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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 2, Issue 4 - Dec 1998
Volume 2, Issue 3 - Sep 1998
Volume 2, Issue 2 - Jun 1998
Volume 2, Issue 1 - Mar 1998
Selecting the target year
Estmation of Magnitude of Historical Earthquakes Considering Earthquake Characteristics and Aging of a House
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 2, issue 4, 1998, Pages 1~10
The magnitudes of historical earthquake records related with house collapses are estimated considering the magnitude, epicentral distance, soil condition and aging of a house. Eighteen artificial time histories for magnitudes 6-8, epicentral distances 5 km-350 km and hard and soft soil condition were generated. Nonlinear dynamic analyses were performed for a traditional three-bay-straw-roof house. The aging effect of the house was modeled as such that the lateral loading capacity of wooden frames represented by hysteretic stiffness was decreased linearly with time. The house was idealized by one degree-of-freedom lumped mass model and the nonlinear characteristics of wooden frames were modeled by the Modified Double-Target mode. For far field earthquakes, minor damages were identified regardless of magnitude, soil condition and aging of the house. For intermediate field earthquake, earthquake magnitude greater than 6.5 caused severe damages in soil sites. For near field earthquake, severe damages occurred for magnitude greater than 6.5 regardless of soil condition and aging of the house. It is estimated that the magnitude of historical earthquakes is about 6.2. An empirical equation of magnitude-intensity relationship suitable to Korea is suggested.
Dynamic Analysis of Axisymmetric Prestressed Shell Structures Subjected to Seismic Excitations
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 2, issue 4, 1998, Pages 11~22
An axisymmetric shell element which includes the effects of the meridional and circumferential cable prestresses is developed. It is coded for personal computer by the maximum use of axisymmetic properties and the dynamic analysis is performed under the seismic exitations. A ring element is used to fully utilize the characteristics of the axisymmetric shell. The eigenvalue solutions using 20 elements under the initial prestresses are in good agreement with the exact solutions. The results of the seismic analysis show that the radial deflection under the meridional prestress is a little larger than that under the circumferential prestress. The finite element model developed in this study can be very useful to the design applications.
Porewater Pressure Buildup Mode Induced in Near-field of Open-ended Pipe Pile during Earthquake and Sequake
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 2, issue 4, 1998, Pages 23~30
During an earthquake, there are three components of excitation : horizontal excitation of the ground, vertical excitation of the pile due to superstructure feedback produced by vertical excitation of the ground, and the seawater excitation by the vertical ground shaking, that is, "the seaquake." These excitations could have effects on the pore pressure buildup mode induced in the near-field of open-ended pile and the soil plugs in open-ended pipe piles installed at offshore sites. While the ground and pile excitation could be modeled by exciting the soil and pile with simulated motions, seaquake excitation induced by the vertical ground shaking can be modeled by pulsing the water pressure at the seabed. The objectives of this study were to observe buildup trend for the porewater pressures developed in near-field of open-ended pipe pile installed in the calibration chamber during the simulated earthquake and seaquake and, also to confirm the cause for reduction of soil plugging according to pore pressure buildup. During the simulated horizontal seismic motion, there was no upward flow through soil plug because the similar magnitude of excess porewater pressure were occurred at the top and under the toe of soil plug. During the horizontal seismic motion, relatively higher hydraulic gradients caused upward flow in the soil plug and then the degradation of plugging resistance was about 20%. During seaquake, in the case of the open-ended pile installed in a deep sea with more than 220m of water depth, soil plug failed completely because of high upward hydraulic gradients through soil plug.soil plug.
Evaluation of Lateral Load Resistance Capacity of a High-rise Shear Wall Apartment Based on Elasto-plastic Analaysis
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 2, issue 4, 1998, Pages 31~40
The purpose of this study is to investigate static elastoplastic behaviour and estimate ultimate resistance capacity of a high-rise apartment shear wall system subjected to a vertical distribution of lateral loading along the height. A typical 25-story two unit plan apartment is selected as a representive model. For the analysis, the pushover analysis is adopted to estimate initial elastic stiffness, post-yielding stiffness and story shear yield resistance level on each story of the structure through three-dimensional nonlinear analysis program-CANNY. In the result of elastoplastic analysis, it is observed that the yield strength of building structures is 1.6 times larger than required lateral design strength.
