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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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Journal DOI :
Korea Institute for Structural Maintenance Inspection
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Nov 2013
Volume 17, Issue 5 - Sep 2013
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Jul 2013
Volume 17, Issue 3 - May 2013
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Mar 2013
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
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Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis of RC Frames Based on Constitutive Models of Constituent Materials
Heo, YeongAe ; Kang, Thomas H.K. ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 17, issue 4, 2013, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2013.17.4.001
Constitutive modeling of constituent materials is very important for reinforced concrete (RC) frames. Cyclic constitutive behavior of unconfined concrete, confined concrete and reinforcing steel should be well defined in fiber-based discretization of RC sections. This study performs nonlinear dynamic analyses of RC frame structures to investigate the sensitivity of seismic behavior of such frames to different constitutive models of constituent materials. The study specifically attempts to examine confinement effects in concrete modeling and degrading effects in steel modeling, which substantially affects the monotonic, cyclic and seismic responses of RC members and frames. Based on the system level analysis, it is shown that the response of non-ductile frames is less sensitive to confined concrete models while the modeling of reinforcing steel is quite influential to the inelastic response of both non-ductile and ductile frames.
Effect of Glass Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) Shear Connector's Shape on Inplane Shear Strength of Insulated Concrete Sandwich Panels
Jang, Seok-Joon ; You, Young-Chan ; Kim, Ho-Ryong ; Yun, Hyun-Do ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 17, issue 4, 2013, Pages 9~17
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2013.17.4.009
This paper describes an experimental program to investigate the shear behavior of insulated concrete sandwich panels (CSPs) with different types of GFRP shear connector. The study included testing of 13 insulated CSP specimens with two types of surface conditions for extruded polystyrene (XPS) insulation and various shapes of shear connectors. All specimens were loaded in direct shear by means of push-out and were consist of three concrete panels, two insulation layer and four rows of GFRP shear connectors. Load-relative slip between concrete panel and insulation response of CSP specimens has been established through push-out shear test. Test results indicate that the surface condition of insulation has a significant effect on the bond strength between concrete panel and insulation. The specimen used XPS foam with 10mm deep slot shows higher bond strength than those used XPS foam with meshed surface. Corrugated GFRP shear connectors show equivalent strength to grid GFRP shear connectors. Cross-sectional area and embedded length of shear connector have a notable effect on overall response and inplane shear strength of the CSP specimens.
Design Concept of Beams Reinforced by Deformed Bars and Non-Prestressed Strands in Combination
Noh, Sam-Young ; Jo, Min-Joo ; Kim, Jong-Sung ; Kim, Seung-Hun ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 17, issue 4, 2013, Pages 18~29
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2013.17.4.018
A new precast concrete (PC) beam and column connection system using non-prestressed wire strands was recently developed. The system is composed of one unit of two-storied PC-column and PC-beams with U-shaped ends. The connection part of the column and beams is reinforced by deformed bars and non-prestressed wire strands in combination for the improvement of workability. Structural performance of this system was verified by several experimental studies. The purpose of this study is developing a design concept of the beam reinforced by deformed bars and non-prestressed wire strands in combination, in terms of the cross-sectional analysis, based on the preceded experiment. A minimum and maximum reinforcement ratio and the calculation formula for the strength of flexural member reinforced by reinforcements having different yield strengths are derived based on KBC2009. Under consideration existing research results for the application of high strength reinforcement bars, the design yield strength of the non-prestressed wire strand is suggested. An example for the cross section design, satisfying the serviceability requirements, demonstrates the applicability of the design concept developed in the study.
Behavior Analysis Using FEM for Earth Retaining Wall of Soft Rock Fracture Zone
Jang, Gi-Soo ; Park, Min-Chul ; Shin, Hyo-Hee ; Lee, Song ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 17, issue 4, 2013, Pages 30~37
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2013.17.4.030
A soft rock fracture zone is an important element for rock slope or earth retaining, however stability studies of earth retaining wall have been lack. Therefore, this study is analyzed for a behavior of earth retaining wall with condition of fracture zone or no fracture zone and then a numerical analysis (Finite Element Method) was performed considering interaction with field monitoring data between ground and structures. As a result, applied horizontal displacement on retaining wall is correspond between result of numerical analysis and field monitoring data and displacement point stress distribution with fracture zone condition analyzed to be stable side but no fracture zone condition is expressed to be unstable side. The results of this study is purpose for applying safety construction as a top priority at field when designing for future.
Evaluation of the Bending Performance of a Modified Steel Grid Composite Deck Joint
Shin, Hyun-Seop ; Park, Ki-Tae ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 17, issue 4, 2013, Pages 38~47
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2013.17.4.038
For the joint connection of the precast steel grid composite decks, the prefabricated joint which is composed of concrete shear key and high-tension bolts was already proposed. In this study, for the purpose of increasing the bending stiffness and bending strength of the proposed prefabricated joint section details of the proposed joint are modified, and through experimental tests the bending performance, such as stiffness and strength of a modified joint, is compared with those of the proposed joint. Test and analysis results show that the shear cracks in the concrete shear key are clearly reduced by the strengthening of the shear key using shear studs and additional rebars. According to analysis results of the moment-curvature relationship, bending stiffness of the modified joint is about 47% greater than the stiffness of the proposed joint. Furthermore, the modified joint has about 32% greater bending strength than the proposed joint. Compared to specimens without the joint the modified joint has same or slightly higher bending strength, but about 37% lower bending stiffness.
