Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Acoustical Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 8 - Nov 2002
Volume 21, Issue 7 - Oct 2002
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Aug 2002
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Jul 2002
Volume 21, Issue 4 - May 2002
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Apr 2002
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Feb 2002
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Jan 2002
Volume 21, Issue 1E - 00 2002
Selecting the target year
Shallow Water High-frequency Reverberation Model
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 21, issue 8, 2002, Pages 671~678
High-frequency monostatic reverberation model (HYREV: HanYang Univ. REVerberation model) suitable for shallow-water environment is presented. It is difficult to predict reverberation signals in shallow water due to scattering from sea surface and seafloor. The arrival times and transmission losses from the source to scatterers are obtained from the eigenrays. The composite roughness theory is used to predict the boundary scattering. The signals generated by the HYREV and the GSM were compared with the observed signals and it is showed that the HYREV model provided a closer fit to the observed signals than those obtained using the GSM.
Shallow Water Low-frequency Reverberation Model
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 21, issue 8, 2002, Pages 679~685
Low-frequency mono-static reverberation model for shallow-water environment is presented. It is necessary to develop the transmission loss model to calculate the sub-bottom interaction because the ray-based transmission loss model is difficult to compute the pressure accurately which penetrates the bottom medium. In this paper reverberation level is calculated using the RAM (Range dependent Acoustic Model) to augment the multi-path expansion model because it does not estimate transmission loss accurately in shallow water. The signals generated by the L-HYREV and the GSM are compared with the observed signals and it is showed that the L-HYREV model provides a closer fit to the observed signals than those obtained using the GSM.
Two-dimensional Localization of Array Elements Placed on a Sea Floor Using M-sequence Signal in Multipath Ocean Environment
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 21, issue 8, 2002, Pages 686~694
This paper proposes an algorithm for estimating positions of array elements placed on a sea floor using acoustic signal in multipath ocean environment. The positions of array elements are estimated by using the travel times of m-sequence signal influenced by the multi-paths environment. The horizontal distance between source and receiver calculated based on the ray model. The proposed paper the algorithm is verified by both simulation data and field experiment in the Bast Sea.
A Historical Inquiry about Rayleigh's Research on the Perception of the Direction of Sound
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 21, issue 8, 2002, Pages 695~702
The question how man can perceive the direction of a sound is one of the traditional psychoacoustical problems. Rayleigh already began to investigate this subject in 1870s and kept on interesting himself intermittently throughout his research career. Rayleigh was only concerned with this subject among those of perception of sound and focused more interest on it than any other acoustical problems. At first he insisted on the perception of the direction of a sound by the difference of intensity of a sound in two ears. but was phased in accepting that by the difference of phase of a sound there. Thus he arrived at the modern view that the perception of the sound direction is caused by the difference of intensity in high frequencies and the difference of phase in low frequencies. Rayleigh presented his ability as an excellent experimenter by employing very cautious and ingenious experimental settings and acquired persuasive results by linking the consequences of his mathematical theorization with his experiments.
Prediction Method of Control Valve Noise
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 21, issue 8, 2002, Pages 703~707
This paper proposes new method for predicting sound power emitted from the control valve and piping system. The sound power level measurement method using the reverberation chamber is much easy to apply in the field compared to the method using the anechoic chamber. Measured sound power was used to determine the coefficients of the equation predicting sound power level. The noise prediction equation was developed at relative flow coefficient, 0.11. The sound power level predicted is in good agreement with the measured value. Proposed method can be used to express the noise characteristics of the control valves.
On the Source Identification by Using the Sound Intensity Technique in the Radiated Acoustic Field from Complicated Vibro-acoustic Sources
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 21, issue 8, 2002, Pages 708~718
In this paper, the problems in identifying the noise sources by using the sound intensity technique are dealt with for the general radiated near-field from vibro-acoustic sources. For this purpose, a three-dimensional model structure resembling the engine room of a car or heavy equipment is considered. Similar to the practical situations, the model contains many mutually coherent and incoherent noise sources distributed on the complicated surfaces. The sources are located on the narrow, connected, reflecting planes constructed with rigid boxes, of which a small clearance exists between the whole box structure and the reflecting bottom. The acoustic boundary element method is employed to calculate the acoustic intensity at the near-field surfaces and interior spaces. The effects of relative source phases, frequencies, and locations are investigated, from which the results are illustrated by the contour map, vector plot, and energy streamlines. It is clearly observed that the application of sound intensity technique to the reactive or reverberant field, e.g., scanning over the upper engine room as is usually practiced, can yield the detection of fake sources. For the precise result for such a field, the field reactivity should be checked a priori and the proper effort should be directed to reduce or improve the reactivity of sound field.