Geometric Analysis of Minor Faults and Paleostress Reconstruction around the Dongnae Fault
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 2, issue 4, 1998, Pages 41~52
The Dongnae Fault in the southeastern part of the Korean Peninsular is not a single fault but a complex fault zone composed of numerous minor faults. In order to deduce the paleostress tensor evolving the Dongnae Fault, we measured 329 faults in outcrops around the fault zone and analyzed the geometries of them. Most of them are steeply dipping(>65˚) and fall into three groups striking N10E, N30E and N70E. More than one half of them show the rakes less than 30˚ Paleostress tensor analysis using the collected fault data has been conducted with the Angelier's direct inversion method and the Choi's method. As result, four different principal paleostress axes each of which subtends an independent tectonic event are found. They are; (1) NNE-SSW compression and ESE-WNW extension (Event I), (2) NNE-SSW extension (Event II), (3) ESE-WNW extension (Event III) and (4) ENE-WSW compression and NNW-SSE extension (Event IV) in chronology. Therefore, the tectonic movement around the Dongnae Fault was firstly governed by strike-slip faulting related to Event I. Afterward, normal faults were formed by Event II and Event III. Finally, the dextral strike-slip faults along the major trace of the Dongnae Fault were formed in NNE direction related to Event IV.
Experimental Evaluation of Seismic Performance of Laminated Elastomeric Bearing and Lead-Rubber Bearing
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 2, issue 4, 1998, Pages 53~62
Experimental studies for the laminated elastomeric bearing and the lead-rubber bearing, those are often used to improve the seismic capacity of the structures recently, are conducted to evaluate the seismic capacity of the bearings. The shear stiffness of the bearings decreases as the shear strain amplitude or the constant axial load level increases, but not sensitive to the strain rates effect. Bearings are strong for the axial compression but weak for the axial tension.
Micro-vibration Control in Concrete Slabs
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 2, issue 4, 1998, Pages 63~72
This study is to develop a technique for micro-vibration analysis and control of concrete slabs to fulfil the vibration criteria for working environments. The proposed technique is for determining the unknown forces from accelerance of two concerned points and the micro-vibration analysis and control of concrete slabs are then validated by numerical model and structural tests. And it is recommended that the natural frequency of structures for micro-vibration control design should be above 25 Hz~30 Hz, and 1.5 times forcing frequency in case of 3~5% structural damping ratio of concrete structures.
Performance Experiments and Analysis of Nonlinear Behavior for HDRB using in Seismic Isolation
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 2, issue 4, 1998, Pages 73~86
The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the shear stiffness, hysteretic behavior, and ultimate behavior of HDRB(High Damping Rubber Bearing), which will be included in the seismic isolation design guideline as requirements. To do this, two 1/8 scaled HDRB are designed, fabricated, and tested to show the mechanical characteristics. The shear stiffness obtained from the proposed equation of the shear stiffness shows a good agreement with those of the experiments. For analysis of the hysteretic behavior of HDRB using the modified rate model, the parameter equations are obtained from the experiments. Using the obtained parameter equations for the modified rate model, the seismic response analyses are carried out for 1-D system. The results of analysis well follow the hysteretic behavior of HDRB obtained from the experiments. To evaluate the ultimate behavior of HDRB used in this paper, the analyses are carried out using the modified macro model, which can consider the large shear deflection. The critical shear strain(CSS) is defined to express the maximum allowable shear strain and vertical load. From the analyses, the CSS, showing the instability, decreases significantly as increased the vertical loads. The CSS is not appeared for the design vertical load in the used HDRB. In analysis using about 5 times of design vertical load, the HDRB start to show the instability transient and for about 7 times, the CSS is about 350%.
Vibration Control for Building Structures usign Active Mass Driver(I) : System Design
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 2, issue 4, 1998, Pages 87~94
Increasing flexibility and lightness of recently built high-rise buildings make the structures susceptible to loads such as earthquakes and winds. Therefore, higher performance vibration control systems to reduce the vibration levels are demanded more than any time in the past. One of the typical active vibration control systems is the active mass driver (AMD). In this paper, an active vibration control system consisting of small shaking table, building model, sensors, signal processing board and AMD is constructed. The dynamic characteristics of these individual systems are investigated through the experimental study. The performance of the active vibration control system is verified through the El Centro earthquake(1940,NS) on the building model.
Vibration Control for Building Structures using Active Mass Driver (II) : Shaking -Table Test
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 2, issue 4, 1998, Pages 95~102
The Control of Vertical Vibration of Building Slabs using Tuned Mass Dampers
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 2, issue 4, 1998, Pages 103~114
The floors of building structures equipped with vibrating machines can be susceptible to large vibration as a result of resonance or beating. Such a vibration can be reduced efficiently by using tuned mass dampers. However, the effectiveness of the damper depends greatly on the location and the natural frequency of the damper. To determine the optimum damper location is especially important since the dynamic behavior of a building structure varies with the location of the input loading. To this end, it is intended to decide the location and natural frequency of tuned mass dampers for reducing vibration of both loaded floors and floors located nearby the loaded floors considering the location and frequency components of the loading. The Vector composition method and the super elements are used th obtain the responses in steady states, and the optimum damper location and natural frequencies were found with the given damper mass.
