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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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Journal DOI :
The Acoustical Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 8 - Nov 2001
Volume 20, Issue 7 - Oct 2001
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Aug 2001
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Jul 2001
Volume 20, Issue 4 - May 2001
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Apr 2001
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Feb 2001
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Jan 2001
Volume 20, Issue 4E - 00 2001
Volume 20, Issue 3E - 00 2001
Volume 20, Issue 2E - 00 2001
Volume 20, Issue 1E - 00 2001
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Comparison of IIR Filter and Wavelet Filter on Acoustic Decay Measurements
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 20, issue 5, 2001, Pages 5~13
It is well known that there are two experimental errors on acoustic decay measurements. ,One is due to the influence of the band pass filter the other one is that of an averaging device. In this paper the influence of the filter is investigated in detail. To minimize the influence of the filter, the product of the filter bandwidth B (3dB bandwidth) and the reverberation time T/sub 60/ of the room under test should be at least 16. Moreover, if the initial part of an acoustic decay curve is important, the strong requirement, i. e. BT/sub 60/〉64, must be satisfied. In this paper, the wavelet filter bank instead of the band pass filter bank is applied to obtain an acoustic decay curve. As a result, the influence of filter is reduced and then the value of BT/sub 60/ required for obtaining an acceptable decay curve becomes at least 4. The strong requirement for the initial part of a decay curve is also replaced by the BT/sub 60/〉16 instead of BT/sub 60/〉64.
Design and Fabrication of a Mass-spring System for the Force-balance Servo Accelerometer
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 20, issue 5, 2001, Pages 14~20
The mass-spring system with four arms for the force-balance servo accelerometer was designed and fabricated. The response characteristics of a mass-spring system was calculated with the change of arms thickness and seismic mass by the finite element method (FEM). Furthermore, the response characteristics of accelerometer was measured using the change of interference pattern and response voltage value by Michelson interferometer. The response characteristics with changing length and thickness of arm was changed drastically, and changing seismic mass was minor effect for the response characteristics of mass-spring system. The measured resonant frequencies have good agreement with that of numerical analysis within 5％ range.
Condition Monitoring in Gear System Using Spike Wavelet Transform
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 20, issue 5, 2001, Pages 21~27
Impulsive sound and vibration signals in gear system are often associated with their faults. Thus these impulsive sound and vibration signals can be used as indicators in condition monitoring of gear system. The traditional continuous wavelet transform has been used for detection of impulsive signals. However, it is often difficult for the continuous wavelet transform to identify spikes at high frequency and meshing frequencies at low frequency simultaneously since the continuous wavelet transform is to apply the linear scaling (a-dilation) to the mother wavelet. In this paper, the spike wavelet transform is developed to extract these impulsive sound and vibration signals. Since the spike wavelet transform is to apply the non-linear scaling, it has better time resolution at high frequency and frequency resolution at low frequency than that of the continuous wavelet transform respectively. The spike wavelet transform can be, therefore, used to detect fault position clearly without the loss of information for the damage of a gear system. The spike wavelet transform is successfully is applied to detection of the gear fault with tip breakage.
Performance Improvement of Stereo Acoustic Echo Canceler Using Gram-Schmidt Orthogonality Principle
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 20, issue 5, 2001, Pages 28~34
In stereo acoustic echo canceller scheme, coefficients of adaptive filter converge very slowly or misconverge to real acoustic echo path in receiving room. This is due to cross-correlation in stereo signals. In this paper, a new preprocess algorithm is proposed to improve the performance of stereo AEC(acoustic echo canceller) without computational burden. The proposed algorithm reduces cross-correlation using Gram-Schmidt orthogonality principles and nonlinear filtering. Computer simulations demonstrate that this algorithm performs well compared to conventional ones. When the acoustic path of transmitting room is changed, stereo AEC using proposed algorithm is well performed.
