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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 4 - Dec 1999
Volume 3, Issue 3 - Sep 1999
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
Selecting the target year
Earthquake Resistant Performance of a High-rise Shear Wall Apartment Based on Nonlinear Time History Response Analysis
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 1, 1999, Pages 1~8
Dynamic elastoplastic LPM (lumped parameter mass) analyses are carried out in order to investigate the seismic resistant performance of a typical high-rise shear wall apartment subjected to several earthquakes. Three-dimensional nonlinear pushover analysis is adopted to estimate initial elastic stiffness, yielding strength and post-yielding stiffness of each story for the time history analysis of LPM shear model. For the hysteresis of each story, Clough and bilinear models are used with the input of four recorded earthquake ground motions of EI Centro 1940 NS, Taft 1952 EW, Hachinohe 1968 NS and Kobe 1995 NS, of which the amplitudes are scaled down to have the same maximum ground velocity of 12 kine. The result shows that yieldings take place in most storys of the building, i.e. the earthquake resistant capacity of this high-rise shear wall apartment is not sufficient at the event of earthquake M=5~6.
Analysis of Flexural Vibration of Rhombic Plates with Combinations Clamped and Free Boundary Conditions Including the Effect of Corner Stress Singularities
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 1, 1999, Pages 9~20
An accurate method is presented for flexural vibrations of rhombic plates having all combinations of clamped and free edge conditions. The prime focus here is that the analysis explicitly considers the bending stress singularities that occur in the two opposite, clamped-free corners having obtuse angles of the rhombic plates. Accurate non-dimensional frequencies and normalized contours of the vibratory transverse displacement are presented for rhombic plates having a large enough obtuse angle of 165
, so that a significant influence of clamped-free corner stress singularities may be understood.
Development of Attenuation Equations of ground Motions in the Southern Part of the Korean Peninsula
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 1, 1999, Pages 21~28
The objective of the study is to develop attenuation equations of the ground motions in the southern part of the Korean peninsula. The earthquake source characteristics and the medium properties were estimated from available instrumental earthquake records and used as input parameters. The peak ground accelerations(PGA) and pseudo-velocity response spectra(PSV) were simulated by the random vibration theory. The attenuation equations for the PGA and PSV were constructed in terms of local magnitudes and hypocentral distances.
Structural Effect Evaluation of an Apartment Building Due to the Water Tank under Earthquake Load
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 1, 1999, Pages 29~40
High-rise building for dwelling has many factors to be considered in structural aspects. In particular, the higher the building, the bigger the lateral loads such as wind and earthquake due to its dynamic characteristics. Unlike the wind load, the earthquake load, even if the shape of the structures are similar, depends on structural characteristics and it is difficult to predict. For an apartment building, the water tank in the penthouse, due to its heavy weight, changes the behavior of a building when the earthquake occurs. The purpose of this study is to determine how the water tank affects the behavior of an apartment building when earthquake occurs. Dynamic analysis was accomplished on two cases - 1) water tank is considered 2) water tank is not considered - to understand how it affects the behavior of a high-rise apartment building. Structural design was accomplished to understand how the water tank and the peak acceleration affects each structural member. The effect of the water tank on the response of structure was large. Elsewhere the water tank has no effect on the design of a strutural member. However some structural members were affected when the peak acceleration of an earthquake is 0.4g.
Free Vibration Analysis of Thin-walled Curved Beams with Unsymmetric Cross-section
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 1, 1999, Pages 41~54
For free vibration of non-symmetric thin-walled circular arches including restrained warping effect, the elastic strain and kinetic energy is derived by introducing displacement fields of circular arches in which all displacement parameters are defined at the centroid axis. The cubic Hermitian polynomials are utilized as shape functions for development of the curved thin-walled beam element having eight degrees of freedom. Analytical solution for in-plane free vibration behaviors of simply supported thin-walled curved beams with monosymmetric cross-sections is newly derived. Also, a finite element formulation using two noded curved beams element is presented by evaluating elastic stiffness and mass matrices. In order to illustrate the accuracy and practical usefulness of this study, analytical and numerical solutions for free vibration of circular arches are presented and compared with solutions analyzed by the straight beam element and the ABAQUS's shell element.
Material and Geometrical Noninear Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Columns under Cyclic Loading
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 1, 1999, Pages 55~66
This paper presents an analytical prediction of the hysteresis behavior of reinforced concrete long column with rectangular section under the cyclic loading state. The mechanical characteristic of cracked concrete and reinforcing bar in concrete has been modeled, considering the bond effect between reinforcing bar and concrete, the effect of aggregate interlocking at crack surface and the stiffness degradation after the crack has taken place. The strength increase of concrete due to the lateral confining reinforcement has been also taken into account to model the confined concrete. The formulation of these models for concrete and reinforcing bar has been based on the smeared crack concept that the stress-strain relationship of reinforced concrete element would be defined using the average values. In addition to the material nonlinear properties, the algorithm for large displacement problem that may give an additional deformation has been formulated using total Lagrangian formulation. The analytically predicted behavior was compared with test result and they showed good agreement in overall behavior.
