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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 7, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 7, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
The Evaluation of Seismic Performance on the Concrete Dam of Analysis Method
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 7, issue 5, 2003, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2003.7.5.001
The seismic design of the domestic concrete dams has done by seismic coefficient method considering inertia force, but this method has defect not reflect dynamic properties, as a conservative design method. Therefore, it is necessary for seismic design of dam to consider dynamic properties. Also, concrete dam evaluation of seismic performance has done by seismic coefficient method - in fact, it may done by dynamic analysis - that has many problems when applied to the domestic criteria. This study make a comparative analysis for result from seismic design and evaluation of seismic performance by seismic coefficient method, modified seismic coefficient method, and dynamic analysis method.
Double Integration of Measured Acceleration Record using the Concept of Modified Wavelet Transform
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 7, issue 5, 2003, Pages 11~17
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2003.7.5.011
It is well known that the double integration of measured acceleration records is one of the most difficult signal processing, particularly in the measurements on civil engineering structures, The measured accelerations of civil engineering structures are usually non-stationary and contain non-gaussian low-frequency noises, which can be significant causes of numerical instabilities in double Integration, For the de-noising of this kind of signals, wavelet transform can be very effective because of its inherent processing features for non-stationary signals, In this paper, the de-noising algorithm for the double integration is proposed using the modified wavelet transform, which is extended version of ordinary wavelet transform to process non-gaussian and low-frequency noises, using the median filter concept, The example studies show that the integration can be improved by the proposed method.
A source and phase identification study of the 10 December 2002 Cheolwon, Korea, earthquake of M
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 7, issue 5, 2003, Pages 19~24
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2003.7.5.019
We analysed seismic phases recorded by the 10 December 2002 Cheolwon, Korea, earthquake of
3.6 and obtained source parameters such as hypocenter, origin time, earthquake magnitude. Velocity and acceleration records used in this study are from the KMA and KIGAM seismic networks. Due to the location of the epicenter in the north of the DMZ(Demilitarized Zone), direct Pg phases were recorded only at five stations in the area south of DMZ. Identification of refracted Pn phase as the first arrival is difficult in most stations. Therefore, the hypocenter determined by existing routine methods could be affected by a large error. In order to avoid the possibility of the problem, we employed a method of seismic phase analysis developed by Kim et al.. The direct, refracted, and reflected P and S phases were successfully identified using the method together with the travel time curve data. In order to improve the accuracy in determination of the hypocenter and origin time, we included PmP and SmS phases in the analysis in addition to the phases such as Pg, Pn, Sg and Sn. The epicenter, depth, and origin time of the Cheolwon earthquake determined based on data of 11 stations within 200km from the epicenter are
E, 12.0km, and 7:42:51.4(local time), respectively. The average value of the local magnitude based on the Richter's definition from all the stations is 3.6 in
. This magnitude is smaller by 0.2 and 0.5 compared with magnitudes determined by KMA and KIGAM, respectively.
Behavior of Solid and Hollow Rectangular RC Piers with 50% of Lap-Spliced Longitudinal Bars
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 7, issue 5, 2003, Pages 25~35
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2003.7.5.025
Scale model tests were performed to investigate the seismic behavior of the solid and hollow rectangular RC piers with 50% of lap-spliced longitudinal bars in plastic hinge regions. Continuous bars and lap-spliced ones with a lap length of 39 times the bar diameter were arranged alternately in the sections. In order to clarify the influence of lap splice on a ductility the effect of axial force and lateral confinement were excluded in the test. The typical flexural failure conducting a ductile behavior were observed in both models. It is confirmed that the 50% of lap-spliced bars can be considered as an alternative of seismic detailing for longitudinal bars.
Proposition of Improved Semi-Analytical Relationship considering Response Characteristics of Buried Pipeline
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 7, issue 5, 2003, Pages 37~46
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2003.7.5.037
Response analysis of buried pipeline subjected to permanent ground deformation(PGD) due to liquefaction is mainly executed by use of numerical analysis or semi-analytical relationship, Especially for the semi-analytical relationship considering transverse PGD, it has somewhat limited applicability : since it has different formula according to the width of PGD and does not reflect various patterns of PGD which is caused by the decrease of soil stiffness, Therefore, in this study, the applicability of existing analytical relationship is closely investigated through the comparison of FEM results at first. And then, based on meaningful contemplation, improved analytical relationship is proposed. The proposed one models the system behavior of buried pipeline as the combination of cable and beam, and thus it is applicable to arbitrary width of PGD, Moreover, it does reflect various patterns of PGD by introducing interaction pattern coefficient. Through the comparison of numerical results using the FEM and the proposed analytical relationship, rational applicability is objectively verified and noticeable considerations are discussed, Moreover, analyses considering the change of PGD magnitude and patterns are performed.
