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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 6 - Dec 2001
Volume 5, Issue 5 - Oct 2001
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Aug 2001
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Jun 2001
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Apr 2001
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
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Equivalent Linear Stiffness Matrix of Pile Foundation for the Seismic Response Analysis of Bridges
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 3, 2001, Pages 1~8
Seismic design forces for bridge components may be determined by modifying elastic member forces of design earthquakes using appropriate response modification factors according to the national design code of bridges Modeling technique of pile foundation system is one of the important parameters which greatly affects the results in the process of the elastic seismic analysis of a bridge system with pile foundation. In this paper, a approximate and simplified modeling technique of a pile foundation system for the practical purposes is presented. The modeling technique is based on the stiffnesses of pile foundation during earthquake. The horizontal stiffnesses are determined from the resistance-deflection curves derived from the results of dynamic field tests using cyclic loads and the vertical stiffness includes the effects of the end bearing capacities and side friction of piles as well as the pile compliances under the expected vertical load level. The applicability of the proposed technique has been validated through the some example bridge analyses.
Earthquake Damage Assessment of Lifelines and Utilities
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 3, 2001, Pages 9~17
This paper focuses on the earthquake hazard delineation and physical loss estimation for lifelines and utilities. Emphasis is given to geographic information systems(GIS) and their application to pipeline networks in evaluating the spatial characteristics of earthquake effects. The paper examines the GIS databases for water supply performance obtained for the 1994 northridge. Relationships among buried lifeline damage and various seismic parameters are examined, and the parameters that are statistically most significant are identified. Using GIS data from the Northridge earthquake, the relationships among pipeline repair rate, type of pipe, diameter, and various seismic parameters are assessed.
Seismic Responses of Wall-Slab Apartment Building Structures Built on the Soft Soil Layer Considering the Stiffnesses of a Foundation-Soil System
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 3, 2001, Pages 19~27
In this seismic analyses of structures, it is well recognized that the effects of soil-structure interaction can not be ignored and seismic responses of a structure taking into account the stiffnesses of a foundation-soil system show the significant difference from those with a rigid base. However, current seismic analyses of apartment building structures were carried out with the rigid base ignoring the characteristics of the foundation and the properties of the underlying soil. In this study, seismic analyses of wall-slob type apartment buildings which have a particular structural type were carried out taking into account the soft soil layer comparing seismic response spectra of a flexible base with those of a rigid base and UBC-97. Low-rise or middle height wall-slab type apartment buildings built on the deep soft soil layer showed a rigid body motion with the reduced seismic responses due to the base isolation effect, indicating that it is considerably safe but uneconomical to utilize the design spectra of UB-97 for the seismic design of wall-slab type apartment buildings due to conservative design.
Seismic Performance Evaluation of Circular RC Bridge Piers with Shear-Flexure Behavior
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 3, 2001, Pages 29~36
Same as-built drawings in national roadway bridges in Korea were examined. As a result, many bridge piers were found whose aspect ratios are in the vicinity of 2.5. These columns are expected to do shear-flexure behaviour, but the previous research works considered flexure behaviour columns only. In the study, therefore, a shear-flexure behaviour column was selected as the model pier, and quasi static test on the full and 1/2 scale models was carried out. From the test results, the scale effect on the seismic performance evaluation was analyzed, and the seismic performance of the model bridge pier without seismic details was evaluated by the capacity spectrum method.
Comparative Seismic Evaluation of Structures by Energy Absorption Efficiency
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 3, 2001, Pages 37~43
The energy concept has been extended to compare the hysteretic performance between various structural systems. As a result, the energy absorption efficiency is defined as the cumulative energy absorption capacity of a structural system normalized by that of the elasto-perfectly plastic system as a benchmark for comparisons. For this, the construction of energy curves from the experimental results obtained by cyclic loading tests is required. Using the proposed procedure, structures differing from each other in geometry, material and construction can be relatively and objectively compared for seismic performance. Also the beauty of this method is in its irrelevance to the structural failure mode. The proposed procedure was validated by application to the experimental results of two different specimens.
