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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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Journal DOI :
The Acoustical Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 8 - Nov 2000
Volume 19, Issue 7 - Oct 2000
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Aug 2000
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Jul 2000
Volume 19, Issue 4 - May 2000
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Apr 2000
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Volume 19, Issue 3E - 00 2000
Volume 19, Issue 2E - 00 2000
Volume 19, Issue 1E - 00 2000
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One-dimensional and Image Signal Denoising Using an Adaptive Wavelet Shrinkage Filter
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 4, 2000, Pages 3~15
In this paper we present a new image denoising filter that can suppress additive noise components while preserving signal components in the wavelet domain. The proposed filter, which we call an adaptive wavelet shrinkage(AWS) filter, is composed of two operators: the wavelet killing operator and the adaptive shrinkage operator. Each operator is selected based on the threshold value which is estimated adaptively by using the local statistics of the wavelet coefficients. In the wavelet killing operation, the small wavelet coefficients below the threshold value are replaced by zero to suppress noise components in the wavelet domain. The adaptive shrinkage operator attenuates noise components from the wavelet components above the threshold value adaptively. The experimental results show that the proposed filter is more effective than the other methods in preserving signal components while suppressing noise.
Analysis of Measurement Accuracy Based on Confidences for Narrow-Band Underwater Acoustic Measurement
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 4, 2000, Pages 16~22
In order to predict the performance and the usefulness of the narrow-band underwater acoustic measurement system at design stage, whose error variance is not clearly described, in this study a boundary equation to estimate the measurement accuracy is proposed based on the confidency as SNR variation. The boundary is presented as a function of SNR and the number of samples. In this paper, the measurement performance for narrow-band signal is simulated by the proposed boundary equation and the results are reviewed in the biased noise condition and separately in the background noise rejected condition.
A Study on the Design of Web-based Speaker Verification System
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 4, 2000, Pages 23~30
In this paper, the web-based speaker verification system is designed. To decide the speaker recognition algorithm applied to the web-based speaker verification system, the recognition performance and special features of the text-dependent speaker recognition algorithms(DTW, DHMM, SCHMM) are compared through the computer simulation. Using the results of computer simulation, select DHMM as speaker recognition algorithm at web-based speaker verification system because DHMM has the proper recognition performance and initial training utterance number. And by the three-tier method using the ActiveX, DCOM techniques web-based speaker verification system is designed to be operated in the distributed processing environment.
An Implementation of the Real Time Speech Recognition for the Automatic Switching System
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 4, 2000, Pages 31~36
This paper describes the implementation and the evaluation of the speech recognition automatic exchange system. The system provides government or public offices, companies, educational institutions that are composed of large number of members and parts with exchange service using speech recognition technology. The recognizer of the system is a Speaker-Independent, Isolated-word, Flexible-Vocabulary recognizer based on SCHMM(Semi-Continuous Hidden Markov Model). For real-time implementation, DSP TMS320C32 made in Texas Instrument Inc. is used. The system operating terminal including the diagnosis of speech recognition DSP and the alternation of speech recognition candidates makes operation easy. In this experiment, 8 speakers pronounced words of 1,300 vocabulary related to automatic exchange system over wire telephone network and the recognition system achieved 91.5% of word accuracy.
Real-time Implementation of MPEG-4 HVXC Encoder and Decoder on Floating Point DSP
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 4, 2000, Pages 37~44
In this paper, we described the real-time implementation effort of MPEG-4 audio HVXC (Harmonic Vector eXcitation Coding) algorithm for very low bitrates, which has target applications from mobile communications to Internet telephony, on current high performance floating point TMS320C6701 DSP. We adopted a hardware structure for real-time operation. In order for software optimization, we used C- and assembly-language level optimizations for time-critical functional codes. Utilizing the internal program memory of the DSP as the program cache, the internal data memory overlap technique and DMA functionality, we could get a goal of realtime operation of HVXC codec both at 2 kbit/s and at 4 kbit/s. For an encoder at 2 kbit/s, the optimization ratio to original code is about 96 %. Finally, we got the subjective quality of MOS 2.45 at 2 kbit/s from an informal quality test.
Real-time Implementation of a Multi-channel G.729A Speech Coder on a 16 Bit Fixed-point DSP
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 4, 2000, Pages 45~51
This paper describes real-time implementation of a multi-channel G.729A speech coder using a 16 bit fixed-point Digital Signal Processor (DSP) and its application to a Voice Mailing Service (VMS) system. TMS320C549 by Texas Instruments was used as a fixed point DSP chip and a 4 channel G.729A coder was implemented on the chip. The implemented coder required 14.5 MIPS for the encoder and 3.6 MIPS for the decoder at each channel. In addition, memories required by the coder were 9.88K words and 1.69K words for code and data sections, respectively. As a result, the developed VMS system that accommodates two DSP chips was able to support totally 8 channels. Experimental results showed that the our multi-channel coder passes all of test vectors provided by ITU-T.
