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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Mycology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Mycology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Dec 1991
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Sep 1991
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Jun 1991
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Mar 1991
Selecting the target year
Fungal flora of
Island (II) -on some resupinate fungi -
Jung, Hack-Sung ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 1~10
Fresh materials were obtained during collection trips to
Island in October, 1989, and August, 1990. Among them, some resupinate fungi were identified. Seven fungi were confirmed new in Korea and are recorded here with descriptions. They are Gloeocystidiellum karstenii, Peniophora lilacea, Phlebia cremeo-alutacea, P. deflectens, P. livida, Resinicium bicolor, and Hymenochaete corrugata.
Notes on genus Entoloma of Korea (I)
Cho, Duck-Hyun ; Park, Seong-Sik ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 11~17
Eight spcies of genus Entoloma were collected from the areas around Mt. Manduck, and newly identified in Korea; Entoloma cuboideum, E. subquadratum, E. albinellum, E. albidum, E. commune, E. amplifolium, E. fragrans and E. lampropum.
Three species of the Laboulbeniales (Ascomycotina) collected in Korea
Lee, Young-Bo ; Park, Hyun-Shin ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 18~21
Three species of Laboulbeniales were collected from the insects in Kwangju City and Pogil Island, Korea, and described : Corethromyces shazawae Majewski et Sugiyama were observed on Ochthephilum densipenne (Sharp) (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae), Herpomyces periplanetae Thaxter on Blatta orientalis(L.) (Blattaria, Blattidae), and Rhachomyces philonthinus Thaxter on Philonthus micanticollis Sharp (Coleoptera.Staphylinidae). Also, the morphological features of these three species were described in the detailed.
The additional lichens in Mt. Deogyu
Moon, Kwang-Hee ; Park, Seung-Tai ; Min, Kyung-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 22~26
The lichen species collected from Mt. Deogyu were identified as beloning to eleven genera in four famillies: Anzia colpota, Cladonia bacillaris, Flavoparmelia caperata, Hypotrachyna physcioides, Nephromopsis asahinae, Parmelia fertilis, P. marmaiza, Parmotrema austrosinense, P. chinense, Xanthoparmelia mexicana, X. scabrosa, Anaptychia palmulata, Heterodermia hypoleuca and Physconia grumosa. Among the fourteen lichens, the genus name of Parmotrema austrosinense and Xanthoparmelia scabrosa were changed by Hale, and Hypotrachyna physcioides was newly reported in Korea.
Microscopic observation of conidia from the genus of Pleurotus
Byun, Myung-Ok ; Yoo, Young-Bok ; Go, Seung-Joo ; You, Chang-Hyun ; Cha, Dong-Yeul ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 27~31
Formation of conidium, an asexual organ on the hyphae, was examined from ten species of Pleurotus. Conidiospores of them were distinguished into two types of spores; an elliptical and a globose spores. Dikaryotic hyphae of ten species and monokaryotic hyphae of three species were observed to produce conidiospore. Conidia were observed on the hyphae grown on mushroom complete agar medium but were not on mushroom minimal agar medium. Two aconidial mutants were obtained by the ultraviolet irradiation.
Study on the Characterization of Light-induced Mitochondrial ATP Synthase in Pleurotus ostreatus
Min, Tae-Jin ; Lee, Kang-Hyeob ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 32~40
Mitochondria in Pleurotus ostreatus were isolated and purified by the stepped sucrose density gradient centrifugation, to investigate the effects of the light on the enzymatic activity of the mitochondrial ATP synthase. This enzyme, which was illuminated by the light ranging from 400 nm to 700 nm, showed that the specific activity was stimulated at 490 nm for 15 sec. Effects of organic compounds on the mitochondrial ATP synthase were also investigated at the optimum conditions; The activities of this enzyme were increased to 168 percent by the addition of 2,6-dichlorophenol indophenol(DCPIP), 224 percent by phenazine methosulfate(PMS), but inhibited 91 percent by oligomycin, 14 percent by 2-heptyl-4-hydroxyquinoline-N-oxide(HQNO) and 75 percent by 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP), respectively. Effects of metal ions of the mitochondrial ATP synthase were investigated at the optimum conditions. The activities of the enzyme were inhibited 35 percent by
, 14 percent by
and 73 percent by
. For effects of anions, the activities of this enzyme were inhibited 80 percent by
, 52 percent by
, 28 percent by each of
Isolation of Yeasts utilizing Phthalic Compounds as a Sole Carbon Source
Lee, Young-Nam ; Yu, Jeong-Hi ; Lee, Sang-Sun ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 41~46
Three isolates of yeast utilizing phthalic compounds as a sole carbon source were obtained from the surface waters exposed to the industrial effluents near Cheong Ju city. On the basis of microscopic observations on morphology and various biochemical characterizations, the three isolates were identifed as a species of Rhodotorula. Candida or Torulopsis. A number of aromatic chemicals including phthalic compounds would support the growth of these yeasts as a sole carbon source, Thus, the yeast isolates would have potentials in reduction of environmental burden due to industrial wastes of aromatic hydrocarbons.
The Role of the Rice Bran Employed in the Traditional Spawn Sawdust Medium
Lee, Sang-Sun ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 47~53
Metaboilc parameters were obtained from the measurment of productivities of carbon dioxide on the sawdust medium. The productivites of carbon dioxide obtained during fourteen days' incubation were employed for the fungal biomass, representing the fungal growth, and applied for understanding the physioligical parameters on the sawdust medium. The role of rice bran, commonly employed in the conventional spawn medium was speculated to be three kinds of nutrients of starch, nitrogen source, and and minerals. Biologically, the role of rice bran was considered to be the fast growing agents which led to prevention of other microorganisms.