Flexural Strength Estimation of Half-Depth Precast Concrete Composite Slab Manufactured by the Long-Line Method
Choi, Jin-Woo ; Seo, Su-Hong ; Joo, Hyung-Joong ; Yoon, Soon-Jong ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 17, issue 4, 2013, Pages 48~56
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2013.17.4.048
Prestressed concrete (PSC) members are readly available in civil engineering applications due to the convenience of construction and easy of quality control in the manufacturing process of the member. Especially, half-depth precast concrete composite slab, which is one of the PSC flexural members is developed recently using the long-line method. The half-depth precast concrete composite slabs are composed of the precast concrete and the in-situ concrete placed at the site. In this paper, we present the results of experimental investigations pertaining to the pretensioning efficiency and the flexural behavior of half-depth precast concrete composite slab which is made of precast PSC manufactured by the long-line method. In the long-line method, the pretensioned precast member is manufactured simultaneously, by tensioning tendons at once. In addition, we suggest the equation that can estimate the flexural strength of half-depth precast concrete composite slab reasonably by considering the effects of rebar embedded in the precast PSC flexural member.
Properties of SPE-Based Cement Grout for Semi-Rigid Pavements
Lee, Byung-Jae ; Lee, Jun ; Hyun, Jung-Hwan ; Kim, Yun-Yong ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 17, issue 4, 2013, Pages 57~65
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2013.17.4.057
The development of the oil refining industry has resulted in an annual 120 million tons of sulphur, which is a by-product of the desulphurization process. To exploit this abundance, the applications of sulphur must be expanded. as excellent durability of reuse of leftover sulphur which has high potential for utilization in construction materials, the study is actively in progress. Meanwhile, there has been active research on semi-rigid pavements that draw on the strengths and overcome the weaknesses of asphalt and concrete pavements. Acrylate is used to prevent cracking but involves a high cost, thus, an alternative material is required. As such, this study presents methods on the reuse of leftover sulphur and examines the engineering performance of grout containing sulfur polymer emulsion (SPE) for use in semi-rigid pavements. Our analysis shows that grout in which 30% of acrylate is replaced with SPE has superior properties in terms of time of flow and strength compared to regular grout. However, performance declined when more than 50% of acrylate was replaced by SPE, indicating that the optimum replacement level is 30%. Through SEM analysis, we found that grout with utra harding cement in this study at three hours had similar hydration properties to that of Type 1 Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) at seven days, and maintained the properties regardless of grout containing SPE. OPC and grout with a replacement level of 30% displayed similar levels of chloride invasion resistance, whereas grout without SPE was far less resistant. Within the scope of this paper, the optimum replacement level of acrylate with SPE was found to be 30% in consideration of various properties such as time of flow, strength, and chloride invasion resistance.
A Study on the Anti-corrosion Properties of Organic and Inorganic Inhibitor by Electrochemical Evaluation Method in Saturated Aqueous Solution of Calcium Hydroxide
Kim, Soo-Young ; Ryu, Hwa-Sung ; Kim, Sung-Kil ; Lee, Han-Seung ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 17, issue 4, 2013, Pages 66~74
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2013.17.4.066
In this study, corrosion potential (
), corrosion rate, and polarization resistance were measured aimed at inorganic inhibitors (passive film type) and organic inhibitors (absorption type). The experiment was conducted using potentiostat for the variable molar ratio and chloride ion concentration of the components of inhibitors in an aqueous solution of saturated calcium hydroxide targeting corrosion. As a result, it was possible to ensure an anticorrosive performance of at least a 1.2 molar ratio of inorganic inhibitors. Also, the organic inhibitors ensured the prevention of the anticorrosive performance of at least about a 0.3 molar ratio. It also showed the tendency that between polarization resistance and corrosion rate, Ecorr and corrosion rate is inversely proportional to the linear. Conversely, the tendency between polarization resistance and Ecorr is proportional to the linear. Also, a distinct difference in organic and inorganic inhibitors' relationship to Ecorr, corrosion rate, and polarization resistance was not shown.
Bond Capacity of Near-Surface-Mounted CFRP Plate to Concrete Under Various Temperatures
Seo, Soo-Yeon ; Kim, Jeong-Hun ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 17, issue 4, 2013, Pages 75~83
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2013.17.4.075
This paper presents a series of test result in order to study fire resistance capacity of the Near-Surface-Mounted (NSM) Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) plate, which are tensile test of CFRP under various temperature loading, temperature loading test of epoxy and bond test of NSM CFRP to concrete under various temperature loading. From the tests, it was found that NSM retrofit method had high efficiency in strengthening concrete under ordinary temperature. However, the strength of the system was able to be drastically decreased even a little increase of surrounding temperature. Especially, bond capacity begins to disappear when the surrounding temperature approaches the glass transition temperature of epoxy. Therefore, it is necessary to improve the fire resistance capacity of both fiber reinforced polymer reinforcement and epoxy for bonding in order to develop safe fire resistance design of structure.