Design of Wideband Speech Coder Compatible with CS-ACELP
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 4, 2000, Pages 52~57
In this paper, we designed the 16 Kbps speech coder that has compatibility with CS-ACELP algorithm(G.729). The speech signal is sampled at rate of 16 KHz, divided into two narrowband signal by QMF filterbank, and decimated to rate of 8 KHz. The lower-band signal is encoded by CS-ACELP and the upper-band signal is encoded by Adaptive Transform Coding(ATC) algorithm. At the receiver, two band signals are synthesized by decoder of CS-ACELP and ATC, respectively. The reconstructed output is obtained by passing the QMF synthesis bank. The proposed wideband coder is evaluated with ITU-T G.722 coder through the Mean Opinion Score(MOS) test.
Sinusoidal Modeling of Polyphonic Audio Signals Using Dynamic Segmentation Method
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 4, 2000, Pages 58~68
This paper proposes a sinusoidal modeling of polyphonic audio signals. Sinusoidal modeling which has been applied well to speech and monophonic signals cannot be applied directly to polyphonic signals because a window size for sinusoidal analysis cannot be determined over the entire signal. In addition, for high quality synthesized signal transient parts like attacks should be preserved which determines timbre of musical instrument. In this paper, a multiresolution filter bank is designed which splits the input signal into six octave-spaced subbands without aliasing and sinusoidal modeling is applied to each subband signal. To alleviate smearing of transients in sinusoidal modeling a dynamic segmentation method is applied to subbands which determines the analysis-synthesis frame size adaptively to fit time-frequency characteristics of the subband signal. The improved dynamic segmentation is proposed which shows better performance about transients and reduced computation. For various polyphonic audio signals the result of simulation shows the suggested sinusoidal modeling can model polyphonic audio signals without loss of perceptual quality.
Optimal Design and Analysis of a Class IV Flextensional Transducer
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 4, 2000, Pages 69~76
In this research, with the FEM we analyzed the variation of the sound pressure and thermal distribution of a Class IV Flextensional transducer in relation to its material properties and structures. Based on the results, we determined optimal structure of a Class IV Flextensional transducer that had maximum sound pressure, minimum thermal distribution, and 1 kHz resonance frequency. The sound pressure by the optimal structure is higher than that of the basic structure by two times, and the thermal distribution is much lower. Results of the present work can be utilized to design Class IV Flextensional transducers of various resonance frequency, maximum sound pressure, and minimum thermal distribution.
Synthetic Aperture Sonar for Conformal Towed Array
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 4, 2000, Pages 77~83
The previous synthetic aperture techniques have been investigated to increase signal gain, improve angular resolution and peak-to-sidelobe level ratios for towed line array sonar systems. The synthetic aperture method in this paper is performed for conformal array systems by mapping real elements on an axis to control like a linear array. The proposed method for the conformal array performs coherent processing of subaperture signals at successive time intervals in the beam domain via FFT transformations. This was confirmed by the simulation results and compared to the results from use of the synthetic aperture technique under the conformal array.
Wave Scattering Analysis of Scatterers Submerged in Water by Using a Hybrid Numerical Approach
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 4, 2000, Pages 84~92
In this paper, numerical scattering analysis for submerged scatterers is performed using finite and infinite elements. Unbounded domain is truncated into finite domain and finite elements are used in the domain. Infinite elements, So called Infinite Wave Envelope Elements (IWEE) which possess wave-like behavior, are used to take into account the infinite domain on the truncated boundary Scattering from rigid sphere is taken as an example and the effects of the order and mesh size of finite elements, size of finite element model and the order of IWEE are investigated. Quadratic finite element, refined mesh and higher order IWEE are recommended to improve the non-reflection boundary condition in the numerical scattering analysis.
Pattern Recognition for the Target Signal Using Acoustic Scattering Feature Parameter
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 4, 2000, Pages 93~100
Target signal feature parameters are very important to classify target by active sonar. Two highly correlated broad band pulses separated by time T have a time separation pitch(TSP) of 1/T Hz which is equal to the trough-to-trough or peak-to-peak spacing of its spectrum. In this study, TSP informations which represent feature of each target signal were effectively extracted by the FFT. The extracted TSP feature parameters were also applied to the pattern recognition algorithm to classify target and to analyze their properties.
Dependence of Ultrasonic Nonlinear Parameter B/A on Fat
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 4, 2000, Pages 101~106
This study deals with the relationship between the magnitude of ultrasonic nonlinear parameter B/A, sound speed of amount of fat present in biological media for measuring B/A system using a wide band ultrasonic transducer. To represent this case, mixtures of egg white and egg yolk were studied. Even though the differences in density and sound speed of the two egg components were within 1% of each other, B/A were increases parabolically as a function of the fat density, which is not in agreement with the Yoshizumi et al's suggestion. In skim milk that does not contain fat, both the B/A and the sound speed increase with the solubility. It is proposed that protein could affect these values.
Design of a Push-Pull Type High Power Ultrasonic Transducer by using the PEM
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 4, 2000, Pages 107~114
This work is aimed to develop a new type of the Push-Pull ultrasonic transducer that can provide higher sound pressure level and simpler internal structure than conventional types. The driving part of the newly designed transducer is positioned in the middle of the cylinder, and its optimum geometry is determined by using the FEM package, ANSYS. Through FEM model analysis, the effects of all of its geometrical variables such as transducer length, transducer radius, and the edge shape of the end cap have been examined, and the results have led to the optimum geometry. The newly designed transducer has been found to give better performance than that of traditional ones.