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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Mycology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Mycology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 1981
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Oct 1981
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Aug 1981
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Apr 1981
Selecting the target year
Studies on Fermentation of Compost and Mushroom Production of Agaricus bisporus (Lange) Sing. in the Tunnel System
Park, Jeong-Sik ; Shin, Gwan-Chull ; Kim, Gwang-Po ; Park, Yong-Hwan ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 9, issue 3, 1981, Pages 117~122
A tunnel system of mushroom cultivation was designed to compare with the conventional cultivation method in Korea. The bed and air temperature during the phase II the tunnel system was more stably controlled than in the conventional house. The indipensable energy was much saved in the tunnel system than in the conventional method, as this system did not require additional heat supply in the phase II. Compost fermented in the tunnel was proved to contain higher total nitrogen and moisture than compost in the conventional house. Residual ammonia content of compost fermented in the tunnel did not exceed 300ppm. Mushlroom mycelial growth in the tunnel was as good as in conventional house. The tunnel system did not require additional heat supply during mycelial growth period. Mushroom yield and quality from the tunnel system was 5 per cent higher and better than that of the conventional method.
Investigation on Artificial Cultures for New Edible Wild Mushroorms(II)
Cha, Dong-Yule ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 9, issue 3, 1981, Pages 123~128
Three edible species, e.g. Lyophyllum sp. and Armillaria mellea introduced from Japan in 1979 and Auriaularia auricula-judae from Taiwan in 1978 were selected for artifcial cultivation. The media, MSDS for Lyophyllum sp, MHS and PDS for A. auricula-judae, and MSDS and MHS for A. mellea were selected. The range of optimum pH of Lyophyllum sp. was 6.0 and pH 8.0 for A. auricula-judae and pH 6.0 to 7.0 for A. mellea. The range of optimum temperature for the mycelial growth of Lyophyllum sp. was 25 to
for A. auricula-judae and
for A. mellea. When the moisture content 75 to 80% (w/w) in the substrates, the mycelial growth of Lyophyllum sp. and A. auricula-judae, was rapid. 65% (w/w) for A. mellea. As the spawning substrates, wheat for Lyophyllum sp. oak sawdust for A. auricula-judae and poplar sawdust for A. mellea were selected, respectively. In this experiment, yields of Lyophyllum sp. and A. auricula-judae were high on the poplar sawdust added 20% (w/w) of rice bran. Lyophyllum sp. and A. auricula-judae for sources of new edible mushrooms seems to be possible.
Basic Informations on the Characteristics of Strains of Oyster Mushroom
Chung, Hwan-Chae ; Park, Yong-Hwan ; Kim, Yang-Sup ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 9, issue 3, 1981, Pages 129~132
Thle experiments were carried out to select the highest yield and good quality of the oyster mushroom (Pleurotus sp.) strain for brooding material sources. The strains used covered 6 from 4 countries, No. 2063, 2078 and 2093 were collected from Korea, No. 2068 introduced from Japan, No. 2091 from Germany and No. 2095 from Taiwan. Some characteristics of the strains are as follows. 1) The optimum temperature for strains, 2091, 2093 and 2063 of P. ostreatus was
, it ranged from 25 to
for the others. 2) The optimum moisture content were 70% for strain 2068, 80% for strains 2093, 2095 and 2091, 75% for other strains. 3) The optimum pH of the mycelial growth were at pH 6.0 for strains 2093 and 2068, pH 6.0 and pH 8.0 for other strains. 4) The days from spawning to budding was the shortest in strain 2095 and the yield was the highest in 2091,
on the rice straw cultivation.
Studies on the Development of a New Strain No. 705 of Agaricus bisporus (Lange) Sing.
You, Chang-Hyun ; Byun, Myung-Ok ; Park, Yong-Hwan ; Shin, Gwan-Chull ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 9, issue 3, 1981, Pages 133~139
Two hundred forty seven isolates obtained from 21 white or cream-colored mushroom strain by single spore isolation or multiple spore germination were compared type of mycelial growth in vitro and yield trial in a preliminary test. As a result of these tests, four isolates were selected and compared the yields of sporophores with those of 505 and 702 which are leading strains in mushroom production. The newly selected isolate No. 705 showed high yield of mushroom with good quality as described below. 1. The isolate No. 705 produced 13% more mushrooms than those from the strain No. 703. Both produced creamy type of mushroom. The isolate No. 705 showed high blanching yield ratio and moderate resistance to Mycogone perniciosa. 2. For the isolate No. 705 obtained by multiple spore germinations, the optimum temperature of mycelial growth was
, also the mycelial growth was better at
than others, optimum moisture content of the compost was 65% and optimum casing soil pH for mycelial growth was 7.8. 3. The new isolate No. 705 produced more number of sporophores and the ratio between parts of sporophores were intermediate of those from the strains No. 505 and No. 703.
Improvement of Cultivated Mushroom Agaricus bisporus by Means of Single Basidiospore Selections
Byun, Myung-Ok ; You, Chang-Hyun ; Kim, Gwang-Po ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 9, issue 3, 1981, Pages 141~145
Germination of the single-basidiospore of Agaricus bisporus, mycelial characteristics of the single spore culture and its fruit body formation were studied. Germination of the single basidiospore was the best on water agar. Of 6372 spores isolated, 1622 spore were germinated and the germination rate was 26 percent. Cultures from single basidiospores showed two distinct mycelial types on the compost extract sucrose agar: one was the strandy type and the other was the fluffy. The strandy type culture produced more sporophores than the fluffy. Of 778 strandy isolates screened, nine cultures yielded 5 percent higher than the origine. No. 1567 and 1708 were selected for the commercial cultivation.
Classification of Fungi Isolated from Telephones
You, Kwan-Hi ; Choi, Young-Hee ; Chai, Hee-Byung ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 9, issue 3, 1981, Pages 147~151
During the period of June 15, 1978 to February 28, 1979 fungi were isolated from 101 public and home telephones in 6 different cities and classified. Total 203 isolates were obtained and classified into 8 genera and 6 species, however 44 of the isolates were unidentified. Penicillium spp. were frequently found. Forty isolates were derivated from coffee shops, 51 from street public telephones, 35 from stores, 26 from offices and 19 from homes. Also 27 were from Seoul, 30 from Daegu, 46 from Gunsan, 82 from Chunju and 18 from Jaeju. Twenty-seven were isolated in summer and 174 in winter. From the above observations, it is concluded that the transimitters are heavily colonized with various species of fungi and some of them are pathogens. The rates of colonization appeared to be various by locations and seasons.
Studies on the Constituents of Higher Fungi of Korea (XXXII) - A Sterol from Cryptoporus volatus (Pk.) Hubb. -
Lee, Chong-Ock ; Chung, Jin-Woo ; Kim, Byong-Kak ;
The Korean Journal of Mycology, volume 9, issue 3, 1981, Pages 153~155
Attempts were made to investigate on sterols of Cryptoporus volatus (Pk.) Hubb.. Its carpophores were collected in Gyeong Gi Province and extracted with a mixture of chloroform and methanol. From the extract eight spots were detected by T.L.C.. One of the spots was identified as ergosterol by T.L.C., G.L.C. and chemical tests.