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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 15, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
Optimal Design of a Linear Structural Control System Considering Loading Uncertainties
Park, Won-Suk ; Park, Kwan-Soon ;
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 15, issue 2, 2011, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2011.15.2.001
An optimal design method for a structural control system considering load variations due to their uncertain characteristics is studied in this paper. The conventional design problem for a control system generally deals with the optimization problem of a structural control system and interaction between the structure and the control device. This study deals with the optimization problem of a load-structure-control system and the more complicated interactions with each other. The problem of finding the load that maximizes the structural responses and the structural control system that minimizes the responses simultaneously is formulated as the min-max problem. In order to effectively obtain the optimal design variables, a co-evolutionary algorithm is adopted and, as a result, an optimal design procedure for the linear structural control system with uncertain dynamic characteristics is proposed. The example design and simulated results of an earthquake excited structure validates the proposed method.
Design Comparison of Totally Prefabricated Bridge Substructure Systems Designed by Present Design and LRFD Methods
Kim, Tae-Hoon ; Kim, Young-Jin ; Shin, Hyun-Mock ;
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 15, issue 2, 2011, Pages 11~22
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2011.15.2.011
The design comparison and nonlinear analysis of totally prefabricated bridge substructure systems are performed. The prefabricated bridge substructures are designed by the methods of present design and load and resistance factor design (LRFD). For the design, the current Korea Highway Bridge Code (KHBD), with DB-24 and DL-24 live loads, is used. This study evaluates the present design method of KHBD (2005) and AASHTO-LRFD (2007) for totally prefabricated bridge substructure systems. A computer program, named RCAHEST (Reinforced Concrete Analysis in Higher Evaluation System Technology), for the analysis of reinforced concrete structures, was used.
Seismic Performance Evaluation of a Cone-type Friction Pendulum Bearing System
Jeon, Bub-Gyu ; Chang, Sung-Jin ; Park, Kyung-Rock ; Kim, Nam-Sik ; Jung, Duk-Young ;
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 15, issue 2, 2011, Pages 23~33
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2011.15.2.023
In this study, a CFPBS (Cone-type Friction Pendulum Bearing System) was developed which controls the acceleration delivered to the structure to prevent damage and degradation of the critical communication equipment in case of an earthquake. The isolation performance of the CFPBS was evaluated by numerical analysis. The CFPBS was manufactured in the shape of a cone differenced from the existing FPS (Friction Pendulum System), and a pattern was engraved on the friction surface. The natural frequencies of the CFPBS were evaluated from a free-vibration test with the seismic isolator system consisting of four CFPBSs. In order to verify its earthquake-resistant performance, a numerical analysis program was created from the equation of the CFPBS induced from the equations of motion. A simplified theoretical equation of the CFPBS was proposed to manufacture the equipment which could demonstrate the necessary performance. Artificial seismic waves satisfying the maximum earthquake scale of the Korean Building Code-Structural (KBC-2005) were created and verified to review the earthquake-resistant performance of the CFPBS by numerical analysis. The superstructural mass of the CFPBS and skew angle of the friction surface were considered for numerical analysis with El Centro NS (1940), Kobe NS (1995) and artificial seismic waves. The CFPBS isolation performance evaluation was based on the results of numerical analysis and the executed comparative analysis between the results from numerical analysis and the simplified theoretical equation under the same conditions.
Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis of Circular Hollow Reinforced Concrete Columns Based on Design Variables
Cheon, Ju-Hyun ; Lee, Seung-Jin ; Lee, Byung-Ju ; Lee, Jae-Hoon ; Shin, Hyun-Mock ;
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 15, issue 2, 2011, Pages 35~42
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2011.15.2.035
The seismic design of solid reinforced concrete bridge columns has been committed to, based on accumulated research and design specifications. The rational confinement model and seismic performance evaluation, however, are insufficient because of the lack of domestic and foreign design specifications about the experimental and analytical difficulties in the case of circular hollow reinforced concrete columns. In this paper, the seismic behavior of circular hollow reinforced concrete columns and its dependence on design variables are understood and explained. These research results can be used to derive the rational and economical design specifications for circular hollow sectional columns based on the result from the nonlinear analysis program, named RCAHEST (Reinforced Concrete Analysis in Higher Evaluation System Technology).
