Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 7, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 7, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
Mathematical Theorem of Mode Acceleration Method
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 7, issue 2, 2003, Pages 1~7
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2003.7.2.001
Mode superposition method(MSM) is the most commonly used for solving linear response problems of structural dynamics. The major advantage of MSM is that usually a small number of lower mode is sufficient to analysis the response. However, the convergence is slow and many modes would be needed to give an accurate MSM in large structure with many degrees of freedom. The inaccuracies of MSM are caused by mode truncation in the solution. These demerits can be overcome by use of the mode acceleration method(MAM). Example analyses are carried out in simple beam subjected to harmonic loadings and compared the convergence of the joint displacements by the two methods. For relatively low frequency loadings, a good results was obtained by the lowest one mode in MAM, so the method is more economic in numerical analysis on an accurate solution.
Nonlinear Seismic Analysis Method of Reinforced Concrete Buildings Including Their Pile Foundations
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 7, issue 2, 2003, Pages 9~20
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2003.7.2.009
At present, the information on the foundation-structure interaction is lacking. As a result, the seismic performance evaluation of buildings seldom considers the effect of the foundation performance on the building responses. Recent earthquakes such as the 1993 Hokkaido Nansei-oki Earthquake(M
Finite Element Analysis for Evaluation of Viscous and Eccentricity Effects on Fluid Added Mass and Damping
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 7, issue 2, 2003, Pages 21~27
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2003.7.2.021
In general, simple fluid added mass method is used for the seismic and vibration analysis of the immersed structure to consider the fluid-structure interaction effect. Actually, the structural response of the immersed structure can be affected by both the fluid added mass and damping caused by the fluid viscosity. These variables appeared as a consistent matrix form with the coupling terms. In this paper, finite element formula for the inviscid fluid case and viscous fluid case are derived from the linearized Navier Stoke`s equations. Using the finite element program developed in this paper, the analyses of fluid added mass and damping for the hexagon core structure of the liquid metal reactor are carried out to investigate the effect of fluid viscosity with variation of the fluid gap and Reynolds number. From the analysis results, it is verified that the viscosity significantly affects the fluid added mass and damping as the fluid gap size decrease. From the analysis results of eccentricity effect on the fluid added mass and damping of the concentric cylinders, the fluid added mass increase as the eccentricity increases, however the fluid damping increases only when the eccentricity is very severe.
Energy Demand in Steel Structures with Buckling Restrained Braces
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 7, issue 2, 2003, Pages 29~37
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2003.7.2.029
In this study, a story-wise distribution of hysteretic energy in steel moment resisting framse(MRF), buckling restrained braced frames(BRBF), and hinge-connected framed structures with buckling restrained braces(HBRBF) subjected to various earthquake ground excitations was investigated. Sixty earthquake ground motions recorded in different soil conditions were used to compute the energy demand in model structure. According to analysis results, the hysteretic energy in MRF and BRBF turned out to be the maximum at the base and monotonically diminishes with increasing height. However the story-wise distribution of hysteretic energy in HBRBF was relatively uniform over the height of the structure. In this case damage is not concentrated in a single story, and therefore it is considered to be more desirable than other systems. The story-wise energy distribution pattern under three different soil types turned out to be approximately the same.
Statistical Study of Ductility Factors for Elastic Perfectly Plastic SDOF Systems
Kang, Cheol-Kyu ; Choi, Byong-Jeong ;
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 7, issue 2, 2003, Pages 39~48
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2003.7.2.039
This paper present a summary of the results of statistical study of the ductility factor which is key component of response modification factor(R). To compute the ductility factor, a group of 1,860 ground motions recorded from various earthquake was considered. Based on the local site conditions at the recording station, ground motions were classified into four groups according to average shear wave velocity. Inleastic spectrum were computed for elastic perfectly plastic SDOF systems undergoing different level of inelastic deformation and period. Ductility factors were calculated by deviding elastic response spectrum by inelastic response spectrum. The influence f displacement ductility ratio, site condition, magnitude and epicentral distance on ductility factors were studied. The coefficient of variation was computed to evaluated the dispersion of ductility factors as the defined ratio of the standard deviation to the mean.
Vibration Control of Steel-Frame Structures by a Linear Motor Damper
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 7, issue 2, 2003, Pages 49~58
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2003.7.2.049
The linear motor has not only no backlash and less friction, resulting in very high accuracy, but also mechanical simplicity, higher reliability, and longer lifetime. In this study, a large-capacity hybrid mass damper using linear motor principle has been developed to suppress vibration of large structures. It is designated linear motor damper in this paper. The LMD has been designed to be able to move the auxiliary damper mass of 155kg up to
250mm stroke. A series of performance tests for LMD control system with
robust controller have been carried out on the full-scale steel frame structure. Through the performance tests, it is confirmed that vibration response levels are reduced down 10dB for the first and second modes of the test structure.
