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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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Journal DOI :
Korea Institute for Structural Maintenance Inspection
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Nov 2015
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Sep 2015
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Jul 2015
Volume 19, Issue 3 - May 2015
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Mar 2015
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Jan 2015
Selecting the target year
Corrigendum to "Vision-based Displacement Measurement System Operable at Arbitrary Positions"
Lee, Jun-Hwa ; Cho, Soo-Jin ; Sim, Sung-Han ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 1, 2015, Pages 1~2
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.1.001
Study on Bursting Stress in Anchorage Zone of Prestressed Concrete Using Circular Anchorages
Choi, Kyu-Hyung ; Lho, Byeong-Cheol ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 1, 2015, Pages 3~12
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.1.003
Bursting stress in anchorage zone of post tension girder can be estimated based on Guyon's equation. The major parameters in calculating bursting stress are prestressing force and the distance ratio between concrete edge and anchorage plate. Although Guyon's equation can be applied to calculate bursting stress for rectangular typed as well as circular typed plate, there is some limitation of accuracy due to 2 dimensional analysis. Therefore this study is proposed to suggest a bursting stress equation based on 3 dimensional finite element method.
Seismic Performance Evaluation of Medium-and Low-rise R/C Buildings Strengthened with RCSF External Connection Method by Pseudo Dynamic Test
Lee, Kang-Seok ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 1, 2015, Pages 13~22
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.1.013
In this study, a new RCSF (Reinforced Concrete Steel Frame) external connection method is proposed for seismic strengthening of medium-and low-rise reinforced concrete buildings. The RCSF method, proposed in this study, is capable of carrying out the seismic retrofitting construction while residents can live inside structures. The method is one of the strength design approach by retrofit which can easily increase the ultimate lateral load capacity of concrete buildings controlled by shear. The pseudo-dynamic test, designed using a existing school building in Korea, was carried out in order to verify the seismic strengthening effects of the proposed method in terms of the maximum load carrying capacity and ductility. Test results revealed that the proposed RCSF strengthening method installed in RC frame enhanced conspicuously the strength and displacement capacities, and the method can resist markedly under the large scaled earthquake intensity level.
Seismic Performance Evaluation of R/C Frame Apartment Strengthened with Kagome Truss Damper External Connection Method by Pseudo Dynamic Test
Heur, Moo-Won ; Chun, Young-Soo ; Hwang, Jae-Seung ; Lee, Kang-Seok ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 1, 2015, Pages 23~34
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.1.023
Recently a new damper system with Kogome truss structure was developed and its mechanical properties were verified based on the laboratory test. This paper presents a Kagome truss damper external connection method for seismic strengthening of RC frame structural system. The Kagome external connection method, proposed in this study, consisted of building structure, Kagome damper and support system. The method is capable of reducing earthquake energy on the basis of the dynamic interaction between external support and building structures using Kagome damper. The pseudo-dynamic test, designed using a existing RC frame apartment for pilot application of LH corporation, was carried out in order to verify the seismic strengthening effects of the proposed method in terms of the maximum load carrying capacity and response ductility. Test results revealed that the proposed Kagome damper method installed in RC frame enhanced conspicuously the strength and displacement capacities, and the method can resist markedly under the large scaled earthquake intensity level.
Evaluation of Properties of Polymer-Modified Mortar with CSA
Joo, Myung-Ki ; Lho, Byeong-Cheol ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 1, 2015, Pages 35~44
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.1.035
Two main parameters were examined such as CSA content and polymer-binder ratio to find effects on the strength, water absorption, chloride ion penetration depth, carbonation depth, length change and chemical resistance of polymer-modified mortar with CSA and EVA polymer powder (EVAPP). As results, compressive, flexural, tensile, adhesive strengths, and length change of the polymer-modified mortar with CSA and EVAPP increases with increasing CSA content and polymer-binder ratio, although the water absorption, chloride ion penetration depth, and carbonation depth decrease with increasing polymer-binder ratio and CSA content, and also the chemical resistance decreases. Such strength and durability development is attributed to the high tensile strength of EVA polymer and the improved bond between cement hydrates and aggregates because of the addition of EVAPP and CSA.