Optimal Design of Viscoelastic Dampers and Support Braces
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 3, 2001, Pages 45~55
The purpose of this paper is to present the optimal design method of viscoelastic dampers and support brace stiffnesses. The dynamics of visco-elastic dampers and support braces connected in series is modeled by state equation. A constraint on maximum story drifts which are computed using RMS\`s of story drifts and peak factors is added to the optimization problem. The number of variables is reduced by including the constraint associated with the dynamic behavior of the structure in the procedure to compute the gradient of the inequality equation about constraint on the maximum story drifts. In the design example, it is confirmed that the design of dampers considering support brace stiffnesses is necessary when sufficient brace stiffnesses cannot be supplied. It is also found that unnecessary brace stiffnesses can be removed by adding brace stiffnesses to optimal design variables and that the increase of damper volumes to compensate for the variation of maximum story drifts is pretty small.
Dynamic Nonlinear Analysis of Stiffened Shell Structures
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 3, 2001, Pages 57~64
For the dynamic nonlinear analysis of stiffened plate and shell structures, total Lagrangian formulation is presented based upon the degenerated shell element considering finite rotation effects. Assumed strain concept is adopted in order to overcome shear locking phenomena and to eliminate spurious zero energy mode. In the elasto-plastic analysis, the return mapping algorithm based on the consistent elasto-plastic tangent modulus is applied to collapse analysis of shell structures. Newmark integration method is used for dynamic nonlinear analysis of shell structures under dynamic forces.
An Experimental Study on Seismic Damage Indicator Considering Cumulative Absolute Velocity Concept
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 3, 2001, Pages 65~71
The nuclear power plant(NPP) should be shut down for inspection and tests prior to a return to power if the earthquake exceeds the operating basis earthquake(OBE). The OBE at the plant is considered to have been exceeded if the computed cumulative absolute velocity(CAV) from the earthquake record is greater than 0.16g-sec. However, the CAV criterion should be determined considering the seismic and structural characteristics of the plant. An experimental study using shaking table is conducted in this study to evaluate intensity of CAV criterion. Appropriate level of CAV is evaluated based on the test results using the developed seismic damage indicator(SDI) model. The model consists of stacked acrylic cylinders and is developed to behave consistently for each directional seismic load. The result of the experimental study in dicates that the CAV criterion of 0.16g-sec is conservative enough to be applied to Korean NPPs since the CAV value of the seismic input motion of the Korean standard NPPs ranges from 0.3 to 0.5 g-sec. The developed SDI is expected to be useful not only in easily determining OBE exceedance but also in evaluating earthquake damage quantitatively to provide guidelines for better post-shutdown inspection and test.
Sliding Mode Control with Target Variation Rate of Lyapunov Function for Seismic-Excited Structures
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 3, 2001, Pages 73~78
This paper presents sliding mode control(SMC) method using target variation rate of Lyapunov Function. SMC keeps the response of structure in sliding surface where structure is stable. It can design both linear controller and bang-bang controller. Linear control of previous research, however, can not make most of the performance of controller, because it is designed to satisfy the condition that the variation rate of Lyapunov function is minus. Also, in case of bang-bang controller, unnecessary large control force is generated. Presented method can utilize the capacity of controller efficiently by prescribing the target variation rate of Lyapunov function. Numerical simulation results indicate that the presented control methods can reduce the peak response larger than linear control, and it has control performance equivalent to bang-bang control.
Equivalent Strut Model for Seismic Design of Steel Moment Connections Reinforced with Ribs
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 3, 2001, Pages 79~85
This paper presents an equivalent strut model for seismic design of steel moment connections reinforced with ribs. It is shown from the finite element analysis results that the force transfer mechanism in the rib connections is completely different from that predicted by the classical beam theory and a clear strut action in the ribs does exist. By treating the rib as a strut, an equivalent strut model that could be used as the basis of a practical design procedure is proposed.