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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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Journal DOI :
Korea Institute for Structural Maintenance Inspection
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Nov 2015
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Sep 2015
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Jul 2015
Volume 19, Issue 3 - May 2015
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Mar 2015
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Jan 2015
Selecting the target year
A Study on Punching Shear of Column-Foundation Joint Connection for Reinforced Steel Base Plate
Kim, Seong-Kyum ; Park, Jong-Kwon ; Han, Sang-Hee ; Kim, Byung-Cheol ; Jang, Il-Young ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 2, 2015, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.2.001
In this paper, the RC column-based joint connection part carry out loading test by reinforced hollow or extended Base Plate in order to confirm that RC joint punching shear reinforcement effect of applying the Base Plate. Base Plate thickness, extension length, size, and type as the variable, Base Plate suitable for the stress distribution and shape and dimensions confirmed through experiment and then reinforcing effect was analyzed. Experimentally, vertical load transmitted to the Base Plate from column to foundation is effective to stress distribution and then, type of hollow reinforcement more efficient than a closed. Through experiment, improve performance and ductility due to reinforcement and relative to the thickness of the existing foundation reduced even showed better performance than the existing. The behavior of the reinforced specimens be able to induce from brittle to ductile. Experiment on loading to destroy performed the pattern of cracks, destruction aspect before and after reinforcement.
Parametric Study on design Variables of Rectangular Concrete Filled Tubular Columns with High-Strength Steel
Choi, Hyun-Ki ; Bae, Baek-Il ; Choi, Yun-Cheol ; Choi, Chang-Sik ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 2, 2015, Pages 10~21
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.2.010
For the safe design of steel-concrete composite structure, usable yield strength of steels are limited in most of design standard. However, this limitation sometimes cause the uneconomical design for some kind of members such as slender columns which was affected by elastic buckling load. For the economical design for slender columns, parametric study of RCFT (Rectangular CFT) with high-strength steel is conducted, especially investigating the limitation of yield strength of high-strength steels. Using ABAQUS, finite element analysis program, the finite element model was constructed and calibrated with experimental study for RCFT with high strength steel which have yield strength up to 680MPa. Investigated design parameters are yield strength of steel, compressive strength of concrete, steel thickness and slenderness ratio. The effect of design parameters were compared with design standard, KBC-09. From the parametric study with 54 models and previous test specimens, RCFT can be safely design with higher yield strength of steels than currently limited by KBC for large range of slenderness ratio.
Comparative Analysis on Influence of Structure Elements on Optimal Location of One-Outrigger System
Kim, Hyong-Kee ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 2, 2015, Pages 22~32
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.2.022
This study intended to analyze an influence of the structure elements on the optimal location for one-outrigger system in tall building by using MIDAS-Gen. In this investigation, the analysis parameters were the outrigger position and the stiffness of main structure elements such as shear walls, outrigger systems, exterior columns connected in outrigger system and frames not to be connected in outrigger system. For the objective of finding out the optimal location for one-outrigger system in high-rise building, we studied the lateral displacement in top level of 80 stories building. The results of this study indicated that the outrigger location and the stiffness of main structure elements such as shear walls, outrigger systems, exterior columns connected in outrigger system and frames not to be connected in outrigger system had an influence on the optimal location of one-outrigger system. In addition, it is showed that the research results can be very useful in obtaining the structure design data for looking for the optimal location of one-outrigger system in high-rise building.
Experimental Study on Temperature-Moisture Combined Measurement System for Slope Failure Monitoring
Nam, Jin-Won ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 2, 2015, Pages 33~39
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.2.033
Recently, the event of slope failure has been occurring frequently due to rapid climate changes and broad development of infrastructures, and the research for establishment of monitoring and prevention system has been an attentive issue. The major influence factors of slope failure mechanism can be considered moisture and temperature in soil, and the slope failure can be monitored and predicted through the trend of moisture-temperature change. Therefore, the combined sensing technology for the continuous measurement of moisture-temperature with different soil depths is needed for the slope monitoring system. The various independent sensors for each item (i.e. temperature and moisture respectively) have been developed, however, the research for development of combined sensing system has been hardly carried out. In this study, the high-fidelity sensor combing temperature-moisture measurement by using the minimized current consuming temperature circuit and the microwave emission moisture sensor is developed and applied on the slope failure monitoring system. The feasibility of developed monitoring system is verified by various experimental approaches such as standard performance test, mockup test and long-term field test. As a result, the developed temperature-moisture combined measurement system is verified to be measuring and monitoring the temperature and moisture in soil accurately.