Studies on the Morphology and the Mycelial Cultivation of Poria cocos (Fr.) Wolf.
Hong, In-Pyo ; Lee, Min-Woong ; Kim, Kwang-Po ; Lee, Sang-Sun ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 54~60
In the traditional medicine, the basidiocarps of Poria cocos (Fr.) Wolf naturally collected have been widely used as a traditional remedy for dropsy, diarrhea, gonorrhea and nervous disease more than 3500 years ago. It was recently found to be composed of the particular compounds having antitumor effects. Therefore, its demand has been gradually increased, whereas it is still dependent upon the natural harvest. The artificial cultivation of P. cocos was carried out to observe the morphological characteristics and to investigate the cultural characteristics of P. cocos isolates collected. The morphological characteristics of its basidiocarps was observed. The physiological aspects of its isolates were also investigated.
Mycelial Growth of Ganoderma lucidum and Grifola frondosa in Milk Whey
Chung, Kun-Sub ; Koo, Young-Jo ; Yoo, Jin-Young ; Choi, Shin-Yang ; Shin, Dong-Hwa ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 61~65
For the production of mycelia of mushroom by submerged culture, the experiment was carried out. mushroom. The optimum culture broth for Ganoderma lucidum NG-L were composed of CMC 0.8%(w/v) and
0.2%, with 10%(v/v) of inoculum size and pH 5.5 when the milk whey was used as basal medium. In case of Grifola frondosa ATCC48688, the optimum broth were composed of soluble starch 2%(w/v) and
0.l%(w/v), with 8%(v/v) of inoculum size and pH 5.2. Among several plant growth hormones,indole-3-acetic acid and gibberellin
stimulated the mycelial growth of Ganoderma lucidum NG-L and Grifola frondosa ATCC 48688 respectively. The culture broth of these mushrooms inhibited the growth of B. subtilis and P. aeruginosa.
Identification of Streptomyces species antagonistic to Fusarium solani or Cylindrocarpon destructans causing ginseng root rots
Shim, Jae-Ouk ; Lee, Min-Woong ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 66~73
Among 110 isolates of actinomycetes isolated from ginseng pathogen-suppressive soils, the three actinomycetes showing the effective controls to Fusarium solani or Cylindrocarpon destructans causing ginseng root rots were identified according to their morphological, cultural and physiological characteristics on various culture media. Spore chains of K 6-2, S 2-1 and Y 2-2 were Spira (S), Retinaculum-apertum (RA) and Rectus-flexibilis (RF), respectively. Spore surfaces of K 6-2 were spiny, whereas S 2-1 and Y 2-2 were all smooth. Aerial mass colors of 3 isolates were gray series. As a result of various tests, they were identified as Streptomyces variabilis, Streptomyces virginiae and Streptomyces griseo/us, respectively.
A Leaf Spot of Soybean Caused by Corynespora cassiicola
Yu, Seung-Hun ; Kim, Jong-Tae ; Shim, Hyeong-Kwon ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 74~78
A species of Corynespora was isolated from red-brown spots developed on leaves of soybean. The fungus was identified as Corynespora cassiicola and proved to be pathogenic to soybean plants. Growth of this fungus in vitro was optimal at
, and poor at lower than 19 and higher than
. Sporulation was abundant on the potato dextrose malt agar and moderate on V-8 juice agar and potato dextrose agar, The relative susceptibility of several soybean cultivars to Corynespora cassiicola was evaluated in the greenhouse. Cultivar Hwangkum of soybeans appered to be resistant to C cassiicola and other cultivars were susceptible or moderately resistant.
Production of Antihypertensive Constituents from Ganoderma lucidum IY005 by Fermentation Using Industrial Wastes
Lee, Kweon-Haeng ; Jeong, Hoon ; Kim, Young-Il ; Kim, Byong-Kak ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 79~84
Fruit bodies of Ganoderma lucidum have been used for most pharmacological studies, but pharmacological effects are likely variable because the habitats and strains of Ganoderma lucidum are different. Therefore, their fermentation is required to produce constant and reliable pharmacological constituents from Ganoderma lucidum. During the studies of medium for industrial application. it was found that ginseng root residues, remaining after being extracted with ethanol, were a good carbon source for a fermentation of Genoderma lucidum and a corn steep liquor was also economical for the nitrogen source. Yield of the mycelial cultured in ginseng root residues and corn steep liquor was 2.5 times higher than that in glucose and peptone, known as a conventional medium of Ganoderma lucidum. The polysaccharide content of the extracts from the cultured mycelia was higher than that from fruit bodies, but protein content was vice versa. Extracts of the cultured mycelia were more effective and lasting than extracts of the fruit bodies in decreased hypertention of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR).
Studies on the Chemical Control of Mycogone perniciosa Magn in Cultivation of Mushroom Agaricus bisporus(Lang) Sing
Jhune, Chang-Sung ; Kim, Gwang-Po ; Cha, Dong-Yeul ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 19, issue 1, 1991, Pages 85~87
Prochloraz of fungicide was applied on Mycogone perniciosa causing wet bubble in cultivated mushroom, Agaricus bisporus. In vitro, Prochloraz was an excellent fungicide on two strains of Mycogone, tolerant and non-tolerant to Benomyl, respectively. At the low dosage, Prochloraz more inhibited mycelial growth of mushrooms than Benomyl. At the higher dosage, Benomyl more inhibited the mycelial growth than prochloraz. The higher yield of sporophore of the mushroom with low inferction rate was abtained from several trial of Prochloraz. Prochloroz was concluded to be effective fungicide on Mycogone perniciosa on Agaricus cultivation.