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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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Journal DOI :
Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 4 - Dec 1997
Volume 1, Issue 3 - Sep 1997
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Jun 1997
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
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Nonlinear Response Analysis of Multi-Degree-of-Freedom Building Structures Using Response Spectrum Method
Jun, Dae-Han ;
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 1, issue 4, 1997, Pages 1~9
This paper examined various aspects of a linear and a nonlinear response spectrum method in seismic response analysis of multi-story building structures. The response spectrum method that has been widely used in the analysis of linear structures was proposed different mode superposition method by several ivestigators, and the differences between combinations with an elastic modal analysis reviwed closely. It seems, however, that this method is not used to nonlinear seismic analysis. It is the purpose of this paper to propose an alternative method by means of which a nonlinear MDOF structure with long period may be analysed by an extention of response spectrum method. For nonlinear seismic analysis of high-rise building structures using technique proposed in this study, it is intended to serve primarily as a tool in preliminary designs instead of time history analysis.
A Test on the Aseismic Capacity of a Traditional Three-bay-straw-roof House(I) : Rock Site Condition
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 1, issue 4, 1997, Pages 11~20
The aseismic capacity of a traditional three-bay-straw-roof wooden house for rock site condition is quantitatively estimated. One 1/4 scale model was tested for the Nahanni Earthquake with peak ground accelerations from 0.1g to 0.6g. The natural frequency of the wooden house in elastic range is 1.66 Hz and 2.15 Hz in longitudinal and transversal direction, respectively. Damping ratio of the house in elastic range is 7%. The horizontal acceleration response of the house is significantly reduced compared with the input motion due to the nonlinear inelastic characteristics of the Sagae-machum joint of the frame. The traditional wooden house has high aseismic capacity in the rock site condition where high frequency contents of motion are predominant.
A Test on the Aseismic capacity of a Traditional Three-bay-straw-roof House(II): Soil Site Condition
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 1, issue 4, 1997, Pages 21~28
The aseismic capacity of a traditional three-bay-straw-roof wooden house for soft soil site condition is quantitatively estimated. One 1/4 scale model was tested for the Imperial Valley Earthquake up to failure. The natural frequency of the wooden house measured in elastic range is 1.66 Hz and 1.76 Hz in the longitudinal and transversal direction, respectively. Damping ratio of the house measured in elastic range is 7%. The peak horizontal acceleration response of the house was reduced compared with input motion due to the nonlinear inelastic characteristics of the wooden frame. The horizontal displacement response was significantly increased as the level of input motion was increased. The model was collapsed at 0.25g due to the low frequency contents of the input motion. The results of nonlinear seismic analysis were compared with the test results.
An Analysis of Seismic Risk of Seoul Area(I)
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 1, issue 4, 1997, Pages 29~35
The probabilistic seismic risk in Seoul Metropolitan Area
based on all Korean earthquake data of MM Intensity equal to or greater than V is evaluated by point source method. The seismic risk estimated from all data turned out to be lower than that from the data since the Choseon Dynasty during which seismic data appear to be rather complete. The damaging earthquake of peak horizontal ground acceleration greater than 0.1g turns out to occur with 90% probability of being exceeded in 200 years and 500 years when the data since Choseon Dynasty and all data are used, respectively.
Application of Vibration Prediction Method Using Response Spectrum with Amplification Factor
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 1, issue 4, 1997, Pages 37~43
Damages and public complaints are increased due to construction noise and vibration from several sources. It is urgently needed to develop the easy and practical method to estimate the vibration effect. In this study, to predict the vibration effect, the method using the response spectrum with amplification factor concepts prroposed by Newmark and Hall is used. Also the applicability of the method is examined. Vibration measurement on subway structure, foundation and building structures are performed and the results show that the provided method is practical and can be used to predict the vibration effect.
Experimental Techniques for Evaluating Seismic Performance of Base-Isolated Structure
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 1, issue 4, 1997, Pages 45~58
This paper describes a series of shaking table and pseudodynamic tests for evaluation of seismic performance of base-isolated structures subjected to various seismic earthquake inputs. The main objectives of this study are : (1) evaluation of the effectiveness of base-isolation systems for low-rise structures against severe seismic loads through shaking table tests, (2) verification of the substructuring pseudodynamic test method for the base-isolated structures in comparison with the shaking table test results. In the shaking table test, a quarter scaled three-story structure base-isolated by laminated rubber bearings is tested. In the pseudodynamic test, only the laminated rubber bearing s are tested using the substructuring technique, while the concurrent seismic responses of the superstructure are computed using on-line numerical integration. Comparison with the shaking table test results indicates that the substructuring pseudodynamic test method is very effective for determining the dynamic responses of the base-isolated structure.
Dynamic Boundary Element Analysis of Underground Structures Using Multi-Layered Half-Plane Fundamental Solutions
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 1, issue 4, 1997, Pages 59~68
In analysis of underground structures, the effects of artificial boundary conditions are considered as one of the major reasons for differences from experimental results. These phenomena can be overcome by using the boundary elements which satisfy the multi-layered half space conditions. The fundamental solutions of multi-layered half-space for boundary element method is formulated satisfying the transmission and reflection of waves at each layer interface and radiation conditions at bottom layer. The governing equations can be obtained from the displacements at each layer which are expressed in terms of harmonic functions. All types of waves can be included using the complete response from semi-infinite integrals with respect to horizontal wavenumbers using expansion of Fourier series and Hankel transformation. Two dimensional Green's functions are derived from cylindrical Navier equations and potentials performing infinite integration in y-direction. In this case, it is effective to transform into two dimensional problem using semi-analytical integration and sinusoidal Bessel function. Some verifications are given to show the accuracy and efficiency of the developed method, and numerical examples to demonstrate the dynamic behavior of underground with various properties.