Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Mycology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Mycology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 1995
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 1995
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 1995
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 1995
Selecting the target year
Fungal Flora of Ullung Island (VI) -on ascomycetous, auriculariaceous, and gasteromycetous fungi-
Jung, Hack-Sung ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 23, issue 1, 1995, Pages 1~9
Fleshy fungi were collected during ten field trips to Ullung Island from October of 1989 to October of 1993. Through the observation of ascomycetous, auriculariaceous, and gasteromycetous fungi, 17 fungi were identified to the species and are listed below. Among them, four species Dasyscyphus virgineus, Hypoxylon serpens, Hypoxylon rubiginosum, and Eutypa scabrosa were confirmed new to Korea and are registered here with descriptions.
Note on Tuber aestivum subsp. uncinatum Newly Recorded in Korea
Shin, Kwang-Soo ; Park, Jin-Seo ; Yoshimi, Syoichi ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 23, issue 1, 1995, Pages 10~13
The hypogeous ascomycete, Tuber aestivum subsp. uncinatum was isolated and identified for the first time in Korea from Quercus forest soil in Kyeryong-san National Park in August, 1992. The fungus is reported here with Korean name and English description. The specimen cited is deposited in herbarium of Department of Microbiology, Taejon University.
Studies on the Screening and Development of Antibiotics in the Mushroom -The Screening of Antifungal Components in Basidiomycetes (I)-
Min, Tae-Jin ; Kim, Eun-Mi ; Lee, Sun-Jung ; Bae, Kang-Gyu ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 23, issue 1, 1995, Pages 14~27
For the searching of antibiotics in the mushroom, we studied on the screening of antiyeast and antifungal components. The powder of fruiting body of each mushroom was extracted with petroleum ether, 80% ethanol, and distilled water in that order, respectively. The antifungal activity of each extract from 32 different mushrooms were tested. The petroleum ether or ethanol extracts from fruiting bodies of Boletus auripes, Leccinum extremiorientale, Gomphus floccosus, Phaeolus schweinitzii, Pycnoporus cinnabarinus and Marasmius maximus showed antiyeast activities. The ethanol extract of Gyrophora esculenta showed an antiyeast activity against Cryptococcus neoformans, and its minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) was
. The petroleum ether or ethanol extracts from fruiting bodies of Amanita citrina, Leccinum extremiorientale, Gomphus floccosus, Phaeolus schweinitzii, Pycnoporus cinnabarinus, Marasmius maximus and Gyrophora esculenta showed antifungal activities. The ethanol extract of Gomphus floccoscus showed an antifungal activity against Microsporum gypseum, and its MIC was
. The ethanol extract of Gyrophora esculenta showed antifungal activities against Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Microsporum gypseum and Pyricularia oryzae, and theirs MIC were
, respectively. The petroleum ether extract of Gyrophrora esculenta also showed an antifungal activity against Microsporum gypseum, and its MIC was
Study on the Screening and Development of Antibiotics in the Mushrooms -The Screening of Bacterial Antibiotics in Basidiomycetes (I)-
Park, Sang-Shin ; Lee, Kap-Duk ; Min, Tae-Jin ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 23, issue 1, 1995, Pages 28~36
To investigate the antibacterial activities of 53 species of mushrooms for Gram-positive bacteria, bioactive substances from mushrooms were extracted with petroleum ether, 80% ethanol, and distilled water. The 14 extracts of 12 species of mushrooms, largely with 80% ethanol, showed antibacterial activities against 6 species of Gram-positive bacteria selectively. Especially, the extracts of Thylopilus PS-5, Pulveroboletus PS-7, and Russula PS-9 showed various antibacterial activities against several bacteria. Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the 80% ethanol extracts from Pulveroboletus PS-7 and Boletus PS-8 was
against Bacillus subtilis, and that of the 80% ethanol extracts from Trichaptium PS-3 was
against Micrococcus luteus. MIC of other extracts with antibacterial activities was above
Study on the Screening and Development of Antibiotics in the Mushrooms -The Screening of Fungal Antibiotics in Basidomycetes (I)-
Lee, Kap-Duk ; Su, Yun-Chan ; Park, Sang-Shin ; Min, Tae-Jin ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 23, issue 1, 1995, Pages 37~45
In order to study antibiotic activities of basidomycetes (mushroom), 68 species of mushroom were extracted with petroleum ether, 80% ethanol, and distilled water in that order. A total of 204 extracts were obtained. Antibiotic activities against Microsporum gypseum were observed from the petroleum ether extracts of Abortiporus DGU-L6 mushroom, and the water extracts of Clitogbe DGU-7 mushroom. Antibiotic activity against Aspergillus niger were observed from the 80% ethanol extracts of Cortinarius DGU-51 and Marasmminus DGU-L67 mushroom. The petroleum ether extracts of Hetero DGU-L25 mushroom showed various antibiotic activities, particularly strong activities against M. canis. and the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was
. The extracts also showed antibiotic activities against A. niger (KCTC 2025), A. niger (KCTC 2118), A. versicolor (KCTC 2120), A. flavus (KCTC 2117), M. gypsem, Pyricularia oryzae, and Trichopyto mentagrophytes, and MIC for each fungus was
An Antibacterial Lectin from Lampteromyces japonicus
Yoon, Joo-Ok ; Min, Tae-Jin ; Yoon, Hee-Sik ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 23, issue 1, 1995, Pages 46~52
A lectin was isolated from the fruiting bodies of Lampteromyces japonicus by preparative PAGE and named LJAP (Lampteromyces japonicus antibacterial protein). LJAP was a polymeric protein of more than one hundred kDa consisting of 17-kDa subunits. The amino acid analysis revealed a high content of serine, glycine, and acidic amino acids. LJAP has an excellent antibacterial activity for Escherichia coli, JM 109, K 12, HB 101, and JW 380. By the inhibition assay of the antibacterial activity, a glycoprotein, asialofetuin was confirmed as the best inhibitor. This is the first lectin isolated and characterized its antibacterial and agglutination activities from the family Lampteromyces.