Robust Layered Watermarking of Digital Audio for Possible Timing Changes
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 21, issue 8, 2002, Pages 719~726
In this paper, we present a layered watermarking technique for digital audio data that is capable of detecting timing change and adapting complexity in detection. The proposed watermarking uses echo hiding as the first layer, which enables the detector to estimate linear speed change. The spread spectrum watermark is then inserted in the second layer which includes additional information like copyright data. We use two kinds of sequences in the second layer, one of which is for synchronization and the other is for data. The results of previous layer are used to make estimate of timing change in the next layer. The detector in the presented method can select detecting range form the first layer to the first layer, second pre-layer, or second main-layer due to the required system specification. Experimental results show that the proposed watermarking technique is robust to several processing attacks including timing change.
A Study on the Simple Algorithm for Discrimination of Voiced Sounds
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 21, issue 8, 2002, Pages 727~734
A simple algorithm for discriminating voiced sounds in a speech is proposed in this paper. In addition to low-frequency energy and zero-crossing rate (ZCR), both of which have been widely used in the past for identifying voiced sounds, the proposed algorithm incorporates pitch variation to improve the discrimination rate. Based on TIMIT corpus, evaluation result shows an improvement of 13% in the discrimination of voiced phonemes over that of the traditional algorithm using only energy and ZCR.
Frame Selection, Hybrid, Modified Weighting Model Rank Method for Robust Text-independent Speaker Identification
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 21, issue 8, 2002, Pages 735~743
In this paper, we propose three new text-independent speaker identification methods. At first, to exclude the frames not having enough features of speaker's vocal from calculation of the maximum likelihood, we propose the FS(Frame Selection) method. This approach selects the important frames by evaluating the difference between the biggest likelihood and the second in each frame, and uses only the frames in calculating the score of likelihood. Our secondly proposed, called the Hybrid, is a combined version of the FS and WMR(Weighting Model Rank). This method determines the claimed speaker using exponential function weights, instead of likelihood itself, only on the selected frames obtained from the FS method. The last proposed, called MWMR (Modified WMR), considers both original likelihood itself and its relative position, when the claimed speaker is determined. It is different from the WMR that take into account only the relative position of likelihood. Through the experiments of the speaker identification, we show that the all the proposed have higher identification rates than the ML. In addition, the Hybrid and MWMR have higher identification rate about 2% and about 3% than WMR, respectively.
A Performance Improvement of Ultrasonic Diagnosis Transducer by Transient Acoustic Field Analysis
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 21, issue 8, 2002, Pages 744~756
The transient acoustic fields formed by a 3.5 ㎒ curved linear array transducer which is commonly used in ultrasonic medical imaging system for diagnosis of abdomen are systematically analyzed to obtain new design parameters for the better acoustic image. In the analysis with an assumption of radiating waveform, element size, radius of curvature, amplitude apodization are considered as parameters giving constitutive relations with the fields. As simulation results, appropriate new parameters with the reduced curvature and elevation aperture and the apodization of Hamming window, which make an improved acoustic beam with lower side lobe levels than a conventional typical transducer, are obtained.
Vibration Characteristics of the Point-symmetric Mode in a Spherical Piezoelectric Transducer
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 21, issue 8, 2002, Pages 757~765
The object of this paper is to examine the vibration characteristics of the point-symmetric radial mode in a spherical piezoelectric transducer. The differential equations of piezoelectric radial motion are derived in terms of the radial displacement and electric potential, which are functions of the radial coordinate and time. Applying mechanical and electrical boundary conditions yields the characteristic equation of radial vibration. Numerical results of the natural frequencies are compared with the experimental measurements. The paper discusses the difference between piezoelectric and elastic resonances and the dependence of the natural frequencies on the radius and thickness of the piezoelectric spheres. As a result it is concluded for the first radial mode that the natural frequency is reduced due to the piezoelectric phenomenon and that the frequency exponentially decreases as the sphere radius increases.
Design and Fabrication of a 3-dimensional Diagnostic Ultrasonic Probe
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 21, issue 8, 2002, Pages 766~771
In this study, we have developed a 3-dimensional diagnostic ultrasonic sector probe using a convex type ultrasonic probe with 128 active elements. The probe was made to operate at the center frequency of 4.5㎒ with the bandwidth of 66%. The driving part was designed to rotate the axis of the convex probe by means of a step motor equipped with reduction gears and spur gears attached to the motor so that the probe could enable us to acquire a series of 2-dimensional images to construct a 3-dimensional image. Acoustic cover of the probe was made of polymers to have the same radius of rotation as that of the convex probe. The controllability of the rotation angle and the structural stability of the probe were confirmed through experimental 3-dimensional images obtained using the developed 3-dimensional sector probe.