Mechanical Performance Evaluation of Rolling Thread Steel Rebar Connection with Taper type Coupler
Jeong, Jin-Hwan ; Kim, In-Tae ; Kim, Tae-Jin ; Lee, Myung-Jin ; Ahn, Jin-Hee ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 2, 2015, Pages 40~51
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.2.040
In reinforced concrete structure, rebar connection method should be considered because of its structural role to resist the tensile stress and its structural load transmission with concrete in the concrete structure. Lapped splice and mechanical sleeve type connector have been traditionally used to connect rebar in the concrete structures. In this study, to examine the mechanical and failure behaviors of rebar bar connected by taper type coupler in the concrete member depending on connection type and condition, tensile tests of steel rebar with taper type coupler and flexible loading tests of concrete beams were conducted. Its tensile strength and flexible strength of the rebar connected by taper type coupler were compared and evaluated by mechanical behaviors of rebar. From this study, steel rebar connected by taper type coupler showed it has similar mechanical performance comparing with unconnected rebar, thus taper type coupler can be used in the rebar fabrication of reinforced concrete structure.
Vibration Control of the Framed Building Structures Using KGDS System with Isotropic Damping Devices
Hur, Moo-Won ; Lee, Sang-Hyun ; Chun, Young-Soo ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 2, 2015, Pages 52~59
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.2.052
In this paper, the vibration control effect of the isotropic damping devices (so-called Kagome dampers) was investigated by applying the Kagome dampers to a 20-story frame structure apartment. A new Kagome Damper System (KGDS) composed of the dampers and supporting column was proposed and numerical analyses were performed to investigate the effects of stiffness ratio between controlled structure and supporting column, the damper size and the number of the dampers. The numerical analysis results of a structure with KGDS up to the third story showed that the stiffness ratio should be higher than 6.4 and the damper size be at least
to effectively reduce the base shear and the maximum drift of the uppermost story. When the KGDS was installed up to the fifth story, the stiffness ratio should be higher than 7.0 and damper size needs to be at least
for obtaining the target performance.
Finite Element Model Updating Based on Data Fusion of Acceleration and Angular Velocity
Kim, Hyun-Jun ; Cho, Soo-Jin ; Sim, Sung-Han ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 2, 2015, Pages 60~67
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.2.060
The finite element (FE) model updating is a commonly used approach in civil engineering, enabling damage detection, design verification, and load capacity identification. In the FE model updating, acceleration responses are generally employed to determine modal properties of a structure, which are subsequently used to update the initial FE model. While the acceleration-based model updating has been successful in finding better approximations of the physical systems including material and sectional properties, the boundary conditions have been considered yet to be difficult to accurately estimate as the acceleration responses only correspond to translational degree-of-freedoms (DOF). Recent advancement in the sensor technology has enabled low-cost, high-precision gyroscopes that can be adopted in the FE model updating to provide angular information of a structure. This study proposes a FE model updating strategy based on data fusion of acceleration and angular velocity. The usage of both acceleration and angular velocity gives richer information than the sole use of acceleration, allowing the enhanced performance particularly in determining the boundary conditions. A numerical simulation on a simply supported beam is presented to demonstrate the proposed FE model updating approach.
Analysis and Prediction of Highway Bridge Deck Slab Deterioration
Lee, Il-Keun ; Kim, Woo-Seok ; Kang, Hyeong-Taek ; Seo, Jung-Wook ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 2, 2015, Pages 68~75
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.2.068
This study established key factors causing deck slab deterioration based on GPR database of 747 highway bridges, and predicted deck slab damage rates with respect to bridge service life. To minimize the influence of bridge service life on deck slab deterioration, the deck slab damage rate database was corrected based on a linear regression model of bridge service life vs. deck slab damage rate. The corrected deck slab damage rates were analyzed to determine correlation considering the number of snowy days, the amount of snowfalls, the number of freeze-thaw days, average winter temperature, altitude, the amount of deicing chemicals and equivalent traffic volume, and then both the number of freeze-thaw days and the amount of deicing chemicals were determined to be key factors causing deck slab deterioration. The complex deterioration considering both key factors was represented deck slab damage rate charts, and the average deck slab life was derived. The results of this study will be used as a guideline for highway bridge maintenance to identify the progress of deck slab deterioration for a given bridge and predict the time required deck slab rehabilitation.
