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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea
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Journal DOI :
The Mineralogical Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Dec 2005
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 2005
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 2005
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 2005
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The Electrocatalytic Reduction of Molecular Oxygen with Clay Modified Electrodes
Oh Sung-Hun ; Hwang Jin-Yeon ; Shim Yoon-Bo ; Lee Hyomin ; Yoon Jihae ;
Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea, volume 18, issue 1, 2005, Pages 1~9
The electrocatalytic reduction of O₂ was investigated with methyl viologen and methylene blue incorporated clay-modified electrodes. Clay suspensions were prepared with Na-montmorillonite, Ca-montmorillonite, and kaolinite. The methyl viologen-clay modified electrodes were made by coating clay suspensions adsorbing methyl viologen on a glassy carbon electrode. Cyclic voltammetry were performed in aqueous media to investigate the electrocatalytic property of the modified electrode in reducing O₂. A Na-montmorillonite modified electrode showed the greatest adsorption capacity for methyl viologen. The modified electrode made of Na-montmorillonite suspension of 0.87 g/10 mL and a 2.5 mM of methyl viologen solution showed the most effective electrocatalytic property, where the catalytic reduction potential was shifted by 242.6 mV toward the positive potential. The electrocatalytic ability was more significant in acidic (pH=3.7) and alkaline (pH=12.7) media than the neutral pH range (6.3∼8.3). The methyl viologen-Na-montmorillonite modified electrode had the good reproducibility and maintain the electrocatalytic property over 20 times reuse.
Synthesis of Na-A type Zeolite From Melting Slag
Jang Young-Nam ; Chae Soo-Chuu ; Bae In-Kook ; Ryou Kyung-Won ;
Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea, volume 18, issue 1, 2005, Pages 11~17
Na-A zeolite were synthesized from melting slag of the incinerated ash by the alkaline activation processes. The experiments were performed in stainless steel vessels, with continuous stirring during the reaction periods. The silica-rich solution, a starting material, which was the waste of crystal growth factory, contains 5.7 wt% SiO₂ and 3.2 wt% Na₂O. And NaAlO₂ was made by the reaction of aluminium dross and NaOH solution and its molar ratios were Na₂O/Al₂O₃= 1.2 and H₂O/Na₂O=9. During the residence time of 7∼8 h at 80℃, the mixing of the silica-rich solution, NaAlO₂ and melting slag yields the production of homogeneous Na-A zeolite. The optimal reactant composition in molar ratio of Na₂O:Al₂O₃:SiO₂ was 1.3∼l.4 : 0.8∼0.9 : 2 and mixing ratio of solution and slag was 1/7∼10 (g/cc). Synthesized Na-A zeolite has cubic form uniformly and its size ranges about 1 ㎛. Ca/sup 2+/ ion exchange capacity of the Na-A was about 180∼210 meq/100g, corresponding approximately 80% to the commercial detergent builder.
A Study on the Beneficiation of Illite by Selective Grinding and Air Classification
Kim Sang-Bae ; Cho Sung-Baek ; Kim Wan-Tae ; Yoon Sung-Dae ;
Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea, volume 18, issue 1, 2005, Pages 19~31
A study on the beneficiation of illite occurring in Youngdong province is performed with applying selective grinding and air classification techniques. Quartz and illite are occurred as major components, and sulfide minerals such as pyrite, chalcopyrite are associated as minor components. The result of sieving test shows that contents of Al₂O₃, K₂O and ignition loss are increased, whereas SiO₂ is decreased with particle size decrease. Fe₂O₃ content is almost same in all the particle size range but slightly lower at coarse particles. The yield of fine particles is increased with increasing rotor speed in both grinding stage and air classification stage. When the selective grinding and air classification are carried out at optimal condition, yield of the concentrate is 76.16 wt.%. The chemical compositions of the concentrate are SiO₂70.13%, Al₂O₃ 19.40%, Fe₂O₃ 1.62%, K₂O 5.20%, and ignition loss 2.77%. The beneficiation process developed in the current study is very effective method which purification and particle size control can be achieved simultaneously.