A Modified Parallel Iwan Model for Cyclic Hardening Behavior of Sand(I) : Model Development
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 7, issue 5, 2003, Pages 47~56
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2003.7.5.047
In this paper, the cyclic soil behavior model. which can accommodate the cyclic hardening, was developed by modifying the original parallel IWAN model. In order to consider the irrecoverable plastic strain of soil. the cyclic threshold strain, above which the backbone curve deviates from the original curve, was defined and the accumulated strain was determined by summation of the strains above the cyclic threshold in the stress-strain curve with applying Masing rule on unloading and reloading curves. The isotropic hardening elements are attached to the original parallel IWAN model and the slip stresses in the isotropic hardening elements are shown to increase according to the hardening functions. The hardening functions have a single parameter to account for the cyclic hardening and are defined by the symmetric limit cyclic loading test in forms of accumulated shear strain. The model development procedures are included in this paper and the verifications of developed model are discussed in the companion paper.
A Modified Parallel Iwan Model for Cyclic Hardening Behavior of Sand(II) : Verification
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 7, issue 5, 2003, Pages 57~66
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2003.7.5.057
In order to verify the applicability of the developed modified parallel IWAN model. two types of cyclic torsional shear tests were performed using Kum-Kang and Toyoura sands. One was a symmetric-limit loading test and the other was an irregular loading test. Model parameters were derived from the symmetric limit loading tests at various relative densities and confining pressures. The modified parallel IWAN model can predict the cyclic hardening behavior of sands very well as increasing loading cycles in the symmetric-limit tests. Irregular loading tests were performed using the loading shape suggested by Pyke(1979). Cyclic behaviors under irregular loading were simulated using model parameters derived from symmetric limit loading test results of similar loading conditions. The predicted cyclic hardening behaviors under irregular loading matched well with experimental results and the applicability of the proposed model was verified.
Seismic Capacity Evaluation of Bridge Structure using Capacity Spectrum Method
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 7, issue 5, 2003, Pages 67~73
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2003.7.5.067
The present seismic analysis of Road-Bridge Design Standard is on a basis of load-based analysis which lets structures have the strength over load. In this study, the capacity spectrum method, a kind of displacement based method, which is evaluated by displacement of structure, is presented as an alternative to the analysis method based on load. Seismic capacity is performed about the existing reinforced concrete pier which has already secured seismic design by capacity spectrum method. As a result. capacity spectrum method could realistically evaluate the non-elastic behavior of structures easily and quickly and the displacement of structures for variable ground motion level. And it could efficiently apply to an evaluation of seismic capacity about the existing structure and a verification of design for capacity target of the new structure.
Developing Fragility Curves for Concrete Bridges Retrofitted with Steel Jacketing
Kim, Sang-Hoon ;
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 7, issue 5, 2003, Pages 75~83
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2003.7.5.075
The ultimate goal of this research is to improve highway system performance in earthquakes by evaluating the effectiveness of retrofitting bridges with column jacketing. The objective of the study is to determine if steel jacketing increases the ductility capacity of bridge columns and hence improves the fragility characteristics of the bridge. Analytical fragility curves are used to adjust the empirical fragility curves obtained for the unretrofitted bridges using seismic damage data collected following past earthquakes. The adjustment was carried out by increasing the median values of the empirical curves through comparison with the median values of the corresponding fragility curves obtained analytically, both before and after being retrofit.
Performance Evaluation of TMD and TLCD for Earthquake-Induced Response Control
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 7, issue 5, 2003, Pages 85~91
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2003.7.5.085
TLCD is a good alternative to TMD for control of structures because of its cost efficiency, ease of installation, little maintenance requirement, potential for multiple usage, and ease of re-tuning. In this study, the control performances of TMD and TLCD are evaluated and compared for seismically excited structures. Results show that TLCD is more effective than TMD for interstory drift control while TLCD is as effective as TMD for acceleration control. In special. it is shown that interstory drifts are maximally controlled in lower floors and accelerations are reduced most in upper floors. This indicates that TLCD is an effective controller for earthquake-induced structures in terms of structural safety as well as serviceability.
Integrated Optimal Design of Hybrid Structural Control System using Multi-Stage Goal Programming Technique
Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea, volume 7, issue 5, 2003, Pages 93~102
DOI : 10.5000/EESK.2003.7.5.093
An optimal design method for hybrid structural control system of building structures subject to earthquake excitation is presented in this paper. Designing a hybrid structural control system may be defined as a process that optimizes the capacities and configuration of passive and active control systems as well as structural members. The optimal design proceeds by formulating the optimization problem via a multi-stage goal programming technique and, then, by finding reasonable solution to the optimization problem by means of a goal-updating genetic algorithm. In the multi-stage goal programming, design targets(or goals) are at first selected too correspond too several stages and the objective function is th n defined as the sum of the normalized distances between these design goals and each of the physical values, that is, the inter-story drifts and the capacities of the control system. Finally, the goal-updating genetic algorithm searches for optimal solutions satisfying each stage of design goals and, if a solution exists, the levels of design goals are consecutively updated to approach the global optimal solution closest too the higher level of desired goals. The process of the integrated optimization design is illustrated by a numerical simulation of a nine-story building structure subject to earthquake excitation. The effectiveness of the proposed method is demonstrated by comparing the optimally designed results with those of a hybrid structural control system where structural members, passive and active control systems are uniformly distributed.