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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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Journal DOI :
Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 4 - Dec 1999
Volume 3, Issue 3 - Sep 1999
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
Selecting the target year
Evaluation of Site Specific Ground Response
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 4, 1999, Pages 1~10
Free-field ground motion during earthquake is significantly affected by the local site conditions and it is essential for the seismic design to perform the site specific ground response analysis. In this paper, the procedures of site specific ground response analysis were suggested based on the Korean seismic guideline and the review of state of the art technologies. The concept of ground response analysis was introduced, and the techniques of obtaining soil data for one dimensional equivalent linear analysis which include site investigation planning, field and laboratory testing techniques, deformational characteristics of soils at small to large strains, and site characterization techniques combining field and laboratory test results, were suggested. Finally, the case study was performed at Inchon area following the suggested procedure.
Vertical Distribution of Seismic Load Considering Dynamic Characteristics of Based Isolated Building Structures
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 4, 1999, Pages 11~22
In this study, the validity of the currently used seismic regulations for seismic isolated building structures is investigated, and a new formula for vertical distribution of seismic load is proposed. The distribution formula in UBC-91 did not provide sufficient safety, and thus revised in 1994. However it is pointed out that the revised formula overestimates the seismic load because of its similarity to that of the fixed-base structure. Therefore, in the proposed approach, it is intended to satisfy safety, economy, and applicability by combining the mode shapes of the seismic isolated structure idealized as two degrees of freedom system and those of fixed-base structure. For verification of the proposed formula, both a moment resisting frame and a shear wall system are analyzed. The results obtained from the proposed method turn out to be close to the results from a dynamic analysis.
Behavior of Steel Beam Connections under Cyclic Loading
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 4, 1999, Pages 23~32
Behavior of H-beam connections under cyclic loadings is investigated experimentally in this study. The purpose of this study is to study the effect of steel properties and coping shape on the hysteretic behavior of H-beam connections. Five beam-to-column connection specimens were fabricated and tested under cyclic loadings. The load-rotation curves of the beam connections were mainly obtained. Deformation capacity and energy dissipation capacity of the connections are compared each other. The connections fabricated from SS400 showed good deformability and energy dissipation capacity, but those from SM490 showed brittle fracture at the connection. The coping shape at the connections showed a little difference in cyclic behavior.
Finite Element Analysis for the Failure Mode of Welded Flange-Bolted Web Connection
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 4, 1999, Pages 33~46
In spite of 6.8 magnitude and the neighborhood of the epicenter, the steel moment frame survived after Northridge earthquake without collapse or casualties. However, following investigation revealed that there were severe damages at the column-weld interface of welded flange-bolted web (WFBW) steel moment connection, which was believed to be economic and safe from earthquakes based on experience and past tests. In this paper, this unexpected brittle fracture of the steel moment connection is explored using linear elastic fracture mechanics and post-Northridge tests. A method to predict the brittle fracture strength of the steel moment connection is proposed. Using this method, the failure mode of the WFBW connection and reduced beam section (RBS) connection are presented.
Experimental Study of System Identification for Seismic Response of Building Structure
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 4, 1999, Pages 47~60
The stability and efficiency of structural control systems depend on the accuracy of mathematical model of the system to be controlled. In this study, state equation models of a small scale test structure and an AMD(active mass damper) are obtained separately using OKID(observer/Kalman filter identification) which is a time domain system identification method. The test structure with each floor acceleration as outputs is identified for two inputs - the ground acceleration and the acceleration of the moving mass of AMD relative to the installation floor - individually and the two identified state equation models are integrated into one by model reduction method. The AMD is identified with the motor control signal as an input and the relative acceleration of the moving mass as an output, and it is shown that the identified model has large damping ratio and phase shift. The transfer functions and the time histories reconstructed from the identified models of the test model and the AMD match well with those measured from the experiment.
An Experiemetal Study for Improvement of Seismic Performance of Steel Beam-to-Column Connections
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 4, 1999, Pages 61~70
Cracking was observed in beam-to-column connections of many steel building frames during the 1994 Northridge and 1995 Kobe earthquakes. Thus extensive experimental researches are currently being conducted to improve the seismic performance of steel frames. A value of 0.015 radian was considered as a reasonable estimate of beam plastic rotation demand in steel moment-resisting frames subjected to severe earthquakes. The objective of this research is to develop a type of connection detail which moves the plastic hinge region in the beam away from the face of the column and can prevent cracking at the welded flange of the beam-to-column connection under seismic loading. An experimental investigation was undertaken on five beam-to-column connection specimens to study the performance of the connections with proposed details. The experiemental results showed that the flexural strength and rotational ductility of the beam connections were adequate for the seismic resistance steel frames to prevent possible cracks at the connections.
Dynamic Analysis of Prestressed Liquid Storage Tanks Considering Fluid Effect
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 4, 1999, Pages 71~82
An axisymmetric shell element which includes the effects of the meridional and circumferential cable prestresses is developed. The fluid-structure interaction is expressed as added mass effect which is in proportion to the acceleration of the structure in interface surface. The added mass is obtained by using finite element method under the assumption that the fluid is invicid, incompressible and irrotational. It is coded for personal computer by the maximum use of axisymmetic properties and the dynamic analysis are performed under seismic exitations. A ring element makes the characteristics of the axisymmetric shell to be fully utilized. The elgenvalue solutons under the initial prestresses and the internal fluid are well agreed with the exact solutions and references by using under 20 elements. The eigenvalues are decreased along the increasing the height of internal fluid and these effects are dominant under the lower wave numbers. The results of the seismic analysis show that the radial deflection under the meridional prestress is a little larger than that under the circumferential prestress.
Seismic Response of Exterior Beam-Column Subassemblies Using Normal and High-Strength Materials
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 4, 1999, Pages 83~94
High-strength concrete has demonstrated characteristics of both increased strength and enhanced durability; hence its use has become more and more widespread. But, due to the lack of experimental evidance on the seismic performance of frame members constructed with high-strength concrete, the current codes of their design provisions are based on normal concrete test. The purpose of this study is to compare the response of the high-strength concrete beam-column-slab subassemblies with the response of a normal-strength concrete specimens. Four assemblies
with 2/3 scale were designed and tested to investigate seismic behavior.
Measurements o Elastic Moduli of Rock Cores Using Free-Free Resonacne Tests
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 4, 1999, Pages 95~100
Dynamic measurements are used rather sparingly to determine the elastic modull of rock cores and modulus values are not much utilized in design practice. The reason seems to result from the general perception that values obtained by dynamic measurement are much higher (about 10 times) than those determined statically. This paper presents results from dynamic and static tests on rock cores. The findings are: 1) elastic modull can be consistently determined by laboratory seismic testing. 2) nonlinear deformation characteristics of rock cores was tentatively proposed with variation in elastic modulus with strain.