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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of International Society for Simulation Surgery
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Journal DOI :
International Society for Simulation Surgery
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Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Dec 2014
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Jul 2014
Selecting the target year
Measurement of Orbit using Standardized Processing of CT Scan
Kim, Yong Oock ;
Journal of International Society for Simulation Surgery, volume 1, issue 1, 2014, Pages 7~12
DOI : 10.18204/JISSiS.2014.1.1.007
Purpose Surgical correction of various occular problems which do not have visual problem in plastic surgical area is to normalize the appearance of the face by restoring the normal position of orbit and eyeball. With development of surgical technique, the orbit can be restored exactly in trauma patient and can be moved totally in hypertelorism, as an example of congenital disease. All these surgeries are based on the hypothesis that the position of oclular glove moves in the plane in a quantitatively predictable reationship to osseous orbit movement. However, no studies have critically evaluated between the change of periorbital soft tissue and the outcome of the surgical correction, because there is no method of objective, quantitave evaluation of the periorbital soft tissue. Method Author suggest the methodology for quantitative assessment of ocular and periocular fat changes using the manipulation of digital images of computed tomographic scan. Results The method was allowed to evaluate inter-dacryon distance, inter-centroid distance, movement of the medial orbital wall, movement of the lateral orbital wall, alteration of thickness of the lateral periorbital fat as indicator of movement of the orbital wall and orbit in the patient with congenital periorbital anomaly and postoperative periorbital surgery. The goal of surgical correction of various occular problems which do not have visual problem in plastic surgical area is to normalize the appearance of the face by restoring the normal position of orbit and eyeball. With development of surgical technique, the orbit can be restored exactly in trauma patient and can be moved totally in hypertelorism, as an example of congenital disease. All these sugeries are based on the hypothesis that the position of oclular glove moves in the plane in a quantitatively predictable relationship to osseous orbit movement. However, no studies have critically evaluated between the change of periorbital soft tissue and the outcome of the surgical correction, because there is no method of objective, quantitave evaluation of the periorbital soft tissue. In this report, author suggest the methodology for quantitative assessment of ocular and periocular fat changes using the manipulation of digital images of computed tomographic scan. Conclusion The method suggested is objective and accurate method in measurement of the orbital contents. It takes time and is not easy to do, however, this kind of measurement for fine structures will be more easily available in near future.
The Manufacture of Custom Made 3D Titanium Implant for Skull Reconstruction
Cho, Hyung Rok ; Yun, In Sik ; Shim, Kyu Won ; Roh, Tai Suk ; Kim, Yong Oock ;
Journal of International Society for Simulation Surgery, volume 1, issue 1, 2014, Pages 13~15
DOI : 10.18204/JISSiS.2014.1.1.013
Nowadays, with advanced 3D printing techniques, the custom-made implant can be manufactured for the patient. Especially in skull reconstruction, it is difficult to design the implant due to complicated geometry. In large defect, an autograft is inappropriate to cover the defect due to donor morbidity. We present the process of manufacturing the 3D custom-made implant for skull reconstruction. There was one patient with skull defect repaired using custom-made 3D titanium implant in the plastic and reconstructive surgery department. The patient had defect of the left parieto-temporal area after craniectomy due to traumatic subdural hematoma. Custom-made 3D titanium implants were manufactured by Medyssey Co., Ltd. using 3D CT data, Mimics software and an EBM (Electron Beam Melting) machine. The engineer and surgeon reviewed several different designs and simulated a mock surgery on 3D skull model. During the operation, the custom-made implant was fit to the defect properly without dead space. The operative site healed without any specific complications. In skull reconstruction, autograft has been the treatment of choice. However, it is not always available and depends on the size of defect and donor morbidity. As 3D printing technique has been advanced, it is useful to manufacture custom-made implant for skull reconstruction.