Q Estimates Using the Coda Waves in the Kyeongsang Basin
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 1, 1999, Pages 67~74
In this study, coda Q has been determined by the single scattering model in the Kyeongsang Basin region using the decay of the amplitudes of coda waves on bandpass-filtered seismograms of local microearthquakes in the frequency range 1.5~18 Hz. Reported frequency dependence of Q is of the form
. Considering a model incorporating both scattering and intrinsic attenuation, and assuming that the attenuation is entirely due to the scattering loss, the minimum mean free paths are about 51~56 km and the coefficients of inelastic attenuation(
) are between 0.0093 and 0.0098 were found. Earthquake-station paths pass through the fault zone show high attenuation and strong frequency dependency compared to other ones.
Seismic Design and Analysis of Seismically Isolated KALIMER Reactor Structures
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 1, 1999, Pages 75~92
In this paper, the seismic analysis model for seismically isolated KALIMER reactor structures is developed and the modal analysis and the seismic time history analysis are carried out for seismic isolation and non-isolation cases. To check the seismic stress limit according to the ASME Code, the equivalent seismic stress analyses are preformed using the 3-D finite element model. From the seismic stress analysis, the seismic margins are calculated for structural members. The limit of seismic load is defined to show that the maximum input acceleration ensures the structural safety for seismic load. In comparison of seismic responses between seismic isolation and non-isolation cases, the seismic isolation design gives significantly reduced acceleration responses and relative displacements between structures. The seismic margin of KALIMER reactor structure is high enough to produce the limit seismic load 0.8g.
An Evaluation for Vertical Structural Members Compensated during Design Process and These Compensated during Construction of High-rise Building under Seismic Load
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 1, 1999, Pages 93~102
Increased height of buildings causes severe shortening of vertical structural members due to the accumulated axial load. It not only decreases the serviceability of a structure but also affects significantly the stability of a structure itself due to the secondary stress. The main purpose of estimating the shortening of vertical structural members is to compensate the differential shortening of adjacent members. This paper presents the comparison of stresses between the vertical structural members compensated during construction process and these compensated during design process under the seismic load and represents that the precise compensation of vertical structural members is important.
Estimation of Pump Induced Vibration Force by Frequency Response Function
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 1, 1999, Pages 103~112
This is study to estimate the pump induced vibration in time and frequency domain by frequency response function between two points in case of 20Hp and 50Hp centrifugal pumps. The frequency response function has real and imaginary information of signals, and response function has also real and imaginary information. So the vibration force can be obtained from the response function and frequency response function by complex calculation. And it is compared with the theoretically estimated values and it is suggested that the amplitude of vibration with main frequency is about 10~25% of pump and motor weight, and the magnitude of unbalanced mass is about 30~60% of pump and motor weight to estimated vibration force in time domain. There are the other kinds of vibration components with different frequency values of 2~3 times of its main frequency, and these kinds of information are used to control the tuning ratio between operating frequency of pump and structural frequency of concrete slab.
Effect of the Soft Soil Layer on the Vertical Response of a Structure Excited with the Vertical Component of Earthquakes
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 1, 1999, Pages 113~122
The importance of the vertical response of a structure was well recognized after the Hyogoken-Nanbu earthquake of Japan. However, most of the seismic design codes does not specified the site sail profiles, and the sail and foundations conditions were mostly neglected in the vertical seismic analyses of a structure. In this paper, the effects of foundation size, sail layer depth under the foundation, foundation embedment and pile foundation on the vertical seismic response spectra for both surface and embedded mat foundation were studied to investigate the effects of the soft soil layer on the vertical response of a structure excited with the vertical components of Taft and El Centro earthquakes, considering the sail profile types of
in UBC-97, the medium and large size foundations, the soil layer depth under the foundation of 30 and 60m, the foundation embedment of 0 and 15m, and the precast reinforced concrete bearing piles installed in the soft soil deposit. According to the study results, the foundation size has a little effect on the vertical seismic response, However, the soil layer depth under the foundation of 60m has to be considered for the vertical seismic analysis of a structure as for the horizontal one. The embedded pile foundations as well as the surface ones built on the soft soil layer amplified the vertical seismic response of a structure very much.
Seismic Response Analysis of Dam-Reservoir System Using Transmitting Boundary
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 1, 1999, Pages 123~132
One of the major difficulties in the seismic analysis of a dam-reservoir system is the treatment of the energy radiation in the upstream direction of the reservoir. In the paper, a new transmitting boundary is presented that can model properly the radiation of energy in the far field direction of a semi-infinite reservoir with constant depth. In the newly developed method, effects of surface wave motion are taken into accounted and the reservoir-foundation interaction is approximately accounted for with an absorbing boundary condition. If a dam has vertical upstream face and the infinitely long reservoir maintains constant depth, then the proposed transmitting boundary can be directly coupled with the model of dam body. In present study, the dam body is assumed to behave elastically and modeled by finite element method. Seismic responses of a dam model are investigated using the newly developed transmitting boundary.