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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Acoustical Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 8 - Nov 2000
Volume 19, Issue 7 - Oct 2000
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Aug 2000
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Jul 2000
Volume 19, Issue 4 - May 2000
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Apr 2000
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Volume 19, Issue 3E - 00 2000
Volume 19, Issue 2E - 00 2000
Volume 19, Issue 1E - 00 2000
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Let-out of the Function of Sound Tube in the Bell King Songdok the Great
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 6, 2000, Pages 3~9
The Bell King Songdok the Great tolls magnificient sound that would be a great vehicle which brings all beings to the Sutras. Since 693, there was a magic flute, MANPASIKJUK, which was in existence in Shilla Dynasty that could lull all the evil-wawes, such an plaques, storms, Droughts, Famines and even Enemies. Thus, a sound tube, MANPASIKJUK, was erected in the crown of the Bell Songdok the Great so as to be effective to emit the nominal frequency tone whenever the Bell tolls for the national prosperity and welfare the People. Therefore, the Bell makers tried to fine the transmissibility condition through the sound tubr, several times during 34 years, However, it seems to be unfinished. Ever since, all of the korean Brahman Bell have the sound tubes of MANPASIKJUK, but none is performed their own functions. Here, one of the way to let the function of the sound tube of MANPASIKJUK out in the Bell Songdok the Great is proposed. There are two steps: the 1st is to elongate 18cm to the present length 77cm to fulfill the transmissibility condition for the nominal frequency of sound is emitted through the corrected sound tybe. 2nd step is to rise to 95% of the emission of the tone of nominal frequency, so that an exponential hem with the flare constant 2.8m-1, length 2.259m and the radius of the mouth 1.772m is to be extended to the corrected sound tube.
Estimation Algorithm for Portable Bladder Volume Measurement System
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 6, 2000, Pages 10~16
A new algorithm for estimating bladder volume for portable bladder volume measurement system is proposed. Given the actual image of a bladder, edges between bladder wall and urine are extracted first. Axes are calculated from these data and actual cross section shape is obtained by filtering. Since ordinary shape of a bladder is irregular, two cross-sections(transverse and longitudinal) are considered. With the area of a longitudinal cross-section projected along the axes of transverse cross-section, or vice versa, two estimated volume are obtained. Averaging these two value yields the volume of the bladder. Applied to actual experiments, the proposed algorithm showed explicitly good results in comparison with the conventional techniques.
A Study on the Characteristics of Coupling Loss factor Associated with Fluid Loading
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 6, 2000, Pages 17~22
Statistical Energy Analysis(SEA) is an efficient tool to predict the broadband noise and vibration for the huge and complex structures such as aircraft and ships. To estimate the noise and vibration by using SEA accurately, the characteristics of SEA parameters associated with fluid loading have to be investigated. In this report, the fluid loaded coupling loss factors were calculated for an 'L' and 'T' type line connections and compared to the ones without fluid loading. Then, the vibration levels for steel box model with 'L' and 'T' type line connection were computed using the fluid loaded and no fluid loaded coupling loss factors, respectively. As a result, the calculated vibration levels of the model using the fluid loaded coupling loss factors were lower than those without fluid loading. As a conclusion, it is necessary to use the fluid loaded coupling loss factors for increasing the prediction accuracy on the noise and vibration of immersed structures.
Survey on the Mean Opinion Scores on the Sound Level of Mobile Phone Ring Tones
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 6, 2000, Pages 23~27
Noise can be defined as any undesired or loud sound. The sound level of mobile phone ring tones could be considered as noise if it is too loud on a specific situation. To classify a specific sound level of mobile phone ring tones as noise, it is useful to evaluate the mean opinion scores(MOS) on sound levels under some specific situations. The paper evaluates MOS on various sound levels (in dBA) of mobile phone ring tones, types of ring tone(bell/melody), and gender(male/female), location (street/office).