Standardization of Chemically Defined Medium for the Production of Mycelium and Basidiocarps in Flammulina velutipes
Song, Chi-Hyeun ; Lee, Chang-Ho ; Ahn, Jang-Hyuk ; Hong, Bum-Shik ; Yang, Han-Chul ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 23, issue 1, 1995, Pages 53~60
Nutritional requirements for the growth of Flammulina velutipes were studied. Mannitol, glutamic acid and ammonium nitrate were chosen for the maximum mycelial growth when various carbon and nitrogen sources tested. Optimum C : N ratio for the mycelial growth was 20 : 1. Potassium dihydrogen phosphate was selected among the phosphate sources. Magnesium sulphate and thiamine HCl stimulate mycelial growth. Final compositions of optimized chemically defined medium were 1.5% mannitol, 0.082%
, 0.312% glutamic acid, 0.25%
thiamin HCl. This medium not only support mycelial growth but also induce fruit body formation.
Production of Gastrodia elata Tuber using Armillaria spp.
Sung, Jae-Mo ; Jung, Bum-Shig ; Yang, Keun-Joo ; Lee, Hyun-Kyung ; Harrington, T.C. ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 23, issue 1, 1995, Pages 61~70
The genus Armillaria is important because they produce Gastrodia tubers. Seventy two isolates of Armillaria were obtained from fruit bodies grown on decayed wood in Korea. Twenty four isolates from Pinus koraiensis were identified as A. ostoyae. Two isolates from G. elata growing in the field were identified as A. mellea. Seven isolates from Acer ginnala and Quercus spp. were identified as A. tabescens. Thirty nine isolates were identified as A. gallica. Armillaria gallica was isolated from Quercus spp., Ainus japonica, Vitis amurensis and Prunus sargentii. Armillaria spp. isolates were divided into four groups based on the cultural characteristics. Group II (A. gallica KNU-A110) was better than the other groups for mycelial growth and rhizomorph formation. Isolate KNU-A110 proved to be good for production of G. elata tubers. This fungus forms mycelial fan in the plant tissue and rhizomorphs in contact with G. elata tubers. Gastrodia spp. was found in thirteen sites in Kangweon province in Korea. The plants were divided into three different kinds based on stem color. Plants with stems of brownish orange and greyish yellow were identified as G. elata, and those with greyish green colored stems were identified as G. gracilis. Gastrodia was collected mainly from humus soils rich in leaf debris, and slopes facing south from mid-May to mid-July. Once the new tubers are formed from the ancestry tuber, the ancestry tuber begins to decay. The offspring tuber, apparently gaining nutrients through rhizomorphs, begins to grow in length and slowly to enlarge. It takes three years for the offspring tuber to become ancestry tuber.
Physio-biochemical Detoxification Mechanism against Cadmium in Rhizopus oryzae
Lee, Ki-Sung ; Kim, Young-Ho ; Park, Young-Sik ; Park, Yong-Keun ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 23, issue 1, 1995, Pages 71~79
The mechanism of cadmium adaptation and detoxification in Rhizopus oryzae was investigated. The lag phase was lengthened as the concentration of cadmium increased. Detoxication of cadmium were postulated to be primarily operated by the induction of two cadmium binding proteins and increment of inorganic polyphosphate pools in adaptation phase. After adaptation, inorganic polyphosphate system has been involved in turnover and compartmentalization. The secondary system for cadmium adaptation and detoxification might be derepression of ACPase activity and the synthesis of phosphatidyl serine. It has been considered that the overall changes for cadmium adaptation and detoxfication eventually influence on the morphology, resulting in the dispersed filamentous type which may be the most advantageous form.