Origins of Clinopyroxenes in Alkaline Basalts from Jeju Island
Yang Kyounghee ; Hwang Byoung-Hoon ;
Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea, volume 18, issue 1, 2005, Pages 33~43
Three types of clinopyroxenes in alkali basaltic rocks from Jeju Island can be identified on the basis of geochemical and textural data. Type Ⅰ is Cr-rich diopside in spinel peridotites from the upper mantle. Type Ⅱ is augite in fine-grained pyroxenites which are possibly either magmatic vein or metamorphic segregations owing to anatexis of the upper mantle. The augite of Type Ⅱ contains high Ca and Mg and relatively low Ti. Type Ⅲ is thought to be either cumulates or cognate phenocrysts and can be subdivided into Ⅲa, Ⅲb, and Ⅲc based on their occurrence mode. Clinopyroxenes of Type Ⅰ have the highest Mg# and Si and the lowest Ti, whereas those of Type Ⅲhave lower Mg#와 Si and higher Ti. These geochemical characteristics indicate that (Ti+Al/sup Ⅵ/)/Si and Al/sup Ⅵ//Al/sup Ⅵ/ increase from Type Ⅰ to Type Ⅲ. It is possibly interpreted that Type Ⅰ is of the highest pressure origin and Type Ⅲ of the lowest. Fractionation of high-pressure clinopyroxenes would result in evolved undersaturated alkali-enriched liquids, probably producing the alkali-enriched host basaltic rocks in Jeju Island.
On the Structure and the Extent of Disorder in Non-crystalline Silicates at High Pressure: 2 Dimensional Solid-state NMR Study
Lee Sung Keun ;
Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea, volume 18, issue 1, 2005, Pages 45~52
The recent development and advances in 2 dimensional solid-state NMR, particularly, triple quantum (3Q) MAS NMR yield much improved resolution compared with conventional 1 dimensional MAS NMR, allowing us to study the distributions of cations and anions in the non-crystalline silicate glasses and melts. Here, we present the recent progress made by 3QMAS NMR spectra of silicate glasses quenched from melts at pressures up to 10 GPa in a multi-anvil apparatus, revealing previously unknown details of structures of covalent oxide glasses and melts at high pressure.
Rb-Sr Isotopic Ages of Biotite in the Weathering Profile of Granodiorite, Yecheon
Jeong Gi Young ; Cheong Chang-Sik ; Lee Bong Ho ;
Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea, volume 18, issue 1, 2005, Pages 53~59
Rb-Sr isotopic ages of oxidized biotite in the weathering profile of granodiorite, Yecheon area, were measured by thermal ionization mass spectrometry, and compared with their K-Ar ages. A decrease of Rb-Sr isotopic age is well correlated with iron oxidation, and consistent with K-Ar age. Octahedral and interlayer cations including Rb and Sr were partly released from the oxidizing biotite by excess positive charge from iron oxidation. Divalent /sup 87/Sr decayed from monovalent /sup 87/Rb was more easily released from biotite, resulting in the reduction of Rb-Sr isotopic age. Weathered biotite is not suitable for the age dating of parent rocks, but behaviour of radiogenic isotopes provides useful information on the geochemical and structural changes of biotite during weathering.
Geochemical Characteristics of Clinopyroxenes in the Upper Mantle Rocks under the Baegryeong Island and the Boeun
Kil Young Woo ; Lee Seok Hoon ;
Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea, volume 18, issue 1, 2005, Pages 61~72
Modal and chemical compositions of clinopyroxnes in spinel peridotites from the Baegryeong Island and the Boeun, enclosed in Miocene alkali basalt, are important for understanding the pre-eruptive temperature condition and chemical processes such as mantle depletion and enrichment. All spinel peridotites show transitional texture between protogranular and porphyroclastic textures. Temperature ranges of spinel peridotites from the Baegryeong Island and the Boeun at 15 kb are 773∼1188℃ and 705∼1106℃, respectively. The spinel peridotites from the Baegryeong Island and the Boeun have undergone the 1∼10% and 1∼4% fractional melting, which were determined by using primitive mantle-normalized Y and Yb of clinopyroxenes. LREE enrichment patterns of clinopyroxene indicate that these rocks from both areas have undergone cryptic mantle metasomatism without new minerals.