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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Mycology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Mycology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Dec 1993
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Sep 1993
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Jun 1993
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Mar 1993
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Descriptions of Some Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Produced under Artificial Conditions and Collected in Korea
Lee, Sang-Sun ; Eom, Ahn-Heum ; Lee, Oun-Hack ; Kim, Myoung-Kon ; Kim, Sung-Il ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 21, issue 2, 1993, Pages 85~93
Eighty two soil samples were nation widely collected from nine places in Korea. Each soils were used as the inocula for the pot culture of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. The twenty two species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi were successfully cultured by using the small pots under the conditions of green house and identified under light microscopes. Out of them, the five species were first isolated and decribed in Korea; Acaulospora morrowiae, A. rugosa, A. longula, Glomus fecundisporum, Gl. deserticolar. Three species of genus Glomus were not identified and Glomus clarum reporeted by Eom and Lee (1989) was redescribed.
Studies on Distribution and Utilization of Cordyceps militaris and C. nutans
Sung, Jae-Mo ; Kim, Chun-Hwan ; Yang, Kun-Joo ; Lee, Hyun-Kyung ; Kim, Yang-Sup ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 21, issue 2, 1993, Pages 94~105
The genus Cordyceps known as an insect parasite forms a sclerotium in insect bodies and then produces perithecia on the single or multiple stromata produced from sclerotium. Collected Cordyceps were identified into 5 species: Cordyceps militaris, C. nutans, Cordyceps sphecocephala, Isaria japonica, and Torrubiella sp. The fruit bodies of Cordyceps in petri-dish cover were fixed by tape and put the lid on water agar plates to isolate these collected Cordyceps. The germinated spores were transferred from water agar to Potato dextrose agar(PDA) after six hours. Mycelial growth of C. nutans and C. militaris was the most successful on Hamada media and was also good on Complete media and PDA. Mannose as a carbon source was good for two species and Glutamic acid as a nitrogen source was satisfactory to C. militaris and Asparagine gave a good result to C. nutans. C. militaris and C. nutans showed similar mycelial growth rate on the media that contained thiamine-HCI, biotine or nicotinic acid as a vitamine. When conidia of C. nutans were inoculated to insects, mortality was high in Artogeia napi L, Hemiptera, Plutella xylostella and 50% in Orthoptera, 12% in Acantholyda posticalise M, but not Agelastica coerulea B. in Aphididae, C. nutans was collected from only Hemiptera in nature, but killing effect on other insects was proved. Mycelial growth and fruit-body formation were good on the media that consist of rice powder 5g, wheat flour 5g, water 100ml, but formed fruit-body was not complete stromata but a mass of conidia according to results of observing microscope.
Production of Pectolytic Enzymes and Change of Pectic Substances from Apple Fruits Infected with Botryosphaeria dothidea
Park, Seok-Hee ; Lee, Chang-Un ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 21, issue 2, 1993, Pages 106~111
Pectolytic enzymes were extracted in apple fruits rotted by Botryosphaeria dothidea, and their activities and change of pectic substances were investigated. Exo-polygalacturonase(exo-PG), exo-polymethylgalacturonase(exe-PMG), polygalacturonate-trans-eliminase(PGTE) and pectin-methyl-trans-eliminase(PMTE) were produced by the pathogen. Activities of exo-PG and exe-PMG extracted from rotten apple fruits were high to 21.15 and 24.65 units/mg protein in specific activity at seven days after inoculation, respectively. Activities of PGTE and PMTE showed 5.60 and 7.90 units/mg protein, respectively, but they were lower than those of the exo-type enzymes. Water-soluble and versene-soluble pectins were 11.50 mg/100 mg-AIS and 7.31 mg/100 mg-AIS at 14 days after inoculation, namely, they were increased by 4.23 and 2.16 mg/100 mg-AIS over those of sound apples, respectively. Total soluble pectic substances of rotten apple were 72.4% of total pectic substances and it was higher by 24.8% than sound apple. Insoluble pectic substance was notably decreased from 15.32 to 7.16 mg/100 mg-AIS according to progress of decay while total pectic substances were not changed remarkably.
Screening of Microorganisms Secreting Plant Growth Regulators
Cho, Bong-Heuy ; Kim, Keun ; Sung, Nack-Moon ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 21, issue 2, 1993, Pages 112~119
Various microorganisms secreting plant growth regulators were screened from the 100 microbial isolates including bacteria, actinomycetes and fungi. The isolates showing distict influence on the plant growth were identified as Aspergillus niger. The germinations of Raphanus and Cucubis seeds were completely inhibited by the culture filtrates of A. niger KK, A. niger KKS and A. niger ATCC 9462. The culture filtrates of the three strains also inhibited the formation and development of roots and hypocotyls of Raphanus. The culture filtrates of A. niger ATCC 26550 induced the hypocotyl curvature of Raphanus like plant hormone-auxin and at the same time caused the necrosis of the whole leaves.
