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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea
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Journal DOI :
The Mineralogical Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
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Adsorption of Arsenic on Goethite
Kim, Soon-Oh ; Lee, Woo-Chun ; Jeong, Hyeon-Su ; Cho, Hyen-Goo ;
Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 177~189
Iron (oxyhydr)oxides commonly form as secondary minerals of high reactivity and large surface area resulting from alteration and weathering of primary minerals, and they are efficient sorbents for inorganic and organic contaminants. Accordingly, they have a great potential in industrial applications and are also of substantial interest in environmental sciences. Goethite (
-FeOOH) is one of the most ubiquitous and stable forms of iron (oxyhydr)oxides in terrestrial soils, sediments, and ore deposits, as well as a common weathering product in rocks of all types. This study focused on adsorption reaction as a main mechanism in scavenging arsenic using goethite. Goethite was synthesized in the laboratory to get high purity, and a variety of mineralogical and physicochemical features of goethite were measured and related to adsorption characteristics of arsenic. To compare differences in adsorption reactions between arsenic species, in addition, a variety of experiments to acquire adsorption isotherm, adsorption edges, and adsorption kinetics were accomplished. The point of zero charge (PZC) of the laboratory-synthesized goethite was measured to be 7.6, which value seems to be relatively higher, compared to those of other iron (oxyhydr)oxides. Its specific surface area appeared to be
and it is relatively smaller than those of other (oxyhydr)oxides. As a result, it was speculated that goethite shows a smaller adsorption capacity. It is likely that the affinity of goethite is much more larger for As(III) (arsenite) than for As(V) (arsenate), because As(III) was observed to be much more adsorbed on goethite than As(V) in equivalent pH conditions. When the adsorption of each arsenic species onto goethite was characterized in various of pH, the adsorption of As(III) was largest in neutral pH range (7.0~9.0) and decreased in both acidic and alkaline pH conditions. In the case of As(V), the adsorption appeared to be highest in the lowest pH condition, and then decreased with an increase of pH. This peculiarity of arsenic adsorption onto goethite might be caused by macroscopic electrostatic interactions due to variation in chemical speciation of arsenic and surface charge of goethite, and also it is significantly affected by change in pH. Parabolic diffusion model was adequate to effectively evaluate arsenic adsorption on goethite, and the regression results show that the kinetic constant of As(V) is larger than that of As(III).
Preparation of High-grade Silica Sand for Metallurgical-grade Si Using a Physical Beneficiation
Yang, Young-Cheol ; Jeong, Soo-Bok ; Chae, Young-Bae ; Kim, Seong ;
Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 191~197
It is very important to raise the purity of silica for manufacturing metallurgical-grade silicon because the purification of silicon in the smelting process is very difficult. In present study, the silica sand which is obtained from Vietnam was mineralogically analyzed. Based on the results, a novel process to separate impurities from the silica sand was developed, which consisted of classification, specific gravity and magnetic separation steps. Using the developed process, high-grade silica sand concentrate containing over 99.8 wt%
was prepared, being suitable for manufacturing the metallurgical-grade silicon.
Chemical and Mineralogical Characteristics of White Stones Excavated from Archaeological Sites
Han, Min-Su ; Cho, Nam-Chul ; Kim, Woo-Hyun ; Choi, Kyung-Yong ;
Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 199~206
The aim of this study is to investigate the relations among each white stone and their characteristics through the chemical and mineralogical analysis of them excavated from around some kilns in archaeological sites. Moreover it was intended to infer the function of kilns. Nine white stones were chosen from three different archaeological sites, the each name of which is Sanyang-ri, Youngdu-ri and Gwangdae-ri in Chungcheongnam-do. In the mineralogical characteristics of thin section, eight stones containing calcite are altered and recrystallized by metasomatism and hydrothermal process, and Calcites, major component minerals of limestone, were identified by the analysis of XRD. On the basis of this result, we can infer the stones to be classified into limestone groups. One the other hand, research revealed that one of the white stones was a white pelitic stone composed of quartz, microcline and muscovite. In the analysis of chemical composition, except for the white pelitic stone eight stones are mainly composed of CaO which is major component of Calcite. Besides, as a results of correlation analysis by using a chemical compositions of major and minor elements in white stones, little did each archaeological site have the relativity. In conclusion, each archaeological site was estimated that they would use a limestone ores extracted from different deposits, and there is a high possibility that the function of these kilns is to produce quicklime.