Basic Study of the Hysteresis of a Nano Shock Absorbing Damper by Employing Mixed Lyophobic Coating Silica Gel
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 7, issue 2, 2003, Pages 59~66
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2003.7.2.059
A novel application of nano-technology in the field of engineering, called colloidal damper, is investigated. This device is complementary to the hydraulic damper, having a cylinder-piston construction. Particularly for colloidal damper, the hydraulic oil is replacedby a colloidal suspension, which is consisted from a nano-porous matrix with controlled architecture and a lyophobic fluid. In this experimental work, the porous matrix is composed from silica gel, with labyrinth architecture, coated by organo-silicones substances in order to achieve a hydrophobic surface. Water is considered as associated lyophobic fluid. The colloidal damper test rig and the measuring technique of the hysteresis are described. the influence of the hydrophobicity level upon the colloidal damper hysteresis is investigated, for silica gels with similar pores distribution. A certain desired shape of the hysteresis can be achieved by employing mixture of silica gels with different level of hydrophobicity and/or architecture. With these results, it is believed that the proposed damper can be designed and be applied to the desired structure.
Seismic Performance Evaluation of Reinforced Concrete Bridge Columns under Varying Axial Force
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 7, issue 2, 2003, Pages 67~73
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2003.7.2.067
The purpose of this study is to evaluate seismic performance of reinforced concrete bridge columns under varying axial force. A computer program, named RCAHEST(reinforced concrete analysis in higher evaluation system technology), for the analysis for reinforced concrete structures was used. Material nonlinearity is taken into account by comprising tensile, compressive and shear models of cracked concrete and a model of reinforcing steel. The smeared crack approach is incorporated. In boundary plane at which each member with different thickness is connected, local discontinuity in deformation due to the abrupt change in their stiffness can be taken into account by introducing interface element. The effect of number of load reversals with the same displacement amplitude has been also taken into account to model the reinforcing steel and concrete. The proposed numerical method for seismic performance evaluation of reinforced concrete bridge columns under varying axial force is verified by comparison with reliable experimental results
Reliability of Nonlinear Direct Spectrum Method with Mixed Building Structures
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 7, issue 2, 2003, Pages 75~84
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2003.7.2.075
Most structures are expected to deform beyond the limit of linearly elastic behavior when subjected to strong ground motion. Seismic evaluation of structure requires an estimation of the structural performance in terms of displacement demand imposed by earthquakes on the structure. The nonlinear response history analysis(NRHA) among various nonlinear analysis methods is the most accurate to compute seismic performance of structures, but it is time-consuming and necessitate more efforts. The nonlinear approximate methods, which is more practical and reliable tools for predicting seismic behavior of structures, are extensively studied. Among them, the capacity spectrum method(CSM) is conceptually simple, but the iterative procedure is time-consuming and may sometimes lead to no solution or multiple solutions. This paper considers a nonlinear direct spectrum method(NDSM) to evaluate seismic performance of mixed building structures without iterative computations, given dynamic property T from stiffness skeleton curve and nonlinear pseudo acceleration
/g and/or ductility ratio
from response spectrum. The nonlinear response history analysis has been performed and analyzed with various earthquakes for estimation of reliability and practicality of NDSM with mixed building structures.
Vibration Powered Generator System for Stand-Alone Health Monitoring Sensor Unit
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 7, issue 2, 2003, Pages 85~92
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2003.7.2.085
This paper presents an electric power generating system for stand-alone health monitoring sensor unit of bridge structure based on ambient vibration of bridge. In this paper, a novel electric power generator which has minimum effect of armature reaction is proposed. The related mechanical and electrical design equations are obtained, and a pilot generator has been implemented. In addition, the charging system for extremely low generator current is discussed, and some improvements are identified for the system. This investigation reveals that diode characteristics of rectifier is dominant factor in the charging process. Finally, both the simulation, which uses real measurement data of the Namhae bridge as input of the pilot generator, and indoor test are carried out. The results showed the applicability and effectiveness of the stand-alone vibration powered generator.
A Model for Seismic Reliability Assessment of Electric Power Transmission Network System
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 7, issue 2, 2003, Pages 93~102
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2003.7.2.093
A technique for the seismic reliability evaluation of electric power transmission network system(EPTS) was developed to evaluate reliability indices corresponding to the whole network system and to each node within. A network model with nodes and links for EPTS was established, and a seismic substation fragility curve obtained from seismic fragilities of power system facilities was derived. A point source model, the doubly truncated Gutenberg-Richter relationship, and earthquake intensity attenuation formula was applied to simulate seismic events. Using Monte-Carlo simulation method, the seismic reliability of EPTS was evaluated and, it appeared that seismic effect on EPTS of korea has to be considered.