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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Mycology
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Mycology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Dec 2005
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Jun 2005
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Analysis of rDNA ITS Region from Trametes spp. in Kangwon Province, Korea
Lee, Mi-Jeong ; Jun, Sang-Cheol ; Hwang, Il-Ki ; Choi, Han-Ku ; Kim, Kyu-Joong ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 33, issue 1, 2005, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.4489/KJM.2005.33.1.001
Nineteen strains of Trametes species were collected from the area of Kangwon Province, Korea. They have a variety of color hands and line-up markings on fruit bodies. Most strains were categorized into four types based on color bands, that is, dark brown, light brown, dark gray and light gray. They also have line-up marking shapes from sparse to compact on fruit bodies. In this study, we tried to investigate the relationship between the genetic variation and morphological appearance of these species using the nuclear ribosomal ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 region sequence, we used nineteen strains collected in nature and four species of five standard strains (T. versicolor KCTC16781, KCTC26203, T. villosa KCTC06866, T. suaveolens KCTC26205 and T. hirusta KCTC26200). The data of ITS sequences indicated that nineteen strains of T. versicolor have the difference of
base pairs, comparing with standard strains of T. versicolor KCTC16781, and KCTC26203. Phylogenetic analysis of the Trametes species showed that they grouped into a wide range of single clade. Standard strains except T. versicolor KCTC16781 and KCTC26203, formed separated subgroup.
Effect of Various Plant Extracts on the Mycelial Growth and Fibrinolytic Activity of Armillaria mellea
Choi, Han-Seok ; Kim, Myung-Kon ; Park, Hyo-Suk ; Kim, Jae-Sung ; Kim, Sung-Jun ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 33, issue 1, 2005, Pages 11~17
DOI : 10.4489/KJM.2005.33.1.011
To increase the fibrinolytic activity and production of mycelium, extracts of 7 plant species were supplemented to the growth media of Armillaria mellea, and mycelial growth and enzymatic activity in the mycelium extracts of A. mellea were estimated. The mycelial production of A. mellea was slightly increased by adding ASH-R, UDVN or RGR extract, whereas KG extract significantly affected the growth. Supplement of ASH-S, UDVN and RGR extracts increased proteolytic activity from 36.8 to 46.1% Fibrinolytic activity was increased to
by supplement with RVS, ASH-S and RGR extracts, respectively. Enzyme extracts of the fungus grown with RGR extract supplement degraded all chains of fibrinogen within 2 hours, whereas control was required 3 hours. Degradation of fibrin fragments by the enzyme extracts was also observed through microscopy.
Screening of Fibrinolytic Activities of Extracts from Wild Mushrooms Collected in Mt. Chilgap of Korea
Kim, Jun-Ho ; Yoo, Kwan-Hee ; Seok, Soon-Ja ; Kim, Yang-Sup ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 33, issue 1, 2005, Pages 18~21
DOI : 10.4489/KJM.2005.33.1.018
Extracts of 67 wild mushrooms were tested for their fibrinolytic activities. The extract of Marasmius pulcherripes showed 112% higher increased activity as compared with a positive control, plasmin (0.75 U/ml). Helvella elastica and Psathyrella sp. showed 60% and 49% of activities to that of plasmin, respectively. Three mushrooms such as Lepista sordida, Fomitella fraxinea, and Leucoagaricus rubrotinctus showed 40% of plasmin activity. The other 60 mushroom extracts did not show any fibrinolytic activity.
Favorable Condition for Mycelial Growth of Tricholoma matsutake
Kim, In-Yeup ; Jung, Gwang-Reul ; Han, Sang-Kuk ; Cha, Joo-Young ; Sung, Jae-Mo ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 33, issue 1, 2005, Pages 22~29
DOI : 10.4489/KJM.2005.33.1.022
The main objectives of this research were to study the cultural and nutritional characteristics of Tricholoma matsutake and to establish its liquid culture system. The optimum growth of T. matsutake was observed in HA and TMM agar media. Similarly highest growth was observed in PDB and TMM liquid media. The optimal temperature for the mycelial growth was
. The most suitable carbon source was dextrin among 12 different carbon sources tested. Yeast extract and peptone were best nitrogen sources among 17 different sources tested. The optimum mineral salts were
and KCl among 9 different sources tested. Shaking culture gave higher mycelial growth compared to stationary culture. Similarly, optimum medium amount for shaking culture was 100 ml per 250 ml flask. The highest mycelial growth was obtained when
mycelial discs were inoculated in 100 ml of medium and incubated for
weeks, respectively. The highest proportion of mycelial growth was observed at 40 : 1 ratio of medium to inoculum volume in 8 l air-lift fermenter.