Experimental Study on GFRP Reinforcing Bars with Hollow Section
You, Young-Jun ; Park, Ki-Tae ; Seo, Dong-Woo ; Hwang, Ji-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 1, 2015, Pages 45~52
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.1.045
Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) has been generally accepted by civil engineers as an alternative for steel reinforcing bars (rebar) due to its advantageous specific tensile strength and non-corrosiveness. Even though some glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) rebars are available on a market, GFRP is still somewhat uncompetitive over steel rebar due to their high cost and relatively low elastic modulus, and brittle failure characteristic. If the price of component materials of GFRP rebar is not reduced, it would be another solution to increase the performance of each material to the highest degree. The tensile strength generally decreases with increasing diameter of FRP rebar. One of the reasons is that only fibers except for fibers in center resist the external force due to the lack of force transfer and the deformation of only outer fibers by gripping system. Eliminating fibers in the center, which do not play an aimed role fully, are helpful to reduce the price and finally FRP rebar would be optimized over the price. In this study, the effect of the hollow section in a cross-section of a GFRP rebar was investigated. A GFRP rebar with 19 mm diameter was selected and an analysis was performed for the tensile test results. Parameter was the ratio of hollow section over solid cross-section. Four kinds of hollow sections were planned. A total of 27 specimens, six specimens for each hollow section and three specimens with a solid cross-section were manufactured and tested. The change by the ratio of hollow section over solid cross-section was analyzed and an optimized cross-section design was proposed.
Evaluation of Cracking Strength of Floating Floor System
Lee, Jung-Yoon ; Lee, Bum-Sik ; Jun, Myoung-Hoon ; Kim, Jong-Mun ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 1, 2015, Pages 53~61
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.1.053
This paper reports the test results of the floating floor system used to reduce the floor noise of apartment buildings. Recently, many soft resilient materials placing between the reinforced concrete slab and finishing mortar are used. The resilient material should not only reduce the floor impact sound vibration from the floor but also support the load on the floor. Thus, even if soft resilient materials satisfy the maximum limitation of light-weight impact sound and heavy-weight impact sound, these materials may not support the load on the floor. The experimental program involved conducting sixteen sound insulation floating floor specimens. Three main parameters were considered in the experimental investigation: resilient materials, loading location, and layers of floor. Experimental results indicated that the stiffness of resilient material significantly influenced on the structural behavior of floating floor system. In addition, the deflection of the floating concrete floor loaded at the side or coner of the specimen was greater than that of the floor loaded at the center of the specimen. However, the aerated concrete did not effect on the cracking strength of floating floor system.
Experimental Study on Effect of Confinement Details for Lap Splice of Headed Deformed Reinforcing Bars in Grade SD400 and SD500
Kim, Seung-Hun ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 1, 2015, Pages 62~71
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.1.062
KCI 2012 and ACI318-11 contains development length provisions for the use of headed deformed bars in tension and does not allow their tension lap splices. In ACI318-11, the confinement factor, such as transverse reinforcement factor, is not used to calculate the development length of headed bars. The purpose of this experimental study is to evaluate the effect of confinement details to the lap splice performance of headed deformed reinforcing bars in grade SD400 and SD500. The confinement details are stirrups and tie-down bars in lap zone. Test results showed that specimens with only stirrups had the brittle failure and could not increase lap strengths, and that specimens with composite confinements by stirrups and tie-down bars had the flexural strengths over than nominal flexural strengths. Stirrups with tie-down bars can have an effect on improvement in lap splice of headed bars in grade SD400 and SD500.
Structural Performance and Behavior of Concrete Floating Container Terminal by Live Load Distributions
Lee, Du-Ho ; Jeong, Yun-Ju ; You, Young-Jun ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 1, 2015, Pages 72~80
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.1.072
In this study, comparative analysis has been performed with regard to a bending stress and deformation at bottom slab of a concrete floating container terminal by live load distributions. In addition, a structural performance and behavior of the floating structure is considered using a numerical analysis. Through reviewed structural performance of a floating structure by live load distribution, the structure presented tensile behavior by two live load cases (A, B, D-type). Then, the other live load cases (C, E, F, G, H, I, J-type) shows compressive behavior. Especially, immoderately compressive stress was generated on bottom slab at specific load distribution. but, that should be decreased through controling buoyancy pre-flexion. Through reviewed structural behavior, slopes of structure by four live load cases (B, E, F, H-type) were exceeded in design criteria of mega-float. It should be estimated that it get out of the load case at loading container. In all, the present study can be considered as a benchmark of a floating container terminal in the absence of analysis and will be used to guide-line about serviceability of concrete floating container terminal.
