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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Acoustical Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Dec 1997
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Oct 1997
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 1997
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 1997
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Apr 1997
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 1997
Volume 16, Issue 3E - 00 1997
Volume 16, Issue 2E - 00 1997
Volume 16, Issue 1E - 00 1997
Selecting the target year
The Whereabout of the Bell Imperial-Dragon-Temple
Lee, Byung-Ho ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 6, 1997, Pages 5~11
Recently, the search for the whereabout of the huge Bell Imperial-Dragon-Temple becomes a great issue. If it happens to be found out and ringing at the original location of the Bell in Kyungjoo City, the Bell might be a great national treasure and lasting to the eternity with her beautiful sound. The Bell was so huge that the total weight of the raw material put into crucibles was 497,581 Kun (289 tons), the shoulder weight 10.3 Chuk (3.14 m) and the maximum thickness 9 Chon (27.4 cm). The Bell was erected in 754 in Shilla Dynasty and was assumed to be lost during the war time by the 3rd invasion of Mongolians (1235~8). However, the author found out that the huge Bell was recast into a new small Bell (8.1 ton) in 1103 by the people of Koryu Dynasty and then the new small Bell was hung in the same position as in the original huge Bell. 135 years later, the new small Bell was carried out by Mongolian forces as a spoil of war from Kyungjoo to the Bay Tonghaegoo, through the saddle point of Mountain Toham, Yangbuk and Riber Great Bell. At the bay, Mongolian forces wished to bring back the Bell to Mongolia by a ship, but they dropped the Bell into the sea by accident. So, if this was the case, the bell at the seabed may be the new small bell (7.4 ton) but not the original huge Bell (41.0 ton) For the evaluation of missing data of the two bells, the author sets up two equations relating all the dimensions and their weights, which seems to be a useful guide to the design of bells. The results of the evaluation of the Bells are as follows. The huge Bell The new small Bell Weight 41.0 ton 7.4 ton Shoulder ht. 3.14 m 2.07 m Mouth diameter 2.468 m 1.546 m Max. thickness 27.4 cm (9 Chon) 11.9 cm (3.9 Chon)
Comparison Between Radiation Power and Beamforming Power of plate
Kim, Young-Key ; Kim, Yang-Hann ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 6, 1997, Pages 12~18
Beamforming method has a limited spatial resolution because of finite aperture size, so that the estimated source distributions are smoothed within the resolution. Especially for low frequency noise such as mechanical noise, this limitation often diminishes the direct use of beamforming method. In this study, the relation between smoothed beamforming and radiation power distribution of plate has been addressed. By adjustment of aperture size of array, the smoothed beamforming power shows radiation power distribution of plate. Numerical simulations are carried for simply supported plate.
Experimental Analysis on Acoustic Characteristics of the Sound-Pipe of King Song-Dok Bell
Yoon, Doo-Byung ; Kim, Yang-Hann ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 6, 1997, Pages 19~24
The acoustic characteristics of the sound-pipe of King Song-Dok bell, which is located on the top, are investigated by experiment and simulation. The experimental results;reflection coefficient, and radiation impedance, demonstrate that the sound-pipe is capable of radiating high frequency(above 300Hz) sound; it behave as damper. It is also found that a waveguide model well presens the acoustic characteristics of the sound-pipe.
Speaker Identification Using Higher-Order Statistics In Noisy Environment
Shin, Tae-Young ; Kim, Gi-Sung ; Kwon, Young-Uk ; Kim, Hyung-Soon ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 6, 1997, Pages 25~35
Most of speech analysis methods developed up to date are based on second order statistics, and one of the biggest drawback of these methods is that they show dramatical performance degradation in noisy environments. On the contrary, the methods using higher order statistics(HOS), which has the property of suppressing Gaussian noise, enable robust feature extraction in noisy environments. In this paper we propose a text-independent speaker identification system using higher order statistics and compare its performance with that using the conventional second-order-statistics-based method in both white and colored noise environments. The proposed speaker identification system is based on the vector quantization approach, and employs HOS-based voiced/unvoiced detector in order to extract feature parameters for voiced speech only, which has non-Gaussian distribution and is known to contain most of speaker-specific characteristics. Experimental results using 50 speaker's database show that higher-order-statistics-based method gives a better identificaiton performance than the conventional second-order-statistics-based method in noisy environments.
Measurement of Sounds Radiated of Phantom Piezoelectric Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripter and Their Analysis
Jang, Yun-Seok ; Park, Mu-Hun ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 6, 1997, Pages 36~40
The effectiveness of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripter(ESWL) for the therapy of calculus has been generally known in the field of urology. However, there are very little paper investigated about physical characteristics of sounds radiated when phantom is shotting with shock waves. Therefore, this paper, firstly, investigates the sounds radiated when impact is applied to the phantom with a single shot by an impact hammer and a clinical ESWL Next, it determines the variance of the sounds radiated during the breaking process using a piece of chalk as a phantom of a calculus. These results will be applied to the examination of the existence of the calculus at the focus and the monitoring the breaking process.