Plant Growth Promoting Fungi Isolated from Rhizosphere of Zoysiagrass in Korea
Park, Myung-Soo ; Yu, Seung-Hun ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 33, issue 1, 2005, Pages 30~34
DOI : 10.4489/KJM.2005.33.1.030
Fifteen PGPF (plant growth promoting fungi) isolates were selected from 728 fungal isolates collected from rhizosphere of zoysiagrass in Korea. Identification of the 15 isolates was based on their morphological characteristics. They were classified as Gliocladium sp. (n=1), Penicillium sp. (n=5), Trichoderma sp. (n=3), Fusarium sp. (n=3), and unidentifed species (n=3). Of the 15 isolates, six (PF-31, PF-136, PF-238, PF-255, PF-395, PF-420) significantly promoted the growth of tomato seedlings, and three (PF-31, PF-101, PF-255) also promoted the growth of hot pepper and two (PF-31, PF-225) also promoted the growth of cucumber, The 15 PGPF isolates were divided into 4 groups based on root colonizing ability. Isolates PF-17, PF-101 and PF-225 were included in the group 1, which had high root colonizing ability.
Anthracnose of Spiraea prunifolia Caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides in Korea
Kwon, Jin-Hyeuk ; Lee, Chan-Jung ; Park, Chang-Seuk ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 33, issue 1, 2005, Pages 35~37
DOI : 10.4489/KJM.2005.33.1.035
Anthracnose symptoms on Spiraea prunifolia were observed around the residential area of Dongbumyon, Geoje City, Gyeongnam Province, Korea in 2002 and 2003. Typical symptoms of the disease were dark red spot on the leaves and black spot on the stem. The pathogen formed gray to dark gray colony on potato dextrose agar. Conidia were single celled, color, ovoid or oblong in shape and
in size. Seta were dark brown in color, cone-shaped in shape and
in size. The optimum temperature for growth of the isolate was about
. On the basis of mycological characteristics and pathogenicity test on host plants, the fungus was identified as Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. This is the first report on the anthracnose of S. prunifolia caused by C. gloeosporioides in Korea.
List of Recorded Korean Aphyllophorales
Lee, Jin-Sung ; Jung, Hack-Sung ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 33, issue 1, 2005, Pages 38~53
DOI : 10.4489/KJM.2005.33.1.038
Until recently, many scientific names of Korean Aphyllophorales have been used in a state of confusion. Korean names of Aphyllophorales species recorded until recently were listed here and, among them, 40 misnamed species were renamed according to The Proposal for the Unification of Korean Names for Mushrooms recommended by the Korean Society of Mycology in 1978. This list contains rearranged 411 species of 144 genera from 23 families in Korean Aphyllophorales.
Additional List of Recorded Mushrooms in Korea (from 2001 to 2004)
Lee, Ji-Yul ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 33, issue 1, 2005, Pages 54~57
DOI : 10.4489/KJM.2005.33.1.054
Lee and author (2000) rearanged the list of mushrooms recorded in Korea, containing 1,554 species 388 genera from 90 families for the systematic classification of Korean mushrooms at Korea Forest Research Institute. In September, 2002, Lee, Tai-Soo and Kab-Hee Yoon made public ‘The Index of Korea-Japan Mushroom names in Korea’ that listed 1,610 species from 396 genera, 90 families and 23 orders of mushrooms recorded in Korea. Among the listed taxa, 1,369 species, 297 genera, 65 families, 15 orders belong to Basidiomycotina and 241 species, 99 genera, 25 families and 8 orders belong to Ascomycotina. A total of 56 species were newly added to the list of recorded Korean mushrooms for a period of 2 years. On the other hand, a total of 75 species, 3 varieties and 2 formae were added to the list of recorded Korean mushrooms by the author, and they were published by many researchers from 2001 to 2004. Among the published taxa, one forma, 20 species, 16 genera, 12 families belong to Ascomycotina and one forma, 3 varieties, 55 species, 33 genera, 17 families belong to Basidiomycotina.