The Study on the Development of Automatic Rebar Placement System Applying Selection Method of Optimum Reinforcing Bar Group on Shear Wall
Cho, Young-Sang ; Kim, Dong-Eun ; Jin, Hyun-Ah ; Jang, Hyun-Suk ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 1, 2015, Pages 81~89
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.1.081
This study takes shear wall of reinforced concrete structure as study object, and the purpose of this study is to suggest structure BIM based on automatic reinforcing bar placement system applying set-based design through the most optimum reinforcing bar placement group that was selected by applying AHP (analytical hierarchy process) method from design step. For this, the most optimum reinforcing bar placement group was selected by pairwise comparison analysis on complex standard of multiple alternatives. And shear wall automatic reinforcing bar placement system has been developed, which can automatically generate members and arrange reinforcing bar by structure design algorithm and using open API (application programming interface) provided by a BIM software vendor. As a result, the most optimum reinforcing bar placement group of the highest weight, ALT1, was selected and was generated using Tekla Structure program.
Chloride Penetration of Concrete Mixed with High Volume Fly Ash and Blast Furnace Slag
Park, Ki-Cheul ; Lim, Nam-Gi ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 1, 2015, Pages 90~99
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.1.090
This study examined dynamic and characteristics and chloride penetration of concrete mixed with large amount of FA and BFS, which are considered for positive application to construction fields with purpose of long-tern durability of concrete structures. As a result of strength test on FA and BFS, FA concrete showed higher increase of strength compared to OPC, when FA4000 and FA5000 were mixed 30%, respectively. For BFS concrete, those mixed with 30% and 50% of BFS8000, respectively, showed higher or equivalent strength compare to OPC. As a result of test of chloride penetration on FA and BFS, diffusion coefficients of concrete mixed with 30% FA4000 and FA5000, respectively, showed to restrain average 6.5% of diffusion coefficient compared to OPC. And in case of BFS concrete, those mixed with BFS6000 and BFS8000, restrained diffusion of chloride ions 253% and 336%, respectively, compared to OPC. Therefore, Mixing 50% of BFS was most efficient in order to maximize restraint of chloride penetration according to metathesis of large amount. For relation between compression strength and diffusion coefficient of FA and BFS concrete, as strength increased, diffusion coefficient decreased. In this study, when mixing FA and BFS to concrete for long-run durability and restraint against chloride penetration, for FA, mixing it to concrete with less or equivalent 30% of replacement rate was most efficient. And for BFS, as fineness was higher and mixing it to concrete with less or equivalent 50% of replacement rate, there were results of higher strength compared to OPC and more efficient restraint of chloride ions.
Improvement of the Strength Properties and Impact Resistance of the Cement Composite Materials by the use of Surface Modification of the Aramid Fibers
Nam, Jeong-Soo ; Yoo, Jae-Chul ; Kim, Gyu-Yong ; Kim, Hong-Seop ; Jeon, Joong-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 1, 2015, Pages 100~108
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.1.100
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of improvement on the impact resistance and strength properties of cement composites by surface modification of aramid fiber. For aramid fiber reinforced cement composites, therefore, dispersion capability and the bonding efficiency between the fibers and the cement composite material need to be improved. It is possible by modifying surface properties to hydrophobic, it is considered that oiling agent ratio of 1.2 % and improvement of performance is in need to be investigated. In this study, short aramid fibers were mixed by different fiber length and oiling agent ratio. And improvement of strength properties and impact resistance performance of hybrid cement composites were evaluated under the influence of steel fiber. As a result, strength properties of aramid fiber reinforced cement composites are different by mixing ratio of fiber, oiling agent ratio and length of fiber. In case of cement composites which have same volume fraction and fiber length, tensile strength and flexural strength were improved with increase of the emulsions throughput of the fiber surface. The results of evaluation on the static strength properties had effects on impact resistance performance by high-velocity impact. And it was observed that the scabbing of rear was suppressed with increase of the oiling agent ratio.
