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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Mycology
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Mycology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Oct 2001
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Apr 2001
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Components and Antimicrobial Activity of Veiled Lady Mushroom, Dictyophora echinovolvata
Cheong, Jong-Chun ; Cho, Soo-Muk ; Jeong, Joon-Ho ; Park, Jeong-Sik ; Chung, Bong-Koo ; Lee, Dong-Chul ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 29, issue 2, 2001, Pages 79~85
A strain of Dictyophora echinovolvata ASI 32002 showing good fruiting body formation was selected. Analyses of chemical and nutritional components as well as antimicrobial activity of different parts of the mushroom such as mycelium, egg, and fruiting body were carried out. There were differences in the chemical compositions and the quantities depending on developmental stages of veiled lady mushroom, D. echinovolvata ASI 32002. Nitrogen, phosphate, magnesium, and calcium in inorganic chemicals were abundant in mycelium, and potassium and mineral elements were abundant in the egg and fruiting body. Mannitol and trehalose were abundant in free sugar contents. Glutamic acid and arginine in mycelium and aspartic acid and glutamic acid in egg and fruiting body were abundant in free amino acid contents. Linoleic acid, an polyunsaturated fatty acid, was abundant in all parts of the Dictyophora species, but compositions and quantities of other fatty acids varied depending on the different parts of the mushroom. It was detected that malic acid, lactic acid and acetic acid in mycelium, formic acid, acetic acid and fumaric acid in egg, and malic acid, citric acid, lactic acid, fumaric acid in fruiting body were abundant. The methanol extracts of D. echinovolvata ASI 32002 mycelium showed antifungal activity with minimal inhibition concentration (MIC) of
that was similar levels of cyclohexamide against Aspergillus awamori, Hypocrea nigricance and Trichoderma virens. The MIC of extracts from mycelium and fruiting body against Candida albicans was
, similar to that of tetracycline. In addition to the above results, further as food additives and ingredient of cosmetics.
Effect of Pleurotus eryngii on the Blood Glucose and Cholesterol in Diabetic Rats
Kang, Tae-Su ; Kang, Mi-Sun ; Sung, Jae-Mo ; Kang, An-Seok ; Shon, Hyeong-Rak ; Lee, Shin-Young ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 29, issue 2, 2001, Pages 86~90
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of Pleurotus eryngii fruiting body on blood glucose and cholesterol levels in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were used as experimental animals and experimental groups were divided into three groups, consisting of two control groups (diabetic and non-diabetic) and one P. eryngii group. Animals were fed experimental diets for 2 weeks. The values of died and water intake of P. eryngii group were lower than those of diabetic control group. The body weights of both groups after 2 weeks decreased by 18% as compared with initial values. The level of blood glucose decreased significantly by 16.9% in P. eryngii group as compared with diabetic control group, and there was a significant difference in glycosylated hemoglobin (GHb) level between both groups. The levels of total-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol in plasma and atherosclerotic index were not significantly different between both groups. However the level of HDL-cholesterol increased significantly by 28% in P. eryngii group as compared with diabetic control group. These results suggested that fruiting bodies of P. eryngii exert blood glucose-lowering effect in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.
Influence of Ammonium Phosphate on Mycelial Morphology during Submerged Cultivation of Ganoderma lucidum
Lee, Kyu-Min ; Lee, Shin-Young ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 29, issue 2, 2001, Pages 91~98
The mycelial morphology during submerged cultivation of Ganoderma ludium using by air-lift fermenter system were analyzed by image processing system and the characterization of mycelial morphology were investigated. In submerged culture using medium with different ammonium phosphate concentrations, the various morphological forms of G. lucidum mycelium were observed. The filamentous forms such as non-branched long filamentous mycelium, non-branched short mycelium, branched long filamentous mycelium, branched short mycelium, entangled mycelium and clump were observed, and also, and also, the pelleted forms such as smooth pellet, rough pellet and hollow rough pellet were observed. The mycelial morphology was changed from the filamentous to the pelleted forms by addition of ammonium phosphate. The fractal dimensions of pelleted and filamentous forms were 1.05 and 1.3, respectively, while the fractal dimension of mixtures of pelleted and filamentous forms was 1.16. Therefore, the fractal dimension was found to be more effective index for the detection of the mycelial morphology and morphological change during batch cultivation. The circularity was also found to be useful for evaluating the surface growth of pelleted mycelium.