Application of 3D Simulation Surgery to Orbital Wall Fracture : A preliminary Case Study
Choi, Jong-Woo ;
Journal of International Society for Simulation Surgery, volume 1, issue 1, 2014, Pages 16~18
DOI : 10.18204/JISSiS.2014.1.1.016
The orbit has a very special anatomical structure. The complex anatomical structure should be restored when we encounter the patient with orbital wall fracture. Unless these specific anatomy were reconstructed well, the patient should suffer from various complications such enophthalmos, diplopia or orbital deformity. In addition, because the patient has a his own specific orbital shape, individualized approach will be necessary. The aim of this trial is to try to restore the original orbit anatomy as possible based on the mirrored three dimensional CT images based on the computer simulation. Preoperative computed tomography (CT) data were processed for the patient and a rapid prototyping (RP) model was produced. At the same time, the uninjured side was mirrored and superimposed onto the traumatized side, to create a mirror-image of the RP model. In order to restore the missing skipped images between the cuts of CT data because of the thinness of the orbital walls, we manipulated the DICOM data for imaging the original orbital contour using the preoperatively manufactured mirror-image of the RP model. And we fabricated Titanium-Medpor to reconstruct three-dimensional orbital structure intraoperatively. This prefabricated Titanium-Medpor was then inserted onto the defected orbital wall and fixed. Three dimensional approach based on the computer simulation turned out to be very successful in this patient. Individualized approach for each patient could be an ideal way to manage the traumatic patients in near future.
Three-dimensional Reconstruction of the Knee for Ligament Reconstruction
Kim, Sung-Hwan ; Ha, Seung-Joo ;
Journal of International Society for Simulation Surgery, volume 1, issue 1, 2014, Pages 19~22
DOI : 10.18204/JISSiS.2014.1.1.019
As computer technology develops and this is applied to medical image field, three dimensional image reconstruction technology using computer simulation is utilized in various categories that include anatomical study and biomechanics study of human body. Especially orthopedic surgeons are able to investigate biomechanical function and be provided information for operations with this technology in terms of ligament reconstruction of knee. And this technology can be utilized in preparing preoperative planning and instructions and training. This review is about three dimensional image reconstruction technology which is utilized in ligament reconstruction of knee.
Application of 3D Simulation Surgery to Orthognathic Aurgery : A Preliminary Case Study
Lim, Jung-Hwan ; Kim, Hyun-Young ; Jung, Young-Soo ; Jung, Hwi-Dong ;
Journal of International Society for Simulation Surgery, volume 1, issue 1, 2014, Pages 23~26
DOI : 10.18204/JISSiS.2014.1.1.023
The aim of this report is to evaluate accuracy using3D surgical simulationand digitally printedwafer in orthognathic surgery. 22-year-old female was diagnosed with mandibular prognathism and apertognathia based on 3D diagnosis using CT. Digital dentition images were taken by laser scanning from dental cast, and each STL images were integrated into one virtual skull using simulation software. Digitalized intermediate wafer was manufactured using CAD/CAM software and 3D printer, and used to move maxillary segment in real patient. Constructed virtual skull from 1 month postoperative CT scan was superimposedinto simulated virtual model to reveal accuracy. Almost maxillo-mandibular landmarks were placed in simulated position within 1 mm differences except right coronoid process. Thus 3D diagnosis, surgical simulation, and digitalized wafer could be useful method to orthognathic surgery in terms of accuracy.
Segmentation and 3D Visualization of Medical Image : An Overview
Kang, Jiwoo ; Kim, Doyoung ; Lee, Sanghoon ;
Journal of International Society for Simulation Surgery, volume 1, issue 1, 2014, Pages 27~31
DOI : 10.18204/JISSiS.2014.1.1.027
In this paper, an overview of segmentation and 3D visualization methods are presented. Commonly, the two kinds of methods are used to visualize organs and vessels into 3D from medical images such as CT(A) and MRI - Direct Volume Rendering (DVR) and Iso-surface Rendering (IR). DVR can be applied directly to a volume. It directly penetrates through the volume while it determines which voxels are visualizedbased on a transfer function. On the other hand, IR requires a series of processes such as segmentation, polygonization and visualization. To extract a region of interest (ROI) from the medical volume image via the segmentation, some regions of an object and a background are required, which are typically obtained from the user. To visualize the extracted regions, the boundary points of the regions should be polygonized. In other words, the boundary surface composed of polygons such as a triangle and a rectangle should be required to visualize the regions into 3D because illumination effects, which makes the object shaded and seen in 3D, cannot be applied directly to the points.