Site Assessment for the Water Purification Effect of Porous Concrete by using Effective Micro-organisms
Kim, Bong-Kyun ; Park, Jun-Seok ; Seo, Dae-Seuk ; Kim, Wha-Jung ; Kim, Yun-Yung ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 1, 2015, Pages 109~119
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.1.109
In recent years, a rapid growth in the population and urbanization led to an increasing industrial growth. The inadequate treated-wasted water from industry and various non-point sources causes significant negative effects on the stream water. For past few decades, extensive researches have been performed on water purification process. The purpose of this study is to investigate mechanical performance and water purification properties of porous concrete by using effective microorganisms through the site assessment test. The mechanical performance evaluation results showed that the increase void ration caused an decrease in the strength. The optimal mix rate was found to be 15% void rate From the site assessment, it was evaluated that the porous concrete improved the quality of the water and the purification ratios are 34.1 for SS, 14.6% for BOD, 34.9% for COD, 11.4% for T-N, and 12.6% for T-P. The porous concrete and the related purification technique can reduce the non-point pollution sources flowing into the river.
The Flame and Distributed Temperature Restraint Properties of Fire Venetian Blind Louver in Buildings
Chae, Young-Suk ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 1, 2015, Pages 120~127
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.1.120
The purpose of this study is to improve the fire prevention performance using the fire venetian blind louver subjected to burning by fire flame. The investigation is based on testing 2 full scale specimens, which is
venetian blind louver. Two louver thickness (1.5 and 2.0mm) were adopted. The specimens were exposed to fire flame temperature levels of ISO834 at the lower surface of the fire venetian blind louver specimens with exposure duration of one hour in Korea Institute of Construction Technology (KICT). It was found from the test results that the values of distributed temperature, decreased for all specimens for protecting to fire flame by venetian blind louver. The results of tests were a good fire prevention performance between in initial to 6 mins. At 60 minutes around ISO 834 fire loading, the percentages of distributed temperature in 500mm and 800mm height ranged between 11 and 10% respectively, regardless of louver thickness. This study, therefore, will improve the fire venetian blind louver for fire protection and prevention performance.
Simplified Carbonation Model Considering Ca(OH)2 Solubility and Porosity Reduction
Lee, Yun ; Kwon, Seung-Jun ; Park, Ki-Tae ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 1, 2015, Pages 128~138
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.1.128
Carbonation is one of the most critical deterioration phenomena to concrete structures exposed to high
concentration, sheltered from rain. Lots of researches have been performed on evaluation of carbonation depth and changes in hydrate compositions, however carbonation modeling is limitedly carried out due to complicated carbonic reaction and diffusion coefficient. This study presents a simplified carbonation model considering diffusion coefficient, solubility of
, porosity reduction, and carbonic reaction rate for low concentration. For verification, accelerated carbonation test with varying temperature and MIP (Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry) test are carried out, and carbonation depths are compared with those from the previous and the proposed model. Field data with low
concentration is compared with those from the proposed model. The proposed model shows very reasonable results like carbonation depth and consuming
through reduced diffusion coefficient and porosity compared with the previous model.
Strength Development of Sulfur-Polymer-Based Concrete Surface Protecting Agents Depending on Curing Condition and Hazard Assessment of Sulfur Polymers
Lee, Byung-Jae ; Lee, Eue-Sung ; Kim, Seung-Gu ; Kim, Yun-Yong ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 1, 2015, Pages 139~146
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.1.139
The amount of by-product from sulphur increases in domestic industrial facilities. However, the amount of its consumption is limited so that the amount of unused sulphur continues to increase. Therefore, in this study, the use sulfur polymer as the concrete surface protecting material was conducted. The compressive strength showed that as the substitution ratio of filler increased up to 40%, the compressive strength also increased. A high compressive strength was shown at the curing temperature of
(SS, FA) and
(OPC) according to the type of filler. The difference of compressive strength between air dry curing and water curing was insignificant so that there was no significant influence of moisture during curing process. The evaluation result of bond strength showed that the highest bond strength was shown at the air-dry condition of
regardless of type of filler. Bonding didn't occur properly during water curing in comparison to air dry curing. Also, in case of the specimen cured at
, discoloration and hair cracks appeared due to the influence of temperature, and the highest bond strength was shown at the substitution ratio of 20% (SS, FA) and 30% (OPC) according to the type of filler. The releasing test result of harmful substance showed that no harmful substance was released, so there is no harmfulness in the surface protecting material using sulfur polymer. As a conclusion drawn in this study, it is most appropriate to substitute silica by approximately 20%, mix and cure at the air-dry condition of
in order to use sulfur polymer as the surface protecting material.