Comparison of Methods for the Analysis Percentile of Seismic Hazards
Rhee, Hyun-Me ; Seo, Jung-Moon ; Kim, Min-Kyu ; Choi, In-Kil ;
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 15, issue 2, 2011, Pages 43~51
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2011.15.2.043
Probabilistic seismic hazard analysis (PSHA), which can effectively apply inevitable uncertainties in seismic data, considers a number of seismotectonic models and attenuation equations. The calculated hazard by PSHA is generally a value dependent on peak ground acceleration (PGA) and expresses the value as an annual exceedance probability. To represent the uncertainty range of a hazard which has occurred using various seismic data, a hazard curve figure shows both a mean curve and percentile curves (15, 50, and 85). The percentile performs an important role in that it indicates the uncertainty range of the calculated hazard, could be calculated using various methods by the relation of the weight and hazard. This study using the weight accumulation method, the weighted hazard method, the maximum likelihood method, and the moment method, has calculated the percentile of the computed hazard by PSHA on the Shinuljin 1, 2 site. The calculated percentile using the weight accumulation method, the weighted hazard method, and the maximum likelihood method, have similar trends and represent the range of all computed hazards by PSHA. The calculated percentile using the moment method effectively showed the range of hazards at the source which includes a site. This study suggests the moment method as effective percentile calculation method considering the almost same mean hazard for the seismotectonic model and a source which includes a site.
The Vibration Comfort Evaluation of the Shaking Table Mass Foundation
Choi, Hyoung-Suk ; Jung, Da-Jung ; Kim, Seong-Do ; Cheung, Jin-Hwan ;
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 15, issue 2, 2011, Pages 53~60
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2011.15.2.053
When designing building structures, dynamic serviceability is one of the most important items. Much research is being carried out on machine vibrations that affect inside residents and expensive equipment in the building structure. The vibration effect generally depends on the mass ratio, and an adequate mass ratio is determined by comparison with the serviceability limit according to the criteria. This study investigates the evaluation of vibration serviceability by using ISO 2631 to confirm the propriety of adequate mass ratios and it is verified that the application of a complicated FE model to model the real large shaking table facility with the mathematical model simulated as a SDOF system. The weighted RMS value is then compared with the comfort limit given by ISO 2631. As a result, the analysis of the numerical model is consistent with analysis of the FE model. Moreover, it is found that the adequate mass ratio of the concrete foundation and shake table, considering the self-weight of the real facility, should be less than 0.013. It is also confirm that the sample facility is satisfies the requirement of an adequate mass ratio.
Experimental and Analytical Study of the Dynamic Behavior of a Polyurethane Spring Restoring Disk Bearing
Park, Hyung-Ghee ; Lee, You-In ; Jung, Dae-Yu ;
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 15, issue 2, 2011, Pages 61~69
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2011.15.2.061
In this paper, the factors affecting the dynamic characteristics of a polyurethane spring restoring disk bearing are analysed to predict the dynamic behavior of the bearing. The prediction results and the test results are compared. The Young's modulus of the polyurethane spring, which varies according to strain of spring and the friction coefficient, of PTFE (PolyTetraFluoroEthylene), which varies according to the velocity and pressure of PTFE, are considered as the factors influencing the dynamic characteristics. W-PTFE virgin products are used and polyurethane springs are produced for the tests. The equation related to changing the friction coefficient and the modulus of elasticity are obtained through an inverse estimation of the test results. The estimation results, considering the factors affecting the dynamic characteristics, simulate the test results more appropriately than the estimation without the consideration of those factors.