3-Dimensional Vibration Measurement and Analysis of King Song-Dok Bell
Kim, Yang-Hann ; Park, Yon-Kyu ; Kim, Young-Key ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 6, 1997, Pages 41~47
Beating phenomenon which is generated by two closely located natural frequencies is one of research tenet for King Song-Dok bell. In this paper, we investigate the vibration shape of these natural frequencies using very extensive experimental data. Vibration signals are sampled at 108 points around the bell using accelerometers. Measured signals are anlayzed in time and frequency domain. Twelve natural shapes under 800Hz are plotted.
Analysis of Traffic Control System for Supporting MCS Multicasting on ATM Subnetworks
Park, Sang-Joon ; Lee, Hyo-Jun ; Kim, Kwan-Joong ; Kim, Young-Han ; Kim, Byung-Gi ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 6, 1997, Pages 48~53
The multicasting of MCS(Multicast Server) requires a effective traffic control scheme to prevent buffer overflow on ATM subnetworks. This paper considers MCS multicasting to TCP packets, and propose EPD + SPD scheme(Early Packet Discard-same Source Packet Discard) using common buffer. When the threshold of output buffer is reached, MCS drops an entire packet prior to buffer overflow, so that corrupted packets will not be transmitted by the server. And SPD scheme show that the EPD + SPD results in higher TCP throughput than that of tail drop and EPD + DFF.
SC Filter Characteristics improvement for Voice Signal Processing
Cho, Sung-Ik ; Bang, Jun-Ho ; Lee, Keun-Ho ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 6, 1997, Pages 54~60
In the SC filter consist of SC integrator and SC Lossy Integrator, after this paper proposes the method that cancels phase error using LDI clock and the imaginary part in damping term of SC Lossy integrator, LDI fifth order elliptic low-pass SC filter is designed. With the result of SCANAP program simulation applying the designed CMOS OP-Amp using power supply
5V and MOSIS 2--
m double-poly double-metal n-well CMOS design rule.
Development of a Dual Axial Gyroscope with Piezoelectric Ceramics
Ryoo, Hye-Ok ; Lee, Young-Jin ; Roh, Yong-Rae ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 6, 1997, Pages 61~67
Piezoelectric gyroscopes are the devices to measure angular rotational velocity of a system with respect to an inertial frame of reference means of the Coriolis principle. Most of current piezoelectric gyroscopes detect rotational velocity about a single axis of rotation. This paper describes development of a new dual axial gyroscope made out of the piezoelectric ceramic, PZT, which can overcome the limitation of the current single axial type. The validity of the new structure is checked through finite element analysis. Based on the design, an experimental sample of the sensor is fabricated and its performance is discussed in comparison with the theoretical expectation. The resutls show that the present gyroscope is capable of measuring the rotational velocity over two orthogonal axes simultaneously with good enough sensitivity and distinction between the two axial components of the rotation
A Study on the Vibration Responses of Piping Systems by Pulsation Flow
Lee, Dong-Myung ; Choi, Myung-Jin ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 6, 1997, Pages 68~75
In this study, to investigate vibration response of piping systems due to pulsation flow, a transfer matrix method is presented. Fluid-pipe interaction is formulated using wave equation for flow velocity and pressure, which depends on position and time. From the wave equation, transfer matrix is obtained. The dynamic responses of piping systems induced by pulsation flow appeared to depend upon fluctuation fluid velocity and pressure occurrnece from pulsation, and beating phenomena were observed near the resonance. Consequently, the dynamic behaviors of piping systems appeared to the same as response characteristics of the inside flow pattern of the pipe, and are determined by the inside fluid flow.
A New Loose Parts Monitoring Technique for Nuclear Steam Supply System based on High Resolution Sensor Array Signal Processing
Rhee, Ill-Keun ; Choi, Jae-Won ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 6, 1997, Pages 76~84
Loose parts monitoring system(LPMS), which is used to detect metallic loose parts in the nuclear power plant, plays an important role in safe and reliable operation of the plant. To prevent from the damage due to the loose parts, most domestic nuclear power plants are using, or planning to use LPMS. However, these LPMS's, which are all invented from overseas and thereby depend on the oversea technologies, are very expensive, and are known to be inefficient to diagnose loose parts due to the lack of fundamental know-how of LPMS. Therefore, the main purpose of this paper is to propose and to realize a new loose parts localization algorithm which is simple and efficient enough even for the inexperienced operators to diagnose loose parts accurately and promptly. Considering practical nuclear power plant circumstances, some simulations for estimating the loose parts location have been done. The results show that the proposed method, called a modified circle intersection method, performs high resolved loose parts localization with 3.4% of error.