Anamorphic Morphology in Three Oriental Species of Microsphaera
Shin, Hyeon-Dong ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 21, issue 2, 1993, Pages 120~126
Morphological characteristics in the anamorphic states were described in three species of powdery mildew fungi, Microsphaera akebiae, M. picrasmae and M. schizandrae, which were parasitic on Akebia quinata, Picrasma quassioides, and Schizandra chinensis, respectively. All species were flexuous in foot-cells of conidiophores, producing conidia singly on conidiophores, devoid of fibrosin bodies in conidia, and producing germ tubes on the end of conidia.
Yeast Microflora of Some Aquatic Habitats in El-Minia Governorate, Egypt
Haridy, Mamdouh S.A. ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 21, issue 2, 1993, Pages 127~132
269 yeast strains were isolated from water samples collected from different sites in Minia governorate. These included 126 strains from fresh water, 108 strains from sewage and 35 strains from wastewater from sugar-cane factory. On the basis of 23 different physiological and morphological merkmals, the isolated strains were assigned to 16 species belonging to 11 genera. Total yeast cell counts as well as spectra of yeast species were highly variable in tested water. Total yeast cell counts ranged between
for fresh water,
for sewage and
for wastewater from sugarcane factory. Debaryomyces hansenii, Rhodotorula mucilaginosa and Torulaspora delbrueckii were the dominant species in fresh water, whereas Debaryomyces hansenii, Thrichosporon beigelii, Rhodoforula mucilaginosa and Kluyveromyces marxianus were the dominant species in sewage and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Kluyveromyces marxianus and Trichosporon beigelii were the dominant species in wastewater from sugar-cane factory. Yeast human pathogens, Trichosporon beigelii, Rhodotorula mucilaginosa and Candida albicans were encountered in water samples indicating that water in El-Minia governorate is also polluted by some pathogenic yeasts.
Prevalence and Distribution of Some Dermatophytosis in Relation to Age and Sex of Patients in Minia, Egypt
Moubasher, A.H. ; El-Naghy, M.A. ; Maghazy, S.M. ; El-Gendy, Z. ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 21, issue 2, 1993, Pages 133~139
Common dermatophytosis in upper Egypt were studied at three hospitals in Minia city. Tinea corporis (ringworm of glabrous skin) was diagnosed in 127 patients (84 males and 53 females). Trichophyton was the most common genus and was represented by 6 species among which T. violaceum was the commonest fungus. Microsporum was represented by 4 species and M. canis was the prevalent species. Tinea pedis (ringworm of the foot) was noticed in 22 cases (13 males and 9 females) and also Trichophyton and Microsporum were the causal organisms. Three species of Trichophyton namely: T. violaceum, T. kuryngei and Trichophyton sp. were isolated. Tinea cruis (ringworm of the groin) was diagnosed in 21 patients (16 males and 5 females). Epidermophyton floccosum was the most prevalent fungus associated with tinea cruris whereas Trichophyton and Candida were less frequent. Tinea unguium (ringworm of the nail) was diagnosed in 9 patients, 8 were females and one was male and the age incidence ranged between 5 and 55 years. M. canis occurred in 2 cases and T. mentagrophytes in one case. Out of 86 cases of tinea versicolor, 71 were males and 15 were females. Malassezia furfur was the main causal agent. All patients of candidiasis and paronychia were females and Candida was the most prevalent causal agent.
Yeast Flora of the Human Vagina and Effects of Antifungal Agents on its Growth in vitro
Haridy, Mamdouh S.A. ; Moustafa, A ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 21, issue 2, 1993, Pages 140~145
Yeast strains were isolated from healthy women(36 isolates), infertile women(15 isolates) and women suffering from local morbidity(82 isolates). On the basis of 37 different physiological and morphological characteristics, the isolated 133 yeast strains were assigned to 10 species belonging to 5 genera. Four pathogenic species were identified. They were Candida albicans, Candida parapsilosis, Candida tropicalis and Trichosporon beigelii. Candida albicans was the dominant species, whereas Saccharomyces cerevisiae prevailed among the saprophytic species. The percentage occurrence as well as the pattern of yeast species differed in the diagnostic groups. It was higher in the women suffering from local morbidity than in the healthy and infertile women. Moreover, a wider spectrum of species was isolated from this group. Women with intrauterine contraceptive devices showed the highest percentage of yeast occurrence which reached 50% of those tested. Five different antifungal agents were tested fro their effects on the growth of the isolated yeast species in vitro. Nystatin was the most effective against the isolated yeast species, followed by pyrithion zink and ciclopiroxolamine, whereas micronazole and clotrimazole, showed a lesser effect.
Key to the Species of Boletus
Gu, Chang-Deok ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 21, issue 2, 1993, Pages 146~156
Boletus is a symbiotic ectomycorrhizal flesh fungi forming mycorrhizas with trees of Pinaceae, Fagaceae and Betulaceae. The species in the genus have relatively strong host specificity to enhance the growth of host plants and some of them are flavorful. But Korean rarely consumes these kinds of mushrooms and B. edulis has not been reported in this country. In the genus twenty six species have been reported in Korea, but the number is expected to increase as collection efforts are intensified. Keys to the families of Boletaceae and Strobilomycetaceae, to the genus of Boletaceae and to the species of Boletus were provided based on published keys and the descriptions of species reported in Korea. However, the key to the Boletus species did not include all the species occurring in Korea and not all the ones in the key are indigenous.