Efficient Harmonic-CELP Based Low Bit Rate Speech Coder
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 20, issue 5, 2001, Pages 35~47
This paper describes an efficient harmonic-CELP speech coder by taking advantages of harmonic and CELP coders into account. According to frame voicing decision, the proposed harmonic-CELP coder adopts the RP-VSELP coder as a fast CELP in case of an unvoiced frame, or an improved harmonic coder in case of a voiced frame. The proposed coder has main features as follows: simple pitch detection, fast harmonic estimation, variable dimension harmonic vector quantization, perceptual weighting reflecting frequency resolution, fast harmonic synthesis, naturalness control using band voicing, and multi-mode. These features make the proposed coder require very low complexity, compared with HVXC coder To demonstrate the performance of the proposed coder, a 2.4 kbps coder has been implemented and compared with reference coders. From results of informal listening tests, the proposed coder showed good quality while requiring low delay and complexity.
Speaker Verification Performance Improvement Using Weighted Residual Cepstrum
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 20, issue 5, 2001, Pages 48~53
In speaker verification based on LPC analysis the prediction residues are ignored and LPCC(LPC cepstrum) are only used to compose feature vectors. In this study, LPCC and RCEP (residual cepstrum) extracted from residues are used as feature parameters in the various environmental speaker verification. We propose the weighting function which can enlarge inter-speaker variation by weighting pitch, speaker inherent vector, included in residual cepstrum. Simulation results show that the average speaker verification rate is improved in the rate of 6％ with RCEP and LPCC at the same time and is improved in the rate of 2.45% with the proposed weighted RCEP and LPCC at the same time compared with no weighting.
Equivalent Circuit Analysis of the Multi-functional Device for Mobile Telephones
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 20, issue 5, 2001, Pages 54~60
This paper investigates the equivalent circuit analysis method for the multi-functional device in mobile telephones, which works both as a buzzer and a vibrator in a single unit form. With a representative multi-functional device, we construct the corresponding equivalent circuits for the buzzer mode and the vibrator mode of the device, respectively, and analyze the performance of each of the modes. For proper construction of the circuit, we analyze the structure and operation mechanism of the device, and develop a computer simulation tool to simulate the behavior of the device. Validity of the analysis method is verified through comparison of the analysis results with experimental measurement results, which shows good agreement between the two sets of data.
Comparison of Gradient Calculation Methods for Directivity Optimization of Adaptive Ultrasonic Transducers
;Takao Tsuchiya;Yukio Kagawa;;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 20, issue 5, 2001, Pages 61~68
In this paper, an analytical method and a difference approximation method to calculate the gradient of an objective function have been applied to the directivity optimization in an adaptive ultrasonic transducer which is combined with a point source array and an optimization algorithm (DFP method). To compare these two methods, quasi-ideal .beam with a beam width and direction specified are chosen as the desired directivity. As the numerical results, the difference approximation method shows better suppressive capacity of side lobe level, good stability in the convergence processing, faster convergence speed and excellent adaptability compared with the analytical method.
Impedance-matching Method Improving the Performance of the SAW Filter
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 20, issue 5, 2001, Pages 69~75
In this paper, a fast and easy impedance matching method, which could give the impedance matching component for the general 1 or 2-port network was introduced. First, the entire network structure was defined which consists of the network part to be matched and the impedance matching part composed of inductors and capacitors. Next, the transmission matrix and input and output impedances of the entire network from the terminal impedance conditions were calculated, then the exact solutions for the matching components were obtained. To verify the efficiency of this method, this method was applied to the CDMA If band withdrawal weighted SAW transversal filter, and investigated the effects of the impedance matching before and after, through the simulation and experiment. As the result, the performance of a fractional bandwidth of 1.2%, insertion loss of 29 dB, and VSWR of 80 have improved to a factional bandwidth of 1.8％, insertion loss of 9 dB, VSWR of 3 at 85.38 MHz center frequency. The result shows that this impedance matching method could be used in the SAW devices and other types of 1 or 2-port network.
Measurement of Ultrasonic Field Propagation Characteristics in Biological Tissues Using a Two-dimensional Array Hydrophone
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 20, issue 5, 2001, Pages 76~82
Because the biological tissue with inhomogeneous acoustic properties does not keep a particular shape, the measurement of propagation characteristics of ultrasonic fields by the conventional scanning method with a miniature hydrophone is difficult. In this study, a two-dimensional may hydrophone was fabricated using the PVDF (Polyvinylidene fluoride) piezo-electric film and a ultrasonic field measurement system with it was established. For the acoustic field produced by a circular plan transducer with center frequency of 2.25㎒ and 13㎜ in diameter, it was possible to make a fairly accurate field measurement using the hydrophone system. The attenuation coefficients at 2.25 ㎒ for biological tissues were 0.7∼1.3 dB/cm(average; 1.0 dB/cm) in bovine liver, 1.0∼1.8 dB/cm (average; 1.6 dB/cm) in pig liver, 0.9∼2,9 dB/cm(average: 2.1 dB/cm) in bovine muscles, 1.7∼3.3 dB/cm (average; 2.5 dB/cm) in pig muscles.