Fluid Inclusions in Amethyst from the Korea Amethyst Deposit, Uljin, Gyeongbuk
Lee, Mi-Lyoung ; Yang, Kyoung-Hee ; Lee, Ju-Youn ; Kim, Gyo-Tea ;
Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 207~216
Three distinct types of fluid inclusions in amethyst and quartz crystals are associated with metamorphic events in the Korea Amethyst deposit from Uljin-Gun, Gyeongbuk Province. The amethyst displays bimodal grain size distribution in fine-grained, strain-free equigranular quartz with coarse-grained quartz grains with kink bands and undulose extinction. Type I inclusions are liquid-rich and salinity is 0~7 wt% NaCl and the homogenization temperatures (
with eutectic temperatures (
. Type II inclusions are vapor-rich (80~90 vol%). The salinity and
ranges 3~6 wt% NaCl and
, respectively with
. Type III inclusions contain a daughter mineral other than NaCl. The salinity ranges 32~36 wt% NaCl and
. The textural and fluid inclusion evidences suggest that the host Buncheon granite gneiss and Amethyst pegmatite experienced dynamic recrystallization and the studied fluid inclusions are metamorphic in origin. The metamorphic event possibly occurred at higher temperature than
. The amethysts from Uljin Korea Amethyst can be distinguished from the synthetic amethyst on basis of the distinctive two and three-phases fluid inclusions. Furthermore, it is noticeable that Korea amethyst do not contain NaCl-bearing and
-rich fluid inclusions unlike those compared to those from Eonyang and Samcheonpo deposits related to unmetamorphosed granitic rocks.
Separation and Mineralogy of Marine Sand Near Haeju bay, North Korea
Chae, Soo-Chun ; Shin, Hee-Young ; Bae, In-Kook ; Kwon, Sung-Won ; Lee, Soo-Jung ; Kim, Wan-Tae ; Lee, Chun-Oh ; Jang, Young-Nam ;
Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 217~227
Heavy minerals in the marine sand near Haeju bay, Hwanghae-do, North Korea were separated using the gravity and the magnetic separators. And their mineralogical study was carried out. Ilmenite, magnetite, hematite, zircon and monazite were observed as the valuable minerals, and quartz, orthoclase, muscovite, hornblende and garnet existed as gangue minerals. In the result of quantitative analysis with SIROQUANT program, the contents of the valuable minerals separated with the 2nd gravity separation (the shaking table separation), the 1st magnetic separation (rare earth magnetic separation) and the 2nd magnetic separation (the Eddy current magnetic separation) were increased into 4%, 10% and 76~89% (under the condition of 7000 G and 10000 G in magnetic strength), respectively. The contents of ilmenite, monazite and zircon recalculated from the chemical composition differed from the results of the quantitative analyses by SIROQUANT program, but the entire tendency bears some analogy with it. Under the conditions of 7000 G and 10000 G in 2nd magnetic separation the contents of ilmenites were concentrated with 53% and 66%, respectively. The content of monazite was 1.2% in the magnetic fractions of the 1st magnetic separation. The content of zircon was shown 1.4% under the condition of 10000 G in the 2nd magnetic separation, and was displayed 9% in +50 mesh of non-magnetic fraction of 1st magnetic separation, especially.
Mineralogy and the Behavior of Heavy Metals at Different Depths in Tailing Impoundment of the Samsanjeil mine
Kim, Heong-Jung ; Kim, Yeong-Kyoo ; Choo, Chang-Oh ;
Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 229~240
In Gosung, the symptoms similar to itai-itai disease from neighboring residents of the Samsanjeil mine have been social issues. Therefore, various researches on the behavior of heavy metals of the tailings impoundment of 280,000 ton in the Samsanjeil mine are required. In this paper, mineralogical and geochemical studies on the tailings at different depths in the Samsanjeil mine were investigated and the factors on the behavior of heavy metals were also studied. At two sampling sites (NN and SN), samples were collected at different depths down to 1 m. At NN sites, pH values decreased with depth, while those at SN sites did not show significant changes. XRD analysis showed that the main minerals in the tailings were quartz, microcline, muscovite, and chlorite with minor amount of gypsum. There were no noticeable changes in the mineral composition with depth. At NN sites, the amount of calcite was negligible, and jarosite, which usually occurs at acid soil or acid mine drainage at pH lower than 4, was identified. However, the samples at SN site contained relatively high contents of calcite with pyrite. Therefore, calcite seemed to buffer the acid and control pH at SN site. The contents of heavy metals in tailings were in the order of Cu > As > Zn > Pb > Co > Cr > Ni > Cd. The heavy metal concentrations in the tailings were closely related with pH changes. The concentrations of Cd and Co were much lower at NN site at which pH values are low than those at SN sites. Contrary to that, Cr and As which exist as oxyanions showed higher concentrations at SN sites. This result showed that the behaviors of heavy metals in our study area were controlled by pH which is influenced by the contents of calcite.
