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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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Journal DOI :
Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 4 - Dec 1997
Volume 1, Issue 3 - Sep 1997
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Jun 1997
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
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Efficient Structral Safety Monitoring of Large Structures Using Substructural Identification
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 1, issue 2, 1997, Pages 1~15
This paper presents substructural identification methods for the assessment of local damages in complex and large structural systems. For this purpose, an auto-regressive and moving average with stochastic input (ARMAX) model is derived for a substructure to process the measurement data impaired by noises. Using the substructural methods, the number of unknown parameters for each identification can be significantly reduced, hence the convergence and accuracy of estimation can be improved. Secondly, the damage index is defined as the ratio of the current stiffness to the baseline value at each element for the damage assessment. The indirect estimation method was performed using the estimated results from the identification of the system matrices from the substructural identification. To demonstrate the proposed techniques, several simulation and experimental example analyses are carried out for structural models of a 2-span truss structure, a 3-span continuous beam model and 3-story building model. The results indicate that the present substructural identification method and damage estimation methods are effective and efficient for local damage estimation of complex structures.
Application of Seismic Analysis and Design Method on the Bridges by Spectral Analysis Method
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 1, issue 2, 1997, Pages 17~29
Single-mode spectral analysis method is usually applied to a small-scale bridges with the simple geometric shape and uses only fundamental period to estimate the elastic earthquake forces and the displacements of the substructure. On the other hand, multi-mode spectral analysis method may be used instead if the possibilities of potential damage are developed when considering significance, scale, and geometric shape of briages. Since the dynamic responses of bridge can be significantly different depending on the modeling techniques for the restraint and support conditions etc, it may be misled to the unexpected results. In this study the dynamic analysis program which can model and analyze the bridge as a two- or three-dimensional framed structure is developed and verified with the results of other reliable program. Using this program together with the post processor, the designer can easily and readily obtain the reponses(moments, base shears, and displacements)of bridges necessary to design purpose. And further from the analysis results according to the variations of type, scale, and restraint and supprot conditions of bridges including sectional properties, applications of the effective and desirable seismic design are presented.
A Study on the Structure and lateral Loading Capacity of Wooden Frame of Ancient Commoner's House
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 1, issue 2, 1997, Pages 31~37
Structural details of the three-bay-straw-roof house which was the most common form of residence as a commoner's house during ancient period are suggested. Wooden frames are used in the house. The typical form of joint used is Sagaemachum. The static lateral loading capacity of the frames is evaluated through the test on full scale models. The effects of joint type at the column head and wooden lattice on the lateral loading capacity and the failure modes of frames are analyzed. The ultimate lateral loading capacity and displacement of the ordinary frame at failure are 1.090 N and 400 mm(1/6rad), respectively. These values for the frame with high column are 4,160 N and 250 mm(1/9.6rad), respectively. The behavior of joint at column head controls the overall lateral loading capacity of the frame and shows very large nonlinearity. The general failure modes of joint for an ordinary frame and a frame with high column are shear and bending failure at the branches of Sagaemachum, respectively.
Shaking Table Tests of a 1/4-Scaled Steel Frame with Base Isolators
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 1, issue 2, 1997, Pages 39~48
New form of base isolators made of steel spring coated with both natural and artficial rubber were manufactured and tested for material properties. Shaking table experiments were performed using a model structure attached with the bearings. The model structure used in the test is a 1/4 scaled steel structure, and earthquake records were used to check the lateral and vertical stability and effectiveness of the isolators. According to the results all three types of isolators turned out to be effective in reducing the acceleration induced by the earthquake vibration.
Assessment of the Seismic Capacity of Structure Using Pseudodynamic Test
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 1, issue 2, 1997, Pages 49~57
It is necessary to conduct researches about seismic design and analysis to protect various structures from earthquakes which are one of the most destructive natural disaster to human civilization. To assess the seismic capacity of structure, not only analytical but also experimental researches are important. Currently, pseudodynamic test known as computer-actuator on-line test is one of the available test methods to assess seismic capacity of structure without using shaking table. In this paper seismic capacity of simple one-degree of freedom structure was estimated by pseudodynamic test. Good agreement between the experimental and analytical results was obtained. Better results would be obtained when more sophisticated measuring and controlling instruments are available.
Estimation of Seismic Responses of Hualien LSST Model By the Substructure Method of Soil-Structure Inraction Analysis
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 1, issue 2, 1997, Pages 59~68
Seismic responses of the Hualien large scale seismic test model on a layered soil site are estimated for three recorded earthquakes with different level of peak acceleration using two different approaches of soil-structure interaction analysis. The analysis results are then compared and evaluated with the recorded. The method adopted for the analysis is based on substructuring method using a lumped parameter model in both the frequency and time domain. The study results indicate that the proposed method can reasonably estimate the earthquake responses of a soil-structure interaction system of r engineering purposes if the techniques of defining input motion and modeling of the backfilled soil are prudently selected.
A Case Study on Seismic Response of Haunch Repaired Steel MRFs
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 1, issue 2, 1997, Pages 69~78
Recent test results of steel moment connections repaired with a haunch on the bottom side of the beam have been shown to be a very promising solution to enhancing the seismic performance of steel moment-resisting frames. Yet, litle is known about the effects of using such a repair scheme on the system seismic performance of structures. To investigate the effects of haunch repair on the system seismic performance, a case study was conducted for a 13-story steel frame building damaged during the 1994 Northridge earthquake. When haunches are incorporated in a steel moment frame, the response prediction is complicated by the presence of "dual" panel zones in the column. A new analytical modeling technique for the dual panel zone recently developed by the author was incorporated in the analysis. Incorporating the behavior of dual panel zone was among the most significant consideration in the analyses. Both the inelastic static and dynamic analyses did not indicate detrimental side effects resulting from the repair.he repair.
Mechanical Characteristics of Laminated Rubber Bearings for Seismic Isolation
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 1, issue 2, 1997, Pages 79~89
The objective of this paper is to investigate the mechanical characteristics of the laminated rubber bearings (LRBs) for the seismic isolation. The evaluations of the proposed equations of the LRB horizontal stiffness are carried out and these equations are extended to the visco-elastic problems to investigate the damping amplifications of LRBs. The stability evaluation of LRBs is also performed. For investigation of the dynamic characteristics of LRBs, the horizontal stiffness equations of the LRBs considering the P-delta effects are applied to the modeling of a seismically isolated structure and the earthquake response time history analyses are carried out. From this research, the proposed simple equation of the horizontal stiffness of LRB is so useful for the design loads and easily extended to the visco-elastic problems. Through the stability evaluation of LRB, the increasing ratio of the total rubber thickness of the LRB severely decrecises the bucking load than the increasing ratio of unit rubber thickness. From the comparison of the dynamic shear deflection of LRB, the analysis results are in good agreement with those of the experiments.