An Experimental Phonetic Study on the Duration of the Korean Nasal Sound - With Reference to the Successive Coupling from Syllable final to Initial in a Word -
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 6, 2000, Pages 28~33
This paper investigates the durational difference between syllable final segment and syllable initial one within word level. The Korean consonant (m) and (nn) were focused mainly. It could hardly say that there was significant difference between preceding consonant and following one, but it was observed that the preceding consonant tended to be shorter than the following one in the (mm) case. This might be explained by the fact that bilabial sound should appear at the first step of language acquisition. This leads to the conclusion that the articulation of preceding (m) shall be easier than others. In the case of alveolar geminate (nn), there was considerable statistic difference between preceding and following segments. It tends to be that the preceding consonant has longer duration.
A Study on Text Choice for Web-Based Speaker Verification System
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 6, 2000, Pages 34~40
In text-dependent speaker verification system, which text choice for speaker to utter is very important factor for performance improvement. In this paper, building a consonant mixture system using classification method of korean phonetic value is proposed. When it is applied to the web-based speaker verification system, it can cope with abrupt change of speaker's voice information and have the optimal performance in speaker verification system.
Study of Speech Recognition System Using the Java
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 6, 2000, Pages 41~46
In this paper, we implement the speech recognition system based on the continuous distribution HMM and Browser-embedded model using the Java. That is developed for the speech analysis, processing and recognition on the Web. Client sends server through the socket to the speech informations that extracting of end-point detection, MFCC, energy and delta coefficients using the Java Applet. The sewer consists of the HMM recognizer and trained DB which recognizes the speech and display the recognized text back to the client. Because of speech recognition system using the java is high error rate, the platform is independent of system on the network. But the meaning of implemented system is merged into multi-media parts and shows new information and communication service possibility in the future.
A Study on Recognition Units for Korean Speech Recognition
;;Michael W. Macon;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 6, 2000, Pages 47~52
In the case of making large vocabulary speech recognition system, it is better to use the segment than the syllable or the word as the recognition mit. In this paper, we study on the proper recognition units for Korean speech recognition. For experiments, we use the speech toolkit of OGI in U.S.A. The result shows that the recognition rate of the case in which the diphthong is established as a single unit is superior to that of the case in which the diphthong is established as two units, i.e. a glide plus a vowel. And also, the recognition rate of the case in which the biphone is used as the recognition unit is better than that of the case in which the mono-phoneme is used.
Noise-Robust Speech Recognition Using Histogram-Based Over-estimation Technique
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 6, 2000, Pages 53~61
In the speech recognition under the noisy environments, reducing the mismatch introduced between training and testing environments is an important issue. Spectral subtraction is widely used technique because of its simplicity and relatively good performance in noisy environments. In this paper, we introduce histogram method as a reliable noise estimation approach for spectral subtraction. This method has advantages over the conventional noise estimation methods in that it does not need to detect non-speech intervals and it can estimate the noise spectra even in time-varying noise environments. Even though spectral subtraction is performed using a reliable average noise spectrum by the histogram method, considerable amount of residual noise remains due to the variations of instantaneous noise spectrum about mean. To overcome this limitation, we propose a new over-estimation technique based on distribution characteristics of histogram used for noise estimation. Since the proposed technique decides the degree of over-estimation adaptively according to the measured noise distribution, it has advantages to be few the influence of the SNR variation on the noise levels. According to speaker-independent isolated word recognition experiments in car noise environment under various SNR conditions, the proposed histogram-based over-estimation technique outperforms the conventional over-estimation technique.
Continuous Speech Recognition Using N-gram Language Models Constructed by Iterative Learning
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 6, 2000, Pages 62~70
In usual language models(LMs), the probability has been estimated by selecting highly frequent words from a large text side database. However, in case of adopting LMs in a specific task, it is unnecessary to using the general method; constructing it from a large size tent, considering the various kinds of cost. In this paper, we propose a construction method of LMs using a small size text database in order to be used in specific tasks. The proposed method is efficient in increasing the low frequent words by applying same sentences iteratively, for it will robust the occurrence probability of words as well. We carried out continuous speech recognition(CSR) experiments on 200 sentences uttered by 3 speakers using LMs by iterative teaming(IL) in a air flight reservation task. The results indicated that the performance of CSR, using an IL applied LMs, shows an 20.4% increased recognition accuracy compared to those without it. This system, using the IL method, also shows an average of 13.4% higher recognition accuracy than the previous one, which uses context-free grammar(CFG), implying the effectiveness of it.