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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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Journal DOI :
Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
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Experimental Study of a Seismic Reinforcing System without Power Interruption and Movement for Electric Panel on the Access Floor
Jang, Jung-Bum ; Lee, Jong-Rim ; Hwang, Kyeong-Min ; Ham, Kyung-Won ;
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 13, issue 3, 2009, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2009.13.3.001
The seismic reinforcing system is developed to prevent damage to electric panels which are installed on the access floor and are essential to the operation of various basic facilities such as electric power and communication etc., from earthquakes. The seismic capacity of seismic reinforcing system is verified through the shaking table test. The seismic reinforcing system is intended for the electric panel on the access floor, and installation is possible without movement and power interruption of the electric panel. The enveloped response spectrum is adopted considering the location of the electric panel in the building as input motion for the shaking table test. The shaking table tests are carried out with two electric panels that can be considered representative of general electric panels, and two types of access floors such as wood panel and steel panel, which are commonly used in the industrial field. As a result of tests, it is confirmed that the seismic reinforcing system secures the seismic safety of electric panels by preventing the overturning of electric panels during and after the shaking table tests. In the event that the seismic reinforcing system is applied to the electric panel on the access floor, damage to the electric panel from an earthquake can be effectively prevented, which can greatly contribute to the stable operation of domestic basic facilities.
Multi-point Dynamic Displacement Measurements of Structures Using Digital Image Correlation Technique
Kim, Sung-Wan ; Kim, Nam-Sik ;
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 13, issue 3, 2009, Pages 11~19
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2009.13.3.011
Recently, concerns relating to the maintenance of large structures have been increased. In addition, the number of large structures that need to be evaluated for their structural safety due to natural disasters and structural deterioration has been rapidly increasing. It is common for the structural characteristics of an older large structure to differ from the characteristics in the initial design stage, and changes in dynamic characteristics may result from a reduction in stiffness due to cracks on the materials. The process of deterioration of such structures enables the detection of damaged locations, as well as a quantitative evaluation. One of the typical measuring instruments used for the monitoring of bridges and buildings is the dynamic measurement system. Conventional dynamic measurement systems require considerable cabling to facilitate a direct connection between sensor and DAQ logger. For this reason, a method of measuring structural responses from a remote distance without the mounted sensors is needed. In terms of non-contact methods that are applicable to dynamic response measurement, the methods using the doppler effect of a laser or a GPS are commonly used. However, such methods could not be generally applied to bridge structures because of their costs and inaccuracies. Alternatively, a method using a visual image can be economical as well as feasible for measuring vibration signals of inaccessible bridge structures and extracting their dynamic characteristics. Many studies have been conducted using camera visual signals instead of conventional mounted sensors. However, these studies have been focused on measuring displacement response by an image processing technique after recording a position of the target mounted on the structure, in which the number of measurement targets may be limited. Therefore, in this study, a model experiment was carried out to verify the measurement algorithm for measuring multi-point displacement responses by using a DIC (Digital Image Correlation) technique.
Dynamic Analysis of Soil-Pile-Structure Interaction Considering a Complex Soil Profile
Park, Jang-Ho ; Park, Jae-Gyun ;
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 13, issue 3, 2009, Pages 21~28
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2009.13.3.021
The precise analysis of soil-pile-structure interaction requires a proper description of soil layer, pile, and structure. In commonly used finite element simulations, mesh boundaries should match the material discontinuity line. However, in practice, the geometry of soil profiles and piles may be so complex that mesh alignment becomes a wasteful and difficult task. To overcome these difficulties, a different integration method is adopted in this paper, which enables easy integration over a regular element with material discontinuity regardless of the location of the discontinuity line. By applying this integration method, the mesh can be generated rapidly and in a highly structured manner, leading to a very regular stiffness matrix. The influence of the shape of the soil profile and piles on the response is examined, and the validity of the proposed soil-pile structure interaction analysis method is demonstrated through several examples. It is seen that the proposed analysis method can be easily used on soil-pile-structure interaction problems with complex interfaces between materials to produce reliable results regardless of the material discontinuity line.