A Study on the Nano Silica-Sol Coating for Improving Performance of Recycled Aggregate
Kim, Seong-Soo ; Lee, Jeong-Bae ; Ko, Ji-Soo ; Kim, Il-Kon ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 17, issue 4, 2013, Pages 84~90
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2013.17.4.084
In this study we propose an effective method, Coating processing methods, which can improve the quality of recycled aggregate relatively easily without new equipment investment and complex treatment process and verify the improved effect using the devised method, Coating processing methods. To attain the research aim we used adequately diluted silicate solution for coating and carried out several property valuation for twelve types of material with different coating method. Also we formed concrete with coated aggregates which showed the best property. In conclusion the aggregates with the method of repeated impregnation in the silicate and drying showed the most excellent quality while other coating methods also resulted in an improvement of aggregate quality but failed to meet the KS Standard. Lastly with the optimal material we could obtain the approved compressive strength from the concrete allowing it to be utilized for road facility of which standard compressive strength of design is under 24MPa.
Comparative Performance Evaluation by Winter Apartment Temperature on the Outer Surface of the Insulation
Park, Jung-Hun ; Kim, Bong-Joo ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 17, issue 4, 2013, Pages 91~100
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2013.17.4.091
This research is to measure and analyze the thermal performance of the apartment structure and to evaluate and establish standards of thermal insulation defect in order to make the basic data necessary for determining the degree of the thermal performance degradation and for repairing and reinforcing the exterior wall of the existing apartment. Furthermore, it is to predict the part of occurrence of the thermal bridge and condensation at the apartment building structure. On the other one hand, it is also to analyze the degree of thermal insulation performance according to the standards of thermal insulation and elapsed time, through the analysis by the workability of concrete.
A Study on the Selection of a Bridge Structure Type Using DEA and LCC
Han, Sam-Heui ; Kim, Jong-Gil ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 17, issue 4, 2013, Pages 101~111
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2013.17.4.101
In this study, DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) was carried out on the four bridges, which have the same extension (L=1,615m), in order to select the most superior, economical method of construction using the LCC concept of each bridge structure in the case of the Ulsan-Pohang double track railway which is scheduled to be constructed. DEA models were analyzed with the CCR model, which was designed for the evaluation of relative efficiency of each model. The initial construction costs, maintenance costs, indirect costs (user costs + indirect loss of social costs), and life cycle costs were used as input variables, and average duration was applied as the output variable. LCC was applied to calculate the input variables, and to get the costs of LCC, 100 years of period and 4.83% of real discount rate were applied, and the costs are classified into initial construction, maintenance, user, and indirect loss of social cost. The analysis results showed that the Method 2 and 3 were evaluated as the most efficient, and the other alternatives were evaluated as the following order; Method 1, the default, and Method 4.
Evaluation of Ground Motion Modification Methodologies for Seismic Structural Damage
Heo, YeongAe ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 17, issue 4, 2013, Pages 112~118
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2013.17.4.112
The selection of appropriate ground motions and reasonable modification are becoming increasingly critical in reliable prediction on seismic performance of structures. A widely used amplitude scaling approach is not sufficient for robust structural evaluation considering a site specific seismic hazard because only one spectral value is matched to the design spectrum typically at the structural fundamental period. Hence alternative approaches for ground motion selection and modifications have been suggested. However, there is no means to evaluate such methodologies yet. In this study, it is focused to describe the main questions resided in the amplitude scaling approach and to propose a regression model for structural damage as point of comparison. Spectrum compatible approach whose resulting spectrum matches the design spectrum at the entire range of the structural period is considered as alternative to be compared to the amplitude scaling approach. The design spectrum is generated according to ASCE7-05.
A Study about Resistibility of Extracting Nails from Metal Connections on Wood According to Change of Temperature and Humidity
Kim, Chong-Gun ; Park, Cheul-Woo ; Yoon, Tae-Ho ; Lim, Nam-Gi ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 17, issue 4, 2013, Pages 119~127
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2013.17.4.119
In cases of wooden structure and wooden house installed on the outside, metal goods used for basic connection are usually screw bolts, strainless nails and general iron nails. As metal connections on wood are directly exposed to exterior environment, friction resistibility of nails on metal connections declines and continual defects on this are generated and maintenance for it is required. However, experiments and analyses for preparing basic data for improvement of the problems have been not conducted so far and wooden structures with defects are abandoned. Accordingly, by analyzing friction resistibility of connections by each kind of woods and metal goods, the study aims to suggest to use metal goods appropriately by kinds of woods and manufacture conditions with analysis on characteristics of resistibility of extracting nails for solving such problems and to secure basic data for establishing maintenance, repair and reinforcement plans.