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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Mycology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Mycology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Dec 1994
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Sep 1994
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Jun 1994
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Mar 1994
Selecting the target year
Higher fungi in Mt. Chilgap
Seok, Soon-Ja ; Kim, Yang-Sup ; Lee, Kyong-Jun ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 22, issue 3, 1994, Pages 209~215
In order to investigate the fungal Flora in Mt. Chilgap, which located in the middle west of Korea. Authors had collected wild mushrooms, during the mushroom-growing season, June, July and October, 1991. Six species new to the Korean flora are identified as follows: Callistosporium luteoolivaceum (Berk. & Curt.) Sing; Volvariella subtaylori Hongo; Psathyrella subatrata (Batsch) Gill.; Volvariella surrecta (Knapp) Sing.; Boletellus elatus Nagasawa; Xerocomus parvulus Hongo, and Callistosporium Sing. is also new genus to the Korea. All the collections cited are deposited in ASIK herbarium.
Notes on the Higher Fungal Flora in Mt. Hungjung in Kangwon Province
Kim, Yang-Sup ; Suk, Soon-Ja ; Lee, Kyung-Joon ; Hyun, Jung-Oh ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 22, issue 3, 1994, Pages 216~221
As a part of studies on the fungal flora of Korea, authors have collected over 60 higher fungi specimens during summer season in 1993 in Mt. Hungjung which was located in eastern part of Korea. Among them two genera are new to Korea: Neobulgaria Petrak and Melastiza Boudier. Following five species are recorded for the first time in Korea: Psilocybe xeroderma Huijsm, Galerina vittaeformis (Fr.) Singer var. vittaeformis f. vittaeformis (Fr.) Singer, Gyromitra infula (Schaeffer ex Fries) Quelet, Neobulgaria pura (Fries) Petrak and Melastiza chateri (W. G. Smith) Boudier, for which Korean common names are designated in this present paper. All color names and terms within quotation marks are taken from Kornerup and Wanscher 1983, Methuen handbook of colour. The specimens are all deposited in the RDAGB's herbarium.
Acceleration of Mycelial growth of Lentinus edodes in Coniferous Sawdust
Park, Kyung-Mok ; Kim, Dong-Chan ; Lee, Jong-Yoon ; Yang, Jae-Kyung ; You, Chang-Hyun ; Chung, Won-Il ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 22, issue 3, 1994, Pages 222~228
In Lentinus edodes(oak mushroom) cultivation, commonly are logs and sawdusts of oak and some other broadleaved tree species used. Recently oak trees have been substantially diminished due to extensive logging. Thus, to develop comparable synthetic formula using other tree species for the cultivation of Lentinus edodes, we investigated the effect of various nutrients and pretreatment on L. edodes mycelial growth in coniferous sawdusts(i.e., Pine and Larch). We found that 1.5 hr pretreatment of sawdust with hot water and adding 10% rice bran, 3% charcoal, 0.02%
and 0.5-1% lignosulfornic acid were effective for the growth of L. edodes in pine sawdust media. In larch sawdust pretreatment with acetone for one hr and adding 20% rice bran, 3% charcoal and 0.02%
increased L. edodes mycelial growth. We also analyzed the components of oak and coniferous sawdusts and found oak has higher content of xylose and lower content of lignin, arabinose and mannose than conifers. Rice bran, compared with BITEL(HOKKEN Co.) known for better commercial substitute for rice bran, has lower content of xylose and galactose, but the similar C/N ratio.
Powdery Mildew Fungi and Their Host Plants from Kangwon Province
Shin, Hyeon-Dong ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 22, issue 3, 1994, Pages 229~246
Powdery mildew fungi from 246 different species of host plants were collected at Kangwon province during 1989-1993 years. They were identified and classified into 13 genera and 83 species by examining various morphological characteristics of taxonomic value. Most of host plants were infected with one species of powdery mildew fungus, but eight plant species with two or three different mildews. Among 246 host plants collected, 43 species were added as the new host plants of powdery mildew fungi in Korea. Two Oidium spp. from Hibiscus and several Compositae plants were described to suggest their taxonomic problems.
Isolation and Characterization of
mating locus from Schizophyllum commune
Park, Dong-Chul ; Novotny, Charles P. ; Ullich, Robert C. ; Lee, Kap-Duk ; Lee, Kap-Rang ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 22, issue 3, 1994, Pages 247~253
This study was carried out to isolate and characterize
mating locus controlling fruiting body formation directly in the Basidiomycete Schzophyllum commune growing in the North America. Total numbers of genomic library of S. commune UVM1-34 was about
cells. About 90% library was appeared to have about 35 kb inserted genome DNA in cosmid pTC20 vector. 6 clones were proved to have positive signal to probes within Z and Y region in colony and southern hybridization. In the mating activity test, all the 6 positive clones were appeared to have
mating activity although they had two different restriction patterns. pSC13 containing 5.7 Kb PstI-fragment of UVM 1-34
allele showed about 50% clamp cell formation indicating mating activity when cotransformation was done together with cosmid pTC20.
