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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute for Structural Maintenance Inspection
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Nov 2011
Volume 15, Issue 5 - Sep 2011
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Jul 2011
Volume 15, Issue 3 - May 2011
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Mar 2011
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jan 2011
Selecting the target year
Behavior of Soft Ground Throughout Mock-up Test Using Low Self Weight Banking Method
Kim, Sang Chel ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 15, issue 6, 2011, Pages 85~91
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2011.15.6.085
This study aims at evaluating feasibility of Bottom ash-mixed Foam Cement Banking(BFCB) Method on the enhancement of soft soil, which is developed to reduce self-weight of banking by applying bottom ash and foam. to cement slurry. In order to measure the behavior of soil when BFCB layer was covered to soft ground, a testing equipment for mock-up test was fabricated and phased loads were applied up to measurement of yielding and ultimate strengths as well as movement of ground particles. In addition, these measured values such as settlement and heaving were compared with ones of surface-hardening method prevailing on soil improvement. As the result through mock-up test, BFCB showed lower values of ground deformation, while wider range of deformation was observed in compare to the other method. And settlement and heaving were measured lower, which implies the method developed is very effective to applicability of soft ground.
Evaluation of Flexural Strength for UHPC Deck Joints with Lap-Spliced Reinforced Steel Bar
Hwang, Hoon Hee ; Yeo, In Soo ; Cho, Keun Hee ; Park, Sung Yong ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 15, issue 6, 2011, Pages 92~99
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2011.15.6.092
Ultra High Performance Concrete(UHPC) is a superior structural material with high strength and durability. Construction of light and slim structures is realized to apply this expectable new materials in practice. This research is a part of the project to develop UHPC precast deck system for hybrid cable stayed bridge. The main object of this study is to investigate behavior of the lap-spliced reinforced connection in UHPC. The major parameter considered in experimental plan was lap-spliced length. The 4-points bending test for 12 specimens were conducted to verify the effect of considered parameters. Test results show that the minimum value of lap spliced length of 300mm which specified in current korea high bridge design code was very conservative for UHPC precast deck system.
Parameter Analysis for Design of Concrete-Steel Hybrid Extradosed Bridge
Lho, Byeong Cheol ; Lee, Yong Jin ; Choi, Kyu Hyung ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 15, issue 6, 2011, Pages 100~109
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2011.15.6.100
Recently, the concrete-steel hybrid extradosed bridge has been proposed as alternative bridge type at long span site. The hybrid extradosed bridge adopts light orthogonal deck girder instead of heavy concrete deck girder at the center span of bridge, and it enables to construct long-span bridge. And also, for this bridge type the decrease of self-weight of girder enables to reduce girder depth and side span length of extradosed bridge, so its type has more efficient structural behavior and makes it possible to perform optimal bridge design. Therefore, it is very important to set up the procedure and parameters of optimal design for concrete-steel hybrid extradosed bridge. In this study, the effects of design parameters (the variation of pylon height, bridge deck depth and orthogonal deck girder length) are discussed. And numerical analysis and sensitivity analysis are carried out according to these parameters. And design weight values about these parameters are quantitatively suggested to reflect characteristics of concrete-steel hybrid bridge.
Characteristics of Dynamic Compaction Energy for a Non-plastic Dredged Soil
Hwang, Seong Chun ; Yoon, Sang Chun ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 15, issue 6, 2011, Pages 110~117
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2011.15.6.110
Seashore landfill projects use undersea pump dredging method for construction of airport and factory site. Coarse grain soil from the dredging is considered for use at inland. West sea shore bottom consists of primarily coarser grained silt-sand and this component contains far more percentage than is the case with East sea and South sea area. This soil shows very different characteristic at consolidation and compaction behavior. This research targets to utilize this type of dredging soil. Test specimen is from West sea (Saemangum) dredged soil landfill site. Model analysis is done for getting prediction of original soil relative density and N-value from dynamic compaction energy variance. Dynamic compaction energy is calculated for efficient foundation design.