Improved Convergency Characteristics of the Hyperstable Adaptive Recursive Filter
Shin, Yoon-Ki ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 6, 1997, Pages 85~93
Fixed systems are limited in their performances to achieve the more complicated and higher level operations. Accordingly adaptive system, which adjusts itself in accorance with the time-varying environments, has been introduced to camouflarge the defficiency of fixed systems in varying environment, and adaptive filter is the outstanding fields in adaptive system. Adaptive recursive filter is far more efficient in that it can perform the signal processing with relatively lower filter order, but there remains severe problem in stability(convergency). On the basis of hyperstability introduced by V.M. Popov, a hyperstable new adaptive recursive filter is introduced which is theoretically guaranteed in stability. In this paper a more stable algorithm for adaptive recursive filter is devised
Noisy Speech Recognition using Probabilistic Spectral Subtraction
Chi, Sang-Mun ; Oh, Yung-Hwan ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 6, 1997, Pages 94~99
This paper describes a technique of probabilistic spectral subtraction which uses the knowledge of both noise and speech so as to reduce automatic speech recognition errors in noisy environments. Spectral subtraction method estimates a noise prototype in non-speech intervals and the spectrum of clean speech is obtained from the spectrum of noisy speech by subtracting this noise prototype. Thus noise can not be suppressed effectively using a single noise prototype in case the characteristics of the noise prototype are different from those of the noise contained in input noisy speech. To modify such a drawback, multiple noise prototypes are used in probabilistic subtraction method. In this paper, the probabilistic characteristics of noise and the knowledge of speech which is embedded in hidden Markov models trained in clean environments are used to suppress noise. Futhermore, dynamic feature parameters are considered as well as static feature parameters for effective noise suppression. The proposed method reduced error rates in the recognition of 50 Korean words. The recognition rate was 86.25% with the probabilistic subtraction, 72.75% without any noise suppression method and 80.25% with spectral subtraction at SNR(Signal-to-Noise Ratio) 10 dB.
Effects of the Multipath Propagation on the Source Bearing Detection of HLA at near range
Park, Joung-Soo ; Chun, Seung-Yong ; Lee, Sung-Eun ; Shim, Tae-Bo ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 6, 1997, Pages 100~105
To analyze the multipath propagation effects on the source bearing detection of HLA(Horizontal Line Array), the conversion mechanism of the multipath into the bearing is described, and the bearing is estimated from the multipath modeled with typical sound velocity structures of the East and the South Sea of Korea. The erroneous bearing is observed from the beamforming outputs simulated with the modeled multipath, and the erroneous phenomena are analyzed. In case of the East Sea, since the multipath propagation with a high receiving angle occurs due to strong inverse slope of the sound velocity structure, it is possible that the estimated source bearing is different from the real source bearing, and that the number of the source is misrecognized.
An Implementation of Rejection Capabilities in the Isolated Word Recognition System
Kim, Dong-Hwa ; Kim, Hyung-Soon ; Kim, Young-Ho ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 6, 1997, Pages 106~109
For the practical isolated word recognition system, the ability to reject the out-of -vocabulary(OOV) is required. In this paper, we present a rejection method which uses the clustered phoneme modeling combined with postprocessing by likelihood ratio scoring. Our baseline speech recognition system was based on the whole-word continuous HMM. And 6 clustered phoneme models were generated using statistical method from the 45 context independent phoneme models, which were trained using the phonetically balanced speech database. The test of the rejection performance for speaker independent isolated words recogntion task on the 22 section names shows that our method is superior to the conventional postprocessing method, performing the rejection according to the likelihood difference between the first and second candidates. Furthermore, this clustered phoneme models do not require retraining for the other isolated word recognition system with different vocabulary sets.
On a Multiband Nonuniform Samping Technique with a Gaussian Noise Codebook for Speech Coding
Chung, Hyung-Goue ; Bae, Myung-Jin ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 6, 1997, Pages 110~114
When applying the nonuniform sampling to noisy speech signal, the required data rate increases to be comparable to or more than that by uniform sampling such as PCM. To solve this problem, we have proposed the waveform coding method, multiband nonuniform waveform coding(MNWC), applying the nonuniform sampling to band-separated speech signal. However, the speech quality is deteriorated when it is compared to the uniform sampling method, since the high band is simply modeled as a Gaussian noise with average level. In this paper, as a good method to overcome this drawback, the high band is modeled as one of 16 codewords having different center frequencies. By doing this, with maintaining high speech quality as MOS score of average 3.16, the proposed method achieves 1.5 times higher compression ratio than that of the conventional nonuniform sampling method(CNSM).