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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Management Science Review
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Operations and Management Science Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Oct 1996
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Jun 1996
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 1996
Selecting the target year
A study on systematic need analysis and sketch of production management system for Korean small and medium-sized firms
Korean Management Science Review, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 1~21
This study aims to systematize the needs of each area for computerized production management of small- and medium-sized firms and establish the basic design background of their common database. For this purpose, we surveyed the status, needs and appliable characteristics of the firms production system by the categories of industry, size and production type. On the base of these surveys the basic design concept and contents of automatic production system for small and medium-sized firms are proposed.
An application of the analytic hierarchy process to the electric power generation mix
Korean Management Science Review, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 23~35
This article describes an alternative approach for determining Korea's optimal power generation mix through an Analytic Hierarchy Process(AHP). Five criteria, strategic, economic, technological, environmental, and socio-political criterion, are considered simultaneously, as opposed to the traditional emphasis on economic criterion only. The electric power sources examined here included nuclear power, coal-fired power, and LNG fired power.
An economic lot scheduling problem considering controllable production rate and mold cost
Korean Management Science Review, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 37~48
This paper presents an Economic Lot Scheduling Problem in which controllable production rates are considered. We also take into account the controllable range of production rate (i.e., maximum and minimum production rate) of each product and the mold cost which varies to the production rate. A mathematical model is developed and an iterative solution procedure is suggested. The objective of this problem is to minimize production related cost and the decision variables are common production cycle time and production rate of each product. As a case study, we adapted this model to the press machine of a company.
Methodology for Enterprise-wide Information Requirements Analysis based on Order Type: Manufacturing Industry Perspective
Korean Management Science Review, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 49~73
Common problems have been observed in the existing Information Requirements Analysis (IRA) methodologies such as BSP(IBM), CSF(Rockart), or ISP(Information Engineering), etc. These methodologies require too much time and human resources for the IRA process, involves high complexity, and their IRA outcomes are frequently biased by the subjective views of the people involved. In this paper, we introduce a new methodology for the enterprise wide information requirements analysis utilizing templates and nine closed-ended questions. Extending the BIAIT(Business Information Analysis and Integration Technique) method, this methodology presents nine question about each firm's order type(7Q's for customer side and 2Q's for supplier side) to derive information processing characteristics of the firms. As the central component of this methodology, data and process templates for the manufacturing industry were established. To validate the methodology, suitability of the data and process templates were examined through six real world business cases.
Selection of automobile purchase models using the analytic hierarchy process
Korean Management Science Review, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 75~90
This paper presents an improved method of the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) when customers are to select the best automobile purchase models. In order to support group decisions and as a different procedure of the conventional AHP, we combine the AHP model with a spreadsheet model that applies the Likert's rating scheme to each alternative. We only consider individual pairwise comparison matrices where the consistency ratio (C.R.) is less than or equal to 0.2. Finally, we regard the weight of each decision maker as a reciprocal number of C.R. As a case study we prioritize three passenger cars of medium size in the domestic market. The major evaluation criteria include:exterior or interior features, performance, safety, pricing, salesman, and after service.
Determination of engineering characteristic values by quality function deployment
Korean Management Science Review, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 91~104
The basic idea of Quality Function Deployment(QFD) is to deploy the voice of customers into the final product through product planning, part planning, process planning, and manufacturing. In the product planning stage, which is the first stage of product development, customer attributes(CAs) are translated into engineering characteristics(ECs). Then, based on the relationship between CAs and ECs, the target values of ECs are determined. In the previous research, the process of analyzing these relationships is mostly subjective in nature. In this article, we formulate the process of determining the target values of ECs as an optimization model. That is, we first determine the relationship between CAs and ECs as cumulative logit models and construct constraints into which the company strategy as well as the needs of customers can be incorprated. Next, cost functions of ECs are developed, which are summed into an objective function. An algorithm to solve the formulated optimization problem is developed and illustrated with an example.
A study on constructing a good initial basis in the simplex method
Korean Management Science Review, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 105~113
Constructing an initial basis is an important process in the simplex method. An initial basis greatly affects the number of iterations of iterations and the execution time in the simplex method. The purpose of this paper is to construct a good initial basis. First, to avoid linear dependency among the chosen columns, an enhanced Gaussian elimination method and a method using non-duplicated nonzero elements are developed. Second, for an order to choose variables, the sparsity of the column is used. Experimenal results show that the proposed method can reduce the number of iterations and the execution time compared with Bixby's method by 12%.