A Study of Modular Dome Structural Modeling with Highly Filled Extrusion Wood-Plastic Composite Member
Shon, Su-Deok ; Kwak, Eui-Shin ; Lee, Seung-Jae ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 2, 2015, Pages 76~83
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.2.076
This paper aims at developing an environmentally friendly modular dome structure system with highly filled extrusion wood-plastic composite (WPC) member, and manufacturing a real-size specimen by modularizing members and nodes. The member used in the model is the WPC member with 70% wooden fiber contests, which is higher then previous WPC one. Its members and nodes are modularized by analyzing geometric characteristics of icosahedral-based geodetic dome. Applicapability of the 6ea prototype nodes and 3ea prototype members to the modular dome is examined with the results of the modulaization and the making process for the real-size specimen. Besides, from the analysis results, the lowest buckling mode is expected to be a nodal buckling on a node near the boundary.
Optimized Cross-section Suggestion of a New Concept Lining Board through Parametric Study
Kim, Chun-Ho ; Yi, Seong-Tae ; Kim, In-Sic ; Sim, Tae-Mu ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 2, 2015, Pages 84~91
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.2.084
In this paper, to overcome disadvantages of existing lining boards, the parametric studies to evaluate safety and verify performance of newly suggested lining boards was performed. Since the calculated stresses of steel plates are lower than the allowable stress for considered all analytical variables, end reinforcement locations, and crane rail loads, it can be concluded that the suggested lining board is structurally safe. Where, "
" was select to be optimized cross-section and the reinforcement from the end to 200mm to the internal direction looks like the best case. In addition, the suggested lining board is economical since the steel amount per unit area compared to existing lining board is reduced by 36% and it can apply to the lining structural system of subway and underpass since construction speed is past due to the less installation number of lining boards.
Development of Abnormal Behavior Monitoring of Structure using HHT
Kim, Tae-Heon ; Park, Ki-Tae ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 2, 2015, Pages 92~98
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.2.092
Recently, buildings tend to be large size, complex shape and functional. As the size of buildings is becoming massive, the need for structural health monitoring (SHM) technique is increasing. Various SHM techniques have been studied for buildings which have different dynamic characteristics and influenced by various external loads. "Abnormal behavior point" is a moment when the structure starts vibrating abnormally and this can be detected by comparing between before and after abnormal behavior point. In other words, anomalous behavior is a sign of damage on structures and estimating the abnormal behavior point can be directly related to the safety of structure. Abnormal behavior causes damage on structures and this leads to enormous economic damage as well as damage for humans. This study proposes an estimating technique to find abnormal behavior point using Hilber-Huang Transform which is a time-frequency signal analysis technique and the proposed algorithm has been examined through laboratory tests with a bridge model using a shaking table.
Strength of CNT Cement Composites with Different Types of Surfactants and Doses
Ha, Sung-Jin ; Kang, Su-Tae ; Lee, Jong-Han ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 2, 2015, Pages 99~107
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.2.099
This study was aimed to investigate the difference in strength of Carbon Nanotube (CNT) reinforced cement mortars with different types of surfactants and doses. In the experimental program, CTAB, SDBS and TX10 which were common surfactants adopted to improve CNTs dispersion in fabricating CNT composites in many industrial fields were included and superplasticizer which was revealed to be effective to disperse CNTs especially in CNT reinforced cementitious composites were added as well. Superplasticizer presented less strength reduction in cement mortar and more strength gain by adding CNTs among four types of surfactants. Higher dosage of superplasticizer caused lower strength of cement mortar. Adding CNTs of 0.4 wt.% or less to cement didn`t show strength enhancement by adding CNTs but 0.8 wt.% of CNTs resulted in strengthening effect after all. Finally, a combination of 0.1 wt.% of CNTs, superplasticizer and sonication treatment could lead to strength improvement by adding CNTs in cement mortar.
Analytical Study for Performance Improvement of Studs for Steel Plate Concrete(SC) Walls subjected to Combined Loads
Yi, Seong-Tae ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 2, 2015, Pages 108~116
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.2.108
This study analytically reviewed the behavior of Steel Plate Concrete(SC) walls subjected to combined loads of axial force, flexural moment, and shear force to investigate the effects of shape and arrangement spacing of studs on the behavior of SC walls. To perform it, 9 cases of finite element analyses considering the different shape and spacing of studs in SC wall were carried out. The results showed that, for SC walls combined steel plate and concrete according to the Design Code, the compressive strength is higher than the tensile strength. Compared results from the finite element analyses of SC walls subjected to combined loads with Design Code showed that all cases were higher than the design strength. For KEPIC SNG, the moment and shear force were not influenced by the axial force of 0.1 to 0.2 times axial strength, however, from the analyses, it was found that the values were decreased as the axial force is increased.
