Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Acoustical Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 8 - Nov 2000
Volume 19, Issue 7 - Oct 2000
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Aug 2000
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Jul 2000
Volume 19, Issue 4 - May 2000
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Apr 2000
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Volume 19, Issue 3E - 00 2000
Volume 19, Issue 2E - 00 2000
Volume 19, Issue 1E - 00 2000
Selecting the target year
Calculation of Radiation Impedance for Rectangular Piston Vibrators with Finite Baffle
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 7, 2000, Pages 3~6
Because the generally reported radiation impedance has been calculated for vibrating surface with infinite baffle, the results have difficulties to apply for design of the real transducers with finite baffle. In this paper, with assuming a vibrating surface as a set of small point sources, a new calculation method for the vibrating surface with finite baffle is suggested by considering the effect of finite baffle on the source strength of each point source. As an example, the variation of self-radiation impedance for rectangular vibrating surface is calculated according to the size of baffle. The results show that the suggested method is useful.
Near-field Target Localization Using Bottom-mounted Linear Sensor Array in Multipath Environment
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 7, 2000, Pages 7~14
In this paper, we propose a near-field target localization algorithm using a bottom-mounted linear sensor amy in a multipath environment. In a multipath environment, the conic angles of a target signals through each path are different, and the position of the target can be estimated using these conic angles and the time difference of these signals. We derive equations on the relation of time-difference of signals and conic angles estimates under the far-field assumption, and estimate the position of target by simultaneously solving these equations. For a certain geometry of a target and the sensor array, there exist cases when the conic angles are very close. In such a case, we estimate the position of the target using an additional 1-D search.
Echo Signal Synthesis of Underwater Target by Distributed Highlight Model
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 7, 2000, Pages 15~22
This paper proposes a distributed highlight algorithm to generate efficiently echo signal for underwater target. In this algorithm, echo signal is synthesized by discontinuity highlights that are varied to incident angle, by equivalent and specified position highlights according to the spatial target structure. Completed UTAHID(Underwater TArget by Highlight Distribution) model is confrimed that PTS, ETS, echo elongation effect, target time spreading loss and envelope fluctuation are satisfied to expected values by various simulations. Thus it can be efficiently used in all sorts of real systems related to underwater target echo signal synthesis in active sonar.
Modified K-means Algorithm
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 7, 2000, Pages 23~27
We provide an useful method to design codebooks with better performance than conventional methods. In the proposed method, new codevectors obtained from learning iterations are not the centroid vectors which are the representatives of partitions, but the vectors manipulated by the distance between new codevectors and old codevectors in the early stages of learning iteration. Experimental results show that the codevectors obtained by the proposed method converge to a locally better optimal codebook
On the Perceptually Important Phase Information in Acoustic Signal
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 7, 2000, Pages 28~33
For efficient quantization of speech representation, it is common to incorporate Perceptual characteristics of human hearing. However, the focus has been confined only to the magnitude information of speech, and little attention has been paid to phase information. This paper presents a novel approach, termed perceptually irrelevant phase elimination (PIPE), to find out irrelevant phase information of acoustic signals in terms of perception. The proposed method, which is based on the observation that the relative phase relationship within a critical band is perceptually important, is derived not only for stationary Fourier signal but also for harmonic signal. The proposed method is incorporated into the analysis/synthesis system based on harmonic representation of speech, and subjective test results demonstrate the effectiveness of proposed method.
Double Talk Detection Based on the Fuzzy Rules in Adaptive Echo Canceller
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 7, 2000, Pages 34~41
This paper proposes a new double-talk detection algorithm which is based on the fuzzy rules, in the adaptive echo canceller of telecommunication system. In this method, the two inputs of the fuzzy inference for detecting double-talk condition are used. One is the cross-correlation coefficient between the error signal and the primary signal which is the summation of the real echo signal and the near-end signal. The other one is the cross-correlation coefficient between the estimation error signal and the primary signal. The fuzzy controller makes a fuzzification for two inputs by the membership functions of trapezoid does the max-min composition using if-then rules. The composed result is defuzzificated by the center gravity method. And by defuzzificated values, the double-talt the echo path variance, and the echo path variance during the double-talk are detected. It is confirmed by computer simulation that this fuzzy double-talk detector is able to estimate the double talk and the echo path variation condition, and even track echo path variation more accurately than the conventional algorithm during the double-talk period.
