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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Mycology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Mycology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 1978
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Jun 1978
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Biosynthesis of the extracellular enzymes in de novo during the differentiation of Aspergillus niger
Kim, Jong-Hyup ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 6, issue 2, 1978, Pages 1~10
In de novo biosynthesis of the extracellulor enzymes-proteinsaes, alpha and gluc-amylases during the synchronized differentiation of Aspergillus niger in submerged culture and surface liquid culture were investigated. Gluc-amylase was synthesized in the stage of presporulation in which phialide formation is involved. Proteinase was synthesized both in the stages of conidiophore formation and presporulation. Alpha-amylase was synthesized during presporulation and sporulation stages, the activity of enzyme lasted for seven days on surface liquid culture. It seemed that the synthesis was occured in de novo partly repressed by the catabolite, and its nature was found to be constitutive since it is produced in non-starch medium. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis have shown that presporulating and sporulating body produced diverse types of the proteins whereas the earlier stages of vegetative body showed simpler profiles. The uptake of C-14 uracil into RNA and C-14 glutamate into protein were shown to be vigorous in presporulating body rather than those in sporulating body. Coincidence of alpha-amylase biosynthesis in de novo and sporulation may be significant in the study of differentiation in which gene expression is involved.
Studies on the Constituents of the Higher Fungi of Korea(XIII)
A Sterol from Boletus aereus Bull.
Kim, Byong-Kak ; Kwon, Yong ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 6, issue 2, 1978, Pages 11~14
Attempts were made to investigate the sterol components of Boletus aerus Bull. which grows wildly in Korea. Its carpophores were collected in Gyeong-Gi Province and extracted with chloroform and methanol. A sterol was isolated and identified as ergosterol by T.L.C., G.L.C. and chemical tests.
Immunological ObservatioIn on Gandidiasis
Kim, Hong-Sik ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 6, issue 2, 1978, Pages 15~18
The study was performed to investigate the inhibitory action on the growth rate of Candida albicans under the various immunological conditions, Candida albicans was grown in broth media containing 0.1ml. (in total broth volume 4.0ml.) of normal human serum, diabetic patient serum, albumin solution, artifical bulla content and nutrient solution as control subject. The inhibitory action of Candida albicans was indicated by mesurement of transparency rate with use of the spectrophotometer. The results are as follows: 1. Normal human serum shows inhibitory effect on the growth of the candida distinctly. 2. Albumin solution reveals almost similar to that of the effect of normal human serum. 3. Artificial bulla content which obtained by irradiation of ultraviolot ray after application of 1% 8-Methoxy-psolaren cream and the diabetic patient serum shows reduction of inhibitory effect as compared with that of the normal human serum. 4. It is estimated that the titer of negative effect of diabetic patient serum is not related with the variation of immunoglobulin titer in patient serum.
Studies on the Identification of Pythium spp. and Sclerotial Fungi isolated from Rice plants in Korea (II)
Lee, Young-Hee ; Lee, Eung-Kwon ; Kim, Byung-Soo ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 6, issue 2, 1978, Pages 19~24
Four species of Pythium and two species of Sclerotium previously not recorded in Korea during 1976 and Leptosphaeria salvinii which previosly reported but reidentified. Pythium aristosporm Vantery, Pythium sp. and Pythium myriotylum Drechsler were isolated from diseased rice seedlings and from green withered rice plants and Pythium irreglare Buisman was isolated from paddy soil. Three species of Pythium except P. irregulare grew well at
on Potato dextrose agar and were confirmed as highly pathogenic but P. irregulare showed low pathogenicity on Yushin variety of rice. Sclerotium hydrophilum and Sclerotium oryzae-sativae appeared to be weakly pathogenic, but Leptosphaeria salvinii was confirmed as a highly pathogenic. Ordinally the two species of Sclerotium grew and produced many sclerotia on dead sheath and stems of rice. There are still some problems to clarify and reconsider in regard to the pathogenicity of the sclerotial fungi because their populations were so very high in paddy fields, but their role might be wound parasite.
Investigation on Artificial Culture for New Edible Wild Mushrooms
Park, Yeong-Hwan ; Kim, Yang-Sup ; Cha, Dong-Yule ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 6, issue 2, 1978, Pages 25~30
Present experiments were conducted to determine the possibility of cultivation of 9 edible wild species selected among the higher fungi growing in Korea. In the investigation on the mycelial growth according t6o the different media, the mycelial growth of Coprinus comatus was fast on the CSA medium, when malt extract was added to the basal medium PSA, the mycelial of Lapista nuda and Auricularia auricula-judae was fast in growth and density. In the spawning, the mycelial growth of Pholiota squarrosa on the oak tree's sawdust, Pleurotus cornucopiae on the broad-leaves' sawdust, and Coprinus comatus on the compost was respectably fast and also it shown to be possibility of artificial cultivation owing to their carporphore budding when Coprinus comatus and Lepiota alborubescens cultivated on the rice straw, Auricularia auriculajudae and Pleurotus cornucopiae on the sawdust of the popla and Pholiota squarrosaon the sawdust of the oak tree.
Studies on the Possidility of Oak Mushroom(Shiitake) Cultivation on Ban Oak (Quercus incana) of India
Lee, Eung-Rae ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 6, issue 2, 1978, Pages 31~36
The study has been carried out to invetigate the possibility of oak mushroom (shiitake) cultivation on Ban Oak (Quercus incana) growing naturally in Simlaregion, India. The survival and growth of oak mushroom mycelium and fruit body formation on Q. incana as well as the composition of the log were compared with that of Bristle-tooth oak (Q. serrata) which are being used for mushroom cultivation in Korea. The results are summarized as follows. 1. The content of alcohol-benzen extract, NaOH extract, NaOH extract and ash were higher in Q. incana than in Q. Serrata. While cellulose and pentosan were less in the formers. 2. The mycelial growth of oak mushroom were more rapid on sawdust medium of Q. Serrata than on Q. incana. However the mycelial growth on the later were more compact. 3. The mycelial growth of oak mushroom were more rapid on the logs of Q. serrata than Q. incana. The mycelium survived well on both two species, and no difference in the survival rate of mycelium were observed. 4. The first fruit bodies on logs of Q. Serrata and Q. incana were appeared 16 months inoculation of spawn. 5. In view of the above results. it seems that the cultivation of oak mushroom (shiitake) on Ban oak (Q. incana), growing in India, is possible.
Notes on Korean Agaricales (II)
Kim, Yang-Sop ; Park, Yong-Hwan ; Shin, Kwan-Chull ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 6, issue 2, 1978, Pages 37~42
Seven species of higher fungi which were collected at Kwangneung, Mt. Hanla, Mt. Chiri, Taeqwanryung, and Yeongdong district, and preserved in the institute from 1975 to 1977, were classified into new korean species. Also, two species of fungi were collected from April to October 1978 and identified at Suweon, Kwangneung, and Mt. Chiri. They were as follows: Hygrophorus pratensis, H. flavescens, H. puniceus, Rhodophyllus rhodopolious Lepiota atrosquamulosa, Leucocoprinus fragilissima Lyophyllum semitale, Russula delica and Xerocomus badius.