Mechanical Properties in Rice Husk Ash and OPC Concrete with Coconut Fiber Addition Ratios
Lee, Min-Hi ; Kwon, Seung-Jun ; Park, Ki-Tae ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 2, 2015, Pages 117~124
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.2.117
Currently, Eco-friendly construction materials are widely utilized for reducing
emission in construction. Furthermore various engineering fibers are also added for improving a brittle behavior in concrete. In the paper, concrete specimens with 10% and 20% replacement ratio with RHA (Rice Husk Ash) are prepared, and engineering behaviors in RHA and OPC concrete are evaluated with different addition of coconut fiber from 0.125~0.375% of volume ratio. Several basic tests including compressive strength, tensile strength, flexural strength, impact resistance, and bond strength are performed, and crack width and deflections are also measured in flexural test. RHA is evaluated to be very effective in strength development and 0.125% of fiber addition leads significant improvement in tensile strength, ductility, and crack resistance. RHA and coconut fiber are effective construction material both for reutilization of limited resources and performance improvement in normal concrete.
Material Properties of Concrete Produced with Limestone Blended Cement
Bang, Jin-Wook ; Kwon, Seung-Jun ; Shin, Kyung-Joon ; Chung, Woo-Jung ; Kim, Yun-Yong ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 2, 2015, Pages 125~132
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.2.125
This paper presents an experimental investigation in order to evaluate fresh and hardened properties of LP (Limestone Powder) blended cement concrete. The cement contents of the mixtures are replaced by LP in the range of 10%, 15%, 25%, and 35%, while a control mixture is prepared with only OPC (Ordinary Portland Cement). The fresh concrete properties like slump and air content are similar to those of control mixture up to 35% of replacement ratio of LP, however a delay in setting time is evaluated. The hardened properties including compressive strength, flexural strength, and rapid freezing and thawing resistance shows similar results of control mixture up to 15% of replacement. Relatively lower strength development is evaluated over 25% replacement of LP. For accelerated carbonation test, resistance to carbonation rapidly decreases with increasing LP replacement ratio due to the limited amount of
. From the study, LP replacement under 15% can be adopted considering reduction of strength and resistance to carbonation.
Development of Framework for Asset Management of Public Building
Cho, Sang-Ouk ; Ko, Kyu-Jin ; Hwang, Jeong-Ha ; Lee, Chan-Sik ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 2, 2015, Pages 133~142
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.2.133
The budget for public buildings is expected to increase to their maintenance, and the systematic maintenance and sufficient budget are recognized as the important factors for building maintenance. In Korea, buildings are not systematically maintained due to the lack of manpower, expertise and basis of maintenance budget estimates. Compared with Australia where the facility maintenance is optimized through asset management, Korea has only passive maintenance systems that focus on regulations. The introduction of the systematic asset management is required to ensure the advanced building maintenance in Korea. In this study, the asset management processes for social infrastructure facilities in and out of Korea were analyzed, and the asset management framework for public buildings were established. The asset management procedure consisted of ordinary asset management procedure, selective asset value assessment. The framework in this study was developed focusing on the asset management task for public buildings and presented the detailed contents of each step. The application of this framework to the actual work will enable the systematic management of building`s value and performance, and the efficient appropriation of the maintenance budget.
A Study on Construction Condition of Modular System by Structural Analysis of Construction Stage
Jo, Min-Joo ; Kim, Jong-Sung ; Yu, Seong-Yong ; Choi, Ki-Bong ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 2, 2015, Pages 143~150
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.2.143
At present, the actual condition is that Korean modular structures are limited to a low rise detached house and military barracks. And there is no standardized structural design method of stacked modular structure. Accordingly, in general, they don`t review impact force in the stage of stacking and installing a module, the effect which wind load has on a structure in the stage of lifting, and inertial force occurring in the stage of lifting or transporting a module in the process of constructing a structure. Therefore, this study investigated the construction method of modular system to be studied in stages, and decided on the position to which load was applied and boundary condition in structural analysis at each construction stage. Besides, inertial force according to each speed was calculated in the lifting and wheeled transport of module. And we calculated impact load according to lifting speed in module stacking and installation work and wind load due to instantaneous wind speed in the installation work by lifting. On the basis of the suggested method, in the modular system to be studied, it carried out review of structure by changing determining conditions of load being applied by construction stage, such as in the stage of lifting, in the stage of transport, and in the stage of installation, and drew construction conditions securing stability structurally.