Notes on the Laboulbeniales Collected in Korea -Species from the Cheju Island-
Lee, Yong-Bo ; Lim, Chae-Kyu ; Na, Young-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 23, issue 1, 1995, Pages 80~85
The Seven Species under three genera of the Laboubeniales collected from September 1993 to August 1994 in Cheju Island. They are as follows; Chitonomyces Chinensis Thaxter on Laccophilus difficilis Sharp (Dytiscidae, Coleoptera), C. melanurus Peyristsch on Laccophilus difficilis Sharp, (Dytiscidae, Coleoptera), C. Paradoxus (Peyritsch) Thaxter on Laccophilus difficilis Sharp, (Dytiscidae, Coleoptera), Laboulbenia exigua Thaxter on Haplochlaenius costiger (chaudoir), (Carabidae, Coleoptera) L. flagellata Pey-ritsch on Harpalus roninus Bates, (Carabidae, Coleoptera), L. vulgaris Peyri-tsch on Bembidion oxyglimma Bates, B. scopulinum Kirby, (Carabidae, Coleoptera) and Rickia ancylopi Thaxter on Ancylopus melanochepalus Oliver, (Endomychidae, Coleoptera).
Detoxification Mechanism and Isoenzyme Pattern Changes against Cadmium in Rhizopus oryzae
Lee, Ki-Sung ; Kim, Young-Ho ; Park, Young-Sik ; Park, Yong-Keun ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 23, issue 1, 1995, Pages 86~91
Isoenzymatic analysis related with cadmium adaptation and detoxifying mechanism were carried out upon Rhizopus oryzae. When cadmium was added into R. oryzae culture, activities of malate dehydrogenase (MDH) and glucose phosphate isomerase (GPI) related with carbohydrate metabolizing pathways were stimulated. Novel isoenzyme CAT-2 related with removing intracellular toxic peroxides, was induced lately and derepressed very highly. On the other hand, lactate-catabolizing enzymes such as lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) were repressed. These results strongly suggest that, under cadmium stress, much of derepression of enzymes relating with central metabolism such as TCA cycle that produces high yield of energy and relating with removal of toxic peroxides should be necessary.
Classification of Cordyceps spp. by Morphological Characteristics and Protein Banding Pattern
Sung, Jae-Mo ; Lee, Hyun-Kyung ; Yang, Keun-Joo ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 23, issue 1, 1995, Pages 92~104
Ten species of Cordyceps species were collected throughout Kangwon province including Chuncheon Dongsanmyun KNU forest experiment from June to September, 1993. Collected Cordyceps species were identified as Cordyceps militaris, C. roseostromata, C. kyushuensis, C. scarabaeicola, Phytocordyceps ninchukiospora, C. nutans, Paecilomyces tenuipes, C. sphecocephala, Hymenostilbe odonatae, Torrubiella sp.. C. militaris, type species of Cordyceps species, was mainly formed on pupae of Lepidoptera and found after the rainy season around July. Fruiting body of C. roseostromata was morphologically similar to those of C. militaris, but relatively small in size and they were also found on lawn or pupa of Lepidoptera. Fruiting body of C. scarabaeicola was found on adult Scarabaeidae specifically and collect fruiting bodies of C. kyushuensis were on larva of moth. C. nutans and C. sphecocephala had host specificity on Hemiptera and Hymenoptera, respectively. Each species formed elliptical fertile part attach to the slim and carneous stalk and they were collected the most in specimen number through whole season of the summer. Ascospore of Phytocordyceps ninchukiospora on seed was characterized by two viable, multiseptate, fusiform units linked end-to-end by a long, filiform connective. Paecilomyces tenuipes, imperfect stage of the genus Cordyceps is multi-infective fungi that attack all stages of all groups of insects. Hymenostilbe odonatae attacks only adult Odonata and Torrubiella sp. formed on spider was difficult to collect because it was found the back side of leaf. As results of cultural test PDA medium showed the best mycelial growth. In the experiment of effect of the acidity inside of the media, C. militaris was good on pH 5, C. nutans and Phytocordyceps ninchukiospora were good on pH 6 and Paecilomyces tenuipes was on pH 7 and C. scarabaeicola was on pH 9. All isolates tested showed the best mycelial growth at
. Morphologically similar isolates were used to analyze protein banding pattern among and within species. As a result, C. militaris, C. roseostromata and C. kyushuensis were clustered into close species and C. scarabaeicola and Phytocordyceps ninchukiospora were relatively distant from those species.