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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Mycology
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Mycology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Dec 1975
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Jun 1975
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Studies on the Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Different Casing Materials Affecting Mycelial Growth and Yield of Cultivated Mushroom, Agaricus bisporus (Lange) Sing.
Kim, Dong-Soo ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 3, issue 1, 1975, Pages 1~19
Since the importance of casing in fruit body formation of Agaricus bisporus has been emphasized, physico-chemical characteristics of casing materials were discussed by many workers and a mixture of peat and mineral soil as proper casing material has been adopted in many of mushroom growing countries. Because of limited resources of peat in Korea, it is necessary to find practical performance and substitutional materials for casing. The effect of casing on mycelial growth and mushroom yield of A. bisporus varied with materials, its combination and practices etc. The experiments to be discussed in this paper are concerned with pH and Ca of casing material which influence A bisporus, and changes of physico-chemical characteristics with mixing ratio of casing materials and its effect on A. bisporus. The optimum range of moisture content of each material, management of watering and application of physico-chemical characteristics casing materials was also investigated and re-use of weathered spent compost for casing material was described. 1. The effect of calcium on mycelial growth of A. bisporus at various pH in Halbschalentest showed different results with calcium sources. Best results were obtained around neutrality and fresh weight of fruit bodies grown in the range of pH 7 to 8 was highest among the tested levels. 2. Available moisture, pore space, organic matter, cation exchangeable capacity and exchangeable cation was increased by an increase of mixing ratio of peat in casing materials, while an adverse effect was obtained by addition of sand. 3. Mycelial growth on clay loam was more rapid at a lower bulk density of 0.75g/cc and at 20% moisture content on a dry weight basis at the same bulk density. 4. Mixing ratio of casing materials, 60 to 80 per cent by volume of peat mixed with 20 to 40 per cent of clay loam produced the highest yield of fresh fruit bodies and sand the lowest. However, per cent of open cap was highest in peat and lowest in sand. 5. Days required for fruit body initiation was shortened in mixtures of peat and clay loam by one to three days compared with other materials and the formation of flushes was clear. 6. The effect of some physico-chemical characteristics of casing materials on the fresh weight of fruit bodies were estimated by a multiple regression equation; Y=-923.86+
are sand, silt, clay, available moistuer, porosity, organic matter and exchangeable cation respectively. The productivity of certain casing material could be predicted from this equation. 7. Fresh weight of fruit bodies was positively correlated with porosity exchangeable cation, organic matter, available moisture, silt and clay of materials; while sand was negatively correlated. On the contrary, sand was the unique factor reducing per cent of open cap. 8. Distribution of three phases of high productive casing material was concentrated in the range of 10 to 30 per cent solids, 15 to 30 per cent liquids, and 50 to 60 per cent in air volume. 9. Fresh weight of fruit bodies from peat was not affected with heavy watering but in clay loam and sandy loam severe crop losses occurred. Fresh weight of individual fruit was increased and open caps were decreased with heavy watering but light watering resulted in adverse effects: its effect was especially great in peat. 10. Optimum range of moisture content by weight on a dry basis was different with each casing material. To maintain optimum moisture content concerned with yield of fruit bodies and open cap, sandy loam and peat mixtures required daily watering of 0.6, 0.6 to 1. 2 and 1.2 to 2.4 liters per
of bed area, respectively. 11. Maximum yield of fruit body was recorded in the range of pF 2. 0 to 2. 5 of casing materials if organic matter content was below 4.2 per cent and in pF 1. 3 to 1.8 if above 7.1%. 12. pF curve of a certain casing material could be draws from moisture content at various pF values by multiple regression equations provided texture, organic matter and calcium of the casing material are given. Optimum moisture range of the casing materials also could be estimated by the equation. 13. It was possible to improve the phyico-chemical characteristics of clay loam and sandy loam by addition of weathered spent compost although the effect was less than in the case of peat. Fresh weight of fruit bodies wsa increased by addition of weathered spent compost but its effect was not as remarkable as peat. Accordingly, further studies will be required.
Studies on the Microbiological Treatment of Hazardous Compounds in Waste Waters from Chemical Plants - (I) Relationship between the Content of Mercury Compound and Microbial Growth -
Lee, Ji-Yul ; Chang, Hyun-Ki ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 3, issue 1, 1975, Pages 21~25
This is a study to determine the content of the mercury compound and the distribution of microorganisms in the waste waters flowing from the chemical plants in the Ulsan area (at 4 stations). The summary of the result of this study is as follows: 1. The content of the mercury compound has ranged from non-detection to 0.075 ppm with an average of 0.03 ppm. The highest content has been detected from the water at station A. 2. As for the distribution of the microorganisms, one species each of bacteria, Mucor, Aspergillus, Cladosporium, and Trichothecium (T. roseum); 4 species of Penicillium; and 3 species of Sterile hyphae; a total of 12 species have been isolated. 3. The following results have been found with regard to the growth of these microorganisms in terms of the content of the mercury compound. In the case of an inorganic mercury compound, most of the microbes can grow in water with a content of up to 10 ppm. Pe. sp No. 1 particularly can grow even in 50 ppm. In the case of an organic mercury compound, the growth of the microbes seems to be somewhat restrained even in 2 ppm.
The Common Names of Korean Higher Fungi
Lee, Ji-Yul ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 3, issue 1, 1975, Pages 27~30
This paper deals with the 49 species of fungi which have been newly designated in Korea. These 49 species of fungi in 'the List of the Fungi in Korea' reported by the author in 1957 had been without Korean names. The new names of these species, however, were proposed and adopted at the 3rd Annual Meeting of the Korean Mycological Society on November 30, 1974. In addition to these 49 species, the paper also contains the Korean names of sixteen species of higher fungi recently recorded by the author and others. Appendix I contains an addition of eleven species of fungi newly recorded and designated by Soon Woo Hong and Hack Seons Jeong, Appendix II thirteen species recoded and designated by Eung Rae Lee and Hack Seong Jeong, and Appendix III five species recorded by Jeong Han Lim and designated by the author.
Cereal Scab Causing Mycotoxicoses in Korea and Present Status of Mycotoxin Researches
Chung, Hoo-Sup ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 3, issue 1, 1975, Pages 31~36
In 1963, a severe epidemic of cereal scab caused by Gibberella zeae occurred in southern Korea and to a less extent in central and northern Korea. In some areas losses were
percent. The epiphytotic was due to heavy rainfall during the heading and flowering season which provided a favorable environment for this severe epidemic. Yield losses resulted a great social problem because of the resultant food and feed grain shortage, lose of seeds for planting the following crops and mycotoxicoses to man and animals. In the same year, a nationwide research committee was organized including plant pathologists, microbiologists, agronomists and biochemists under the juristiction of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. The committee initiated research on etiology, epidemiology, and control of the disease and on the toxic effect of infected grains to man and animals. The present paper will review some research carried out in Korea on cereal scab with special reference to epidemiology and mycotoxicoses to animals and man. In addition, the present status of research in Korea on aflatoxins in foods and toxic moldy rice will be briefly reviewed.