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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Mycology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Mycology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Nov 1977
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Jun 1977
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The Effects of the Quantities of the Rice Straw Substrates and Spawn on the Yield of Oyster Mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus
Park, Yong-Hwan ; Chang, Hak-Gil ; Ko, Seung-Joo ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 5, issue 1, 1977, Pages 1~5
The studies were carried out to examine the influence of the quantities of the rice straw substrate and spawn on the yield in the cultivation of oyster mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus(Fr.) Quel. using rice straw as growing substrate. The best yield of fresh sporophres was 102 kgs. when the substrate was increased by up to 90 kgs. per 3.3 sq. metre. In case of distributing the spawn over the surface, it was regularly possible to increase the yield using spawn rate of 8kgs. per 3.3 sq. metre and by increasing the ratio of spawn in the substrate, the mycelial growth also made rapid progress.
Fungal Microflora on Korean Home-made Meju
Park, Kyoung-Ja ; Kim, Young-Mi ; Lee, Bae-Ham ; Lee, Bok-Kwon ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 5, issue 1, 1977, Pages 7~12
For this study 3 samples of the home-made meju and 3 samples of the improved meju were selected according to their characteristics. A total of 25 strains of true fungi were isolated from the samples of the home-made meju and identified by the Key of Alexopoulos and Raper, using a strain Aspergillus oryzae A-113 as a control. Amylolytic and proteolytic enzyme activities of the isolated strains were investigated ana the results obtained were as follows. 1. The 25 strains from the home-made meju were identified into 2 Aspergillus oryzae, 14 Asp. flavus, 6 Penicillum spp. 1 Candida sp 1 Spicaria sp and 1 Rhizopus sp. 2. The 3 strains from the improved meju were all identified as Aspergillus oryzae. 3. Aspergillus flavus, A-B, from the home-made meju was found to he the strongest strain in
activity and also to be similar to the strains of Aspergillus orzae from improved meju. 4. Aspergillus flavus, A-7, from the home-made meju was found to be the strogest strain in
activity and stronger than that from the improved meju. 5. Aspergillus flavus B-3, was found to be the strongest strain in protease activity and stronger than that from the improved meju. 6. Some of the strains from the home-made meju turned out to be harmful strains, such as Penicillium spp. which secrete antibiotics, Asp. flavus which secretes mycotoxin, Candida sp which causes skin diseases, Spicaria sp. which is a insect pathogen. 7. Rhizopus sp was also found but it has not been proved to be harmful.
An Histopathological Investigation on the Resistant Tong-Il Cultivar by Inoculating Rice Blast Fungus, Pyricularia oryzae Cav.
Chung, Bong-Koo ; Kim, Kwang-Suk ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 5, issue 1, 1977, Pages 13~19
In order to investigate histopathologically the nature of varietal resistance and infection process of the rice bast fungus, Pyricularia oryzae. this experiment was undertaken by using the resistant cultivar Tongil and susceptible cultivars Norin No.6 and Jinheung in 1973 to 1974. 1) It was found that appressorium of the fungus forms not only at 4 hours after incubation under the favorable conditions but also peak of appressorial formation is at 48 hours treatment. Physical stimulus known to be a definite factor for appressorial formation. The optimum temperature range for appressorial infection was at
, and pH was between 4.8 to 8.0 with 6.8 as the optimum. 2) Although percent of appressorial formation on the leaves of resistant Tongil and susceptiible Norin No.6 were only slightly different, there was a remarkable difference between resistant and susceptible cultivars with regard to percent of hyphal infection and index for hyphal extension. Index of hyphal extension was 1.6-2.7 in Tonyil. while in susceptible cultivar was 3.4-6.6. The rate of discoloration of infected cells, a indication of hypersensitivity, was greater in the resistant than in susceptible cultvar. 3) Therefore, it could be concluded that resistance of Tongil cultivar may be attributable to a higher degree of mechanical barriers as well as a higher level of antifungal substance accumulation.
Studies on the Takju brewing with polished Barley
Choi, Kyoung-Hwan ; Kim, Duck-Chi ; Seo, Bo-In ; Chung, Ki-Taek ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 5, issue 1, 1977, Pages 21~26
Studies on the brewing of Takju with polished barley was carried out. The results obtained and as follows. 1. Polished barley koji was not available because of low acidit production. 2. No significant differences of Takju quality observed among treatments of polished barley, but barleyflour Takju was remarkably inferior to other materials originated Takju in quality and color. 3. Yield per compressed barley Takju was higher than that of other type of materials. 4. The most desirable enzyme sources ratio in the brewing with polished barley were koji 20-30%, Kokja 2.5%, bunkuk 2% respectively. 5. This results indicates that Takju berwing with polished barley is possible.
Effects of maceration of fresh pulp on apple wine making
Chung, Ki-Taek ; Song, Hyoung-Ik ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 5, issue 1, 1977, Pages 27~31
In brewing of apple wine, the effect of maceration of Ralls apple to apple juice quantity and apple wine taste were studied. The results are summerized as follow; 1. The yield of juice was increased by the maceration but maceration decreased acid contents in juice by the action of the enzymes in apple tissues. 2. The quality of apple wine produced from maceration of fresh pulp was found to be equeal or superior to those obtained from none-macereration treatment. 3. During fermentation period, no significant difference in mash components (alcohol, sugar content, acid, pH and color) existed among treatments.
Before Harvest Occurrence of Gibberella Perithecia of Fusarium moniliforme on Infected Rice Stems In field
Sung, Jae-Mo ; Snyder, William C. ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 5, issue 1, 1977, Pages 33~37
This study was made in order to determine which Gibberella species were occurring on rice stems and seeds in the field, and their survival 5 months after harvest time. An average 12% of plants infected with 'Bakanae' disease occurred in 4 fields planted with non-treated seed. Prior to harvest, more perithecia of Gibberella moniliformis occurred on infected rice stems than of Gibberella rosea. But Gibberella rosea was most common on the seed, and perithecia of this species also survived best until spring. F. moniliforme, F. roseum and Ophiobolus sp. were isolated from seedlings planted from naturally infected seed at the rates of 10, 25 and 8% respectively and from infected stems at rates of 3, 10 and 2% respectively. Perithecia of Gibberella rosea survived through the winter on naturally infected rice stems when kept dry indoors, buried in field soil, or places in straw stackes in the field. They did not survive on straw left on the soil surface during the very cold and dry conditions of the 1976-'77 winter.