Genetic Variation of the Wild Strains of Lentinula edodes in Three Mountains of Korea
Kim, Dool-Yi ; Bak, Won-Chull ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 29, issue 2, 2001, Pages 99~103
Genetic variation of the wild strains of Lentinula edodes[(Berk.)Pegler] in three regions of Korea was investigated by analyzing random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers. A total of 32 strains of L. edodes were collected from Mt. Kyebang (10 strains), Mt. Odae (11), and Mt. Jiri (11), respectively. The genomic DNA was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using an arbitrary 10-mer primer. A total of 170 amplified fragments were observed, of which 161 fragments were polymorphic. The results of cluster analysis, performed on the basis of the presence or absence of amplified fragments of the same size, revealed that strains collected from both Mt. Kyebang and Mt. Odae in a single group. AMOVA analysis revealed that genetic variations between sites amounted to 12.5%, while 87.1% of total variations was explained by variations among strains within sites. Relatively high genetic relationships among the strains of Mt. Kyebang and Mt. Odae, which were high variance within populations. Whereas, all the strains of Mt. Jiri, which were low variance among populations from both Mt. Kyebang and Mt. Odae, which resulted in genetic isolation of the strains in Mt. Jiri.
Studies on Antifungal Effect of Polyphosphate
Chee, Hee-Youn ; Kim, Soon-Young ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 29, issue 2, 2001, Pages 104~109
The antifungal effects of polyphosphates on growth of Candida albican and Trichophyton mentagrophytes were studied. The polyphosphates with chain length of 15, 45, and 75 were inhibitory to growth of fungi whereas no inhibition was shown by pyrophosphate. As chain length increase, the more inhibitory effect of the polyphosphates on fungal growth was observed. The concentration of polyphosphate at
completely inhibited the growth of fungus. Supplementation of the medium with
reduced inhibitory effect of polyphosphate on growth of C. albican treatment of C. albican with polyphosphate, the release of nucleic acid out of cell was observed. When C. albican exposed to polyphosphate were examined, profound changes of cell morphology such as cell swelling and surface blebs were observed. In addition, propidium iodide, membrane impermeable dye, stained the nucleus of C. albican cell treated with polyphosphate. Therefore, it is proposed that the antifungal activity of polyphosphate might be related with its chelation effect to essential cation components of fungal cell wall or membrane.
Identification of Bipolaris, Drechslera, and Exserohilum Isolated from Gramineous Hosts in Korea
Yi, Jeong-Hye ; Kim, Jin-Won ; Lee, Du-Hyung ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 29, issue 2, 2001, Pages 110~115
Nine species of Bipolaris, two species of Drechslera and two species of Exserohilum were identified from 66 isolates collected from leaf spots and leaf blights on gramineous hosts of field crops, grass pasture plants, turfgrasses and wild weeds in Korea in 1998. They included B. bicolor, B. coicis, B. cynodontis, B. maydis, B. oryzae, B. panici-miliacei, B. setariae, B. sorghicola, B. sorokiniana, D. dictyoides, D. graminea, E. oryzicola and E. turcicum. Of these, B. bicolor, B. sorghicola, D. dictyoides, and E. oryzicola were recorded for the first time in Korea.