Improvement and Evaluation of Seismic Performance of Reinforced Concrete Exterior Beam-Column Joints Retrofitting with Fiber Reinforced Polymer Sheets and Embedded CFRP Rods
Ha, Gee-Joo ; Ha, Young-Joo ; Kang, Hyun-Wook ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 2, 2015, Pages 151~159
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.2.151
In this study, experimental research was carried out to evaluate and improve the seismic performance of reinforced concrete beam-column joint regions using strengthening materials (CFRP sheet, AFRP sheet, embedded CFRP rod) in existing reinforced concrete structure. Therefore it was constructed and tested seven specimens retrofitting the beam-column joint regions using such retrofitting materials. Specimens, designed by retrofitting the beam-column joint regions of existing reinforced concrete structure, were showed the stable failure mode and increase of load-carrying capacity due to the effect of crack control at the times of initial loading and confinement of retrofitting materials during testing. Specimens LBCJ-CRUS, designed by the retrofitting of CFRP Rod and CFRP Sheet in reinforecd beam-column joint regions were increased its maximum load carrying capacity by 1.54 times and its energy dissipation capacity by 2.36 times in comparison with standard specimen LBCJ for a displacement ductility of 4 and 7. And Specimens LBCJ-CS, LBCJ-AF series were increased its energy dissipation capacity each by 2.04~2.34, 1.63~3.02 times in comparison with standard specimen LBCJ for a displacement ductility of 7.
Improvement and Seismic Performance Evaluation of RC Exterior Beam-Column Joints Using Recycled Coarse Aggregate with Hybrid Fiber
Ha, Jae-Hoon ; Ha, Gee-Joo ; Shin, Jong-Hak ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 2, 2015, Pages 160~169
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.2.160
In this study, experimental research was carried out to improve the seismic performance of reinforced concrete exterior beam-column joint regions using replacing recycled coarse aggregate with hybrid fiber (steel fiber+PVA fiber) in existing reinforced concrete building. Therefore it was constructed and tested seven specimens retrofitting the beam-column joint regions using such retrofitting materials. Specimens, designed by retrofitting the beam-column joint regions of reinforced concrete building, were showed the stable failure mode and increase of load-carrying capacity due to the effect of crack control at the times of initial loading and bridge of retrofitting hybrid fiber during testing. Specimens BCJGPSR series, designed by the retrofitting of replacing recycled coarse aggregate with hybrid fiber in reinforecd beam-column joint regions were increased its maximum load carrying capacity by 1.01~1.04 times and its energy dissipation capacity by 1.06~1.29 times in comparison with standard specimen BCJS. Also, specimen
were increased its energy dissipation capacity by 1.33~1.65 times in comparison with specimens BCJS, BCJP and BCJGPR series for a displacement ductility of 9.
Evaluation of Flexural Performance of Eco-Friendly Alkali-Activated Slag Fiber Reinforced Concrete Beams Using Sodium Activator
Ha, Gee-Joo ; Yi, Dong-Ryul ; Ha, Jae-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection, volume 19, issue 2, 2015, Pages 170~178
DOI : 10.11112/jksmi.2015.19.2.170
In this study, it was developed eco-friendly alkali-activated slag fiber reinforced concrete using ground granulated blast furnace slag, alkali activator (water glass, sodium hydroxides), and steel fiber. Eight reinforced concrete beam using alkali-activated slag concrete were constructed and tested under monotonic loading. The major variables were mixture ratio of alkali activator, mixed/without of steel fiber. Experimental programs were carried out to improve and evaluate the flexural performance of such test specimens, such as the load-displacement, the failure mode, the maximum load carrying capacity, and ductility capacity. All the specimens were modeled in scale-down size. The reinforced concrete beams using the eco-friendly alkali-activated slag fiber reinforced concrete was failed by the flexure or flexure-shear in general. In addition, the maximum strength increased with the adding the mol of sodium hydroxide, and the specimen reinforced the steel fiber showed the value of maximum strength which is increased by 15.8% through 25.9%. It is thought that eco-friendly alkali-activated slag fiber reinforced concrete can be used with construction material and product to replace normal concrete. If there is applied to structures such as precast concrete member and production of 2nd concrete product, it could be improved the productivity and reduction of construction duration etc.