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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 6 - Dec 2001
Volume 5, Issue 5 - Oct 2001
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Aug 2001
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Jun 2001
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Apr 2001
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
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Mechanical Characterization of Lead-Rubber Bearing by Horizontal Shear Tests
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 6, 2001, Pages 1~10
In this study, the horizontal loading tests of 10ton and 200ton capacity of LRB(lead-rubber bearing) were performed for the evaluation of the dynamic properties of the LRB. It is noted from the test results that dynamic properties of the LRB are dependent on the loading frequency, vertical load and shear strain. A Slender bearing subjected to large deformation will tend to develop plastic hinges in the end regions of the lead plug which will cause the failure of the lead plug. It is recommended that the appropriate mechanical properties of LRB considering the level of structural response and input ground motion should be used in the design of base isolated structures.
A Study on the Ductility of Concrete-Filled Composite Columns under Cyclic Loading
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 6, 2001, Pages 11~19
A series of test on concrete-filled composite columns was preformed to evaluate structural performance under axial compression and cyclic lateral loading. It was presented that concrete-filled composite columns had high strength, high stiffness and large energy-absorption capacity on account of mutual confinement between the steel plate and filled-in concrete. A cross section analysis procedure developed to predict the moment-curvature relation of composite columns was proven to be on accurate and effective method. The ductility factor and the response modification factor were evaluated for the seismic design of concrete-filled composite columns. It was shown that concrete-filled composite columns could be used as a very efficient earthquake-resistant structural member.
Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Shells Using Layered Elements with Drilling DOF
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 6, 2001, Pages 21~27
In this paper, a nonlinear finite element procedure is presented for the dynamic analysis of reinforced concrete shells. A computer program, named RCAHEST(reinforced concrete analysis in higher evaluation system technology), for the analysis of reinforced concrete structures was used. A 4-node flat shell element will drilling rotational stiffness is used for spatial discretization. The layered approach is used to discretize behavior of concrete and reinforcement through the thickness. Material nonlinearity is taken into account by comprising tensile, compressive and shear models of cracked concrete and a model of reinforcing steel. The smeared crack approach is incorporated. Solution of the equations of motion is obtained by numerical integration using Hilber-Hughes-Taylor(HHT) algorithm. The proposed numerical method for the nonlinear dynamic analysis of reinforced concrete shells is verified by comparison with reliable analytical results.
A Study on the Evaluation of Soil Nonlinear Characteristics by Seismic Recorded Data at Downhole Array
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 6, 2001, Pages 29~35
The soil-structure interaction(SSI) analysis is essential to soil site where shear wave velocity is less than 1,050 m/sec and soil nonlinear characteristics for this kind of soil site have to be considered in SSI analysis. In order to consider soil nonlinear characteristics in the SSI analysis, simple and reliable soil nonlinear evaluation technique with seismic recorded data at downhole array is proposed in this study. The SSI analysis is carried out in order to prove the reliability of the proposed evaluation technique with Hualien large scale seismic test(HLSST) site in Taiwan. The analytical result are compared with Hualien earthquake recorded data and the analytical results with SHAKE program which is prevailed at present. As a result, the proposed evaluation technique shows a good agreement with both the Hualien earthquake recorded data and the analytical result with SHAKE program and the reliability and usefulness are confirmed.
Optimal Design of Linear Quadratic Regulator Restrict Maximum Responses of Building Structures Subject to Stochastic Excitation
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 6, 2001, Pages 37~46
In this research, a controller design method based on optimization is proposed that can satisfy constraints on maximum responses of building structures subject to around excitation modeled by partially stochastic process. The class of controllers to be optimized is restricted to LQR. Weighting matrix on controlled outputs is used as design variable. Objective function, constraint functions and their gradients are computed by the parameterization of control gain with Riccati matrix. Full state feedback controllers designed by proposed optimization method satisfy various design objectives and their necessary maximum control forces are computed for the production of actuator. LQG controllers composed of Kalman filter and LQR designed by proposed method perform well with little deterioration. So it is possible to design output feedback controllers satisfying constraints on various maximum responses of structures.
Design of Unbend Braces to Satisfy Given Performance Acceptance Criteria
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 6, 2001, Pages 47~54
Unbond brace hysteretic dampers are generally used to prevent or decrease structural damage in building structures subjected to strong earthquake by its energy dissipating hysteretic behavior. In the study, a straightforward design procedure for unbond brace hysteretic dampers was developed. The required amount of equivalent damping to satisfy given performance acceptance criteria was obtained conveniently based on the capacity spectrum method without carrying out time-consuming nonlinear dynamic time history analysis. Then the size of the unbond braces is determined from the required equivalent damping. Parametric study has been performed for the design variables such as natural period, yield strength, the stiffness after the first yield stress of the unbond brace. The procedure was applied to 5-story and 10-story steel frames for verification of the proposed method. According to the earthquake time history analysis results, the maximum displacement of the model structure with unbond braces supplied in accordance with the proposed method corresponds well with the given target displacement.
Random Vibration Analysis of Nonlinear Stochastic System under Earthquake Using Statistical Method
Moon, Byung-Young ; Kang, Gyung-Ju ; Kang, Beom-Soo ;
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 6, 2001, Pages 55~64
Industrial machines are sometimes exposed to the danger of earthquake. In the design of a mechanical system, this factor should be accounted for from the viewpoint of reliability to analyze a complex nonlinear structure system under random excitation is proposed. First, the actual random excitation, such as earthquake, is approximated to the corresponding Gaussian process for the statistical analysis. The modal equations of overall system are expanded sequentially. Then, the perturbed equations are synthesized into the overall system and solved in probabilistic way. Several statistical properties of a random process that are of interest in random vibration are evaluated in each substructure. Comparing with the results of the numerical simulation proved the efficiency of the proposed method.
Evaluation of Nonlinear Seismic Performance Using Equivalent Responses of Multistory Building Structures
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 6, 2001, Pages 65~76
Determination of ductility demand and prediction of nonlinear seismic responses of a structure under the earthquake ground motions have become a very important subject for evaluation of seismic performance in the performance based seismic design. In this study, the system ductility demand and nonlinear seismic responses of the steel moment framed structures by the nonlinear time history analysis are estimated and compared with those obtained from the capacity spectrum method suggested in ATC-40 and proposed method that is an improvement on the capacity spectrum method using the equivalent responses derived directly from a multi degree of freedom system. the adequacy and validity of the proposed method is verified by comparing the results evaluated by the method proposed in this study and the results obtained from method suggested in ATC-40 to the nonlinear seismic responses of the example structures from the nonlinear time history analysis