Structural Behavior of Composite Basement Wall According to Shear Span-to-Depth Ratio and FE Analysis Considering the Condition of Contact Surface
Seo, Soo Yeon ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 15, issue 6, 2011, Pages 118~126
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2011.15.6.118
The objective of this paper is to study the structural behavior of Composite Basement Wall (CBW) according to shear span-to-depth ratio through an experiment and predict the nonlinear behavior of CBW by using ADINA program widely has been being used for FE analysis. Especially, this study focuses on the part of CBW in which the Reinforced Concrete (RC) is under compression stress; At the region of CBW around each floor, RC part stresses by compressive force when lateral press by soil acts on the wall. The contact condition between RC wall and steel (H-Pile) including stud connector is main factor in the analysis since it governs overall structural behavior. In order to understand the structural behavior of CBW whose RC part is under compressive stress, an experimental work and finite element analysis were performed. Main parameter in the test is shear span-to-depth ratio. For simplicity in analysis, reinforcements were not modeled as a seperated element but idealized as smeared to concrete. All elements were modeled to have bi-linear relation of material properties. Three type of contact conditions such as All Generate Option (AGO), Same Element Group Option with Tie(SEGO-T) and Same Element Group Option with Not tie(SEGO-NT) were considered in the analysis. For each analysis, the stress flow and concentration were reviewed and analysis result was compared to test one. From the test result, CBW represented ductile behavior by contribution of steel member even if it had short shear span-to-depth ration which is close to "1". The global composite behavior of CBW whose concrete wall was under compressive stress could be predicted by using contact element in ADINA program. Especially, the modeling by using AGO and SEGO-T showed more close relation on comparing with test result.
An Evaluation of Clamping Characteristics for High Strength Bolts with Variable Bolt Lengths
Lee, Kang Min ; Kim, Kang Seok ; Nah, Hwan Seon ; Lee, Hyeon Ju ; Oh, Kyung Hwan ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 15, issue 6, 2011, Pages 127~134
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2011.15.6.127
It has been reported that the length parameter of high strength bolts results in the variance in tensile loads. The required turn of nut for each length is specified in AISC RCSC specification. There is no specific regulation datum about the bolt length in the two national codes and specifications in Korea. Therefore this study focused on evaluating influence of the clamping torque subjected to length parameter of high strength bolts. Two types of high strength bolt specimens were manufactured and tested; High Strength Hexagon bolt specified in ASTM A490 and Torque Shear Bolt in KS B 2819. The length parameter ranged from 60mm(3d) to 140mm(7d). The torque, turn of nut, and the clamping force were analyzed to review whether length parameter affects on the required tensile strength. To evaluate the effects of the length parameter on the torque and turn of nut for the required strength and clamping force, statistical analysis was also carried out.
An Experimental Study on Evaluation of Axially Compressive Buckling Strength of Corroded Temporary Steel
Kim, In Tae ; Lee, Myoung Jin ; Shin, Chang Hee ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 15, issue 6, 2011, Pages 135~146
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2011.15.6.135
Steel structures have been generally painted to prevent corrosion damage. However, the painted film is deteriorated with increase in service life, and then corrosion damage resulting in cross sectional area occurs on steel surface. As a result, the buckling strength of steel structures can be decreased due to the corrosion damages. The evaluation method of the axial buckling strength of columns about a variety of section shapes and supporting conditions have been presented, but evaluation method of buckling strength about irregular nonprismatic columns is not established. In this study, the axial buckling strength of corroded steels was evaluated based on the buckling test results of corroded steel specimens that were cut off at a temporary steel structure. The corroded specimens were picked up total 10 specimens according to various slenderness ratio from the web of a temporary structure`s main beam. The length of specimens is 200, 300, 400, 500 and 600mm respectively. The rust productions were removed by the chemical treatment. Then, the surface geometry was measured at intervals of
by using the optical 3D digitizing system, and the residual thickness of the specimens was calculated. The axial buckling test was performed on 10 corroded specimens and 12 non-corroded specimens under the fixed-fixed support condition. From the test results, the effect of corrosion damages on axial buckling load was investigated. Regardless of corrosion damage degree, the axial buckling strength of corroded specimens and non-corroded specimens was evaluated identically by using minimum average residual thickness or average residual thickness to minus its standard deviation. Reasonable measuring intervals of residual thickness was proposed by using the results to apply for practical works.