Cyclic Seismic Performance of High-Strength Bolted-Steel Beam Splice
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 2, issue 4, 1998, Pages 115~122
This paper presents the cyclic seismic performance of slip-critically designed, high-strength bolted-beam splice in steel moment frames. Before the moment connection reaching its ultimate plastic strength, unexpected premature slippage occurred at the slip-critically designed beam splice during the test. The experimentally observed frictional coefficients were as low as about 50% to 60% of nominal(code) value. Nevertheless, the bearing type behavior mobilized after the slippage transferred the increasing cyclic loads successfully, i.e., the consequence of slippage into bearing was not catastrophic to the connection behavior. The test result seems to indicate that the traditional beam splice design basing upon(bolt-hole deducted) effective flange area criterion may not be sufficient in developing the plastic strength of moment connections under severe earthquake loading. New procedure for achieving slip-critical beam splice design is proposed based on capacity design concept.
Engineering Evaluation of Seismic Sity Coefficient in the Korean Bridge Code
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 2, issue 4, 1998, Pages 123~134
Design Methods of the Longitudinal Motion-Limiting Devices in Multi-Span Continuous Bridges
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 2, issue 4, 1998, Pages 145~154
The motion-limiting devices can be used for reducing the maximum and residual displacements of the multi-span continuous bridges with inelastic elements such as isolation bearings and plastic hinges formed in piers. For the design of motion-limiting device, the nonlinear time history analysis is required. But the time history analysis is time consuming and very complex. This study suggests the simple design procedure of the motion-limiting devices using the equivalent elastic analysis method and the acceleration-displacement spectrum concept. The suggested design procedure can be used very effectively for determining the location and gap size of the motion-limiting devices.
Seismic Evaluation of the Existing RC Piers
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 2, issue 4, 1998, Pages 155~168
In this paper, the structural properties of the existing reinforced concrete(RC) piers are surveyed and the major factors influencing the member strength and deformation capacity are identified. Also a seismic evaluation procedure of RC piers is presented. The factors controlling the member strength are the applied axial load, the reinforcement ratio and yield strength of longitudinal rebar for flexural strength, and the transverse reinforcement for shear strength. Member deformation capacity largely depends on transverse reinforcement ratio and anchor detail, and splice location of longitudinal reinforcement. The above structural detail should be investigated for the detail seismic evaluation of RC piers. The most of existing RC piers have inadequate transverse reinforcement anchor details and the splices of longitudinal reinforcement in the pier bottom where plastic hinges are formed after yielding. Therefore the deformation capacity is not enough for the ductile flexural behavior of the RC piers. The presented evaluation procedure can be used for the rational decisions as to seismic retrofitting of the existing RC piers.
The Estimation of the Floor Vibration in Structure for Application of Response Spectrum Analysis Method
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 2, issue 4, 1998, Pages 169~178
In general, the response spectrum analysis method is widely used for seismic analysis of building structures, and the time history analysis is applied for computation of structural vibration caused by equipments, machines and moving loads, etc. However, compared with the response spectrum analysis method, the time history method is very complex, difficult and time consuming. In this study, the maximum responses for the vertical vibration are calculated conveniently by the response spectrum method. At first, Response spectrum and time history analysis for some earthquake excitations are carried out, and the accuracy of maximum displacements obtained from response spectrum analysis is investigated. Secondly, the process for the response spectrum analysis in excitation is calculated, and the maximum modal responses are combined by CQC method. Finally, results of the proposed method are compared with those of the time history analysis.
Response Analysis and crack Pattern Evaluation of Two Story Masonry Structure under the seismic Load
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 2, issue 4, 1998, Pages 179~190
All brick masonry buildings are constructed without any structural limitation under earthquake load, in Korea. However, it is necessary to evaluate response for seismic loads since the number of earthquake occurances in Korea is increasing. In this paper, the load resisting capacities of brick masonry buildings are investigated by finite element analysis method and the response due to seismic load are analyzed by applying 0.12g earthquake load. It was observed that the two story masonry building is not safe under the 0.12g earthquake load, especially at the first floor. The cracks were occurred under the bond beam and around the openings due to the stress concentration.
System dentification of Apartment Buildings with Wall-Slab configuration using Modal Analysis
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 2, issue 4, 1998, Pages 191~197
This paper described the dynamic characteristics of 20-story apartment buildings from the results of full-scale measurements and analysis. The natural frequencies and mode shapes are quantified by measuring and analyzing ambient vibrations of the structure and compared with the results from dynamic analysis. Comparison with computed mode shapes and frequencies shows good agreement with the experimental results. It proved that it is important to estimate coupling beam and soil parameters through a comparison of the measured results with calculated results.