses may be obtained compared with the measured force vibration test data. Utilizing the revised soil properties as the initial linear values, the seismic responses are predicted for an earthquake using the equivalent linearlization technique. It has been found that the predicted responses by the equivalent nonlinear procedure are in excellent agreement with the observed responses, while those using the linear properties are fairly off from the measured results.
Dynamic Test of Structural Models Using
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 1, issue 1, 1997, Pages 51~56
The objective of this study is to review the current state of earthquake simulation tecniques using the shaking table and check the reliability. One degree-of-freedom(d.o.f) and three d.o.f aluminium shear models were used and
6 d.o.f shaking table was excitated in one horizontal direction to simulate 1940 El centro earthquake accelerogram (NS component). When the actual acceleration history of shaking table is compared to the desired one, it can be found that the overall histories are very similar, but that the lower frequency range (0~2 Hz) of the actual excitation has generally lower amplitude than that of the desired in Fourier transform amplitude. Free vibration and white noise tests have shown almost the some values for natural frequencies, but shown quite different values for damping rations, that is, 1.37% in case of free vibration test vs 14.76 % in case of white noise test. The time histories of story shear driff show the globally linear elastic behaviors. But the elliptical shape of the histories with one of the axis being the stiffness of the story implies the effect of viscous damping
Elasto-plastic Earthquake Response Analysis of Beam-Shear Wall Structural System
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 1, issue 1, 1997, Pages 57~67
The objective of present paper is to investigate elasto-plastic behaviour and estimate the resistance capacity of a beam-shear wall structural system against earthquake ground accleration exciations. Pushover analysis is adopted to estimate inttiate and post stiffnesses and yielding point for inelastic response analysis in LPM (Lumped Parameter Mass) model, and modified Clough model is used as the hysteresis rule of each story. Three earthquake waves are used in the analysis but their peak ground accelerations are changed to be 0.12g, 0.24g. It is assumed that the earthquakes act in the longigtudianl direction of a 25 Story apartment building which consists of two some unit plan. The distribution of story ratio and ductility ratio are estimated and discussed within Korean, Japanese code and UBC
A Study on the Intensity and Energy Attenuation of the 13 December 1996 Yeongweol Earthquake, Korea
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 1, issue 1, 1997, Pages 69~77
An intensity survey on the 13 December 1996 Yeogweol earthquake has mode for 262 locations throughout southern part of Korean peninsula, then we investigated attenuation properties in the south Korean region as well as intensities distribution. In this study, intensities are estimated to be from II to possibly VIII. The iso-seismal intensity map we obtained shows general pattern of intensity distribution in the south korean region quite clearly despite the inherent uncertainties included in the process of intensity estimation. In case of intensity larger than VI, considerable damages such as fracturing walls are frequently reported. One of the significant feature of this intensity map is, considering its magnitude 4.5 reported by KMA, the felt area is unusually large covering most of the Korean Peninsular except Cheju island. This result indicates either the magnitude is under estimated or the focal depth is much deeper than expected. Assuming indicates either the magnitude is under estimated or the focal depth is much deeper than expected. Assuming shallow earthquake whose focal depth is by iso-seismal contour lines for intensity IV to VII, respectively. To resolve this ambiguity, more reliable estimation of focal depth and magnitude by using telesesmic instrumental records should be made in the future
Efficient Analysis of Building Structures with a Rigid Floor System
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 1, issue 1, 1997, Pages 79~88
Very stiff floor system in a residential-commercial building causes some problems in the numerical analysis procedure due to significant difference in stiffness with adjacent elements. Static analysis of structure with a stiff transfer-floor can be performed approximately in two steps for upper and lower parts for the structure. However, it is impossible to perform dynamic analysis in two steps with separate models. An efficient method for dynamic analysis of a structure with a right floor system is proposd in this study. The matrix condensation technique is employed to reduce the degree of freedom for upper and lower parts of the structure and a beam elements with rigid bodies at both ends are introduce to model the rigid floor system. Efficiency and accuracy of the proposed method are verified through analysis of several example structures.