AHP Usage Pattern As a GDSS Toward the Various Task Types: IS Theory Testing
Korean Management Science Review, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 115~128
System usage, the utilization of information technology(IT) by individuals, groups or organizations, is a core variable in IS research. Indeed, there is widespread agreement among researchers that system usage is the primary variable through which IT affects white collar performance because it is a requisite, albeit insufficient, for deriving the benefits of IT. Furthermore, system usage has a notable practical value for managers interested in evaluating the impact of IT. Despite the number of studies of targeted at explaining system usage, there are more areas which required for the verification of system usage. The purpose of this paper is to address, using the Technological Acceptance Model (TAM), the usage pattern of AHP toward the various task in group decision (GD). The result showed that, for the all of the task types, perceived usage (PU) has more effect than perceived ease-of-use(PEU) on the AHP usage. However, more researches are required to generalize the result of this study.
A comparison between Korea and the U.S. firms in operating marketing information systems
Korean Management Science Review, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 129~141
The introduction of globalization has lead the marketing information systems(MkIS) to become a competitive weapon, since the MkIS are an important vehicle in the global market that supports firms in making decisions on the management of marketing-related activities. Yet there has been little investigation in Korea on the operation of MkIS. This paper replicates the research conducted in the U.S. on the operation of MkIS in the Korean environment, after a model on this operation is developed. Data were collected from firms in Korea, and research findings based on the analysis of these data were compared with those from the U.S. research. Based on this comparison, this paper suggestes a better way to address the problems Korean firms have and generates directions on future research in the operation of MkIS.
Development of a model and criteria for production capacity measurement of manufacturing industry
Korean Management Science Review, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 143~161
For an industry, production capacity is defined as the maximum level of output that plants can maintain within the framework of a realistic work schedule, taking account of normal downtime, and assuming sufficient availability of inputs to operate machinery and equipment in place. Such capacity is one of the important and basic due to measure, manage and evaluate the production performance and ability of any industrial bodies. However, the estimating methods now in use in Korea are seemed far from the definition above. And there are not any standard estimating method suggested even in the same sort of manufacturing and also no applicable theory for objective and exact measurement. Thus, in this paper, a new measuring model is suggested as standard and supporting theories are developed for general measurement purpose to any manufacturing industries.
Developing a dynamic programming model for aircraft-engine maintenance scheduling
Korean Management Science Review, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 163~172
According to flying hours, aircraft engines require regular overhaul for preventive maintenance. Because of hostile defense environment of Republic of Korea, the aircraft of republic of Korea Air Force(ROKAF) have been operated at the maximum level of availability and have similar overhaul schedule in several months. The concentration of overhaul schedule in a short period demands additional spare engines far exceeding the spare engines for corrective maintenance. If ROKAF decides to purchase extra engines for the preventive maintenance, the extra engines will be used only for the preventive maintenance and will be excess inventory for the most of aircraft life ccle. Also, the procurement of extra engines is significant investment for ROKAF. To help ROKAF schedule the preventive maintenance without significant spending, this study develops a dynamic programming model that is solvable using an integer programming algorithm. The model provides the number of engines that should be overhauled for a month for multiple periods under given constraints. ROKAF actually used this model to solve a T-59 engine overhaul problem and saved about three billion won at one time. ROKAF plans to use this model continuously for T-59 and other weapon systems. Thus, saving for long term will be significant to ROKAF. Finally, with minor modification, this model can be applied to deciding the minimum number of spare engines for preventive maintenance.
Selection of scheduling heuristics using neural network and MCDM
Korean Management Science Review, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 173~186
This paper presents an approach for classifying scheduling problems and selecting a heuristic rule to yield best solution in terms of certain performance measure(s). Classification parameters are employed from previous studies on job shop scheduling and project scheduling. Neural network is used for learning and estimating the performance of heuristic rules. In addition, multi-criteria decision making techniques are employed to combine the preferences for each performance measure and heuristic rule for the problems with multi-objectives.
An improved version of Minty's algorithm to solve TSP with penalty function
Moon, Geeju ; Oh, Hyun-Seung ; Yang, Jung-Mun ; Kim, Jung-Ja ;
Korean Management Science Review, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 187~198
The traveling salesman problem has been studied for many years since the model can be used for various applications such as vehicle routing, job sequencing, clustering a data array, and so on. In this paper one of the typical exact algorithms for TSP, Minty's, will be modified to improve the performance of the algorithm on the applications without losing simplicity. The Little's algorithm gives good results, however, the simple and plain Minty's algorithm for solving shortest-route problems has the most intuitive appeal. The suggested Minty's modification is based on the creation of penalty-values on the matrix of a TSP. Computer experiments are made to verify the effectiveness of the modification.