Real-time Implementation of a GSM-EFR Speech Coder on a 16 Bit Fixed-point DSP
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 7, 2000, Pages 42~47
This paper describes a real-time implementation of a GSM-EFR (Global System for Mobil communications Enhanced Full Rate) speech coder using OakDSP core; a 16bit fixed-point Digital Signal Processor (DSP) by DSP Group, Inc. The real-time implemented speech coder required about 24MIPS for computation and 7.06K words and 12.19K words for code and data memory, respectively. The implemented GSM-EFR speech coder passes all of test vectors provided by ETSI (European Telecommunication Standard Institute), and perceptual speech quality measurement using MNB algorithm shows that the quality of the GSM-EFR speech coder is similar to the one of 32kbps ADPCM. The real-time implemented GSM-EFR speech coder which is the highest bit-rate mode of the GSM-AMR speech coder will be used as the basic structure of the GSM-AMR speech coder which is embedded in MODEM ASIC of IMT2000 asynchronous mode mobile station.
Reduction of Number of Free Parameters in Segmental-feature HMM
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 7, 2000, Pages 48~52
Enhaced 2.4 kbps Harmonic Stochastic Excitation Coding for Time/Frequency Transitional Speech
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 7, 2000, Pages 53~58
An Analysis of the Vibration Characteristics through the Human Body
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 7, 2000, Pages 59~65
This paper describes the analysis of vibration characteristics through the human body as the research for voice therapy and diagnosis. The oscillation signal is not external forces but the self-voice to be pronounced the vowels ('a', 'e', 'i', 'o', 'u'). The experiment system consists of microphones, accelerometers and amplifiers. The input data are stored by the computer. At the same time, the voice is stored by the microphone and the vibration signal of the human body is stored by accelerometer. The 63 points are appointed in head, neck, trunk of human body. The positions and number of times are changeable by the purpose. The analysis parameters are amplitude, phase, fundamental. frequency, formant and the correlation of vibration signal and voice is measured by coherence function. The results show that the vibration signals have characteristic vibration in the positions of human body.
On the Correlation between Subjective Test and Loudness Measurement of the Loudspeaker
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 7, 2000, Pages 66~76
Acoustic performance of loudspeakers for sound reproduction has been qualitatively evaluated by using the listening test by juries in the development and final evaluation stages. However, the subjective evaluation method has many problems in the viewpoint of reliability and repeatability that are mainly related to the jury performance, as well as time and economy. In this reason, objective techniques should be tried to evaluate the acoustic performance of loudspeakers as well as the conventional subjective test. The object of this study is to find if there is any correlation between the statistically treated in test results and the measured results based on the loudness of reproduced sound signals. For the four-step statistical analysis, the analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukeys method are employed for dealing with the data from the listening test. For the objective evaluation, Zwickers loudness considering the human hearing characteristics is calculated for the measured sound signal emitted from each loudspeaker and the objective ratings such as fidelity rating (FR) and softness rating (SR) is suggested. The correlation between two ratings has been demonstrated for an actual set of loudspeakers using FR, SR and correlation coefficient. The method in this study can be useful in statistically evaluating commercial or prototype loudspeakers without using very time-consuming and expensive subjective testing.
Development of an Janus-type Ultrasonic Transducer for Underwater Doppler Log Applications
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 7, 2000, Pages 77~84
In measurement of ship speed with a Doppler log sensor, we encounter the nonhorizontal movement of a ship, i.e. pitching and rolling, and that causes inaccuracy of the measurement. In this study, we develop a Janus type ultrasonic transducer that can resolve the problems in accuracy due to the pitching and other environmental factors of common ultrasonic sensors attributed to the underwater usage. For the development, we analyze the operation mechanism of the transducer, fabricate a prototype of the sensor, and evaluate its performance through experiments.
Calculation of Self-radiation Impedance for a Rectangular Transducer
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 7, 2000, Pages 85~89
In this paper, by extending the previously developed self- and mutual-radiation impedance calculation method for a regular-square vibrating surface by using numerical series, we proposed a method to obtain the self-radiation impedance of a rectangular transducer with an arbitrary integer ratio of the length to width. The proposed method exhibits high accuracy and a short computation time. After investigating the accuracy and computation time as the number of elements changes, we have calculated the self-radiation impedance of several rectangular transducers, and compared the results with those in the literature.