Improved Production of Ligninase and Laccase by Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Ceriporiopsis subvermispora
Kang, An-Seok ; Cha, Dong-Yeul ; Kim, Kyung-Soo ; Hong, In-Pyo ; Croan, Suki C. ; Yu, Seung-Hun ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 22, issue 3, 1994, Pages 254~259
The ever increasing demand for energy and the shortage of resources all over the world have generated interest in recycling renewable sources such as lignocelluloses which otherwise would go to waste and cause environmental pollution. Lignin is the incrustation material for cellulose and hemicellulose, therefore, cellulose and hemicellulose are not easily degraded. Recycling lignocellulosic wastes as agricultural material are benefit to everybody and everything. In order to improve ligninase and laccase production of Phanerochaete chrysosporium, BKM-F-1767 and Ceriporiopsis subvermispora, FP 90031-SP, were compared. The ligninase activity of P. chrysosporium was maximum on day 4.5 of shaking culture at 150 rpm 2.5 cm in a back and forth cycle. The laccase activity of C. subvermispora was maximum on day 5.5 for 2% malt extract+0.1% yeast extract+0.1% Tween 20+6 mM Benzyl alcohol culture medium at stationary state.
Resistance of Botryosphaeria dothidea to Benomyl
Lee, Chang-Un ; Park, Seok-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 22, issue 3, 1994, Pages 260~265
Since around 1980 apple rot caused by Botryosphaeria dothidea has become prevalent throughout the growing areas in Korea, during which period chemical controls have been executed with no notable improvement. Results of investigations on resistance of the causal fungus to its control chemical are as followings; The susceptible fungal isolates showed no mycelial growth at
of benomyl whereas the resistant isolates showed 7-13 mm growth at
and 6-8 mm at
of this fungicide. At the latter high concentration, spore germination of the resistant isolates was 5-9% while that of the susceptible isolates was 0%. Within the range of
tested, the susceptible isolates were unable to form pycnidia, but the resistant isolates formed abundant pycnidia at the lower concentration with decreasing pycnidia along with the higher concentration.
Studies on the Submerged Culture of Lentinula edodes Mycelia in Brewer's Yeast Extract Medium
Lee, Jae-Yun ; An, Won-Gun ; Lee, Jae-Dong ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 22, issue 3, 1994, Pages 266~275
Brewer's yeast extract can be used as a good substrate for the culture of Lentinula edodes Mycelia(LEM). We found that it was better to filter the extract through three kinds of sieves and then to heat for hydrolysis and concentration at
prior to use. Also the maximum condition for the growth of LEM was investigated. We found that addition of inorganic salts such as calcium enhanced the growth of LEM. On the other hand, addition of carbon and nitrogen sources to the medium did not affect, and even inhibited under certain conditions, the growth of LEM. The maximum temperature for the growth of LEM was around
. Also, it grows better when agitated by shaking at 100 rpm for airration. The appropriate concentration of the extract to use was 10%. Under these conditions, LEM could reach to the confluency after cultivation of 12 days. Our extract formula seems better than other available media for LEM growth, producing higher crude protein content and better taste.
A Efficient Selection of Hybrids Following Intergeneric Transfer of Nuclei from Trichoderma harzianum into Gliocladium virens Protoplasts
Shin, Pyung-Gyun ; Yoo, Young-Bok ; Ryu, Jin-Chang ; Park, Young-Hwan ; Cho, Moo-Je ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 22, issue 3, 1994, Pages 276~280
To obtain hybrids producing antagonisms and plant growth promoting effects by intergeneric nuclei transfer, the nuclei were isolated from the protoplasts of Trichoderma harzianum T95 and treated with colchicine. The nuclei were tranferred into protoplast of multi-auxotrophic Gliocladium virens G88 which cannot grow in minimal medium. The nuclei tranferred into protoplasts of G. virens G88 were selected on the regeneration minimal medium containing chloroneb as a haploid inducer. Low transfer frequency of 0.08% was observed with three chemical treatment, however no segregants were found in the intergeneric nuclei transfer. The various types of hybrids with different morphology were detected when different concentration of chloroneb were treated. These morphologies were classified as parental, recombinant and petite type.