Seismic Response of CWR on HSR Bridge Considering Derailment Inducing Factors
Yi, Jang-Seok ; Kim, Dae-Sang ;
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 13, issue 3, 2009, Pages 29~38
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2009.13.3.029
n the event of an earthquake, additional stresses can occur in the continuous welded rails (CWR) of High-speed railway (HSR) bridges due to relative displacements at expansion joints, and this stress can cause derailment. The amplification of ground motion occurs as a result of site effects, and this is pronounced at the site of a soft surface soil layer and of a rigid surface soil layer over a soft one. As a result, the amplified ground motion leads to an amplified seismic response in HSR bridges. A change in bridge pier height affects the seismic behavior of the bridge. A HSR bridge with gravel ballast tracks will show different dynamic behavior during an earthquake than one with concrete ballast tracks. The seismic responses of HSR bridges and their CWR are analyzed considering the derailment-inducing factors.
Seismic Response Control of Adjacent Structures by Semi-Active Fuzzy Control of Magneto-Rheological Damper
Kim, Min-Seob ; Ok, Seung-Yong ; Park, Kwan-Soon ;
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 13, issue 3, 2009, Pages 39~50
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2009.13.3.039
In this paper, a method for reducing seismic responses of adjacent buildings is studied that involves connecting two buildings with energy-dissipating devices, such as MR dampers. For the vibration control of the adjacent buildings, a fuzzy control technique with semi-active MR dampers is proposed. A fuzzy controller, which can appropriately modulate the damping forces by controlling the input voltage in real time, is designed according to the proposed method. To verify the validity of the proposed method, numerical simulations are performed. In the numerical simulations, historical earthquake records with diverse frequency contents and different peak values are used. For the purpose of comparison, an uncontrolled system, a passive control system and a semi-active fuzzy control system are considered. The comparative results prove the effectiveness of the proposed control technique, i.e. the numerical results show that the fuzzy controlled semi-active MR dampers can effectively reduce the earthquake responses of the adjacent structures.
Seismic Characteristics of Hollow Rectangular Sectional Piers with Reduced Lateral Reinforcements
Sun, Chang-Ho ; Kim, Ick-Hyun ;
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 13, issue 3, 2009, Pages 51~65
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2009.13.3.051
The seismic design concept of RC bridges is to attain the proper ductility of piers, yielding a ductile failure mechanism. Therefore, seismic design force for moment is determined by introducing a response modification factor (R), and lateral reinforcements to confine core concrete are specified in the current design code. However, these design provisions have irrationality, which results in excessive amounts of lateral reinforcements for columns in Korea, which are generally designed with large sections. To improve on these provisions, a new design method based on seismic performance has been proposed. To apply this to hollow sectional columns, however, further investigations and improvements must be performed, due to the different seismic behaviors and confinement effects. In this study, hollow sectional columns with different lap-splice of longitudinal bars and lateral reinforcements have been tested. Seismic characteristics and performance were investigated quantitatively. These research results can be used to derive a performance-based design for hollow sectional columns.
Characteristics of Stress-strain Relationship of Concrete Confined by Lateral Reinforcement
Jeong, Hyeok-Chang ; Kim, Ick-Hyun ;
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 13, issue 3, 2009, Pages 67~80
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2009.13.3.067
The basic concept of seismic design is to attain the ductility required in a design earthquake. This ductility can be obtained by providing sufficient lateral confinements to the plastic hinge regions of columns. The most cost-effective design might be derived by determining the proper amount of lateral confinement using a stress-strain relationship for confined concrete. Korean bridge design code requires the same amount of lateral confinement regardless of target ductility, but Japanese design code provides the stress-strain relationship of the confined concrete to determine the amount of lateral confinement accordingly. While design based on material characteristics tends to make the design process more involved, it makes it possible to achieve cost-effectiveness, which is also compatible with the concept of performance-based design. In this study, specimens with different numbers of lateral confinements have been tested to investigate the characteristics of the stress-strain relationship. Test results were evaluated, using several empirical equations to quantify the effects.