Analysis of Performance of Focused Beamformer Using Water Pulley Model Array
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 20, issue 5, 2001, Pages 83~91
This paper proposes the Focused beamforming to estimate the location of target residing near to the observation platform in the underwater environment. The Focused beamforming technique provides the location of target by the coherent summation of a series of incident spherical waveforms considering distinct propagation delay times at the sensor array. But due to the movement of the observation platform and the variation of the underwater environment, the shape of the sensor array is no longer to be linear but it becomes distorted as the platform moves. Thus the Focused beamforming should be peformed regarding to the geometric shape variation at each time. To estimate the target location, the artificial image plane comprised of cells is constructed, and the delays are calculated from each cell where the target could be proximity to sensors for the coherent summation. After the coherent combining, the beam pattern can be obtained through the Focused beamforming on the image plane. Futhermore to compensate the variation of the shape of the sensor array, the paper utilizes the Nth-order polynomial approximation to estimate the shape of the sensor array obeying the water pulley modeling. Simulation results show the performance of the Focused beamforming for different frequency bands of the radiated signal.
Temporal Variability of Acoustic Arrivals in the East Sea of Korea Using Tomographic Method
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 20, issue 5, 2001, Pages 92~99
To measure temporal variability of long- range transmission in northern part of the East Sea of Korea, low frequency acoustic sources were deployed on the continental shelf 0.4km south of Cape Shultz near the port of Vladivostok during October 1999. The transmissions of the phase modulated signals were recorded by VLA moored on the northern slope of Ulleung-do. The measured signals were processed for the acoustic arrivals and their variability in time. The temporal signal processing involves pulse compression of the phase-encoded signal, time spread and temporal coherence processing. Variability of the ocean sound speed field in time scales of short period seems to be dominated by random fluctuations caused by sound speed perturbation due to the vertical displacements associated with internal waves.
Study on the Backscattered Signal of Swimbladdred Fish: Target Strength due to Length and Behavior of Red Seabream (Pagrus Major)
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 20, issue 5, 2001, Pages 100~109
The backscattered sound energy by fish depends on size and physical structure and, most important, on the presence or absence of a swimbladder. Target strength experiments of red seabream (Pagrus major) were conducted by using 38 (split-beam), 120 (split-beam) and 200 kHz (dual-beam) frequencies with live fishes confined in a net-cage and free swimming in tank without the cage, respectively. For 38, 120, and 200 kHz frequencies, target strength equations are expressed as a function of fish length：TS/sub 38kHz/=20 log/sub 1o(l)/-66.41, TS/sub 120kHz/＝20 log/sub 1o(1)/-71.80, and TS/sub 200kHz/＝20 log/sub 1o(1)/-73.94. To test the acoustic models by using Helmholtz-Kirchhoff ray approximation, predictions of target strength based on swimbladder morphometries are compared with target strength measurements. The target strength of whole fish depends on variations in swimbladder morphology than fish body morphology. In the mean time, when the fish is confined in the net cage, scattering length by the backscattered signal matched with the Gaussian PDF, while under the free-swimming condition, scattering length is close to the Rayleigh PDF.
Bearing Estimate Error Correction Method for a Nested Array
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 20, issue 5, 2001, Pages 110~115
In this paper, we propose a beamformer adequate for the nested away that is generally used for multiple frequency band signal processing. The nonisotropic beam pattern of channel in this array causes two problems: the bearing-estimate error of mainlobe and the difference between design and output in sidelobe level. By separating the time delay among channel signals and the time delay among sensor signals in channel, we can remove the effects of the nonisotropic beam pattern of channel in the beamformer output. Through this process, a method to correct simultaneously these problems is proposed.