A Feasibility Study of Loading Test for Safety Assessment : Concrete Bridges
Hwang, Jin Ha ; An, Seoung Su ; Kim, Ju Han ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 15, issue 6, 2011, Pages 147~155
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2011.15.6.147
The bridges where serious damages, defects, material degradations, etc. are not found can be presumed to have enough safety for the specified design loads, nevertheless, in many cases the loading carrying capacity is rated through loading tests. The safety specifications and manuals get no further than qualitative instructions for performing loading test or not. Some studies presented the improved appraisal methods for determining the load carrying capacity; however, the feasibility studies for loading test are scarcely carried out. This study examines an existing question, whether the loading tests are necessarily required in the safety assessment or not, and suggests an alternative for that via a statistical analysis for dozens of condition evaluation reports for concrete bridges.
Evaluation on the Horizontal Shear Strength of Precast Concrete Slab with the Inverted-Rib-Plus
Park, Keum Sung ; Lee, Sang Sup ; Choi, Yun Cheul ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 15, issue 6, 2011, Pages 156~165
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2011.15.6.156
This study investigates the horizontal shear behavior of an interface between precast concrete (PC) and topping concrete(RC), and evaluates the horizontal based on the investigations by the experimental. Horizontal shear strength in connected surface is determined by the roughness an interface and the shear reinforcement or not. In this study, the main experimental parameters are the shear reinforcement types in the shape of loop-type and lattice-type, rebar spacing. A total of four specimens were shear strength tested and manufactured. As a result, the horizontal shear strength of reinforced connected surface was found to be controlled by deformation in vertical direction. Comparison of reinforcement shape, the mean initial crack load loop type specimens, the average maximum load and the junction of the average in terms of initial stiffness, respectively 33.7%, 45.9% and 55.2% were large enough. Evaluation results for shear strength equation of existing standard domestic, the loop-type reinforced 2.32 to 4.23 times, lattice-type reinforced 1.65 to 3.06 times appears to be higher. Behavior of interface or strength of structural design criteria was fairly safe side. It does not have any problems in the applied field is considered.
Evaluation of Shear Capacity on PC Girder-PC Beam Joint
Moon, Jeong Ho ; Oh, Young Hun ; Lim, Jae Hyung ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 15, issue 6, 2011, Pages 166~174
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2011.15.6.166
The object of this study is to evaluate the structural shear capacity of the PC girder-PC beam joint. The dapped end of PC beam and the ledger of PC girder are usually designed to design load. If the end of PC beam can be designed with continuous end, the dapped end of PC beam and the ledger of PC girder do not need to resist to all loads except dead load and construction load. The experimental program was carried out with 7 specimens containing the variable factors as the anchored method of the hanger bar, design load, be or not exist of ledger bars. As a result, the continuity of the dapped end and the ledger were ensured their safety although the design load was only the dead load and the construction load. The shear critical section was expanded toward the effective depth d, the distance from the supported position of the beam. If the ledger is designed according to PCI Design Handbook, the structural system of the ledger is as to the cantilever slab system. But the ledger of this study is as to the 3 side fixed slab system. Therefore the design of the ledger by PCI Design Handbook will lead to highly conservative results.
A Study for Safety Management on Ground Excavation by Analysis of Accident Events
Seong, Joo Hyun ; Jung, Soo Hyung ; Shin, Ju Yeol ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 15, issue 6, 2011, Pages 175~183
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2011.15.6.175
With recent growth of population and industry, urban development grows into grand scheme of excavation and construction in urban area. As the development progress advanced, the developments get large and deepen. With a progress of technology development in geotechnical engineering in Korea, most our grand scheme of projects follows great progress. On the other hand, some excavation in construction site caused direct or indirect event that affects the adjacent or surrounding structures by excavation from time to time. This event usually happens around residential and commercial area where underground tunnel, subway station, commercial building, and high-rises excavation site is, could lead great damage on economy as well as personal injury or human casualties. In order to prevent this event, the study has to be done with analysis on various events of excavation and its cause. In this paper, the research has collected the various excavation events and their causes to analyze on each site and event to define emphasis on surrounding environment.
Mechanical Behavior and Characteristics of Internal Temperature and Relative Humidity of Concrete at Early Age
Park, Cheol Woo ; Lee, Bong Hak ; Hong, Seung Ki ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 15, issue 6, 2011, Pages 184~194
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2011.15.6.184
This study is to analyze the internal temperature and relative humidity of concrete at early age, as well as the mechanical behavior. Three different levels of cement unit content were cosidered as an experimental variable. In order to measure internal temperature and relative humidity immediately after concrete placement, this study developed a unique measuring device, which provided reliable results. Different cement content did not significantly affected the strengths including compressive, tensile and flexural strength and after 7 days of curing, strengths did not increase noticeably. Internal temperature reached the maximum about 11 hours later the placement and decreased after removal of forms. The internal temperature varied depending on the location and the exposure condition. In addition, the internal relative humidity was more affected by the exposure condition rather than the cement content.