Maxillary Reconstruction with Free Fibular Flap using 3D RP Model
Ahn, Kang-Min ; Kim, Jong-Jin ;
Journal of International Society for Simulation Surgery, volume 1, issue 1, 2014, Pages 32~36
DOI : 10.18204/JISSiS.2014.1.1.032
Reconstruction of the maxilla is quite a difficult challenge for reconstructive surgeons. The maxilla is the most important part of the midface, which contributes to facial esthetics, mastication, swallowing, speech, supporting orbital contents and sinus function. Free fibular flap is most versatile to reconstruct jaw bone because of its adequate length, containing both soft and bony tissues and acceptance of dental implants. In this case report, a reconstruction of the maxilla using free fibular flap and dental implants is described in which rapid prototype was used before surgery to simulate the final prosthetic results.
Automatic Liver Segmentation on Abdominal Contrast-enhanced CT Images for the Pre-surgery Planning of Living Donor Liver Transplantation
Jang, Yujin ; Hong, Helen ; Chung, Jin Wook ;
Journal of International Society for Simulation Surgery, volume 1, issue 1, 2014, Pages 37~40
DOI : 10.18204/JISSiS.2014.1.1.037
Purpose For living donor liver transplantation, liver segmentation is difficult due to the variability of its shape across patients and similarity of the density of neighbor organs such as heart, stomach, kidney, and spleen. In this paper, we propose an automatic segmentation of the liver using multi-planar anatomy and deformable surface model in portal phase of abdominal contrast-enhanced CT images. Method Our method is composed of four main steps. First, the optimal liver volume is extracted by positional information of pelvis and rib and by separating lungs and heart from CT images. Second, anisotropic diffusing filtering and adaptive thresholding are used to segment the initial liver volume. Third, morphological opening and connected component labeling are applied to multiple planes for removing neighbor organs. Finally, deformable surface model and probability summation map are performed to refine a posterior liver surface and missing left robe in previous step. Results All experimental datasets were acquired on ten living donors using a SIEMENS CT system. Each image had a matrix size of
pixels with in-plane resolutions ranging from 0.54 to 0.70 mm. The slice spacing was 2.0 mm and the number of images per scan ranged from 136 to 229. For accuracy evaluation, the average symmetric surface distance (ASD) and the volume overlap error (VE) between automatic segmentation and manual segmentation by two radiologists are calculated. The ASD was
for manual1 versus automatic and
for manual2 versus automatic while that of inter-radiologists was
. The VE was
for manual1 versus automatic and
for manaual2 versus automatic while that of inter-radiologist was
. Conclusion Our method can be used for the liver volumetry for the pre-surgery planning of living donor liver transplantation.
Preoperative CT Navigation of Perigastric Vessel Anatomy for Gastrectomy
Baek, Song-Ee ; Hyung, Woo Jin ; Lim, Joon Seok ;
Journal of International Society for Simulation Surgery, volume 1, issue 1, 2014, Pages 41~44
DOI : 10.18204/JISSiS.2014.1.1.041
The aim of this report is showing the case that we could give exact navigation of perigastric vessels for gastrectomy with 3D CTA. A 74-year-old male patient visited hospital with gastric cancer. Early gastric cancer, type IIb was found at stomach antrum great curvature side. Before surgery, he underwent 3D CT angiography. 3D volume rendering images and MIP images were made by post processing. He had replaced Lt. hepatic artery arising from Lt. gastric artery. Surgeon could get patient's specific vascular anatomy before surgery including surgically relevant anatomical distance and direction and could finish gastrectomy within 4 hours and just 53ml blood loss.