Parasitic Characteristics of Ampelomyces quisqualis 94013 to Powdery Mildew Fungus of Cucumber
Lee, Sang-Yeob ; Kim, Hong-Gi ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 29, issue 2, 2001, Pages 116~122
An isolate of the prospective hyperparasite, Ampelomyces quisqualis 94013 (AQ94013) was selected for the use of biological control of cucumber powdery mildew caused by Sphaerotheca fuliginea. Examination for the parasitism processes by scanning electron microscopy and light microscopy showed that conidia of AQ49013 germinated on conidia, conidiophores and hyphae of Sphaerotheca fuliginea four hours after inoculation. Appressorium-like structures were developed and attached to the hyphae of S. fuliginea seventeen hours after inoculation. Hyphae of AQ94013 penetrated into hyphae of S. fuliginea twenty-four hours after inoculation. Pycnidia of AQ94013 were produced in the hyphae and the basal part of conidiophores of S. fuliginea fourty four hours after inoculation. The pycnidia of AQ94013 matured foully eight hours after inoculation, and the conidia were discharged from the ostioles of the pycnidia fifty two hours after the inoculation. At the same time, hyphae and conidiophores of S. fuliginea were distorted and died. Also, concentrated culture filtrate and culture filtrate of AQ94013 had not suppressed the cucumber powdery mildew fungus as water treatment. Therefore, mode of action of AQ94013 was assumed to be parasitism on powdery mildew fungi.
Distribution of Nematophagous Fungi Under Different Habitats
Kim, Dong-Geun ; Bae, Su-Gon ; Shin, Yong-Seub ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 29, issue 2, 2001, Pages 123~126
A survey of 43 soil samples collected from southern Korea has shown that nematophagous fungi occurred in a variety of habitats. Nine predatory and two endoparasitic species were isolated. Habitats were classified into four types, i. e., mountain, upland, paddy field and greenhouse. Of these, greenhouse and upland had the highest incidence of nematophagous fungi
compared with mountain (37.5%) and paddy field (16.7%). The most common species was Arthrobotrys oligospora Fres., which was isolated from 25.5% of soil samples. Net forming species were the most abundant (72.5%), followed by constricting ring (10.0%), adhesive hyphae (7.8%), endoparasitic fungi (5.0%), and adhesive knob (4.8%). Nematophagous fungi were isolated move frequently from cultivated soil rather than uncultivated mountainous soil.
Root Rot of Codonopsis pilosula Caused by Pythium myriotylum
Kim, Jin-Won ; Chang, Seog-Won ; Kim, Sung-Kee ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 29, issue 2, 2001, Pages 127~130
A Pythium species was isolated from roots of Codonopsis pilosula showing wilt symptoms in a field at Yonchon, Kyonggido of Korea from late June to early August in 2000. The Pythium species was identified as Pythium myriotylum Drechsler based on various mycological characteristics. The isolate was strongly pathogenic when inoculated to root of C. pilosula plants in pot. The inoculated plants showed typical symptoms of root rot, resulting in reduced growth of root and consequently wilting of above ground part of plants. Pythium root rot of C. pilosula caused by P. myriotylum has not been reported previously in Korea.
Collar Rot of Broad Bean (Vicia faba) Caused by Sclerotium rolfsii
Kwon, Jin-Hyeuk ; Kim, Tae-Sung ; Kang, Soo-Woong ; Park, Chang-Seuk ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 29, issue 2, 2001, Pages 131~133
A destructive collar rot disease was found on broad bean (Vicia faba) in several farmer's field located in Changseon-myon, Namhae-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do in 2001. The typical symptoms of the disease were stem rot, crown rot, wilt or blight. Upper parts of the infected stems were mostly blighted and white mycelial mats were spread over lesions and the sclerotia were formed on the stems near soil line. The infection rates of the disease in the surveyed area were ranged from 28.6 to 42.8%. The sclerotia of the fungus readily formed in artificial media such as PDA at
and its shape was globoid or irregular and size was
and was brown or dark brown in color. The optimum temperature for growth of the fungus was about
. The typical clamp connections were found in the hypha of the fungus grown on PDA. On the basis of mycological characteristics and pathogenecity test on host plants, the fungus was identified as Sclerotium rolfsii. This is the first report on the collar rot of broad bean caused by Sclerotium rolfsii in Korea.