Hydrothermal Synthesis of Kaolinite and Change of Its Properties
Jang, Young-Nam ; Ryu, Gyoung-Won ; Chae, Soo-Chun ;
Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 241~248
Kaolinite was synthesized from amorphous
as starting materials by hydrothermal reaction conducted at
. The acidity of the solution was adjusted at pH 2. The synthesized kaolinite was characterized by XRD, IR, NMR, FE-SEM, TEM and EDS to clarify the formational process according to the reaction time from 2 to 36 hours. X-ray diffraction patterns showed after 2 h of reaction time, the starting material amorphous
transformed to boehmite (AlOOH) and after the reaction time 5 h, the peaks of boehmite were observed to be absent thereby indicating the crystal structure is partially destructed. Kaolinite formation was identified in the product obtained after 10 h of reaction and the peak intensity of kaolinite increased further with reaction time. The results of TGA and DTA revealed that the principal feature of kaolinite trace are well resolved. TGA results showed 13 wt% amount of weight loss and DTA analysis showed that exothermic peak of boehmite observed at
was decreased gradually and after 10 h of reaction time, it was disappeared. After 5 h of the reaction time, the exothermicpeak of transformation to spinel phase was observed and the peak intensiy increased with reaction time. The results of FT-IR suggested a highly ordered kaolinite was obtained after 36 hours of reaction. It was identified by the characteristic hydroxide group bands positioned at 3,696, 3670, 3653 and
. The development of the hydroxyl stretching between 3696 and
, depends on the degree of order and crystalline perfection. TEM results showed that after 15 h reaction time, curved platy kaolinite was observed as growing of (001) plane and after 36 h, the morphology of synthetic kaolinite exhibited platy crystal with partial polygonal outlines.
Effect of Cation and Ionic Strength on Dispersion and Coagulation of Hwangto and Clay Minerals
Park, Bo-Kyeong ; Kim, Kyung-Min ; Kim, Young-In ; Yum, Seo-Yun ; Lee, Jeong-Woo ; Hyung, Seuug-Woo ; Hwang, Jun-Ho ; Kim, Yu-Mi ; Kong, Mi-Hye ; Kim, Cheong-Bin ; Roh, Yul ;
Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 249~259
The objective of this research was to find out the physical properties, such as dispersion and coagulation, of soil minerals depending on the types and concentrations of the cations in aqueous solution. Hwangto samples were obtained from 90 to 130 cm from surface at Jangdong-ri, Donggang-Myon, Naju, Chonnam Province. The clay fraction (<
) was separated by sedimentation method from the bulk soils. Both Hwangto and clay fractions, and the same samples after removal of amorphous and crystalline iron oxides were used in this experiment. The effect of 4 cations (
) and their concentrations on settling speed and basal spacing of the minerals were observed to examine the physical properties of the soil and clay minerals. Hwangto mainly consisted of quartz, and the clay fractions consisted of kaolinite, illite, and vermiculite. The bulk soils contained 16.3 mg/kg of amorphous iron oxides and 436 mg/kg of crystalline iron oxides. Clay fractions were dispersed better than bulk soils due to their smaller particle size than that of the bulk samples in the aqueous solution. The bulk and clay samples were dispersed better when iron oxides were removed because of coating of minerals by the iron oxides. Clay minerals were settled faster as the charge and the concentration of cations added increased. The d-spacing of kaolinite and illite did not change when 4 types of cations were added. The d-spacing of vermiculite showed
when divalent cations were added while that of vermiculite showed
when monovalent cations were added. It may be attributed to the hydration radii of cations. This study indicated that both coating of iron oxides on minerals and types and concentrations of cations affect dispersion of minerals in solution and d-spacing of expanding clay minerals such as vermiculite.
Applied-mineralogical Characterization for the Quick-lime Manufactured from Fine-grained Domestic Limestones
Noh, Jin-Hwan ; Lee, Hyun-Chul ;
Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 261~277
This study is aimed to emphasize the significance of ore selection in lime manufacturing through the evaluation of applied-mineralogical impact factors of crude ores controlling calcination characteristics for some domestic limestones used currently for lime manufacturing. To do this work, systematic characterization and determination were carried out for the limestone ores and their calcination products in a fixed calcining condition (target temperature:
, retention time: 30 minutes, 2, 4, 10, 16 hours), and the results were correlated and discussed. Selected high-Ca limestones in this study are as much as > 98 wt%, but they are somewhat diverse in crystallinity, texture, and impurity composition. Synthesized quicklimes are varied depending on such a difference in ore characters. The Pungchon limestone has relatively very low calcination rate, and the limestones from the Gabsan formation and the Jeongseon formation exhibit good quality in calcination rate and decrepitation. Among these samples, the limestone ore from the Jeongseon formation is evaluated to be the best for crude ore in manufacturing of highly-reactive quicklime. In addition, it is characteristic that the Gabsan limestone comparative rich in Fe-bearing mineral such as pyrite and goethite is more conspicuous in sintering effect.