Study on the Testing Method for Setting Time of Set Accelerating Agent Using Shotcrete by Gilmour Needles
Kim, Chun Ho ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 15, issue 6, 2011, Pages 195~200
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2011.15.6.195
KS F 2782 (for shotcrete accelerators) standard cross-section of tunnel construction or repair is a reinforcement used in the field of shotcrete accelerators as a criterion in assessing shotcrete performance. Thus, KS F 2782 by standard accelerator will determine the nature of the product of concrete accelerators that will be used to record variations in the product roles, through determination of the quality of the experimental method to identify only the quality of the many variables that exist. This evaluation standard has so far distinguished accelerator products in indoor experiments that do not meet quality standards but were mostly for an on-site accelerator mixed with the shotcrete after being quite satisfied with the level of quality in a certain number of products. This observation is derived from the results of an indoor experiment considered to verify whether the site is suitable for indoor experiments, and whether its actual location in the city is relevant to the accelerator quality, to find a way to test if it fits. This study centers on the material conditions of the shotcrete accelerator and a variety of experimental results, and used the Gilmore needle to compare the compressive strength and KS F 2782 specification of the accelerator as a means to ensure product quality conformity analysis and for further research experiments. In conclusion, a portion of KS F 2782 standard that fixes the problems that can be resolved from the ground up as a whole is not a review for the domestic reality. As an indoor experiment to ensure uniformity in the field when applied in a sufficient correlation, complement must be in place.
Performance Evaluation of R/C Beam-Column Joint According to Unbonded Rebar
Kwon, Min Ho ; Jung, Woo Young ; Jung, Jae Hoon ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 15, issue 6, 2011, Pages 201~211
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2011.15.6.201
Many reinforced concrete structures have been constructed at the offshore in Korea and those are exposed in environments for long period. Due to that, the reinforcement of the structure faces possibility of corrosion by the salt damage. Such corrosions are effects on the bond performance between concrete and reinforcing bar as well as the performance of the structure. In this study, the performance of RC structure has been investigated when the reinforcing bars are totally bonded and unbonded in the structure. Through the experimental tests and finite element analyses of beam-column joint with bond and unbonded reinforcing bar, the energy dissipation capacity, strength, and crack distribution are compared and discussed.
Effect of Composite Re-bars Embedded in Concrete on Surface Electrical Resistivity of Concrete
Moon, Do Young ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 15, issue 6, 2011, Pages 212~218
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2011.15.6.212
The effect of composite reinforcing bars on surface electrical resistivity of concrete was investigated through experimental program. The resistivity was measured by Wenner method using an equipment with 4 probe. Ordinary steel, GFRP, and CFRP reinforcing bars produced domestically were used and a specimen with no reinforcement was tested for the comparison. This investigation is motivated from the fact that measured value of resistivity of concrete is significantly affected by details of steel reinforcements, such as location, depth and direction of the internal steel reinforcement. These results could be valuable data for evaluation of corrosion degree of concrete structures reinforced or strengthened by the composite reinforcing bars.
The Influence of the Aspect Ratio on the Natural Frequency of the Specially Orthotropic Laminated Plates
Han, Bong Koo ; Kim, Duck Hyun ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 15, issue 6, 2011, Pages 219~225
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2011.15.6.219
Advanced composite structures are too difficult for such design engineers for construction and some simple but accurate enough methods are necessary. The simply supported laminated plates are analyzed by the specially orthotropic laminates theory. This method, however, may be too difficult for some practising engineers. In this paper, the result of analysis for such plate by means of the beam theory with unit width is reported. The plate aspect ratio considered is from 1 : 1 to 1 : 5. Most of the bridge and building slabs on girders have large aspect ratios. For such cases further simplification is possible by neglecting the effect of the longitudinal moment terms(
) on the relevant partial differential equations of equilibrium. In this paper. the influence of the aspect ratio on the natural frequency of the specially orthotropic laminated plates is studied and it is concluded that the method used is sufficiently accurate for engineering purposes. The result of this paper can be used for simply supported laminated plates analysis.